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The Tenses of a verb are the various forms that indicate primarily relationship of events in time.
Read the following sentences:
1.He is singing a song.
2.He sang a song in the party.
3.He will sing a song in the party.
All the three sentences refer to the act of ‘singing’ at three different points of time.
Sentence (1) refers to an action which takes place now at Present.
Sentence (2) refers to an action which took place sonic time ago in the Past.
Sentence (3) refers to an action which will take place in Future.
Hence, we conclude the Tense Form of a verb shows when an action takes place. or a state. or a thing exists. There are three Tenses:
(1) Present Tense,
(2) Past Tense,
(3) Future Tense.
It is not enough to say that an action takes place in Present. We want to know that at what stage the action is at the time of speaking. For this purpose each Tense is sub-divided into Four
Present Perfect Tense
|has/have 3rd Form|
has/have not 3rd form
has/have Subject 3rd form
Present Perfect Tense is used:
(a) To a describe Past Experience:
1.I………… (see) this girl somewhere before.
I have seen this girl somewhere before.
2.He………. (see) the Taj at Agra twice.
He has seen the Taj at Agra twice.
In such cases an adverb or adverb phrase like once, twice, thrice several times before, etc. is usually given in the sentence.
(b) With so far, as yet just now till now recently presently this year to describe an action which Is still unfinished.
1.I………… (not finished) my work so far.
I have not finished my work so far.
2.You………… (not take) your breakfast as yet ?
Have you not taken your breakfast as yet?
(c) To describe an action that began in the past and Is still continuing.
1.He…………. (know) your brother since 1990.
He has known your brother since 1990.
2.I…….. (not see) him since Monday last.
I have not seen him since Monday last.