Grammatical Terms Starting with E & F

By | May 18, 2019

Grammatical Terms are difficult to understand but we are giving such usage grammar that will clarify many of your doubts like grammer or grammar because this is a complete grammar list of items.

Glossary of Grammatical Terms

‘E’

1.Edited American English. The variety of English usage that is widely accepted as the norm for the public writing of school essays, newspapers, magazines, and books. It is sometimes referred to as EAE.

2. Elliptical clause. A clause in which a part has been left out but is “understood”: “Chester is older than I (am old)”; “Bev can jog farther than Otis (can jog)”; “When (you are) planning your essay, be sure to consider the audience.”

3. Emphatic sentence. A statement in which the main stress has been shifted to the auxiliary: “I AM trying.” When there is no auxiliary, the “stand-in auxiliary” do is added to carry the stress: “I DO want to go.”

4. End focus. The common rhythm pattern in which the prominent peak of stress falls on or near the final sentence slot.

5. Exclamatory sentence. A sentence that expresses excitement or emotion. It may include a shift in the word order of a basic sentence that focuses on a compliment: “What a beautiful day we’re having!” It is characterized by heightened pitch and stress and is usually punctuated with an exclamation point.

6. Expanded determiner. The determiner, together with prehend post determiners that qualify and quantify and in other ways alter its meaning.

7. Expletive. A word that enables the writer or speaker to shift the stress in a sentence or to embed one sentence in another: “A fly is in my soup there is a fly in my soup”; “I know that he loves me.” The expletive is sometimes called an “empty word” because it plays a structural rather than a lexical role.

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‘F’

1.Flat adverb.  A class of adverb that is the same in form as its corresponding adjective: fast, high, early, late, hard, long, etc.

2.Form. The inherent features, the shapes, of words and phrases and clauses, as distinguished from their function in the sentence—characterized in words by prefixes and suffixes, in phrases by headwords and their objects or complements or modifiers, and in clauses by subjects and predicates.

3. Form classes. The large, open classes of words that provide the lexical content of the language: nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Each has characteristic derivational and inflectional morphemes that distinguish its forms. See Chapter 11.

4. Free modifier. A nonrestrictive, non-defining modifier that is set off by commas and can usually occupy a position at the beginning, at the end, or in the middle of the sentence: “He spoke quietly to the class, his voice trembling’; “Looking pale and nervous, she stood at the podium”; “New England in the autumn, because of the brilliant maples and birches, has become a tourist destination.”

5. Free morpheme. A single morpheme that is also a complete word (in contrast to a bound morpheme, which is not). Function. The role that a particular structure plays, or the slot that it fills, in a sentence (or in any larger structure). In “The book on the table is mine,” “table” functions as the object of a preposition in the prepositional phrase “on the table”; the prepositional phrase functions as an adjectival, modifying the book. The entire noun phrase “the book on the table” functions as the subject in its sentence.

6. Functional shift. The conversion of one-word class to another, simply by changing its function: “He bottled the wine” (noun to a verb); “She lowered the curtain” (adjective to a verb); “We took a swim” (verb to a noun).

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