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From the Diary of Anne Frank
By– Anne Frank
Answer the following questions in 100-120 words:
Q.1. “Paper has more patience than people.” Elucidate.
Ans. Anne Frank felt lonely in the world. She had loving parents, an elder sister and a number of friends. But she was not intimate with anyone. She could talk to them about common everyday matters. But she could not express her inner feelings to them. She wanted a patient listener with a sympathetic heart. But she found that people had no patience to listen to her. She could not relieve the feelings of her heart to anyone. Anne wanted to lighten the burden of ideas in her heart. So she decided to maintain a diary. A diary is not a human being. It has a lot more patience than man. One can express one’s thoughts freely. The diary does not get bored. It is a true friend. It never rejects the offer of friendship. That is why Anne Frank says that paper has more patience than people.
Q.2. Give a brief sketch of Anne’s life. [H.B.S.E. March 2017 (Set-A)]
Ans. Anne Frank was a young Jewish girl. She lived with her parents in Germany. But Hitler’s Nazi party was against the Jews. The Nazis were killing the Jews or forcing them to work in the concentration camps. The Frank family fled from Germany in 1933 and took shelters in the Netherlands. But in 1940, Germany attacked the Netherlands and captured it. Now the Nazis started arresting the Jews and sending them to the concentration camps. The Frank family went into hiding. They lived secretly in the upper floors of their business premises. They hid there for 25 months. Their non-Jewish friends gave them food.
Anne had started writing her diary before going into hiding. In August 1944, the Germans came to know of their hiding. They were arrested and sent to Germany. Anne, her sister, Margot and her mother soon died in a concentration camp. Her father survived and published part of Anne’s diary. In this diary, Anne gives a moving and tragic account of the difficulties faced by her family and the other Jews.
The part of the diary reproduced in this chapter is about the days when Anne was a schoolgirl and she and her family had not yet moved to the secret quarters.
Q3. (i) Why did Mr Keesing punish her?
(ii) What was the punishment?
(iii) How did Anne finally stop Mr Keesing from punishing her?
Ans. Anne Frank was in the habit of talking in the class. Mr Keesing was her Maths teacher. He was annoyed with Anne as she talked much in the class. He gave her several warnings but it had no effect. One day, he punished her by giving her extra homework. He asked her to write an essay on the subject “A Chatterbox’. Anne wrote the essay, giving very amusing arguments in it. Mr Keesing liked the essay. But Anne again talked in the class. So he gave the task of writing another essay. This time, the subject was, An Incorrigible Chatterbox.’ After that. for two lessons, Anne did not get any punishment. But during the third lesson. Mr Keesing saw Anne talking again He was very annoyed. He asked her to write another essay. The subject of this essay was, “Quack. Quack. Quack. Said Mistress Chatterbox.” The whole class laughed. Mr Keesing was trying to play a joke on Anne. But she wrote the essay in an amusing way. Mr Keesing liked the essay and did not punish Anne after that.
Q.4. How do you assess Anne’s character? You can choose appropriate words from the following box and write a paragraph.
Responsible; caring and loving; humorous; talkative; sensible; patient; mature for her age; lonely; accurate in her judgement; childish; intelligent
Ans. Anne was a girl of thirteen years. She was very intelligent. She had a sharp brain. She was different from the other.girls of her age. She could think clearly and deeply. She had deep thoughts and ideas that she wanted to share with someone. But she found that her friends were not able to understand her completely. Their mental level ..as not equal to that of Anne. They could talk to Anne about the ordinary everyday matter only. She had loving parents. an elder sister and loving aunts also. But she could not share her deep thoughts with anyone. So she decided to make her diary to her friend. She wrote down her inner thoughts and feelings in the diary. Anne had an argumentative mind. She argued in her first essay that parental trans arc inherited by children. She had a good sense of humour. Her Maths teacher. Mr Keesing tried to play a joke on her. But she wrote the essay in verse in such a way that the Joke was turned on him.
5. Why did Anne Frank maintain a diary?
Ans. Anne bard had losing parents She had loving aunts and unit lc. She Vise-it in r good house. She had about thins own& liven then the felt hinds She felt that there was no one with whom she could Ann her thoughts and feelings. There were a number of things, which she wanted to get oil her chest. But she had no true friend. She could not talk to about anything except ordinary everyday matters. She could have a good time with them. But she had no intimate friend She had no Inland in whom she could confide her dope feelings. So she decided to maintain a diary. She thought that she would treat her diary-like her (mad SW could note down all her thoughts and feelings in this diary She named this friend. Kitty The first envy that she made in the diary was dated 20th June. 1942.
Q.6. What does Anne say about her parents, elder sister and her stay in the Montessori School?
Ans. Anne calls her father very adorable. When her parents were married, her father was thirty-six and the mother was twenty-five. Margot was Anne’s elder sister. She was born in Frankfurt in 1926. Three years later, Anne was born. She lived in Frankfurt until she was four. Her father migrated to Holland in 1933. Her mother, Edith Hollander Frank, went with him. Anne and her sister, Margot were sent to Aachen to stay with their grandmother. Margot went to Holland in December and Anne went three months later. Anne started studying at the Montessori School. She stayed there until she was six at which time she was in the first form. When was in the sixth form, her teacher was Mrs Kuperus. the headmistress. Both loved each other. When she left school, both Anne and her teacher were in tears
Q.7. Anne had loving parents and a number of friends. Even then she thought that she was alone. Why?
Ans. Anne Frank was a thirteen-year-old girl. She had loving parents and an elder sister. She had loving aunts and lived in a good home. She had about thirty friends also. Even then she felt that she was alone in the world. She had no intimate person. She had no true friend with whom she could share her feelings. She could not confide in anyone. She had a number of thoughts that she wanted to express to someone. But she could not get close to anyone. She could have a good time with them. She could talk to them about ordinary everyday matters of life. But there was no one with whom she could share the deepest thoughts of his heart. Thus she felt lonely in the world. She wanted a true friend so she decided to make the diary her friend.
Q.8. Why was the whole class shaking in its boots? How does Anne Frank describe the behaviour of her classmates?
Ans. The time of the declaration of the annual results was. coming closer. The teachers were going to hold their annual meeting. In that meeting, they were going to decide which of the students would be promoted to the next class and which of them would be kept back in the same class. As a result, the students were nervous because of the worries of their future. Half the class was making bets. Anne and her friend G.N. laughed heartily like their classmates, C.N. and Jacques had staked their entire holiday savings on their bet. They were all the time speculating who would pass and who would not. Anne was angry with many of them. But they would not calm down. There were many dummies in Anne’s class. She felt that at least half of them should not be promoted to the next class. But she also felt that teachers are the most unpredictable persons on earth
Q.9. Describe the three essays written by Anne Frank.
Ans. Anne Frank was in the habit of talking in the class. Her Maths teacher, Mr Keesing was annoyed with her. One day, Mr Keesing gave her extra homework as a punishment. He asked her to write an essay on the subject, ‘A Chatterbox’. She gave amusing arguments in her essay. She wrote that it was a trait of a student to talk. Moreover, she could not cure herself of this habit as her mother also talked as much as she did. It was an inherited trait. Mr Keesing liked the essay. But Anne talked again for the class. So he asked her to write another essay on the topic, ‘An Incorrigible Chatterbox.’ Now for two lessons, she did not get any punishment. But she talked again. This time, Mr Keesing asked her to write an essay on the topic, ‘Quack, Quack, Quack, Said Mistress Chatterbox.’ Anne wrote this essay in verse form. She wrote about a mother duck and father swan. They had three ducklings. But the father killed the ducklings because they quacked too much. Mr Keesing liked the essay greatly. He read it out to the class. He read it to other classes also. After that, he stopped punishing Anne.
Q.10. Anne believed that paper has more patience than people. She could confide more in her diary than in people. Why did she feel so? Was she free from bias and stereotypes? Explain in 100-120 words the values we need to imbibe from diary as a friend.
Ans. Anne was a sensible and intelligent girl. She believed that paper has more patience than people as it can confine secrets and shared confidence better than people. Anne didn’t have a true friend hence she shared her thoughts and feelings with her diary. She felt people may not be interested in what you have to say. They also may not be there when you need them. However, paper can never show disinterest and is free from bias and stereotypes. It can’t talk and hence can keep your secrets. She felt paper was more dependable than people and hence treated her diary as her friend.
Q.11. Mr Keesing punished Anne by giving her an essay to write. Did he lack empathy and compassion? Was it not in his attitude to respect differences among the students? What values would you like to inbuilt in him and why? Write in 100-120 words.
Ans. Mr Keesing was annoyed with Anne as she was a very talkative girl. He warned her several times, but when she didn’t change, he punished her by giving an essay to write. I think he lacked empathy and compassion. As a teacher, he should be more patient and considerate and should have understood Anne’s condition. He lacked the quality of a good teacher. A good teacher understands that all students are not the same, and there are different ways to teach different students. But Anne was able to change his attitude through her essays. She taught him that talking was a student’s trait and that it was the teacher’s responsibility to change it.
Q.12. Anne wanted to write convincing arguments to prove the necessity of talking. What does this tell you about her? Did she possess a sense of freedom? Explain the values she possessed to justify herself in 100-120 words.
Ans. Mr Keesing punished Anne by giving her an essay to write on the topic, ‘A Chatterbox’. Anne, in her essay, argued that talking was a students’ trait. The only thing that she could do was to try to control. But that would not be very effective. Her mother talked as much and hence nothing could be done about an inherited trait. Then in her next essay, which she wrote in verse, she expressed her quality of talking through a story. In the poem, a father swan bites his three ducklings to death as he could not bear their excessive quacking. This changed Mr Keesing’s attitude and he never punished her after that. This shows that besides being talkative, Anne was an intelligent, and sensible girl and had a good sense of humour.
Q.13. Anne justified her being a chatterbox in her essay. Do you agree that she has the courage to defy the injustice? What values do you learn from Anne’s character through this? Write in 100-120 words.
Ans. Anne was a 13-year old intelligent and sensible girl. She was very talkative and hence her maths teacher punished her and asked her to write an essay on ‘A Chatterbox’. She expressed her ‘talking’ as a students’ trait. She defied the injustice through her three essays on the same topic. She said that she could do nothing with her inherited trait. Finally, she wrote her third essay in verse. It was about three ducklings bitten to death by their father swan because they quacked too much. This changed Mr Keesing and he never punished her after that. This showed the power of the pen to express her feelings and the sense of injustice done to her, without annoying others.
Q14. What made Anne Frank write a diary? Did she think that people would be interested in her writings? Why did she feel that paper has more patience than people?
Ans. Ant Anne Frank was a highly sensitive girl. She was a thirteen-year-old girl. She didn’t find herself very comfortable in the society she was growing up. It should be remembered that she and her family were made to live in a hiding to escape arrests. They were Jews. Those were horrible times. Nazis had let loose untold atrocities on the Jews. Living in such unpleasant circumstances, the young girl could not confide in the people around her. She couldn’t share her personal and intimate issues with her so-called friends. She needed to get all kinds of things off her heart. She realised that `paper has more patience than people’. She wanted the diary to be her friend. She called this friend ‘Kitty’. She knows it clearly that people would not be interested in the musings of a thirteen-year-old girl.
Q 15. On the one hand, Anne Frank says that she is not all alone in the world. On the other hand, she says that she seems ‘to have everything, except my one true friend’. Why can’t she confide in and come closer to her friends?
Ans. Anne Frank seems to be a split personality. On the surface, there are about thirty people she can call her friends. She doesn’t seem to be alone in the world. She has loving parents and a sixteen-year-old elder sister. She has loving aunts and a family. She has the ‘most adorable father’. However, she feels very lonely. She can’t talk about but ordinary things with them. Personal and intimate issues can’t be shared with them. She can’t confide or repose complete trust in them. She has reasons to believe that `paper has more patience than people’. Therefore, she wants her diary to be her only and true friend. She can power out her heart and express her most intimate emotions through her writings in her diary.
Q16.Give a brief character-sketch of Anne Frank highlighting the contradictions and conflicts she faced in her short life.
Ans. Anne Frank was a very sensitive, sharp and mature girl of thirteen. Actually, unpleasant circumstances she was living in, made her mature and wise beyond her years. Being a Jew, she was constantly hounded by the Nazis. She was living in terrible times. Born in Germany, she and her family had to migrate to Amsterdam to escape persecution. They were forced to live in hiding when the Nazis occupied Holland.
No doubt, she had a family, relatives and friends. But she was an introvert. She felt utterly lonely and couldn’t confide in others. She needed a true friend before whom she could open out her heart and share her inmost feelings. She found that true friend in ‘Kitty’, her diary. She was very emotional. She loved her grandmother very much. She was in tears as she said a heartbreaking farewell to the headmistress, Mrs Kuperus. She was `a Chatterbox’ and annoyed her maths teacher, Mr Keesing as she talked too much in the class. He punished her by giving extra homework to write essays on this subject. But her joke pleased him very much.
Q17. Give a brief character-sketch of Mr Keesing highlighting the transformation that comes in him in the end.
Ans. Mr Keesing was an old fashioned teacher of maths in Anne Frank’s school. He was rather strict with his students and didn’t allow much talking in the class. He was annoyed with Anne as she talked too much in the class. Being irritated, he gave several warnings to her. Ultimately, he assigned her to write an essay on ‘A Chatterbox’. Anne wrote the essay justifying that talking is a student’s trait. She inherited this trait from her mother. Mr Keesing was not amused. He assigned her two more essays. They were: ‘An Incorrigible Chatterbox’ and ‘Quack, Quack, Quack, said Mistress Chatterbox’. Anne wrote the story of three ducklings who were beaten to death by their cruel father because they quacked too much. The essay gave the right message to Mr Keesing. By chance, the joke fell on him. He was a transformed man now. He allowed Anne talking and never assigned her any extra homework again.
Q18. Why was the whole class ‘quaking in its boots’? Why were teachers the most unpredictable creatures on earth?
Ans. It was the day of destiny for students. The reason was quite simple. In the forthcoming meeting, the teachers were going to decide who would move up in the next class. They were to decide who would be kept back in the same class. The entire class was ‘quaking in its boots’. Half the class was making bets. Two silly boys C.N. and Jacques had staked their entire’ holiday savings on their bets. One would encourage the other. “No, I’m not.” Anne felt that there were so many dummies or worthless students in the class. She felt that a quarter of the class should be kept back. Anne also felt that teachers were the most unpredictable creatures on earth. They work according to their whims. Naturally, the girls and boys were worried. They waited for the verdict with their fingers crossed.
Q19. How did Anne turn the table on Mr Keesing who tried to make a joke on her by asking her to write the third essay or the ridiculous subject: ‘Quack, Quack, Quack, said Mistress Chatterbox’?
How did Anne Frank outsmart her maths teacher, Mr Keesing by giving the right message in her third essay to him?
Ans. In her first essay, Anne justified her habit of talking. She claimed that talking is a student’s trait. However, Mr Keesing was not amused by her arguments. He decided to punish her for talking in the class. He assigned her to write her third essay on rather a ridiculous subject: `Quack, Quack, Quack, said Mistress Chatterbox’. She class roared. Mt Keesing was trying to play a joke on her with this `ridiculous subject’. But Anne decided to pay him in the same coin.
Anne was lucky that a friend of hers, Sanne, was good at poetry. She helped her to write the essay in verse. The essay was about a mother duck and a father swan. They had three ducklings. The baby ducklings were beaten to death by the father because they quacked too much. Luckily, Mr Keesing took the joke in the right way. The message was very clear. He read the poem to the class, adding his own comments. He was a transformed man now. He allowed Anne to talk and never troubled her by assigning any extra homework.
Q20. Do you agree that Anne Frank was far more intelligent, mature and witty than her age? Give a reasoned answer.
Ans. There is no doubt that Anne Frank was mature and intelligent beyond her age. Just imagine a girl of thirteen writing a diary! She knew that not many people would be interested in her musings. Being a very sensitive girl, she was aware of the difference between a real friend and the so-called crowd of friends. Her diary didn’t describe facts and figures. But she opened out her suppressed self. Being an intelligent girl, she knew that paper has more patience than people. She couldn’t confide in everybody and anybody. Only ‘Kitty’, her diary was her true friend.
The highly emotional Anne could be witty and practical too. She knew how to defeat people in their own games. The argument she gave in favour of talking in her first essay spoke volumes of her practical wit. Mr Keesing who wanted to play a joke on Anne by giving her to write on a ridiculous subject was paid in the same coin. Luckily, Mr Keesing understood the message in the right way. Her writing transformed him. He allowed her to talk and stopped troubling her by assigning any extra work.