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If we would see our dream of Panchayati Raj, i.e., true democracy realized, we would regard the humblest and lowest Indian as being the ruler of India with the tallest in the land. This presupposes that all are pure, or will become pure if they are not. And purity must go hand-in-hand with wisdom. No one would then harbour any distinction between community and community, caste and out-caste. Everybody would regard all as equal with oneself and hold them together in the silken net of love. No one would regard another as untouchable. We would hold as equal the toiling labourer and the rich capitalist. Everybody would know how to earn an honest living by the sweat of one’s brow and make no distinction between intellectual and physical labour. To hasten this consummation, we would voluntarily turn ourselves into scavengers. No one who has wisdom will ever touch opium, liquor or any intoxicants. Everybody would observe Swadeshi as the rule of life and regard every woman, not being his wife, as his mother, sister or daughter according to her age, never lust after her in his heart. He would be ready to lay down his life when the occasion demands it, never want to take another’s life. If he is a Sikh in terms of the commandment of the Gurus, he would have the heroic courage to stand single-handed and alone—without yielding an inch of ground—against the “one lakh and a quarter” enjoined by them. Needless to say, such a son of India will not want to be told what his duty in the present hour is.
I. Answer briefly:
1. What is the main aim of Panchayati Raj?
2. When will our dream of Panchayati Raj be really realised?
3. What does it presuppose?
4. What should go hand in hand with wisdom?
1. Choose the most appropriate synonym of the word ‘fulfilled’.
(a) Realised (b) Fulfilment
(c) Consummated (d) Attained
2. The phrase used in the passage meaning ‘by working hard’ is:
(a) toiling labour (b) sweat of one’s brow
(c) concave to stand (d) without yielding
3. The synonym for the word ‘quicken
(a) hasten (b) shorten
(c) enhance (d) accelerate
4. Those who sweep and clean are called:
(a) cleanness (b) dusters
(c) scavengers (d) sweepers
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