Class 11 & 12 Reading Passage No-65 Form of Government (300 Words Subjective/Objective Solved)

By | January 5, 2019

Following are the reading comprehension worksheets for class 11th  in English These comprehension Passages are known by many names as reading comprehension exercises, reading comprehension test, reading Passage, reading skills, reading comprehension, ks2 reading, basic reading skills worksheets.  These ENGLISH short stories with questions and answers are printable and absolutely free. The comprehension questions are value based. Edumantra.net guarantees to be the best comprehension resource. Question types include subjective, objective and multiple choice  

Form of Government

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:                                          

1. Democracy is said to be the best form of government. It allows every citizen of the country to cast vote and choose their leaders irrespective of their caste, colour, creed, religion or gender. The government is elected by the common people of the country and it won’t be wrong to say that it is their wisdom and awareness that determines the success or failure of the government.

2. Many countries have a democratic system. However, India is the largest democracy in the world. It runs on five democratic principles including sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic and republic. India was declared a democratic nation after it attained freedom from the colonial rule of the British in 1947. Not only the largest, Indian democracy is also known to be one of the most successful ones.

3. India has a federal form of democracy with a government at the centre that is responsible to the parliament and state governments that are equally accountable for their legislative assemblies. Elections are held at regular intervals in the county and several parties compete to get to the centre and also to make their place in the states. People are encouraged to exercise their right to vote to elect the most deserving candidate, though caste is also a big factor in Indian politics.

4. Campaigns are carried out by different political parties to emphasize the work they have done for the development of people as well as on their future agenda to benefit People.

5. Democracy in India does not only means providing the right to vote but also ensuring social and economic equality. While the democratic system of the country has received worldwide appreciation there are many areas that require improvement so that democracy can be formed in a true sense. The government must work upon eradicating illiteracy, poverty, communalism, casteism and gender discrimination among other things.

1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each:             

(i) Why is a democracy the best form of government?

(ii) What is the unique feature of Indian democracy?

 (iii) How is India a federal state?

 (iv) What is the purpose of election campaigns for political parties?

 (v) What are the big challenges before democracy in India?

2. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four Bath of the following.

 (i) The success or failure of government is…………… by the wisdom of people.

 (a) guided                               (b) decided

 (c) forcast                               (d) elected

 (ii) In para 2,…………….. is the meaning of ‘achieved’.

  (a) known                              (b) successful

(c) attained                             (d) including

(iii) During campaigns the people are inspired to ………….. their votes.

(a) choose                               (b) seek

 (c) compete                            (d) caste

 (iv) Indian democracy is being …………..all over the world.

(a) analysed                            (b) praised

(c) criticised                            (d) evaluated

 (v) In para 4, the synonym of the word ‘agenda’ is……………

  (a) programme                     (b) framework

 (c) development                     (d) emphasis 

Answers:-

(i)Because every citizen of the country is allowed to choose their leaders to run the country. In democracy caste, colour, creed, religion and gender of leaders cannot influence the voters. It is the government of the common people.

(ii) Indian democracy is the largest and most successful one in the world. It is based on the principles of sovereignty, socialism secularism, democracy and republicanism.

 (iii) India is a country with a government at the centre and the state government are equally accountable for their legislative assemblies. Elections are held in the country at regular intervals and many parties context elections to make their place at the centre and the states.

(iv) By means of election campaigns, political parties get the opportunity to emphasise on their work that they have done for the development of people. They also make known their future programmes to the people.

(v) Illiteracy, poverty, communalism, casteism and gender discrimination are big challenges before democracy in India. Our country has also to work for ensuring social and economic equality for the people.

2.(i) (b) decided

(ii) (c) attained

(iii) (d) caste

(iv) (b) praised

 (v) (a) programme

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