The Address is a great chapter which is well explained by Edumantra paying special attention on Introduction, Message, Theme, Title, Characters, Summary in English, Summary in Hindi, Word meanings, Complete lesson in Hindi, Extracts, Long answers, Short answers, Very short Answers, MCQs and much more.
Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 11th as Per CBSE Syllabus
Chapter- 2 English Language and Literature
By- Marga Minco
Introduction of the lesson- The Address
The Address is a very touching story. You can call it a tale of war, as it narrates two situations—one before the liberation war and the other post-war period. It revolves around the young daughter of Mrs S,s who in good faith allows her old time friend Mrs Dorling to carry away all the table silver and precious old things to her own house for safe-keeping. The narrator during her first homecoming notices many things missing. When she comes back home a second time, she sees Mrs Dorling taking away a heavy suitcase. She is also told by her mother to remember the address of Mrs Dorling. After the liberation, normalcy returns. The narrator feels like seeing and touching her things. She goes to Marconi Street address to see Mrs Dorling. There she gets a very cold reception from her and is not allowed to come inside. When she goes there the second time, Mrs Dorling’s daughter invites her in. The narrator is sad to see all her mother’s precious articles kept in the untidy room in a tasteless manner. Then she decides not to recover them. She even resolves to forget the address.
The story tells how war affects the lives of civilians as well. It disturbs the normal life and leads to conflicts and tension. The narrator loses her interest in her old stuff because they evoke the memories of her former life and make her nostalgic.
Important Word-Meanings of difficult words from the lesson- The Address
Word-meanings and References
poignant–pathetic,दयनीय; belongings–things that belonged to her, furniture and crockery, etc.,अपनी चीजें; evoke–arouse, stoke up,जगा देना; resolves–makes up her mind,निश्चय कर लेती है; searchingly–curiously, doubtfully,खोजी द्दष्टि से; chink–narrow opening,दरार; prevent–stop, check,रोकना; absolutely–completely,पूर्णरूप से; recognition– of familiarity,पहचान; staring–looking fixedly, एकटक देखती रही; it isn’t her–she is not the same woman or the right place,वही महिला fleetingly–for a moment or a short time, थोड़ी देर के लिए; probable–perhaps,शायद ; let go of –freed,छोड़ दिया; musty–smelling damp,सीलन युक्त ; emerged–came out,निकली; convenient–comfortable,सुविधापूर्ण; nodded–shook her head in agreement or approval,हाँ के भाव से सिर हिलाया; cautiously–carefully,सावधानीपूर्वक; bay window–a window forming a recess,खिड़की जहाँ बैठने की जगह भी हो ; enamel–paint. smooth hard coating of colour,पेंट,रंग,; jamb–side post of the door or window,चौखट का एक भाग; struck–occurred,ध्यान में आया ; various–several, अनेक ; apparently–clearly, स्पष्ट था ; acquaintance–same, familiar person, पूर्व परिचित महिला ; in one go– in one trip,एक बार में; antique–old-fashioned,पुराकालीन; lugging–dragging heavy load,भारी बोझ घसीटते हुए ; vases–flower pots, ornamental vessel,सजावटी पात्र ; crick–muscle problem,ऐंठन; shook–moved, हिलाया; insisted–pressed hard,हठ की,बार बार कहा I
entirely – fully, पूर्णरूप स े; convinced–assured,आश्वस्त; reprovingly–in a scolding manner,झिड़कते हुए; upset–disturb discomfort,व्यथित करना; precious–good old days, valuable,बहुमूल्य; beckoned–motioned, called with the movement of hand,बुलाया; nodded–shook her head,सिर हिला दिया; initially–at the start, at first,प्रारम्भ में; liberation–freedom,आज़ादी; stored stuff–old things,पुरानी चीजें; confronted–face to face with,आमना-सामना करते हुए; endured–survived,सुरक्षित बनी रही ; gradually–by and by,धीरे-धीरे; unthreatened–with no fear,निर्भय होकर,बेखटके; glancing–watching, देखते रहे थे ; curious–eager about,जिज्ञासु; possessions–goods, articles,वस्तुएँ ; doing an errand–gone out on purpose,काम से बाहर गई I
Passage–covered verandah or gallery,गलियारा; cumbersome–heavy,वजनी ; horrified–tilled with fear,भयभीत; oppressed–troubled,व्यथित कर रही थी; tasteless way–clumsy, disorderly,फूहड़ तरीके से ; muggy–damp,नमी युक्त; scarcely–hardly, at all,नहीं के बराबर; pattern–design,नमूना,डिज़ाईन edge–border,किनारा; poured–put, filled the cup with,डाला; lid–cover, ढक्कन ; antique–of olden times and precious,पुरानी ओर कीमती ; fancied–liked,पसन्द करती थी ; pewter–zinc, an alloy made of tin and lead. जस्ता धातु I
cutlery–knives, forks, spoons. etc.,छुरी,काँटे,आद ि; intently–keenly, closely,ध्यानपूर्वक; Jingling–metallic sound, खनक; objects–things,वस्तुएँ; instantly–at once,तुरन्त; severed–separated,पृथक होन ा; shreds–small pieces, remains,छोटे-छोटे टुकड़े, अवशेष; resolved–determined,निश्चय कर लिया I
Short and Simple Summary of the lesson in English– The Address/ Summary in simple Words/ Critical appreciation of the lesson – The Address
Holland was fighting for independence. The narrator had joined the forces. It was a long drawn and deadly war. Success seemed a far cry. The people doubted if any of the soldiers would return alive.
The narrator had only her mother Mrs S at home. Her mother was worried about the safety of her belongings. She had a lot of silver cutlery and antiques. One day, an old acquaintance of hers turned up unexpectedly. She was Mrs Dorling. She won the confidence of Mrs S and offered to take away Mrs S’s precious things to her own home for safe-keeping. And Mrs S accepted the offer thankfully.
The narrator was home for a few days during the first half of the war. She noticed the change in the room. She missed several things. She surprised the mother by her keen observation. It was then that Mrs S told her about Mrs Dorling who had kindly taken away all the table silver, vases, antique plates, crockery. Mrs Dorling promised to keep all those nice things safely. Mrs S, however, did not get an assurance that those things were returnable. Next morning, Mrs Dorling turned up again. This broad back woman was taking away the heavy suitcase stuffed with things. The mother introduced the narrator to Mrs Dorling. It was the first time the girl had met her. Mrs Dorling lived in Marconi Steet, House No. 46. The mother told the daughter to remember the address. And she did remember it for a long time.
After the war of liberation had come to an end, the narrator returned to her city.
Gradually, everything became more normal again. And one day the narrator was reminded of all her possessions. The mother was no more alive. She was alone, living in a single room. There was no space to recover all those things and keep them in that room. Still, she wanted to see them and touch them once. So she travelled by train to Marconi Street and rang the doorbell of house No. 46. A woman opened the door partly. Through the narrow opening, she studied the visitor. She was Mrs Dorling herself. She hadn’t expected the girl to come back home alive. She refused to recognise the visitor. The narrator for a while wondered if she had come to the wrong place. But her doubt was removed when she saw Mrs Dorling wearing her mother’s green knitted cardigan.
So she had come to the right address. Mrs Dorling could not help asking how she alone had survived the war. She refused to let the visitor into the house. She closed the door also. The narrator looked at the nameplate again. It said Dorling, Number 46. She walked back to the station and travelled back the memory lane. Her first visit to Mrs Dorling’s house was in vain. But she didn’t accept defeat. She decided to try a second time.
This time, Mrs Dorling’s 15-year-old daughter opened the door. Mrs Dorling wasn’t at home. The narrator decided to wait. She followed the girl along the passage. She saw her heavy candle holders hung next to a mirror. She was taken to the living room. She found herself in the midst of things which she wanted to see. But she was pained to see them arranged in a tasteless way. The furniture was ugly and the air was damp smelling. She sat down at a table and noticed that the table cloth was hers. It had a burn mark to the edge, left unrepaired by her mother.
The girl said that her mother would be back soon and she had already made tea for her. The girl offered a cup to the visitor as well. She opened a box and took some spoons out. All those things were a part of the narrator’s mother’s belongings. She realised that one got so very used to things that one didn’t notice them intently. Mrs Dorling’s daughter also never noticed that the cutlery she used every day was silver. She opened a drawer to bring out more spoons and forks. But the narrator didn’t wait to see them. She didn’t want to meet Mrs Dorling. So she jumped up to go to catch her train.
At the corner of the road, she looked up at the nameplate. The address was correct. But she didn’t want to remember it any more. She had no intention to visit that house again. She had lost interest in the things that had been taken away from her house and put in strange surroundings. Moreover, she had no need of them in her small rented room. Only a handful of cutlery fitted in the narrow table drawer. So she made up her mind to forget that address forever, and it was quite easy to do now.
Summary in Hindi/ The Address
Summary in Hindi
हालैण्ड आजादी की जंग लड़ रहा था I लेखिका सेना में भर्ती हो गई थी I युद्ध लम्बा तथा भीषण था I सफलता जैसे दूर की कौड़ी-सी दिख रही थी I लोगों को शक था कि कोई भी सैनिक युद्ध से जीवित लौटेगा I
घर पर लेखिका की माँ ही थी I उसे अपनी चीजों की सुरक्षा की चिन्ता सता रही थी I उसके पास ढेर-से चाँदी के छुरी-काँटे तथा बहुमूल्य पुरानी चीजें थी I एक दिन उसकी एक पुरानी सहेली अप्रत्याशित रूप से आ गई I उसका नाम था Mrs. Dorling I Mrs.S’s का विश्वास जीत लिया I उसने सुझाव दिया कि Mrs.S’s की चीज़ों को अपने घर सुरक्षा हेतु ले जाए I लेखिका की माँ ने उसकी इस पेशकश को सधन्यवाद स्वीकार कर लिया I
लेखिका युद्ध के प्रथम आधे समय में कुछ दिनों के लिए घर आई थी I उसने कमरे में कुछ परिवर्तन देखा I उसे कुछेक वस्तुएँ वहाँ से गायब दिखी I उसने माँ को हैरान कर दिया I तभी माँ ने उसे Mrs.Dorling के बारे में बताया जो उसके चाँदी के छुरी-काँटे, पात्र, पुरानी प्लेटें तथा कप-प्याले कृपा करके अपने घर ले गई थी Mrs.Dorling ने वचन दिया था कि वह सभी चीजें सुरक्षित रखेगी I पर Mrs.S’s ने उससे यह वचन नहीं लिया था कि वह सभी चीज़ों को कभी लौटा देगी I अगली प्रातः Mrs. Dorling पुनः आ गई I चौड़ी पीठ वाली महिला एक भारी सूटकेस जिसमें अनेक चीजें भरी थी, लिए जा रही थी I माँ ने लेखिका का परिचय Mrs.Dorling से करा दिया I पहली बार में कितने Mrs.Dorling को देखा था जो मार्कोनी स्ट्रीट में, घर नं. 46 में रहती थी I माँ ने बेटी को बोला कि इस पते को याद रखना I और एक अरसे तक लेखिका उस पते को याद रखे रही I
आजादी की लड़ाई समाप्त हो गई, लेखिका अपने शहर वापिस लौट आई I
धीरे-धीरे सब कुछ सामान्य होने लगा I माँ अब जीवित नहीं थी I लेखिका अकेले ही एक कमरे में रह रही थी I उसमें इतनी जगह न थी कि सारी चीजें वापस लेकर कमरे में सजा ले I फिर भी उसकी इच्छा हुई कि एक बार तो उन चीजों को देख ले, स्पर्श कर ले I इसलिए वह रेलगाड़ी से मार्कोनी स्ट्रीट गई और वहाँ उसने 46 नं. घर की घंटी बजाई I एक महिला ने दरवाजा आधा खोल कर देखा I उस दरार से उसने आगन्तुक को पहचाना I वह Mrs.Dorling ही थी I जिसने इस लड़की के युद्ध से जीवित लौट आने की कोई उम्मीद नहीं थी I उसने लेखिका को पहचानने से इंकार कर दिया I लेखिका को एक क्षण ऐसा लगा कि कहीं वह गलत पते पर तो नहीं आ गई थी I और उसका संदेह दूर हो गया जब उसने Mrs.Dorling को अपनी माँ का हरा कार्डिगन पहने देखा I
तो वह सही पते पर ही आई थी I Mrs.Dorling पूछ बैठी कि तुम युद्ध से जीवित किस प्रकार लौट आई I उसने लेखिका को घर के अंदर नहीं बुलाया I उसने दरवाजा बंद कर दिया I लेखिका ने नाम पट्टिका पर पुनः दृष्टि डाली I उस पर लिखा था Dorling नं.46 I वह वापिस स्टेशन आ गई तथा स्मृतियों में खो गई I उसकी Mrs . Dorling के घर पर पहली मुलाकात तो निष्फल हो गई थी, पर उसने हार नहीं मानी I उसने दोबारा प्रयास करने का निर्णय ले लिया I
इस बार Mrs.Dorling की 15 वर्षीय बेटी ने दरवाजा खोला I Mrs.Dorling घर पर नहीं थी I लेखिका ने घर बैठकर प्रतीक्षा करने का विचार किया I लड़की के पीछे-पीछे वह गलियारे में चल पड़ी I उसने अपना एक मोमबत्ती स्टैंड दर्पण के निकट रखा देखा I वह बैठक में पहुँच गई I उसे चारों ओर अपनी वही चीजें दिखाई दी जिन्हें वह देखना चाहती थी I पर उसे यह देखकर पीड़ा हुई कि उन चीजों को फूहड़ढंग से रखा गया था I फर्नीचर टूटा-फूटा था तथा उसमें सीलन की बू आ रही थी वह एक मेज़ पर बैठ गई तथा देखा कि मेज़पोश उसका अपना ही था I उसके किनारे पर जलने का एक दाग बना हुआ था जिसकी मरम्मत माँ ने नहीं की थी I
लड़की ने बताया कि माँ आने वाली वाली है तथा उसने उन्हीं के लिए चाय बना रखी है I लड़की ने लेखिका को एक चाय का प्याला थमाया I उसने एक डिब्बा खोला तथा कुछ चम्मच निकाले I यह सभी चीजें उसकी माँ की ही संपदा थी I उसने महसूस किया कि व्यक्ति रोजमर्रा इस्तेमाल की जाने वाली चीजों का इतना आदी हो जाता है कि उनको ध्यान से नहीं देख पाता I Mrs.Dorling की बेटी ने भी कभी यह महसूस नहीं किया कि उसके छुरी-काँटे चाँदी के है I उसने एक दराज खोली ताकि चम्मच और काँटे निकाले I पर लेखिका उन्हें देखने के लिए ठहरी नहीं I वह Mrs.Dorling से मिलना नहीं चाहती थी I इसलिए वह अपनी गाड़ी पकड़ने के लिए चल दी I
सड़क पर कोने पर पहुँच कर उसने नाम पर पट्टिका पर पुनः नजर डाली I वह गई तो सही पते पर थी I पर अब याद रखने की कोई जरूरत नहीं थी I वह वहाँ पुनः आने वाली नहीं थी I अपनी चीजों में उसकी
रूचि खत्म हो गई थी जिन्हें उसके घर से ले जाया गया था तथा नई जगह पर सजा दिया गया था I इसके अलावा उसे अब इन चीजों की अपनी छोटे किराए के कमरे में जरूरत भी न थी I उसकी संकरी मेज के दराज में गिनती के छुरी-काँटे रखे जा सकते थे I इसलिए उसने निश्चय कर लिया कि Mrs.Dorling के घर के पते को वे सदा के लिए भुला देगी और ऐसा कर पाना अब बिल्कुल सरल काम था I
Following is the complete question bank for The Address
The Address Extra Questions and Answers
Short Answer Type Questions (30 to 40 words)
1. Comment on the title of Marga’s story The Address.
Ans. The story has aptly been given the title, ‘The Address’. In fact, the entire story moves around Mrs Dorling’s address, Number 46, Marconi Street. She had taken away all the valuables from the narrator’s mother. The narrator went to that address twice after the war. But she had a bitter experience. She finally resolved to forget that address.
2. What makes the narrator to Mrs Dorling’s house twice? What was her experience there?
Ans. Mrs Dorling had taken away all the valuables of her mother for safe-keeping. The narrator wanted to see and touch those things once. In the first visit to Marconi Street, Mrs Dorling refused to recognise her. In the second visit, it was Mrs Dorling’s daughter who opened the door. But this time the sight of her ill-arranged things distressed her.
3. How did the narrator and Mrs Dorling recognise each other?
Ans. The narrator knocked at Mrs Dorling’s house. Mrs Dorling recognised her and even asked how she had come back alive from the war. But she did not let the narrator enter her house. The narrator recognised Mrs Dorling from the cardigan she was wearing. It was her mother’s.
4. Who was Mrs Dorling? How did she rob or cheat Mrs S of all her antiques and silver?
Ans. Mrs Dorling was an old acquaintance of Mrs S’s. She turned up unexpectedly during the wartime. She suggested that the silver and other antique valuables would be safe in her house. She won the confidence of Mrs S and carried away everything to her own house. Later on, she played foul and kept all those things with her.
5. How was the narrator convinced that she had come to the right address and met Mrs Dorling?
Ans. The narrator went to House No: 46, Marconi Street. She recognised Mrs Dorling who opened the door. She had no doubt that she had come to the right place. She also noticed that Mrs Dorling was wearing her mother’s knitted green cardigan.
6. Why did Mrs S allow Mrs Dorling to take away all her precious things to her house? Why didn’t the narrator object to it in time?
Ans. Mrs S was of Jewish origin. During the war, all the Jews were being evacuated from the country by the Nazi army. There was no security of life and property. So Mrs S allowed Mrs Dorling to take away all her silver and antique things for safe-keeping. The narrator could not prevent it because she usually came home only during holidays.
7. What was the narrator’s attitude toward her things transferred to Mrs Dorling’s house?
Ans. The narrator came back home at the end of the war. She had lost her interest in the silver cutlery and plates which had been taken away by Mrs Dorling. But for once, she wanted to see them and touch them. She felt very unhappy to see her things arranged tastelessly in Mrs Darling’s house. So she resolved not to claim them back.
8. How did the narrator discover for certain that the woollen tablecloth was hers?
Ans. In her second visit to Mrs Darling’s house, she noticed the woollen tablecloth. It was hers. She remembered that there was a burn mark on the edge which was never repaired. She ran her fingers on it and found it.
9. Why did the narrator leave Mrs Dorling’s house in such a hurry?
Ans. The narrator had a painful experience on her first visit to Marconi Street. She got a very cold shoulder. But she could not help paying a second visit. She felt oppressed to see her things there. All her mother’s antiques and precious silver and artefacts were kept tastelessly in a small and musty room. Suddenly all those familiar things lost their value for her. She did not want to see dishonest Mrs Dorling again. So, she left the house in a hurry.
10. If the address of Mrs Dorling’s house was correct, why did the narrator resolve to forget it?
Ans. The narrator visited Mrs Darling’s house a second time. In fact, she had no desire to get all her things back. The address was correct but she lost interest in those stored things. Her rented room was too small for them. So she made up her mind to forget her treasure as well as the address of Mrs Dorling.
11. How had the narrator got Mrs Dorling’s address? Why did she wait for years to go there?
Ans. The narrator had once come home on leave. She was introduced by her mother to her old acquaintance Mrs Dorling who was taking away the suitcase stuffed with their valuables to her own house. The mother told the narrator Mrs Darling’s address and asked her to remember that. The narrator returned home several years later at the end of the war.
12. Why and when did the narrator feel an urge to see her mother’s belongings?
Ans. After the liberation struggle was over, the narrator returned home. One day. she became curious about all her things at Mrs Darling’s house. She just wanted to see them, touch them and remember the old times and her mother.
Important Long/ Detailed Answer Type Questions- to be answered in about 100 -150 words each Value based questions-
Long Answer Questions (up to 100 words)
1. Discuss the aptness and significance of the title of the story The Address.
Ans. The Address is a tale of war. The narrator is a young girl, probably studying at the university. She comes home during the holidays. Her mother, in her absence, meets her old acquaintance Mrs Dorling. She allows her to take away all her silver and antiques for safe-keeping in her own house. She asks her daughter to remember Mrs Darling’s address. Marconi Street, Number 46. The narrator remembers the address. At the end of the war. she goes to that address but Mrs Dorling refuses to recognise her. The narrator goes to
the same address a second time. She recognises her mother’s belongings set tastelessly in a strange place. She loses interest in them and returns home. She resolves to forget that address forever.
2. Who was Mrs Dorling? What did the narrator learn about her from her mother?
Ans. Mrs Dorling was an old acquaintance of Mrs S’s, the narrator’s mother. She called on her old friend unexpectedly while the narrator was away at college. She won the confidence of her friend. She had her eyes on her friend’s belongings. She must have pointed out that during wartime she might lose all her silver and antiques. She offered to take the risk herself. In bags and suitcases, she carried away all those things to her own house. The narrator learnt about Mrs Dorling and her address during one of her visits home. She remembered the address given by her mother. At the end of the war, she felt like seeing. touching and remembering her things. So she visited Mrs Dorling’s house but got a very cold welcome. The dishonest Mrs Dorling kept all precious things to herself.
3. Describe the narrator’s first visit to Marconi Street, No. 46.
Ans. The narrator returned home after the liberation. Even though she had lost all interest in her old stuff yet she wanted to see, touch and remember her things. She took a train to Marconi Street and tapped on the door of House No. 46. Mrs Dorling opened the door. She was surprised to see the visitor come alive from the war. She was wearing Mrs S’s green knitted cardigan. She was feeling guilty. She refused to talk to the narrator even for a moment. Her own daughter was there inside. But the door was closed on the narrator and she walked back to the station with a heavy heart.
4. What were the narrator’s experience and reaction when she went to Mrs Dorling’s house a second time?
Ans. The narrator had an unpleasant experience during her first visit to Marconi Street. Mrs Dorling gave her a cold shoulder. But the narrator’s urge to see her things and touch them did not cool down. She decided to try a second time. This time Mrs Dorling’s daughter opened the door. The mother had gone out. Her daughter led the narrator to a room inside. The narrator found herself in the midst of familiar things which were scattered in a tasteless way all around. The sight oppressed her. She noticed the candle holder and the woollen tablecloth. She noticed her mother’s beautiful tea set and the silver cutlery being used by that family in that small, musty room. Mrs Dorling did not even know how to use those precious things. All those things oppressed her now. She decided to leave the house at the earliest. Her things evoked the memories of her earlier life, and she was now living in a small rented room. So she made up her mind to forget her things and also Mrs Dorling’s address.
5. Give a brief character-sketch of Mrs S’s daughter.
Ans. The narrator was a young Jewish girl living in Holland with her mother. When the World war II started, the Nazi army started evacuating all the Jews from Europe. The narrator and her mother became very insecure. During this period an old acquaintance of Mrs S befriended her and offered to keep all her valuable belongings in her safe custody. Mrs S was a noble and trusting lady. She allowed Mrs Dorling to take away her precious antiques and cutlery etc. The narrator had some doubts about Mrs Dorling but her mother silenced her.
The narrator survived the war and came back to her old city. Now her mother was dead, her house belonged to someone else and she had no worldly possessions. Still, she is happy to be alive and trying to make a life for herself. One day she feels an urge to go to Mrs Dorling’s house and see all her mother’s precious belongings. But when she sees that all her mother’s beautiful things were kept by Mrs Dorling in a tasteless manner and she was even using them, the narrator loses all interest in those things. With a feeling of detachment, she goes back to her own rented room and decides to start life afresh. She is a brave and self-respecting girl. She does not want to live in her past glory. She wants to live in the present.
6. Write a brief note on Mrs Dorling.
Ans. Mrs Dorling was at one time Mrs S’s friend. But the two were not in contact. Both had a daughter each. Mrs Dorling herself was a mean, greedy and dishonest woman. She won the confidence of Mrs S’s and carted away all the table silver and precious old things to her own house. She had taken for granted that the narrator and her family would not come back alive from the war. The sight of the narrator at her doorstep gave her a shocking surprise. She did not allow the narrator to walk into her house. She sent her away dejected. When she saw the narrator at her doorstep, she became scared that the narrator would see all her mother’s precious things and would ask to take back everything. Mrs Dorling is greedy and means person. In fact, when she had offered to take away all the antique and precious things of Mrs S, to keep in her safe custody, her intention was not honourable at all. She had all the intention of grabbing all those things. She was quite sure that Mrs S and her family would not come alive after the war.