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Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 11th as Per CBSE Syllabus
Chapter- 1 English Language and Literature
The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse
By- William Saroyan
Introduction of the lesson- The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse
This story is about two poor Armenian boys. They belong to a tribe known for its honesty. The two cousins Mound and Aram, have an intense longing for horse riding. But they can’t afford to buy a horse. So going against the family reputation, Mourad steals the white horse of John Byro. Aram is shocked because it is a stolen horse. But he discounts the charge of stealing and goes for a ride. One day, he hears John Byro telling Uncle Khosrove about his missing horse. He gives the news to Mourad. Next morning, the horse was returned to the place from where it had been stolen.
The story is plainly about the harmless pranks of two little boys. They do take out Byro’s horse but for a joyride only. They don’t mean to sell it for money. So Aram doesn’t think it amounts to stealing. The story has a funny character, uncle Khosrove, who silences every speaker with his roar. He is crazy. The story gives us a glimpse of tribal life. It also ends on a happy note. John Byro feels happy when he finds his horse stronger and better tempered than before.
Important Word-Meanings of difficult words from the lesson- (The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse)
Word-meanings and References
imaginable–that one can imagine. जिसकी कोई कल्पना कर सके ं; magnificence–grandeur, splendour, वैभव,शान; considered–thought to be,माना जाता था; mysterious–that cannot be explained. रहस्यमय; crazy–very enthusiastic, with strange habits, सनकी दीवाना; tapping–hitting gently, थपथपाते हुए; stuck out–projected, बाहर निकाला; Armenian–the language spoken by the people of Armenia,आर्मीनियन भाषा; make it quiet–hurry up, शीघ्रता करो; alive–lively, full of life. जीवंत; longings–desires, wishes ,इच्छाएं ; tribe–community,कबीला,समुदाय ; poverty-stricken–extremely poor, अत्याधिक निर्धन; amazing–surprising,हैरान कर देने वाली; comical–funny,हास्यवर; bellies–stomach,पेट,उदर ; take advantage of–deceive anybody, मूर्ख बनाकर लाभ उठाना; consequently–as a result, hence,अतएव,परिणामस्वरुप; stared–looked,देखा; pious stillness–holy silence, पावन चुप्पी; humour–the element of laughter, हास्य ; frightened–scared, terrified, डरा दिया I
hurry–make haste, be quick, शीघ्रता करो; leapt up–jumped,कूदकर बैठ गया; edge–outer fringe, बाहरी किनारा; country–rural area,ग्रामीण क्ष्रेत्र; vineyards–grapes gardens,अंगूर के बाग; orchards–fruit garden,फलों के बाग; ditches–deep pits,खाई; trot–walk in a steady manner,दुलकी चाल चलने लगा ; craziest–most eccentric,सबसे अधिक सनकी; roar–sing in a loud voice,ऊँचे स्वर में गाने लगा; streak–trace or touch,सनक; descendant–offspring,वंशज; enormous–big-bodied, fat,मोटा-ताजा; furious–full of anger, fierce,आक्रोश वाला; temper–nature,स्वभाव; irritable–easily angered,चिड़चिड़ा ; impatient–rash, restless,उतावला; roaring–shouting,ऊँचा बोलकर; trimmed–being set and cut,छाँटी जा रही थी; practical–sensible,व्यवहार; capricious–whimsical,सनकी; vagrant–wandering soul,मौजी,स्वेच्छाचारी I
have a way with–know how to control, understanding with,सिधाने की कला; Vazire–the nickname given to the horse,वज़ीरे,घोड़े का उपनाम; snorted–let out breath with force from the nostrils, फुफकार मारी; burst into a fury of speed–started racing very fast,वेग से दौड़ चला; awful–terrible, डरावना; reared–raised its hind part,पिछला शरीर उठाया ; be kindly–treat the horse gently,नरमी से पेश आना ; come upon–meet by chance,संयोग से मिल जाए; hide–keep secretly,छिपाया; dawned on me–became clear to me,समझ में आ गया I
barn–place for storing grain, खलिहान; deserted–lonely,वीरान,उजड़ा; alfalfa–a kind of grass,एक प्रकार की घास; behave–conduct,आचरण करना; understanding–fact, agreement,समझौता; parlour–sitting room. बैठक); irritated–angry,चिढ़ गए; surrey–light four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage,घोड़ा-गाड़ ी; spit on–hate,give no importance to,थूकना; stalked out of–walked out with proud steps,अकड़कर निकल गए; slamming–closing or shutting noisily,धड़ाम से बंद करते हुए; repair–give first aid to, मरहमपट्टी करना; robin–a bird, small red-breasted,एक प्रकार का पक्षी ; nevertheless–still,फिर भी ;ran into–met unexpectedly,अचानक भेट हो गईं; studied–examined,जाँचा-परखा
twin-born together,जुड़वा; suspicious–full of mistrust,संदेही; patted–thumped gently,थपथपाया I
Short and Simple Summary of the lesson in English– (The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse)/ Summary in simple Words/ Critical appreciation of the lesson – (The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse)
Aram and Mourad were cousins. Aram was nine years old while Mourad was thirteen. The mound was a lively and adventure-loving boy. But he was considered crazy. Both were fond of horse riding. They belonged to the Garoghlanian tribe. They were too poor to buy a horse. But their family was famous for honesty, and they were proud of it. They believed in doing the right things and not cheating anybody. Stealing was unthinkable. They were the natives of Armenia.
One summer morning, Mourad came to Aram’s house and woke him up by tapping on the room-window. Aram jumped out of bed and looked out of the window. He saw Mourad sitting on a beautiful white horse. He rubbed his eyes to make sure that he was not dreaming. He couldn’t believe that Mourad had bought or borrowed the horse. The only other way was that he had stolen it. But it was difficult to believe. No member of the family could be a thief.
Mourad told Aram to come out quickly if he wanted to enjoy a horse-ride. Aram was both delighted and frightened. He asked his cousin wherefrom he had stolen that horse but he got no reply. Evidently, Mourad had stolen the horse. Aram was tempted to go for a ride. He told himself that stealing a horse for a ride was not the same thing as stealing money. They were just crazy about horses. They would be guilty of stealing only if they offered to sell the horse.
Aram put on his clothes and sat on horseback behind his cousin. Behind their house was the countryside—fruit gardens, irrigation pits and grapevines. The horse began to trot and Mourad began to sing aloud. There was a crazy streak in the family which Mourad had inherited. Their
Uncle Khosrove was also crazy. He was furious in nature, irritable and impatient. He did not allow anybody to speak. His pet words were: It is no harm: pay no attention to it. Once his own house was on fire, and he was at the barber’s shop. His son Arak ran to that shop to tell about the fire. But he, as usual, roared that it was no harm,
Mourad’s own father Zorab was a very practical man. But Mourad was the natural descendant I of his uncle. Anyway, the two cousins let the horse run as long as it felt like running. At last Mourad asked Aram to get down. He wanted to ride alone. He said proudly that he had way with a horse. He named this white horse Vazire. Aram too wanted to ride alone. But he was told to wait. He was given a chance, and he had a bad experience. The horse ran off at breakneck speed. Aram fell but the horse continued running. It took them half an hour to find and bring back the horse.
It was morning. The whole world was awake. Their problem was to hide the horse. But Mourad knew a place. Aram asked him again how long ago he had stolen the horse. Mourad told him to tell a little lie and say that they had started riding that very morning. Mourad led the horse to a deserted vineyard of a farmer Fetvajian. He added that he had an understanding with horses.
That afternoon, uncle Khosrove came to Aram’s house. Then came another visitor John Byro who complained that his white horse had been stolen the previous month. Uncle Khosrove, as usual, shouted him down. He told Byro to stop crying over a horse when he had legs to walk ten miles to get there. Aram’s mother consoled Byro. She said that Khosrove had a gentle heart. but he was homesick.
Aram ran over to Mourad’s house to tell him about John Byro who wanted his horseback. At the same time, he extracted a promise from his cousin that he would keep the horse for at least six months. Mourad was at that time giving first aid to a robin bird which had hurt its wing. He then let the bird free.
For two weeks the cousins took the horse out from the barn and rode it. But every morning the horse threw Aram and ran away.
One morning when they were taking the horse to the barn, they met John Byro. Mourad went forward to do the talking. He made another claim that he had a way with farmers. John Byro examined the horse and swore that it was just like his horse. He also counted the teeth of the horse to make sure. But Mourad told him with confidence that his horse was named My Heart and it was his animal. Byro said that he believed Mourad because he knew that his family was known for honesty. He told them that perhaps the horse was the twin of his own stolen horse because boys of such an honourable family could never steal.
Early the next morning, the cousins took the horse to Byro’s vineyard and put it there. The dogs there didn’t bark. Mourad took the credit. He said that he had a way with dogs as well. He patted the horse lovingly before taking leave of it.
That afternoon, John Byro came to Aram’s house in a carriage drawn by his white horse. He, however, wondered at the change that occurred in the horse. It looked stronger than ever and better tempered too. He thanked God for the recovery of his lost horse. But Uncle Khosrove was irritated and shouted at him to shut up.
Summary in Hindi/ The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse
Aram और Mourad चचेरे भाई थे I Aram 9 वर्ष तथा Mourad 13 वर्ष का था I Mourad बहुत सक्रिय तथा उत्साही लड़का था I पर उसे सभी लोग सनकी कहा करते थे I दोनों को ही घुड़सवारी का शौक था I वे Garoghlanian परिवार के थे तथा वे इतने निर्धन थे कि घोड़ा खरीद नहीं सकते थे I पर उनका परिवार अपनी ईमानदारी के लिए विख्यात था और उन्हें इस बात का गर्व ही था जो सही काम करने तथा किसी को भी न ठगने में विश्वास करते थे चोरी करने की बात तो वे सोच भी नहीं सकते थे वे लोग आर्मीनिया के निवासी थे I
ग्रीष्म की एक प्रातः Mourad Aram के घर आया तथा उसकी खिड़की पर थपकी देकर उसे जगाया I Aram बिस्तर से उछल कर खड़ा हो गया तथा खिड़की से बाहर देखा I उसने Mourad को एक सुंदर सफेद घोड़े पर सवार देखा I उसने आँखें मिली कि कहीं वह सपना तो नहीं देख रहा था I वह विश्वास ही नहीं कर सकता था कि Mourad ने घोड़ा खरीदा अथवा माँग लिया है I एक ही अन्य रास्ता बचा था कि उसने इसे चुराया हो पर इस बात पर भी विश्वास नहीं किया जा सकता था I परिवार का कोई सदस्य चोर नहीं हो सकता था I
Mourad Aram से बोला, “शीघ्रता से बाहर आ जाओ यदि घुड़सवारी का आनंद लेना चाहते हो I” Aram को खुशी भी थी और भय भी I उसने भाई से पूछा घोड़ा कहाँ से चुराया है, पर उसे कोई उत्तर नहीं मिला I स्पष्ट था कि Mourad ने घोड़ा चुराया था I Aram को घुड़सवारी करने का लालच आ गया I उसने स्वयं को समझाया कि घुड़सवारी के लिए घोड़ा चुराना तथा किसी का धन चुराना ये दोनों बातें अलग बातें हैं I वे दोनों भाई तो घोड़े के दीवाने थे I उन पर चोरी का आरोप तभी लग सकता था जब वे उस घोड़े को बेचें I
Aram ने वस्त्र पहने तथा घोड़े पर भाई के पीछे बैठ गया I उनके घर के पिछवाड़े से ग्रामीण क्षेत्र शुरू हो जाता था –फलों के बगीचे थे, सिंचाई के लिए छोटे-छोटे पोखर थे और अंगूर की बेलें थी I घोड़ा दौड़ने लगा तथा Mourad ने ऊँची स्वर में गाना शुरू कर दिया I परिवार में सनकी होने का पुट था जिसे Mourad ने विरासत में पा लिया था I उनके अंकल Khosrove भी सनकी थे I वे उग्र स्वभाव के,चिड़चिड़े तथा बेसब्र थे I वे किसी को बोलने नहीं देते थे I उनका तकिया कलाम था : कोई हानि नहीं, उस पर ध्यान मत दो I एक बार उनके घर को आग लग गई और वे नाई की दुकान पर गए हुए थे I उनका बेटा Arak उन्हें आप की सूचना देने गया I पर वे सदा की भाँति चीखे कि कोई नुकसान की बात नहीं I
Mourad के अपने पिता Zorab बहुत व्यवहारकुशल व्यक्ति थे I पर Mourad ने तो अंकल का स्वभाव प्राकृतिक रूप से पा लिया था I दोनों भाइयों ने घोड़े को दौड़ने की पूरी छूट दे दी I अंत में Mourad ने Aram को नीचे उतरने को कहा I वह अकेले सवारी करना चाहता था I उसने सगर्व बताया मैं घोड़े को वश में करना जानता हूँ I उसने अपने घोड़े को ‘वजीरे’ नाम से पुकारा I Aram की भी तमन्ना थी कि वह भी अकेले सवारी करें फिर भी उसे अकेले बैठने दिया गया और अनुभव बुरा रहा I घोड़े पूरे वेग से भाग चला I Aram गिर गया और घोड़ा भागता गया I उन्हें घोड़े की खोजने तथा वापिस लाने में आधा घंटा लग गया I
प्रातः हो चली थी I सारी दुनिया जग गई थी I उन दोनों के सामने अब प्रश्न था घोड़े को छिपाने का I पर Mourad छिपाने का स्थान जानता था I Aram ने पुनः उससे पूछा कि घोड़ा तुमने कहाँ से चुराया था I Mourad ने समझाया कि थोड़ा-सा झूठ बोल लेना तथा कहना हम लोग तो आज प्रात:काल ही सवारी पर निकले थे I Mourad घोड़े को एक किसान के उजड़े बगीचे में ले गया I उसने यह भी कहा मैं जानता हूँ कि घोड़े से किस प्रकार मैत्री की जाती है I
उस शाम अंकल Khosrove Aram के घर पहुँचे I तभी एक अन्य व्यक्ति John Byro भी वहाँ पहुँच गया I उसने उसने शिकायत की कि उसका सफेद घोड़ा पिछले माह चोरी हो गया था I अंकल Khosrove ने अपनी आदत के अनुसार उसे अपनी ऊँची आवाज में चुप करा दिया I वे Byro से बोले कि घोड़े की चोरी को लेकर शोरगुल मत करो जबकि तुम्हारे पास यहाँ दस मील चलकर आने के लिए टाँगे हैं I Aram की माँ ने Byro को सांत्वना दी I उसने बताया कि Khosrove दिल के तो नेक है पर उन्हें घर की याद सताती रहती है I Aram भागकर Mourad के घर उसे John Byro के बारे में बताने गया जो अपने घोड़े के खोने से दुखी था I Aram ने भाई से एक वचन भी ले लिया कि वह घोड़े को छह महीनों तक अपने पास ही रखेगा I Mourad उस समय एक रोबिन पक्षी के चोट खाए पंखों की मरहमपट्टी कर रहा था I फिर उसने पक्षी को उड़ा दिया I
दो सप्ताह तक दोनों भाई घोड़े को खलियान से बाहर निकालकर सवारी का आनंद लेते रहे I पर हर प्रातः घोड़ा Aram को गिराकर भाग जाता
एक प्रातः जब दोनों भाई घोड़े को खलिहान में छिपाने के लिए जा रहे थे, उनकी भेंट john Byro से हो गई I Mourad बातें करने के लिए आगे बढ़ गया उसने एक और दावा किया कि वह किसानों से निपटना जानता है I john Byro ने घोड़े की जाँच पड़ताल की तथा कसमिया तौर पर कहा कि यह घोड़ा तो मेरा है I उसने सुनिश्चित करने हेतु घोड़े के दाँत भी गिने I पर Mourad ने विश्वासपूर्वक बताया कि मेरे घोड़े का नाम ‘माई हार्ट’ है और यह मेरा है I Byro ने Mourad की बात पर विश्वास कर लिया क्योंकि वह जानता था कि Mourad का परिवार ईमानदारी के लिए विख्यात है I उसमें सोच लिया कि शायद Mourad का घोड़ा उसके अपने चोरी हुए घोड़े का जुड़वा था क्योंकि Mourad एक ईमानदार परिवार से है और वह चोरी नहीं कर सकता I
दूसरे दिन भोर में ही दोनों बालक Byro के घोड़े को उसके बगीचे में छोड़ने ले गए I पर वहाँ घूम रहे कुत्ते भौंके I Mourad ने इसका श्रेय लेते हुए कहा कि उसे कुत्तों को भी वश में करना आता है उसने घोड़े से विदा लेने से पूर्व से उसे प्यार से थपकी दी I
उस शाम John Byro Aram के घर अपनी घोड़ा-गाड़ी में बैठ कर आया I पर उसे हैरानी थी कि उसके घोड़े में इतना स्वभाव परिवर्तन किस प्रकार से हो गया I घोड़ा पहले से मजबूत तथा बेहतर स्वभाव का हो गया था I उसने परमात्मा को धन्यवाद दिया कि उसका खोया हुआ घोड़ा वापिस मिल गया I पर अंकल khosrove चिढ़कर चिल्लाए कि बकवास बंद करो I
Following is the complete question bank for (The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse)
(The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse) Extra Questions and Answers
Short Answer Type Questions (30 to 40 words)
1.Which tribe did Aram and his cousin Mourad belong to? What was their tribe known for?
Ans. Aram and Mourad were cousins. They belonged to the Garoghlanian family. This large family was extremely poor. Yet, they were famous for their honesty. They were proud, honest and just. No member of the family could ever think of stealing.
2. What did people say about Mourad? Who had he inherited that weakness from?
Ans. Mourad enjoyed being alive. He was fond of adventures. He too had a streak of craziness. He had got it naturally from Uncle Khosrove. He used to say that he had a way with horses, dogs and farmers.
3. Why did Mourad wake up Aram? How did Aram react to what he saw?
Ans. Mourad woke up Aram in order to give him a chalice to enjoy horse riding. Aram could not believe his eyes when he saw the beautiful white horse. He knew that Mourad did not have the means to buy a horse. So, it must have been a stolen one.
4. What did Aram think about Mourad’s action of riding a stolen horse? How did he justify Mourad’s action?
Ans. Aram too was very crazy about horse riding. But riding a stolen horse both delighted and frightened him. He justified Mourad’s action saying that taking out a horse just for a joy-ride could not be called stealing until they offered to sell it.
5. Who was the real owner of the beautiful white horse? How did Aram come to know about him?
Ans. The real owner of the white horse was John Byro, a farmer. He had bought it for 60 dollars. On a visit to Aram’s house, he complained of his loss. This assured Aram that the horse had been stolen by Mourad.
6. What was common between Mourad and Aram? In what respect did they differ from each other?
Ans. Mourad and Aram were cousins belonging to the Garoghlanian family. Both had a common craze for horse riding. But Aram was more honest and straightforward than his cousin. Mourad had a streak of craziness. He could tell lies. He was boastful. Aram was simple-hearted.
7. Bring out the significance of the white horse in Saroyan’s story.
Ans. The beautiful white horse is central to Saroyan’s story. Its entry highlights the differences in the characters of the cousins. It gives the story some thrill and action. We read on with anticipation to know as to when and how the boys would return the horse, if ever. In the end, it is with its rightful owner. So it dominates the whole story.
8. Why could Aram not believe what he saw that morning?
Ans. Aram followed the family norm of honesty. He was surprised and shocked to see his cousin sitting on a beautiful white horse. He knew that Mourad was as poor as him and could not have bought it. He even asked straightaway where Mourad had stolen it from. He could not believe this daring act of Mourad.
9. Why did the sight of Mourad’s horse both delightful and frightening for Aram?
Ans. Aram was just a young lad, truthful and honest. But he had a longing for riding a horse. Naturally, he was delighted when Mourad asked him to sit on the white horse. But he was also frightened because he knew that it was a stolen horse.
10. Who was Uncle Khosrove? What were some of the notable traits of his character?
Ans. Uncle Khosrove was widely known to be crazy. He was short-tempered and impatient as well. He stopped others from talking by shouting at them. His stock saying was: it is no harm, pay no attention to it. ‘Mourad had got that craziness from Uncle Khosrove.
11. Mourad had a way and some sort of understanding with three creatures. Who were they?
Ans. Mourad was boastful and self-confident. He was good at dealing with a wild white horse. the farm dogs and an injured bird. The white horse of Byro became better tempered. The dogs at Byro’s barn did not bark at him. The little-injured robin was nursed by Mourad and it managed to fly again.
12. What was Aram’s experience when he rode the white horse alone?
Ans. Aram was keen to ride the white horse alone. He leapt on to the horse’s back and even kicked into its muscles. It snorted and began to run. It went out of control. It leapt over seven vines and threw Aram down in the mud. Aram fell but the horse continued running.
13. “How long ago did you steal this horse?” Aram asked Mourad. What was Mourad’s response?
Ans. Mourad did not admit that he had stolen the horse. He said that he had been riding it only that morning. He did not want both of them to be liars. So, in case they were found out, Aram should tell them that they had started riding only that morning.
14. ‘I didn’t want both of us to be liars. Who spoke these words and in what context?
Ans. These words were spoken by Mourad to Aram. Mourad indirectly admitted that he was telling a lie. In fact, he had stolen the horse quite a few days back but in case they were found out by the horse owner, Aram was to tell him that they had started riding that very morning.
15. Who was John Byro? What did he first lose but finally recover?
Ans. John Byro was an Assyrian farmer and lived in the neighbourhood. He was a frequent visitor to Aram’s house. His white horse has stolen a few weeks ago. He recognised his horse being led by Mourad. But he did not create a scene. Mourad returned it to him when he realised that his family’s honour was at stake.
16. Why did Aram run over to his cousin’s house soon after Byro was gone? What promise did he extract from Mourad?
Ans. John Byro visited Aram’s house. He reported that his white horse was still untraceable. Uncle Khosrove shouted him down. But Aram understood that it must be the same horse which they had hidden in the barn. He ran to Mourad’s house to tell him about it. He extracted a promise from Mourad that he would keep the horse for some time more.
17. How did Mourad put John Byro off when the two met one morning?
Ans. One morning the two cousins ran into the farmer John Byro who recognised his horse and examined it thoroughly. But Mourad confidently told Byro that his horse’s name was My Heart. Byro made no fuss because he knew about the honesty of Mourad’s family.
18. Mourad claimed he had a way with dogs as well. How did he support this claim?
Ans. Mourad had enough of riding. Before he was declared a thief, he took the horse to its Owner’s barn. Aram noted with surprise that dogs there made no sound. Mound said boastfully that he had a way with dogs also, a sort of understanding with them.
19. What change did John Byrn notice in his horse after it was returned to him?
Ans. John Byro was not only happy but also surprised when he got his missing horseback. He failed to understand how his horse had become stronger and hotel tempered than before. He thanked God for the change.
Important Long/ Detailed Answer Type Questions- to be answered in about 100 -150 words each Value based questions-
Long Answer Questions (up to 100 words)
1. Give a brief account of Mourad’s adventure with the white home.
Ans. Mourad was a daredevil crazy boy. He was fond of horse riding. So, he stole the beautiful white horse of John Byro from his vineyard. He hid it in a deserted barn and enjoyed the ride every morning. One morning, he invited his cousin Aram also to share the joy. He had a way with the wild horse. Aram hesitated because it was a stolen horse. Yet he joined his cousin and enjoyed the ride. Mourad rode alone as well. He sang and roared with joy. He let the horse run across a field of dry grass to an irrigation ditch. He returned five minutes later. He warned Aram not to ride alone because the horse was quite wild.
2. Compare and contrast the characters of Mourad and Aram.
Ans. Mourad and Aram were cousins and belonged to Garoghlanian tribe which was known for its honesty. Mourad was thirteen and Aram was nine years old. Both longed to ride a horse. But their family was too poor to buy a horse. Both were adventure-loving. Both knew that their family was well known for honesty and right conduct. But Mourad could not help stealing John Byro’s horse. While he had a streak of craziness, Aram was honest and simple-hearted. Mourad was more talented and bolder than Aram. He domesticated the wild horse of John Byro. He repaired the injured wing of a robin bird; he knew how to deal with a horse, and how to soothe a dog. Comparatively, Aram was timid and obedient. Mourad could easily lie to John Byro about the horse. Aram could never do it.
3. Bring out some of the notable traits of Mourad’s character.
Ans. Mourad, the son of Zorab, was the 13-year old cousin of Aram. Zorab was a practical man but Mourad was most unlike him. He was considered as crazy as his uncle Khosrove. He was not so honest as his family or tribe. He did not hesitate to steal John Byro’s horse. He was as fond of horse riding as his cousin, but they did not have the mean’s to buy a horse. Very cleverly he hid the horse in a deserted barn and took it out at daybreak for a joy-ride. He loved adventure and singing. He had remarkable self-confidence. He said boastfully that he had a way with a horse, a dog and a farmer. He denied that he was a thief. When he realised that he was found out, he returned the horse to its owner John Byro after about six weeks.
4. The narrator’s uncle Khosrove was known to be a crazy fellow. Give a few instances of his craziness.
Ans. The narrator’s uncle Khosrove was an enormous man with a large moustache. But he was considered crazy or capricious by the people who knew him. He was furious by nature. He was easily annoyed. He was impatient. He would not let anybody have his say. He silenced people with his roar. Once his house was on fire and his son ran to the barber’s shop to give the bad news. But he paid no serious attention to it and roared “It is no harm; pay no attention to it”. He got irritated when John spoke about his stolen horse. and walked out of the room. He was a strange character.
5. Narrate the story of the stolen white horse is not more than 100 words.
Ans. It was not morning yet when Mourad woke up his cousin Aram. Aram jumped out of the bed and could not believe his eyes. He saw Mourad seated on the back of a white horse. He had no doubt at all that Mourad had stolen that horse. Anyway, he joined his cousin to have a joyride. Mourad hid it in deserted vineyard barn of Fetvajian. He warned Aram to say, in case they were found out, that they had started riding that very morning. The horse, in fact, belonged to John Byro who spoke about it in Aram’s house. Aram informed Mourad about Byro. They continued their rides for another fortnight.
One morning, they met John Byro who recognised his horse. But Mourad told a white lie that his horse was called My Heart. John Byro pretended that he believed them because he said he knew their family so well. Their family was famous for its honesty. He, however, returned the horse the next morning to Byro. Byro was happy and surprised to find his horse better tempered and even stronger.
Value Based Questions and Answers of (The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse)
1. Jokes and pranks add spice to life. But they should be in a limit. What do you think?
Ans. Life is dull because of stark realities. It thus remains unthrilling. Jokes and pranks play the role of spice and make life enjoyable. But if pranks and jokes pinch and hurt others, the very spice becomes poisonous. If they are at somebody else’s cost, they leave a bitter taste. So one should not play pranks or jokes to annoy somebody. Above all pranks should not also harm other people. If somebody appears, before a weak-hearted person, in the disguise of a ghost, that can kill the person.
Pranks should set right moods and banish enmity. A man should remain sensitive while trying to create lighter moments. The horse could have created trouble for Mound and Aram. The horse taken away just for a joy-ride might have thrown them on the ground. John Byro, whose horse Mourad had stolen, was a tactful man. He pricked the conscience of the boys by saying that he knew that they were honest boys who belonged to an honourable family and they could not be thieves. Eventually, Mourad’s conscience pricked him and he returned the horse. Pranks and jokes should be mild and innocent.