24. Reading Skills Comprehension: Civilisation

By | June 17, 2019

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CIVILISATION

Read the Passage carefully and answers the following Questions:-

Power and Possession have been central pursuits of modem civilization for a long time. They blocked out or distorted other features of the western renaissance’ (revival) which promised so much for humanity. What people have been and are still being taught to the prize is money, success, control over the lives of other acquisition of more and more objects. Modem social, political and economic systems, whether capitalist, fascist or communist, reject in their working the basic principle that the free and creative enfoldment of every man, woman and child is the true measure of the worth of any society. Such enfoldment requires understanding and imagination, integrity and compassion, cooperation among people and harmony between the human species and the rest of nature. Acquisitiveness and the pursuit of power have made the modem man an aggressor against everything that is non-human, an exploiter and aggressor of those who are poor, meek and unorganised, a pathological type which hates and distrusts the world and suffers from both acute loneliness and false pride.

The need for a new renaissance is deeply felt by those sensitive and conscientious men and women who not only perceive the dimensions of the crisis of our age but who also realize that only through conscious and cooperative human effort may this crisis be met and probably even overcome.

1. The author appears to be advocating which of the following approaches to be adopted by society?

(a) Capitalistic                                                 (b) Communist

(c) Humanistic                                                 (d) Authoritarian

 2. Which of the following best describes the behaviour of modem man?

 (a) Imaginative and sympathetic                    (b)Cruel and greedy

(c) Conscientious and cooperative                 (d) Perceptive and creative

3. According to the passage, why has modem man turned out as an enemy of everything that is non-human?

(a) He hates and distrusts other human beings

(b) Non-human has refused cooperation with human beings.

(c) He has been dominated by drives of acquisitiveness and power

(d) He consciously practices the spirit of cooperation

4. The real attainment of any society can be adjudged by which of the following tendencies

(a) The encouragement for acquisitive

 (b) Total victimization of conscientious persons

(c) The degree of freedom for pursuing more and more power

 (d) None of the above’

5. Which of the following is one of the requirements bringing out the best in a man?

(a) Money                    (b) Success

 (c) Power                    (d) Understanding

 6. The Western renaissance could not make a total impact on today’s humanity because

(a) it was conceptually weak

(b) it was against the basic principle

 (c) conscientious men opposed it

(d) None of the above

 7. The author hopes that the present crisis can be solved by

 (a) devoted individual efforts                                   

(b) different political systems

(c) purpose and collective human efforts       

(d) spiritually developed individuals

8. Do the modem value systems encourage the importance of which one of the following?

 (a) Craving for power and possession                       

(b) Basic respect for all individuals

(c) Spiritual development of all individuals   

(d) Spirit of inquiry and knowledge

 9. Which of the following is most opposite in meaning to the word ‘central’ as used in the passage?

(a) Lateral                                (b) Inadequate

 (c) Peripheral                          (d) Major

ANSWERS:-

1.(c)                 2. (b)

3. (c)                4. (d)

5. (d)               6. (d)

7. (c)               8. (a)

9. (c)

Download the above Passage in PDF (Printable)

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