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LLB — Legum Baccalaureus (or) Bachelor of Laws
LLB Full-Form refers to Legum Baccalaureus (Latin) or Bachelor of Laws (English). LLB is the graduate degree offered in law by the Indian Universities. The course for the Bachelor of Legislative Law or LLB usually extends to three years. In India, however, the students are given two options for pursuing this undergraduate degree. One course is for the graduate candidates, and the second one is for twelfth class pass students. The duration of the first and second courses is three and five years respectively.
In the majority of the law institutes and universities, the entire course is segmented into six semesters. In India, law education began in the year 1987. The main body that regulates the law education in th is nation is BCI or Bar Council of India. The first university that imparted the law education was the NLSA or National Law School of India. There are sixteen national universities that are dedicated to law education currently. Additionally, there are around one hundred law schools.
Eligibility Criteria for LLB Course
The minimum eligibility requirement for the LLB degree is the graduate degree which can be obtained in any field. Candidates must have obtained a minimum of forty per cent marks in this degree. The minimum marks for the reserved category candidates are thirty-five per cent. The criteria regarding the graduation marks may be different for different institutes. All those who have completed their post-graduation are given an extra two per cent weight-age. Entrance tests are conducted by certain universities for admitting suitable students into their LLB degree programs. The questions asked in this exam are based on English, Reasoning, General Knowledge and Mathematics. The Bangalore’s NLS or National Law School organizes an entrance exam of national level.
Some of the examples of the entrance tests conducted for LLB are CLAT and LAWCET. CLAT or Common Law Admission Test an entrance test of the national level that is conducted by eleven NLUs or National Law Universities in order to admit candidates for their post-graduate and undergraduate degree programs, that is, LLM and LLB. The law universities and colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh are responsible for conducting the LAWCET or Law Common Entrance Test for admitting candidates in their three and five-year programs of the LLB degree.
The design of the syllabus of the LLB degree is such that it includes the law’s every aspect. The majority of the Indian law schools include family law, the consumer protection act % law of tort, labour law, crime and constitutional law as the core subjects in the first year. The optional subjects taught in the same year consist of women & law, international economic law, contract, and criminology. In the second year, the core subjects comprise of environmental law, jurisprudence, laws of evidence, international law & human rights, and property law, whereas the optional subjects are the law of insurance, intellectual property law, comparative law and conflicts of law. The final year’s core subjects include legal writing, paralegal services, civil procedure code, and labour legislation. The subjects like co-operative law, securities & investment law. Taxation law and banking law forms the optional subjects of th is year.
Job Opportunities for LLB Graduates
Candidates get ample job opportunities after completing their LLB degree. The LLB graduates can work for the central and state governments as lawyers. These graduates can be appointed as public prosecutors, judges, attorney generals, etc. Such candidates can get jobs in the labour, tax and defence departments. Another option is to work in firms and organizations as legal advisors. Additionally, they can work in news channels, educational institutes, business houses, sales department, newspapers, legal consultancies, banks, etc. The LLB graduates can also complete the post-graduation in law, that is, LLB and work in any government or private institute as lecturers.