147. UNESCO Full-Form | What is United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

By | December 24, 2019
UNESCO Full-Form | What is United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

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UNESCO Full-Form Name: UNESCO Meaning

UNESCO Full-Form refers to the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNESCO is the UN or United Nations’ specialized agency made for contributing to the security and peace of the world. It promotes global collaboration via cultural, scientific and educational reforms for increasing universal respect for human rights and justice, in accordance with the fundamental freedom announced by the chatter of the United Nations.

UNESCO  Full-Form | What is United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

 United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization execute its functions and activities via five areas: natural sciences, culture, information and communication, education, and human and social sciences. In the field of education, it supports research activities in the area of comparative education. It also promotes partnerships and gives expertise in strengthening education, leadership, and the countries’ capacity of offering quality education to all its citizens. For example, UNESCO has established a global network of UNESCO Chairs that involves more than seven hundred institutes in one hundred and twenty-six nations.

It has also established the Environmental Conservation Organization and ‘UNESCO ASP NET (a global network of eight thousand schools in one hundred and seventy nations). Additionally, it has published a seminal document named ‘Four Pillars of Learning’ and EFA Global International Monitoring Report. In the year 1960, it adopted the convention against the discriminations in Education. ‘UNESCO has also issued various public statements for educating the general public. An example of such statements is the Seville Statement. ‘UNESCO adopted it in the year 1989 for refuting the notion that human beings are biologically susceptible to violence.

This specialized agency of the ‘UN has also designated places and projects of scientific and cultural significance. Such places and projects include the GGN or Global Geo-parks Network, the City of Literature (given to Iowa in the year 28 and Edinburg in the year 2007), Water resources management, World Digital Library, Biosphere reserves, linguistic diversity and endangered languages project, and world heritage sites. ‘UNESCO promotes the freedom of information legislation, press and expression via the global program of communication development; and the information and communication programs. It promotes information technology and cultural diversity and pluralism in the media.

UNESCO has founded as well as funded many projects. Such projects include the migration museum initiative, free software directory, OANA or Organization of Asia-Pacific News Agencies, ‘UNESCO Goodwill Ambassadors, UNESCO-CEPES, FRESH or Focusing Resources on Effective School Health, Global Science Council and ASOMPS or Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices.

Members of UNESCO

There are one hundred and ninety-five member states in ‘UNESCO. It also has nine associate members. Certain members of this organization do not come under the category of the independent states. The state parties of UNESCO include the Niue, member states of the ‘UN, the state of Palestine and Cook Islands.

UNESCO Offices

The headquarters of ‘UNESCO is present in Paris. Its field offices are segmented into four types, on the basis of their geographic coverage and functions, and include regional bureaus, cluster offices, liaison offices and national offices. In Africa, the field offices of ‘UNESCO are present in Abidjan, Accra, Bamako, Bujumbura, Harare, Kinshasa, Maputo, Windhoek, Nairobi, Abuja, Brazzaville, etc. The field offices in the Arab States can be found in Beirut, Doha, Iraq, Rabat, Amman, Cairo, Khartoum, and Ramallah.

In Asia and the Pacific regions, the field offices are located in Bangkok, Dhaka, Islamabad, Kabul, New Delhi, Tashkent, Apia, Beijing, Hanoi, Jakarta, Kathmandu, Phnom Penh and Tehran. In North America and Europe, its field offices are located in Brussels, New York City, Venice, Almaty, Geneva, and Moscow. Lastly, in the Caribbean and Latin America, its offices are in Guatemala City, Kingston, Mexico City, Port-au-Prince, San Jose, Brasilia, Havana, Lima, Montevideo, Quito and Santiago de Chile.

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