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NASA Full-Form Name: NASA Meaning
NASA Full-Form refers to National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is an agency in the US that conducts aerospace and aeronautics research, and civilian space programs. It was established in the year 1958 by Dwight Eisenhower, who was the then President of the US. This agency is oriented towards civilian programs, rather than the military ones, and its main focus is on the encouragement of the space science’s peaceful applications.
The predecessor of NASA was NACA or National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. It was disestablished after the passing of the National Aeronautics and Space Act in the year 1958. The news agency started its operations from 1st October of the year 1958. NASA comes under the jurisdiction of the US Government and has its head office in Washington DC. It has employed more than seventeen thousand people. In the year 2015, its annual budget was nineteen billion dollars.
Space Programs and Missions of NASA
NASA has led many efforts of space exploration in the US since it was established. These efforts include the missions like the Apollo moon landing, the Skylab, and the space shuttle. It is currently providing support to the ISS or the International Space Station. It is also responsible for overseeing the progress as well as the development of the Orion, which is a crew vehicle that can be used for multiple purposes; the commercial crew vehicles and the SLS or Space Launch System Vehicles. The responsibility of the LSP or the Launch Service Program is also in the hands of NASA. The LSP is made for providing the oversight of the countdown management for the unmanned launches of NASA.
This agency is also engaged in understanding Earth using the EOS or Earth Observing System. It is also developing heliophysics by using the efforts of the HRP or Heliophysics Research Program of the Science Mission Doctorate. NASA is also exploring planetary bodies in the entire solar system by using advanced spacecraft missions like New Horizon. Additionally, it is engaged in researching topics of astrophysics like the Big Bang using its observatories. The manned programs of NASA that are executed or currently in execution include the projects Mercury, Apollo, Apollo-Soyuz, ISS, Gemini, Skylab and the Space Shuttle Program.
Facilities of NASA
The facilities of NASA consist of the communication, construction and research centres that immensely help in the functioning and completion of the space missions of this agency. For administrative or historical reasons, certain facilities are used for more than one application. At the KSC or Kennedy Space Center, a short-line railroad is operated by NASA, and it owns two Boeing planes that are used for transporting the SSO or the Space Shuttle Orbiter.
The KSC or Kennedy Space Center is among the best-known facilities of NASA. Since the year 1968, it has been used as the launch site for nearly every human space flight of the US. It is still being used for managing and operating the unmanned rocket launching facilities for the civilian space programs of the US, even though the human space flights are currently on hold.
The flight control for the manned space missions is managed in the JSC or Johnson Space Center. It is the leading centre of NASA for activities related to the ISS or International Space Station. It also provides the housing facilities to the NASA Astronaut Corps. The Corps is responsible for selecting, training and providing astronauts for the international as well the US space missions. The field centres of NASA are located in California, Florida, Maryland, Texas, Ohio, Virginia, Mississippi and Alabama. Its additional facilities can be found in Louisiana, New Mexico, Spain, and Australia.