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MLA— Member of Legislative Assembly
MLA Full-Form refers to Member of Legislative Assembly. An MLA is a name given to a representative that the voters of a constituency (or electoral district) elect to a State Legislature in the Indian Government system. For every MP or Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha, each state constitutes seven to nine members of the Legislative Assembly. In the case of Union Territories, members are also elected by the following unicameral legislatures: the Pondicherry Legislative Assembly and the Delhi Legislative Assembly.
Qualifications of an MLA
The qualifications for an individual to become an MLA are quite similar to the ones that are needed to become an MP or Member of Parliament. Thus, an individual must be an Indian citizen, and must not be less than twenty-five years of age (for becoming an MLA). The minimum age for becoming an MLC or Member of the Legislative Council is thirty years. These qualifications are in accordance with Article 173 of the Constitution of India.
For becoming an MLA of a state, it is necessary for a person to be a voter from that state. One who does not qualify to be an MP is also not qualified to be an MLA. A particular Legislative term extends to five years. The Governor of a state has the power to dissolve it before the completion of the term if the CM of the Chief Minister of that state requests to do so. In an Emergency, the term may get extended to a maximum of six months. The only exception to this rule is Jammu and Kashmir, where the tenure of this body extends to six years.
Powers are given to an MLA
The making of laws is an essential function of the Legislative Assembly and the council. The power given to the State Legislature allows it to enforce laws on all items that are not under the control of the Parliament. Some of the examples of such items include pilgrimages, local governments, irrigation, police, burial grounds, public health, agriculture, and police. The items that are in control of both the Parliament as well as the State includes the protection of the birds and wild animals, divorce and marriage, education, forests, etc.