Class-9 Chapter-9 The Bond Of Love- Extra Questions and Notes

By | May 1, 2018

Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 9th as Per CBSE Syllabus

Chapter- 9

Lesson Name- THE BOND OF LOVE

ByKenneth Anderson

Introduction of the lesson- THE BOND OF LOVE

  INTRODUCTION

 This is the story of love and friendship between an animal and a human being. One day the author found a bear cub in a field. He took it home and presented it to his wife. The bear and the author’s wife developed great love for each other. When the bear grew up, it was sent to the zoo at Mysore. She became very sad. After three months, she visited the zoo. The bear, whose name was Baba, at once recognized her and danced with happiness. She came back. But she could not live without the bear. So she got the permission of the zoo superintendent to get the bear back. A special place was made at home for the grown up bear. Now both the bear and the writer’s wife were happy. The story shows that animals too have as much love and affection as human beings have.

(यह एक जानवर एवं मनुष्य के बीच दोस्ती की कहानी है । एक दिन लेखक को एक खेत में रीछ का बच्चा मिला । वह उसे घर ले आया और उसे अपनी पत्नी को भेंट किया । रीछ ओंर लेखक की पानी के बीच एक-दूसरे के लिए बहुत प्यार विकसित हो गया । जब ऱीछ बड़ा हो गया तो उसे मैसूर के चिहियाघर में भेज दिया गया । वह बहुत उदास हो गई । तीन महीने बाद वह चिड़ियाघर गई । रीछ, जिसका नाम बाबा था, ने उसे पहचान लिया और खुशी से नाचने लगा । वह वापस आ गई । मगर वह रीछ के बिना नहीं रह सकती थी । उसने चिड़ियाघर के अधीक्षक से रीछ को वापस ले जाने र्का अनुमति ले ली । इस विकसित रीछ के लिए घर में विशेष स्थान बनाया गया । अब रीछ एवं लेखक की पत्नी, दोनों ही बहुत प्रसन्न थे । कहानी बताती है कि जानवरों में भी उतना ही प्यार एवं स्नेह होता है जितना मनुष्यों में ।)

Introduction (2):

 “The Bond of Love” is a fascinating account of an orphaned sloth bear who was rescued by the author Kenneth Anderson and gifted to his wife as a pet. This playful baby bear grew friendly not only with the people around him but also with the two Alsatian dogs in the family. The bear’s intelligence, playful nature, memory and sense of affection won everyone’s heart, especially that of the author’s wife.

THEME

The theme of the story is that even wild animals like sloth bears have emotions, affection, and deep bonds. The story is developed around the concept that love is reciprocal. Even animals respond sincerely to the affection and care shown to them by human beings. In fact the emotional bond that animals form is so strong that they do not easily forget those who care for and love them.

TITLE

The title of the story “The Bond of Love” is quite appropriate as the contents of the story focus on a relationship of love and affection between human beings and animals. The narrator, through the medium of his wife and her pet sloth bear, reveals that love transcends even the barrier of species. The pets reared with sincere love and affection develop an unbreakable bond with their human caretakers.

Important Word-Meanings of difficult words from the lesson- THE BOND OF LOVE

WORD-MEANINGS

[PAGE 113] Bond = something that unites,बंधन ; sloth bear = a bear that walks slowly, धीमे चलने वाला रीछ ; Wild = untamed, जंगली ; escaped = ran away,भाग गया ; suddenly = at once,अचानक ; panting = breathing heavily, हांफना ; wantonly = without any reason,अकारण ही ; companions = friends, साथी ; promptlyat once,एकदम ; on the spot =there and then, घटना स्थल पर ही ; prostrate = lying, औंधे लेटे हुए  I

[PAGE 114] : Creature = living being, प्राणी ; pitiful =full of pity, करुणापूर्ण; attempt= प्रयत्न करना ; capture = catch,पकड़ना ; scooted = ran away, भाग गया ; grab= catch,पकड़ना ; scruff = back of the neck,गर्दन के पीछे के भाग; snapped = tried to bite, काटने का प्रयत्न करना ; scratch = make bruises with claws,खरोंचे मारना ; claws = pointed nails on the feet and hands, पंजे ; gunny bags = jute sacks,बोरियाँ ; delighted = happy,प्रसन्न ; christened = named,नाम रखा ; porridge = porridge,दलिया ; ingredients = parts of some mixture, preparation etc.,अवयव ; pork = meat of pig ,सूअर का मांस ; condiments = spices, मसाले ; chillies = chillies, मिर्चे ; pudding = pudding,फिरनी ; aerated water = soda water,सोडावाटर ; alcoholic liquor = contains alcohol,मादक द्रव्य ; relish = taste, स्वाद ; attached = intimate, घनिष्ट ; tenants = lodgers,किराएदार ; befell = happened to, घटित हुआ ; poison = poison,जहर ,; paralysis = loss of power to move, लकवा ; extent = limit, सीमा ; dragged = pulled along with difficulty, घसीटा ; stumps = (here) legs,टांगे ;  vet = veterinary doctor,पशुओं का डॉक्टर ; residence = place of living, निवास स्थान I

 [PAGE 115] : Feverish = excited,उत्तेजित ; symptoms = signs, चिह्न ; treatment = cure, इलाज ; syringe = device for giving injection, सिरिंज ; dash = rush,भागना ; floundering = walking with difficulty,कठिनाई से चलना ; rapidly = fast, तेजी से ; vomiting = vomiting, उल्टी करना ; heaving = rising and falling, उठना-गिरना ; flanks = sides, पक्ष ; gaping = open, खुला ; hypodermic = syringe,सिरिंज ; squeals = cries,चीखें ; antidote = anti poison,जहर की काट ; stertorous = making loud noise,अत्यधिक शोर ; disdainfully = scornfully,निंदा से ; drained = taken off,निकाला ; sump = inner tank, अंदर का टैंक ; inroads = attack, आक्रमण ; termites = white ants,दीमक ; promptly = at once, एकदम ; rolled on = passed, गुजर गए ; mischievous = naughty,शरारती ; signifying = meaning,अर्थ होना ; command = order, आदेश ; wrestle = do wrestling,कुश्ती करना ; vigorously = energetically, जोश से ; tackled = faced, सामना करना ; tumble = fall,गिरना ; cradled = (here) put in the lap and sway, गोद में झुलाना I

[PAGE 116] : Affectionately = lovingly,प्यार से ; concealed = hidden, छिपा हुआ ; stump= piece, टुकड़ा ; straw = stalks of wheat etc.फूंस ; consented = agreed, मान गया ; hastily = hurriedly,शीघ्रता से ; curator =official in charge of the zoo, चिड़ियाघर का प्रबंधक ; cage = cage,पिंजरा ; packed off = sent,भेजा ; relieved = felt relief, आराम महसूस किया ; inconsolable = beyond consolation, सांत्वना से परे ; fretting = getting angry, नाराज होना ; getting along = behaving,बर्ताव करना ; restrain = control, रोकना ; conjectured = guessed,अनुमान लगाना ; howled = cried, चिल्लाया ; petted = fondled,पुचकारा ; delight = joy, प्रसन्नता ; bitterly = very much, बहुत अधिक  I

 [PAGE 117]:Depressed =sad,उदास ; reconciled = compromised,समझौता कर लिया ; hesitantly = with hesitation, झिझकते हुए ; pleading = requests,प्रार्थना करना I

 [PAGE 118] : Hoisted = lifted up, उठाया ; securely = tightly,कसकर , accomplished = completed,पूरा किया ; squad = group, समूह ; engaged = employed,काम पर लगाया ; compound = yard, आंगन ; pit = ditch, खड्डा ; moat = long ditch,लंबी खाई ; gnarled = twisted, मुड़ा–तुड़ा ; sentimentally = emotionally, भावनात्मक रूप से ; preserved = maintained,कायम रखा ; released = freed,आजाद किया ; hind = back, पिछले ; loop = ring, छल्ला ; bridge (here) cross,पार करना ; affection = love, प्यार ; characteristics = features,गुण I

Go to the NCERT Solution “On killing a tree”

CHARACTERS

The Author’s Wife

 The author’s wife, who is not given any name in the story, is the caretaker of the sloth bear, whom she names Bruno and later on affectionately calls ‘Baba’. She is an embodiment of love, care, concern, consideration and kindness. She seems to be a great lover of animals as is evident from the fact that she is extremely delighted when her husband gifts her a young cub of a sloth bear.
She is selfless and highly affectionate and takes good care of the pet as if he were her own child. It is due to her love and cares that the pet bear becomes a member of the family. She calls him ‘Baba’ which in Hindi means a ‘young boy’. Because of her affection, he becomes playful and fun-loving. However, she is considerate and does not resent putting him in chains for the sake of the children of tenants. She also agrees to have him sent to a zoo when he grows too big and unmanageable.
The author’s wife showers motherly affection on the bear and is terribly sad at separation from him. Like a real mother, she carries a variety of food for him when she visits him at the zoo. She is so overwhelmed by the affection of the bear that she is able to convince the curator and the Superintendent that he should be sent back home. It is a delightful time for her when she makes the pet sit in her lap although it has grown big. Such is her emotional bond with Bruno that she preserves the stump and the bamboo stick with which he used to play and returns them to him when he comes back.
Thus, the author’s wife is a very kind-hearted animal lover with an affectionate heart.

Bruno

Bruno, the pet sloth bear in the author’s home, is an affectionate, emotional, sensitive, and playful animal. Through him, the author reveals that animals are sensitive beings with emotions akin to human emotions. Once brought to the family and presented to the lady of the house as a pet, Bruno behaves like a member of the family with a specifically deep bond of love for the lady.
Bruno’s affectionate nature wins him the love of the Alsatian dogs and the children of the tenants. Brought up in the family with great care, he loves eating and enjoys every kind of food and drink. Because of eating a good quantity and variety of food, he grows at a very fast pace.
Bruno is playful and mischievous. Affectionately called ‘Baba’ by the author’s wife, he behaves like a young child in the family. He roams around the whole house and even sleeps in their bed.
Bruno’s selfless love is evident when he is sent to the zoo where he suffers the pain of separation. He frets and refuses to eat. He is overjoyed when he sees the narrator’s wife after three months. He recognizes her from a distance and keeps eating from her hands for hours. He is overjoyed when brought back home and spends happy moments in the lap of his caretaker – the author’s wife.
Thus, Bruno’s character reveals that animals are very loving, affectionate, sincere and selfless creatures.

MESSAGE

The story conveys the message of the need for showing kindness to animals for they too are creatures created by the same God who created human beings. Animals have a right to dignified and free life. Human beings being superior in intelligence and evolution, have a special responsibility towards animals and birds, pet or wild. Animals also experience feelings of love, joy, pain and separation just like human beings. They are more devoted and loyal in reciprocating the love human beings give them.

Short and Simple Summary of the lesson in English- THE BOND OF LOVE / Summary in simple Words/ Critical appreciation of the lesson – THE BOND OF LOVE

Summary:

Two years ago, the author and his friends were passing through the sugarcane fields near Mysore. People were driving away the wild pigs from their fields by shooting at them. Suddenly a sloth bear came out of the field. One of the writer’s companions shot at the bear. It fell dead. They came near the fallen animal. They saw a bear cub riding on its mother’s back. The cub was making pitiful howls. The writer tried to catch it. But the bear cub ran away into the field. The writer and his companions ran after it. At last, they were able to catch it. The baby-bear tried to free itself. It tried to scratch the author with its long, hooked claws. They put the bear into a gunny bag and brought it to Bangalore.

The author presented the little creature to his wife. She was very happy. She named the bear cub Bruno. The author’s wife brought up Bruno with love and care. She looked after the bear cub as he were her own child. At first, Bruno was taught to drink milk from a bottle. Within a few days, he started eating normally. He drank and ate everything. Ile ate porridge made from any ingredients. He ate vegetables, fruit, nuts, meat, curry and rice. Ile did not mind even condiments and chillies in the curry. He ate bread, eggs, chocolates, sweets, pudding, ice-cream, etc. As for drink, he drank milk, tea, coffee, lime-juice, aerated water, beer and other things. Be became attached to all the children of the tenants living in the bungalow. He spent time playing, running into the kitchen and going to sleep in the beds of the author and his wife. Because of the love and affection showed by the author’s wife, he developed great affection for her

 One day an accident befell Bruno. There were rats in the author’s library. In order to kill them, he had put down barium carbonate in the library. It was poison. Bruno entered the library and ate some of the poison. He suffered from a stroke of paralysis. But he dragged himself slowly to the author’s wife. He was weakening rapidly. He was breathing heavily and vomiting. The author at once took him to a veterinary doctor. The vet gave him 10 cc of anti-dote through an injection. But his condition remained unchanged. Then another 10 cc was injected. This improved his condition. Bruno got up and enjoyed a good meal. Another time, the little bear drank a lot of old engine oil. But fortunately, it had no effect on him.

With the passage of time, Bruno grew up in size. He became equal to the Alsatians in size and even outgrew them. But he was just as mischievous as before. He was very fond of the people around him. But he especially loved the author’s wife. She also loved him. She changed Bnmo’s name to ‘Baba’, which in Hindustani means ‘small boy’. The bear could do a few tricks also. When he was asked ‘Baba box’, he started boxing with anybody who was near him. When someone gave him a stick and said, “Baba hold the gun”, he pointed the stick at him. He had concealed a stump of wood in his straw bed. When he was asked, “Baba, where’s baby,” he immediately produced and cradled that piece wood. But because of the tenant’s children, the bear had to be kept chained most of the time.

With the passage of time, the bear became too big to be kept at home. The author, his friends and his son advised the author’s wife to gift Baba to the zoo at Mysore. After some weeks of such advice, she finally agreed. A letter was written to the curator of the zoo. He agreed to take the bear. Baba was sent to the Mysore zoo in a cage. But the author’s wife felt very sad. She wept and for the first few days, refused to take food. She wrote a number of letters to the curator of the zoo. She asked in her letters about the condition of Baba. At the zoo, Baba was also in a similar position. He was inconsolable. He also did hot take food for the first few days. He was well but looked thin and sad.

 The author’s wife was very sad at her separation from the bear. For three months, the author restrained her from visiting Mysore. At last, he took his wife to Mysore zoo to meet Baba. The author and his friends had guessed that the bear would not recognize her after three months. But as soon as Baba saw her, he recognized her. He cried with happiness. She ran up to him and patted him. He stood up on his head in delight. For the next three hours, she did not leave the cage. She gave him tea, lemonade, cakes, ice-cream and other things. At last, the ‘closing time’ came and she had to leave. The author’s wife wept bitterly. She felt that she could not live without the bear. She requested the superintendent to send Baba back. He was a kind man. He consented and Baba was brought back into the author’s home.

At home, an island was made for Baba. It was twenty feet long and fifteen feet wide. It was surrounded by a moat, six feet wide and seven feet deep. A wooden box was kept for Baba to sleep at night. Straw was placed inside to keep him warm. Baba was very happy in his new home. The author’s wife spent hours sitting there. It is the story of the love between man and animal. It shows that animals also have a sense of love, affection and loyalty.

Summary (2):

Once, Anderson was passing through the fields near Mysore along with his companions when they encountered wild pigs that were being driven away from the fields. Some of the pigs had fallen dead when shot, while others had fled. At this time, a sloth bear appeared unexpectedly and was killed by one of the friends of the narrator. Soon they discovered that a baby bear had been riding on the back of the mother bear that lay dead after being shot. The young cub was shocked to find his mother dead. As he ran away into the fields, the narrator chased and captured him. He presented the young bear to his wife who named him Bruno as it was a male cub.

Initially, the young bear was fed with milk from a bottle but soon he started eating all kinds of food. He would drink almost every kind of liquid – all soft and hard drinks. Soon Bruno developed a friendly bond with the two Alsatian dogs that the family owned as well as with the children of the tenants. He enjoyed complete freedom playing and moving about in every corner of the narrator’s house and even slept in their beds.

One day, Bruno went to the library of the narrator and by chance consumed barium carbonate, a kind of poison that had been kept to kill the rats. The poison soon showed its effect and Bruno suffered an attack of paralysis. However, he managed to reach the narrator’s wife who at once informed her husband. Bruno was immediately taken to a veterinary doctor who administered two antidote injections of 10 c.c. each to the bear. Bruno got well and soon started eating like normal. At another time, he accidentally drank old engine oil. However, it did not have any effect on him.

The narrator’s family took good care of Bruno, so he grew at a fast pace acquiring many times the size he was when he came. He had become mischievous and playful. The narrator’s wife now changed his name to Baba which means a ‘small boy’. He learnt to perform a few tricks as well but still had to be kept chained because of the tenants’ children. Soon the author and his son felt that he should be sent to a zoo because he had become too big to be kept at home. The narrator’s wife, who had got deeply attached to Bruno, was convinced after much effort. The bear was taken to the Mysore zoo after getting a positive response from the curator. After Bruno left, the wife of the narrator fretted and would not eat anything for some time. Meanwhile, reports from the curator and the friends of the narrator who visited the zoo, reported that Bruno too was sad and was not eating anything. After three months, at the insistence of his wife, the narrator took her to the zoo. Bruno at once recognized the narrator’s wife and expressed delight by howling with happiness. After spending three hours feeding and pampering Bruno, the narrator’s wife requested the curator to give Bruno back to her. He, in turn, recommended her to contact the superintendent. Finally, with the Superintendent’s permission, Bruno was brought home. In order to keep him comfortable and safe, an island with a dry pit or moat around it was made especially for him. The author’s wife would spend a lot of tune on the island with Bruno sitting in her lap. This indicated that sloth bears too have affection, memory and individual characteristics.

 Summary in Hindi/ THE BOND OF LOVE

 SUMMARY IN HINDI

दो साल पहले लेखक और उसके मित्र मैसूर के निकट गन्ने के एक खेत में से गुजर रहे थे । लोग अपने खेतों में जंगली सूअरों को गोली मारकर भगा रहे थे । अचानक खेत में से एक रीछ निकला । लेखक के एक साथी ने उस पर गोली चला दी । यह मर कर गिर गया वे गिरे हुए जानवर के पास आए। उन्होंने रीछ के बच्चे को अपनी मां की पीठ पर चढे देखा । बच्चा करुणापूर्ण चीखें मार रहा था । लेखक ने उसे पकड़ने का प्रयत्न किया । मगर रीछ का बच्चा भागकर खेत में चला गया । लेखक और उसके साथी उसके पीछे भागे । अंत में, वे उसे पकड़ने में सफल हो गए। रीछ के बच्चे ने स्वयं को आजाद करवाने का प्रयत्न किया । उसने लेखक को अपने लंबे, मुड़े हुए पंजों से खरोंचे मारने का प्रयत्न किया 1 उन्होंने बच्चे को बोरी में डाला और बंगलौर ले आए । लेखक ने यह नन्हा प्राणी अपनी पत्नी को भेंट कर दिया । वह बहुत प्रसन्न हो गई । उसने इस रीछ का नाम ब्रूनो रख दिया ।

       लेखक की पांति ने ब्रूनो को प्यार एवं सावधानी से पाला । उसने रीछ के बच्चे की देखभाल इस प्रकार की मानो कि वह उसका अपना बच्चा हो । आरंभ में ब्रूनो को बोतल से दूध पीना सिखाया गया । कुछ दिनों में उसने सामान्य रूप से खाना आरंभ कर दिया । वह हर चीज़ खाता पीता था । वह हर चीज़ से बना दलिया खा लेता था । वह हर चीज़ से बना दलिया खा लेता था । वह सब्जियाँ ,फल ,अखरोट , मांस ,करी एवं चावल खाता

था । वह करी के मसालों और मिर्चों की परवाह नहीं करता था । वह ब्रैड ,अंडे ,चॉकलेट ,मिठाईयाँ ,फिरनी ,आइसक्रीम आदि खाता था । जहाँ तक पीने का सवाल है , वह दूध ,चाय ,कॉफ़ी ,नीबू –पानी ,सोडा वाटर ,बीअर एवं अन्य चीज़ें पीता था । वह उस बंगले में रहने वाले किराएदारों के बच्चों सर घुल मिल गया । वह अपना समय खेलने , रसोई में भागने और लेखक एवं उसकी पत्नी के बिस्तरों में सोने में बिताता था । लेखक की पत्नी के द्वारा प्रदर्शित प्यार एवं स्नेह के कारण उसे उससे बहुत प्यार हो गया ।

एक दिन ब्रूनो के साथ एक दुर्घटना हो गई । लेखक के पुस्तकालय में चूहे थे । उन्हें मारने के लिए उसने पुस्तकालय में बेरियम कार्बोनेट रख दिया था । यह जहर था । ब्रूनो लाइब्रेरी में आया और कुछ जहर खा लिया  । उसे लकवा हो गया । मगर वह स्वयं को धीरे-धीरे घसीटकर लेखक की पत्नी के पास लाया । वह बहुत जल्दी कमजोर पड़ रहा था वह जोर –जोर से सांस ले रहा था और उल्टी कर रहा था लेखक उसे फ़ौरन पशुओं के डॉक्टर के पास ले गया । डॉक्टर ने 10 cc जहरनाशक दवाई टीके के रूप में दी ।

मगर उसकी हालत में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं हुआ । तब 10cc दवाई फिर दी गई । इससे उसकी हालत में सुधार हो गया । ब्रूनो उठा और उसने अच्छी प्रकार भोजन किया । एक अन्य समय इस छोटे रीछ ने बहुत-सा पुराना इंजन का तेल पी लिया । मगर सौभाग्यवश इसका उस पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं हुआ ।

समय के बीतने के साथ ब्रूनो का आकार भी बड़ा हो गया । यह अलशेसियन कुत्तों के बराबर हो गया और उनसे भी बड़ा हो गया । मगर वह पहले की तरह ही शरारती था । उसे आस-पास के लोगों से बहुत प्यार था । मगर उसे विशेष रुप से लेखक की पत्नी से लगाव था । वह उससे प्यार करती थी । उसने ब्रूनो का नाम बदलकर बावा रख दिया जिसका हिंदुस्तानी में अर्थ होता है ,”छोटा लड़का” । रीछ कुछ करतब भी दिखा सकता था । जब उससे कहा जाता, “बाबा मुक्केबाजी करो” तो वह जो भी उसके पास होता था ,  उससे मुक्केबाजी करता था । जब उसे कोई छड़ी देता और कहता, “बाबा बंदूक पकड़ो” तो वह छड़ी से उसकी ओर निशाना साधता था । उसने अपने फूस के बिस्तर में लकड़ी का एक टुकडा छिपा रखा था । जब कोई उससे कहता, “बाबा, बच्चा है ?” तो वह फ़ौरन उस लकड़ी को निकाल लेता और उसे झुलाता । मगर किराएदार के बच्चों के कारण अधिकतर समय में ब्रूनों को जंजीर से बांधकर रखना पड़ता था ।

 समय के बीतने के साथ ब्रूनों इतना बड़ा हो गया कि अब उसे घर पर नहीं रखा जा सकता था । लेखक, उसके मित्रों औरऔर उसके बेटे ने उसे सलाह दी कि बाबा को मैसूर के चिड़ियाघर को भेंट कर दिया जाए । कुछ सप्ताहों की ऐसी सलाह के बाद वह आखिर सहमत हो गई । चिड़ियाघर के प्रबंधक को एक पत्र लिखा गया । वह रीछ को लेने के लिए मान गया । बाबा को एक पिजेरे में डालकर मैसूर भेज दिया गया । मगर लेखक की पत्नी बहुत उदास हो गई । वह रोई और कुछ दिन तक तो उसने भोजन करने से इंकार कर दिया । उसने चिड़ियाघर के प्रबंधक को कई पत्र लिखे । अपने पत्रों में उसने बाबा की हालत के बारे में पूछा । चिड़ियाघर

में बाबा भी ऐसी ही हालत में था । वह सांत्वना से परे था । उसने भी आराम के कुछ दिनों में भोजन नहीं किया । वह अच्छा था मगर  पतला और उदास लगता था ।

लेखक की पत्नी रीछ से जुदा होकर बहुत उदास डो गई । तीन महीने तक लेखक ने उसे मैसूर जाने से रोका । अंत में, वह अपनी पत्नी को बाबा से मिलाने मैसूर ले गया । लेखक और उसके मित्रों का अनुमान था कि रीछ तीन महीने बाद उसे पहचानेगा नहीं मगर ज्यों ही बाबा ने उसे देखा, उसने उसे पहचान लिया । वह खुशी से चिल्लाया । वह भागकर उसके पास आई और उसे पुचकारा । वह खुशी से अपने सिर पर खड़ा हो गया । अगले तीन घंटों तक वह पिंजरे से नहीं हटी । उसने उसे चाय, लैमोनेड, केक, आइसक्रीम और अन्य वस्तुएँ दीं । अंत में, जुदा होने का समय सा गया और उसे वहाँ से  आना पड़ा । लेखक की पत्नी फूट-फूट कर रोई । उसने महसूस किया कि वह उसके बिना नहीं रह सकती । उसने चिड़ियाघर के अधीक्षक से बाबा को वापस ले जाने की प्रार्थना की । वह एक दयालु व्यक्ति था । वह मान गया और बाबा की फिर से लेखक के घर लाया गया ।

घर में बाबा के लिए एक टापू बनाया गया । यह बीस फूट लंबा और पंद्रह फुट चौड़ा था । यह छह फुट चौड़ी और सात फुट गहरी खाई से घिरा हुआ था । बाबा के रात के सोने के लिए एक लकड़ी का बक्सा रखा गया । उसे गर्म रखने के लिए इसके अंदर फूस रखा गया । बाबा अपने नए घर में बहुत प्रसन्न था । लेखक की पत्नी वहाँ घंटों बिताया करती थी । यह मनुष्य एवं जानवर के प्यार की कहानी है । यह दर्शाती है   कि जानवरों में भी प्यार, स्नेह एवं वफादारी की भावना होती है ।

Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow.
 IMPORTANT PASSAGES FOR COMPREHENSION

PASSAGE 1

 As we watched the fallen animal we were surprised to see that the black fur on its back moved and left the prostrate body. Then we saw it was a baby bear that had been riding on its mother’s back when the sudden sHot had killed her. The little creature ran around its prostrate parent making a pitiful noise.
I ran up to it to attempt a capture. It scooted into the sugarcane field. Following it with my companions. I was at last able to grab it by the scruff of its neck while it snapped and tried to scratch me with its long, hooked claws.
We put it in one of the gunny-bags we had brought and when I got back to Bangalore I duly presented it to my wife. She was delighted! She at once put a coloured ribbon around its neck, and after discovering the cub was a ‘boy’ she christened it Bruno.

 Questions :

(i) What was riding on the mother’s back?
(ii) What did the little creature do?
(iii) What did the bear cub do when the writer grabbed it?
(iv) What name was given to the bear cub?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as (a) Lying, (b)named,

Answers :

(i) A bear cub was riding on its mother’s back.
(ii) The little creature ran round its mother and made pitiful noises.
(iii) Ile snapped and tried to scratch him.
(iv) The cub was named Bruno.
(v) (a) Prostrate, (b) Christened.

PASSAGE 2

Bruno soon took to drinking milk from a bottle. It was but a step further and within a very few days, he started eating and drinking everything else. And everything is the right word, for he ate porridge made from any ingredients, vegetables, fruit, nuts, meat (especially pork), curry and rice regardless of condiments and chillies, bread, eggs, chocolates, sweets, pudding, ice-cream etc., etc., etc. As for drink: milk, tea, coffee, lime-juice aerated water, buttermilk, beer, alcoholic liquor and in fact, anything liquid. It all went down with relish.

Questions :

(i) What did Bruno soon take to?
(ii) What did he start doing in a few days?
(iii) What meat did he especially like?
(iv) Did Bruno take alcoholic drinks also?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as (a) Soda water, (b) taste.

Answers :

(i) Soon he took to drinking milk with a bottle.
(ii) He started eating everything in a few days.
(iii) He especially liked pork.
(iv) Yes, he took alcoholic drinks too.
(v) (a) Aerated water, (b) relish

PASSAGE 3

The months rolled on and Bruno had grown many times the size he was when he came. He had equalled the Alsatians in height and had even outgrown them. But was just as sweet, just as mischievous, just as playful. And he was very fond of us all. Above all, he loved my wife, and she loved him too! She had changed his name from Bruno to Baba, a Hindustani word signifying ‘small boy’. And he could do a few tricks, too. At the command, ‘Baba, wrestle’, or ‘Baba, box,’ he vigorously tackled anyone who came forward for a ‘rough and tumbles’. Give him a stick and say ‘Baba, hold gun’, and he pointed the stick at you. Ask him, ‘Baba, wheres baby?’ and he immediately produced and cradled affectionately a stump of wood which he had carefully concealed in his straw bed. But because of the tenant’s children, poor Bruno, or Baba, had to be kept chained most of the time.

 Questions :

 (i) Whom had Bruno equalled in size?
(ii) Whom did Bruno love above all?
(iii) What was Bruno’s ‘gun’?
(iv) Why had Bruno to be kept chained?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as (a) Hidden, (b) energetically.

 Answers :
(i) Bruno had equalled Alsatians in size.
(ii) He loved the author’s wife above all.
(iii) A stick was Bruno’s ‘gun’.
(iv) He had to be kept chained because of the tenant’s children.
(v) (a) Concealed, (b) vigorously.

PASSAGE 4

Friends had conjectured that the bear would not recognize her. I had thought so too. But while she was yet some yards from his cage Baba saw her and recognized her. He howled with happiness. She ran up to him, petted him through the bars, and he stood on his head in delight.

For the next three hours she would not leave that cage. She gave him tea, lemonade, cakes, ice-cream and what not. Then ‘closing time’ came and we had to leave. My wife cried bitterly; Baba cried bitterly; even the hardened curator and the keepers felt depressed. As for me, I had reconciled myself to what I knew was going to happen next.

Questions :
(i) What had the friends conjectured?
(ii) What did Baba do on recognising the author’s wife?
(iii) How long did the author’s wife remain with Baba?
(iv) What did the author’s wife and Baba do when the time for separation came?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as (a) Guessed, (b) sad.

Answers:
(i) Friends had conjectured that Baba would not recognise the author’s wife.
(ii) He howled with happiness.
(iii) She remained with Baba for three hours.
(iv) Both of them wept bitterly.
(v) (a) Conjectured, (b) depressed.

PASSAGES FOR PRACTICE

PASSAGE 5

Then my son and I advised my wife, and friends Paris was getting too big to keep at home. After some weeks of such adviceandevrictoe os,the at giving last consented.et on the }Zioaost ItyM, andy sobree f. oHree she could change her mind, a letter was written to the curator of the zoo. Did he want a tame bear for his collection? He replied, ‘Yes’. The Zoo sent a cage from Mysore in a lorry, a distance of eighty-seven miles, and Baba was packed off. We all missed him greatly, but in a sense we were relieved. My wife was inconsolable. She wept and fretted. For the first few days, she would not eat a thing. Then she wrote a number of utters to the curator. How was Baba? Back came the replies. ‘Well, but fretting; he refuses food too.’

 Questions :

(i) What did the author and his friends advise his wife?
(ii) How distant was Mysore?
(iii) What was the condition of the author’s wife?
(iv) Flow did Baba behave at the zoo?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as (a) Pet, (b) became angry.

PASSAGE 6

Once home, a squad of coolies were engaged for special work in our compound. An island was made for Baba. It was twenty feet long and fifteen feet wide and was surrounded by a dry pit, or moat, six feet wide and seven feet deep. A wooden box that once housed fowls was brought and put on the island for Baba to sleep in at night. Straw was placed inside to keep him warm, and his ‘baby’, the gnarled stump, with his ‘gun’, the piece of bamboo, both of which had been sentimentally preserved since he had been sent away to the zoo, were put back for him to play with.
In a few days, the coolies hoisted the cage on to the island and Baba was released. He was delighted, standing on his hind legs, he pointed his ‘gun’ and cradled his `baby’. My wife spent hours sitting on a chair there while he sat on her lap. He was fifteen months old and pretty heavy too!

Questions :
(i) What was made for Baba in the compound?
(ii) What was used for Baba to sleep at night?
(iii) What was placed in the box to keep Baba warm . ?
(iv) What was the age of Baba at that time?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as :
(a) Ditch, (b) emotionally.

Following is the complete question bank for THE BOND OF LOVE

Go to the NCERT Solution “The Snake Trying”

EXTRACTS FOR COMPREHENSION

Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow in one or two lines each.

(I)

I got him for her by accident.                                                                                                                           (Textual)

 (a) Who says this?

The narrator Kenneth Anderson says this.

 (b) Who do ‘him’ and ‘her’ refer to?

 ‘Him’ refers to the young sloth bear cub that the narrator had captured in the fields in Mysore. ‘Her’ refers to the narrator’s wife.

(c) What is the incident referred to here?

The incident referred to here is the capture of the bear cub after its mother had been killed accidentally by one of the narrator’s companions.

(II)

Some were shot and some escaped. We thought that everything was over when suddenly a black sloth bear came out panting in the hot sun.

(a) Who does ‘we’ refer to in the above extract?

We refer to the narrator of the story and his companions.

(b) Who was shot at and why?

The wild pigs who had entered the fields and were destroying the crops were shot at to make them run away.

 (c) What does the author mean by his remark, ‘Everything was over’?

The author means that the shooting had stopped and no animal was around. They had either run away or had been killed.

(d) What happened suddenly?

 Suddenly, a black sloth bear appeared on the scene painting in the hot sun.

(III)

The little creature ran around its prostrate parent making a pitiful noise.

 (a) Who is the ‘little creature’ referred to in the above line?

The little creature referred to is the young cub of a sloth bear.

 (b) Which of his parents lay prostrate and why?

 His mother lay prostrate because she had been shot dead by one of the narrator’s companions.

(c) What did the little creature do?

The little creature ran around the body of his mother which lay flat on the ground.

 (d) Why was the creature making a pitiful noise?

The little creature made a pitiful noise because it was terrified and shocked and did not know what to do as his mother lay dead there.

(IV)

She was delighted! She at once put a coloured ribbon around its neck, and after discovering the cub was a ‘boy’ she christened it Bruno.

(a) Who is ‘she’?

She is the narrator’s wife.

(b) Why was ‘she’ delighted?

She was delighted because her husband presented her a young sloth bear as a pet.

(c) What does this extract reveal about her character?

This extract reveals that she had a tender and affectionate heart that was full of love for animals.

 (d) Why, do you think, she put a coloured ribbon around its neck?

She put a coloured ribbon around Bruno’s neck probably to adorn him and to express happiness at receiving such a wonderful and unique gift.

(V)

Paralysis set to the extent that he could not stand on his feet. But he dragged himself on his stumps to my wife, who called me. I guessed what had happened.

(a) Who is ‘he’?

 ‘He’ is Bruno, the pet sloth bear in the narrator’s family.

(b) Why did paralysis strike him?

Paralysis struck him because he had accidentally consumed the rat-poison, barium carbonate.

(c) What was the effect of the paralysis?

Paralysis left him unable to move and soon he was breathing heavily and vomiting.

(d) How did ‘he’ manage to reach the narrator’s wife in spite of the paralysis?

 In spite of the paralysis, he dragged himself on his stump narrator’s wife who then called the narrator.

(VI)

He promptly drank the lot. But it had no ill effects whatever.

 (a) Whom does ‘he’ refer to in the above lines?

‘He’ refers to Bruno, the pet sloth bear in the narrator’s home.

 (b) What was ‘it’ that ‘he’ drank?

He drank the engine oil which the narrator had drained out from the sump of his car.

 (c) What had the narrator kept ‘it’ for?

The narrator had kept the engine oil to use against the termites if they attacked.

(d) What was its effect?

 It had no effect at all on Bruno, the pet bear.

(VII)

 But was just as sweet, just as mischievous, just as playful. And he was very fond of us all. Above all, he loved my wife, and she loved him too! She had changed his name from Bruno to Baba, a Hindustani word signifying ‘small boy’.

 (a) Who is Bruno being compared with here?

 Bruno is being compared with the two Alsatian dogs in the narrator’s home.

 (b) For which traits is he being compared to them?

 He is being compared to them for traits like sweet nature, playful temperament and mischievous behaviour.

(c) What kind of relationship was there between the narrator’s wife and Bruno?

The narrator’s wife and the pet bear Bruno had the reciprocal love for each other.

 (d) Why did the narrator’s wife change his name from Bruno to Baba?

 In Hindustani language, ‘Baba’ is a name of endearment for a small boy in the family. For the narrator’s wife, Bruno was nothing less than a dear son. Therefore, she changed his name from Bruno to Baba.

(VIII)

After some weeks of such advice, she at last consented. Hastily, and before she could change her mind, a letter was written to the curator of the zoo.

(a) Who is ‘she’?

‘She’ is the narrator’s wife.

(b) What advice was given to her and who gave it?

She was adviced that Bruno, the pet sloth bear should be sent to a zoo as he was too big to be kept at home. This advice was given by the narrator, their son, and their friends.

(c) Did ‘she’ readily agree to the advice? Why/Why not?

No, the narrator’s wife did not readily agree to the advice. She was so affectionately attached to the bear that she could not think of parting from him. It took her weeks to give her consent.

 (d) Why was the letter to the curator of the zoo written hastily?

The narrator did not want to wait as he was afraid that his wife could change her mind about sending the bear to the zoo. Therefore, he hastily wrote a letter to the curator.

(IX)

We all missed him greatly, but in a sense we were relieved. (Textual)

 (a) Who do ‘we all’ stand for?

 ‘We all’ stands to the narrator, his wife, his son and the children of the tenants.

 (b) Who did they miss?

 They missed Baba, the bear who had been sent away to the zoo in Mysore.

(c) Why did they feel relieved?

They felt relieved because Baba had grown very big and it could have been dangerous to keep him at home with the tenants’ children around him.

(X)

In a few days, the coolies hoisted the cage on to the island and Baba was released. He was delighted; standing on his hind legs, he pointed his ‘gun’ and cradled his ‘baby’.

 (a) What ‘island’ does the narrator talk about?

The island was a piece of land in the narrator’s compound which was surrounded by a dry moat. This place was prepared to keep the bear, Bruno.

 (b) Why was a separate island required?

Baba was quite grown up and could be dangerous for the children of tenants. Therefore, it was necessary that he should be kept on a separate island.

(c) Why was Baba delighted?

 Baba was delighted because he had come back home after three months in the zoo where he had terribly missed the family, particularly the narrator’s wife.

 (d) What were the ‘gun’ and the ‘baby’ of Baba?

 Baba’s ‘gun’ was a piece of bamboo which he playfully used as a gun and the ‘baby’ was a piece of bamboo that he would cradle affectionately.

 

Additional Very Short Answer Type Questions

1. Who was Bruno?

Ans. Bruno was the author’s wife’s pet sloth bear.

2. Where did the author find the bear cub?

Ans. The author found the bear cub when he was passing through the sugarcane fields near Mysore.  

3. Who did the author present the bear cub to?

Ans. The author presented the bear cub to his wife.

4. What was Bruno brought upon?

Ans. Bruno was brought up on buttermilk, fruit, rice and potatoes.

5. What did the bear become very attached to?

Ans. The bear became very attached to the author’s two Alsatian dogs.

6. Why did the author put barium carbonate poison in a home?

Ans. He put this poison in a home to kill rats and mice.

7. what ‘was the effect of the poison on Bruno?

 Ans. Bruno suffered a paralysis attack and he could not stand on his feet.

8 What new name did the author’s wife give to Bruno?

Ans. She gave him a new name ‘Baba’.

9. Where did the author send ‘Baba’ to?

Ans. The author sent ‘Baba’ to Mysore zoo,

10. What request did the author’s wife make to the superintendent to the zoo?

Ans. She requested the superintendent of the zoo to return ‘Baba’ to her.

11. Why was a squad of coolies engaged?

Ans. A squad of coolies was engaged to take down ‘Baba’s box from the top of the car.

Short Answer Type Questions  (30 to 40 words)

 Q.I. Bruno once got paralysis. Why? How was he treated?

Ans. Once the author kept barium carbonate in his library for killing rats. Bruno ate most of it. It was a poison. So he got paralysis. He was taken to a veterinary doctor. He gave Bruno two injections of antidote. It cured Bruno.

Q.2.”The hear became attached to the dogs, to the children in the neighbourhood.” Which qualities of the bear arc highlighted in this statement?

 Ans. It shows that the bear had human qualities. Like human beings, it also needed love and knew how to respond to love. He developed friendship not only with animals but with human beings also.

Q.3. Bruno was sent off to Mysore zoo. What happened to (i) the author’s wife, (ii) Bruno after this? Why?

Ans. (i) The author’s wife felt very sad. She wept bitterly. She was uneasy and inconsolable. For the first few days, she refused to take food.

(ii) Bruno’s condition was similar. He also refused food. He became thin and sad. Both of them missed each other badly.

Q.4. Why did Bruno become very special after he returned from Mysore zoo?

 Ans. The author’s wife wanted to make Bruno feel at home. They made a special island for him. She would sit there for hours and Bruno would sit in her lap. Thus he became special after his return from the Mysore zoo.

Q.5. “Oh, please, sir,” She asked the curator, “May I have my Baba back ?”

(a) Who is ‘she’ in the above line?

(b) Who is the curator?

(c) What is Baba’s other name?

(d) Why does she want Baba back?

 Ans. (a) ‘She’ is the author’s wife.

(b) The curator is the manager of the Mysore zoo

(c) Bruno.

(d)Because she could not bear his absence.

Go to the NCERT Solution “Kathmandu”

Important Long/ Detailed Answer Type Questions- to be answered in about 100 -150 words each

 ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Can the company of an animal give undiluted pleasure to a human being? Give some examples from the story.

Ans. Yes, it can give pure pleasure to a human being. The bond of love between man and animal is better than between man and man. Human beings are selfish and their love is seldom pure and selfless. We often do not respond to love given to us. On the other hand, an animal’s love is pure. Like human beings, animals too need love and respond to that love. In this story, the author’s wife loves a pet bear. He too responds to that love. She plays with him, fondles and loves him. When the bear is sent to the zoo, she becomes inconsolable. On the other hand, the bear also does not like his separation from her.H e refuses to take food in the zoo. When she goes to meet him at the zoo, he shouts with pleasure, In the end, she brings him back from the zoo. Thus she finds that the company of an animal gives undiluted pleasure to a human being.

Q.2. ‘Love is mutual’.illustrate this with reference to the story ‘The Bond of Love’.

 Ans. The Bond of Love’ is the story of love and friendship between an animal and a human being. One day the author found a bear cub in a field. He took it home and presented it to his wife. The bear and the author’s wife developed a great love for each other. When the bear grew up, it was sent to the zoo at Mysore. She became very sad. After three months, she visited the zoo. The bear, whose name was Baba, at once recognized her and danced with happiness. She came back. But she could not live without the bear. So she got the permission of the zoo superintendent to get the bear back. A special place was made at home for the grown-up bear. Now both the bear and the writer’s wife were happy. The story shows that animals too have as much love and affection as human beings have. Thus, the title of the story is very appropriate.

Q.3. How did the author’s wife behave in the absence of the bear? Describe Baba’s condition at the 7.00 in Mysore.

 Or

 “Animals also feel the pleasure of love and the pains of separation.” Support your view by giving examples from the text.

Ans. With the passage of time, the bear became too big to be kept at home. The author, his friends and his son advised the author’s wife to gift Baba to the zoo at Mysore. After some weeks of such advice, she finally agreed. A letter was written to the curator of the zoo. He agreed to take the bear. Baba was sent to the Mysore zoo in a cage. But the author’s wife felt very sad. She wept and for the first few days, refused to take food. She wrote a number of letters to the curator of the zoo. She asked in her letters about the condition of Baba. At the zoo, Raba was also in a similar position. He was inconsolable. He also did not take food for the first few days. He was well but looked thin and sad.

Q.4. What makes you feel that the mother is more attached to Bruno than the other members of the family? Give reasons.

 Ans. The author brings the bear cub and presents it to his wife. Very soon, the baby bear becomes the darling of everyone. The author’s wife and son love him. All the children of the tenants in that bungalow develop a loving relationship with him. But the author’s wife develops a special affection for him. It is a motherly affection. She looks after the bear as if he were her own child. At first, she gives him milk with a bottle. But very soon, the bear is able to eat everything. She spends a lot of time with him. She teaches him to perform a number of tricks. When Bruno is sent to the zoo, she weeps bitterly. After three months she goes to meet him. In the end, she brings him back. Thus, we see that she is more attached to Bruno than the other members of the family.

Q.5. How did the writer get a baby-bear for his wife?

Ans. Two years ago, the author and his friends were passing through the sugarcane fields near Mysore. People were driving away the wild pigs from their fields by shooting at them. Suddenly a sloth bear came out of the field. One of the writer’s companions shot at the bear. It fell dead. They came near the fallen animal. They saw a bear cub riding on its mother’s back. The cub was making pitiful howls. The writer tried to catch it. But the bear cub ran away into the field. The writer and his companions ran after it. At last, they were able to catch it. The baby bear tried to free itself. It tried to scratch the author with its long, hooked claws. They put the bear into a gunny bag and brought it to Bangalore. The author presented the little creature to his wife. She was very happy. She named the bear cub Bruno.

Q.6Describe the two accidents that befell Bruno or Baba. How did he recover from them?

Ans. One day an accident befell Bruno. There were rats in the author’s library. In order to kill them, he had put down barium carbonate in the library. It was poison. Bruno entered the library and ate some of the poison. He suffered from a stroke of paralysis. But dragged himself slowly to the author’s wife. He was weakening rapidly. He was breathing heavily and vomiting. The author at once took him to a veterinary doctor. The vet gave him I0 cc of anti-dote through an injection. But his condition remained unchanged. Then another 10 cc was injected. This improved his condition. Bruno got up and enjoyed a good meal. At another time, the little bear drank a lot of old engine oil. But fortunately, it had no effect on him.

Q.7.Describe the meeting of the author’s wife with the bear at the zoo. Why did she bring it back home?

Ans. The author’s wife was very sad at her separation from the bear. For three months, the author restrained her from visiting Mysore. At last, he took his wife to Mysore zoo to meet Baba. The author and his friends had guessed that the bear would not recognize her after three months. But as soon as Baba saw her, he recognized her. He cried with happiness. She ran up to him and patted him. He stood up on his head in delight. For the next three hours, she did not leave the cage. She gave him tea, lemonade, cakes, ice-cream and other things. At last, the ‘closing time’ came and she had to leave. The author’s wife wept bitterly. She felt that she could not live without the bear. She requested the superintendent to send Baba back. He was a kind man. He consented and Baba was brought back into the author’s home.

 Value Based Questions and Answers of THE BOND OF LOVE

I QUICK REVIEW OF CHAPTER I

1. Who found a sloth bear

 (A) the author                                                                               (B) the author’s friend

  (C) the author’s wife                                                                  (D) the author’s son

Ans. (A) the author

2. What name was given to the sloth bear?

(A) Bruno his son his friend                                                     (B)Trickle

(C) Timothy                                                                                    (D) Nana

 Ans. (A) Bruno

3. The author found Bruno near

 (A) Nainital                                                                                   (B) Kolkata

  (C) Darjeeling                                                                              (D) Mysore

Ans. (D) Mysore

4. Who did the author present the sloth bear to?

(A) his wife                                                                                    (B) his son

(C) his daughter                                                                           (D) his friend

Ans. (A) his wife

5. What did Bruno start to eat?

(A) porridge                                                                                  (B) fruit

  (C) vegetables                                                                              (D) all of the above

 Ans. (D) all of the above

6. Who did the bear become very attached to?

(A) the monkey                                                                            (B) the tiger

 (C) two Alsatian dogs                                                                 (D) all of the above

 Ans. (D) all of the above

7. What did Bruno eat one day?

(A) barium carbonate                                                                   (B) potassium

 (C) thorium                                                                                    (D) phosphate

 Ans. (A) barium carbonate

8. Barium carbonate was in the house to kill

 (A) rats and mice                                                                        (B) dogs

 (C) bears                                                                                        (D) all of the above 

Ans. (A) rats and mice

9. What was the effect of barium carbonate on Bruno?

(A) he became paralysed                                                        (B) he was vomiting

(C) he was breathing heavily                                                  (D) all of the above

Ans. (D) all of the above

10. What new name did the author’s wife give to Bruno?

(A) Dada                                                                                        (B) Baba

(C) Bhaiya                                                                                      (D) Ladla

 Ans. (B) Baba

11. What did the author’s son and the author advise his wife when Bruno was grown up?

(A) to sell him                                                                              (B) to leave him in the forest

(C) to give him to the zoo at Mysore                                       (D) all of the above

Ans. (C) to give him to the zoo at Mysore

12. What was the author’s wife reaction when Baba was sent to the zoo?

 (A) she would not eat anything                                           (B) she was inconsolable

 (C) she wept and fretted                                                        (D) all of the above  

 Ans. (D) all of the above

13. What did the author’s wife request the curator?

 (A) to give her back her Baba                                               (B) to put Baba in a bigger cage

  (C) to take care of Baba properly                                       (D) to give Baba rich food

Ans. (A) to give her back her Baba

14. Was the author’s wife succeeded in getting back Baba from the zoo?

(A) Yes                                                                                            (B) No

 (C) Maybe                                                                                   (D) Not known

 Ans. (A) Yes

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

(to be answered in about 30 – 40 words each)

 Q1. How did the narrator get the baby sloth bear?

Ans:-The author got the baby sloth bear in a freak accident. It was found moving on the body of his mother who was wantonly shot dead by one of his companions. It was in great shock and tried to flee but the narrator managed to capture it and brought it home.

 Q2. Why did the narrator not kill the sloth bear when she appeared suddenly?

Ans:-Being kind-hearted, the narrator did not kill any animals without any motive or provocation. As the sloth bear had not provoked or attacked him, he did not kill it.

Q3. Why did one of the companions of the narrator kill the bear?

Ans:-One of the trigger-happy companions of the narrator killed the bear in a moment of the impulsive rush of blood. Maybe, the act gave him some thrill.

 Q4. How did the author’s wife receive the baby sloth bear?

Ans:-The author’s wife was extremely happy to get the baby sloth bear as a pet. She put a coloured ribbon around his neck to adorn him. She even gave him the name ‘Bruno’.

Q5. How was Bruno, the baby bear, fed initially? What followed within a few days?

Ans:-Initially, the little Bruno was given milk with the help of a bottle. But soon he started eating all kinds of food and drank all kinds of drinks. He ate a variety of dishes like porridge, vegetables, nuts, fruits, meat, eggs, chocolates etc., and drank milk, tea, coffee, lime juice, buttermilk, even beer and alcoholic liquor.

Q6. How did Bruno get paralysed?                         

Or

“One day an accident befell hint”. What accident befell Bruno? How did it seriously affect his health?

Ans:-One day Bruno ate the rat poison (barium carbonate) kept in the library to kill rats. The poison affected his nervous and muscular system and left him paralysed. He rapidly became weak, panted heavily, vomited, and was unable to move.

Q7. How was Bruno cured of paralysis?

Ans:-Bruno had mistakenly consumed poison and had got paralysed. He was taken to the veterinary doctor who consulted his book and injected 10 c.c. of the antidote into him. The first dose had no effect. Then another dose was injected which cured Bruno absolutely. After ten minutes of the dose, his breathing became normal and he could move his arms and legs.

Q8. Why did Bruno drink the engine oil? What was the result?

Ans:-Once the narrator had drained the old engine oil from the sump of his car and kept it to treat termites. Bruno, who would drink anything that came his way, drank about one gallon of this oil too. However, it did not have any effect on him.

Q9. How did Bruno come to be called ‘Baba’?

Ans:-Bruno came to be called ‘Baba’ after the narrator’s wife developed a special bond of affection for him. She loved him as she loved her son and started calling him ‘Baba’, which in Hindi means a ‘young boy’.

Q10. What kind of tricks did Bruno, the pet bear, do?

Ans:-Bruno was mischievous and played a lot of tricks. When he was called to wrestle, he would vigorously tackle anyone who came forward. When asked in hold the gun, he pointed a stick at the members around. On being asked where the baby was he brought out a stump of wood and cradled it as if it were a baby.

Q11. Why had Bruno to be kept in chains most of the time?

Ans:-Bruno had grown up very fast. Therefore, it was felt that it could be dangerous to let him move about freely with the children of the tenants around. Therefore, it was decided to keep Bruno in chains.

Q12. Who advised the narrator’s wife to send Bruno to a zoo and why? What was her reaction?                                                                              Or

 Why was it decided to send Bruno to Mysore zoo?

Ans:-The narrator, his son and friends advised the narrator’s wife to send Bruno to a zoo because he was now too big to be kept at home. But she loved the pet bear so deeply that she could not accept the proposal readily. It took her three weeks to make up her mind and give her consent.

Q13. Was Bruno a loving and playful pet? Why, then, did he have to be sent away?       (Textual)

Ans:-Bruno was certainly a loving and playful pet. He had developed affection for everyone around him and was particularly attached to the narrator’s wife. However, he had to be sent away to the zoo because he had grown too big to be kept at home. He could be a threat to the people in the neighbourhood, especially children.

Q14. How was the problem of what to do with Bruno solved? (Textual)

Ans:-The problem of what to do with Bruno was solved when the narrator’s wife, though reluctantly, gave her consent to send Bruno to the zoo in Mysore. A letter was written to the curator of the zoo who replied in the positive. Bruno was sent away in a cage and carried in a lorry that had been sent by the zoo authorities.

 Q15. How did the narrator’s wife react when Baba was sent to Mysore zoo?

 Ans:-When Baba was sent to Mysore zoo, the narrator’s wife felt so miserable that she could not be consoled.. She wept and kept worrying about the bear. She refused to eat anything for some days. She wrote letters one after another to the curator of the zoo to inquire about Baba’s well being.

Q16. What did the letters from the curator and the friends who visited the zoo report about Baba?

Ans:-The letters from the curator of the zoo reported that Baba was well but sad and upset, and refused to eat food. The friends who visited the zoo gave similar reports telling that he had grown very thin and kept fretting all the time.

Q17. Why did the narrator take his wife to the Mysore zoo after a span of three months?

Or

 When did the narrator take his wife to the Mysore zoo and why?

Ans:-The narrator had managed to prevent his wife from going to the Mysore zoo for three months. But one day she put her foot down and told him that if he was not ready to take her to the zoo by car, she would go by bus or train. So, the narrator took her to the zoo by car to see Baba.

Q18. How did Baba behave when he saw the narrator’s wife in the zoo?

Ans:-Baba was overjoyed to see the narrator’s wife. He recognised her from a distance of some yards and jumped and cried with delight. To express his pleasure at meeting her again, he stood on his head.

Q19. What did the narrator’s wife do while in the zoo?

Ans:-In the zoo, the narrator’s wife rushed to the cage where Baba had been kept. She showed her love by stroking him affectionately through the bars and sat near the cage for three hours. She gave him a lot of things to eat and drink.

Q20. Describe the scene at the time of the closing of the zoo when Bruno and the narrator’s wife had to separate again.

Ans:-As the closing time at the zoo drew near, the narrator’s wife cried bitterly at the thought of parting from Baba. He too cried bitterly. This touching scene saddened the curator and the keepers of the zoo.

Q21. What request did the narrator’s wife make to the curator? Did the curator grant the request?

Ans:-The narrator’s wife requested the curator of the zoo to allow her to take her pet sloth bear, Baba, back home. He refused initially by saying that Baba was a government property and he could not be given away. But afterwards, he suggested that they should contact the Superintendent in Bangalore for permission to take Baba home.

Q22. How did Baba reach back home?

Ans:- At the request of the narrator’s wife, the Superintendent of the zoo agreed to permit her to have Baba back home. He wrote a letter to the curator and asked him to lend a cage so that the bear could be brought home safely. The cage was carefully put on the top of the car and Baba travelled back to his home in Bangalore.

Q23. What kind of a place was prepared for Baba at the narrator’s home and why?

Ans:-With the purpose of keeping Baba at a safe distance from the children of the tenants, an island like a place, cut off from the house, was made in the compound. It measured twenty feet long and fifteen feet wide. Around the island, a dry moat was dug having six feet width and seven feet depth.

Q24. Describe the house on the island in which Baba would sleep at night.

Ans: –A wooden box that was once used to keep the fowls was put on the island for Baba to sleep at night. Straw was placed inside to keep it warm and his ‘baby’, the gnarled stump, with his ‘gun’, the piece of bamboo, were also placed there for him to play with.

Q25. How would the narrator’s wife reach the island where Baba was kept?

Ans:- The narrator had tied a rope to the overhanging branch of a mango tree with a loop at its end. To reach the island, his wife would put one foot in the loop and kick off with the other to cross the six-foot-wide pit around the island. She would then spend hours sitting on a chair with Baba in her lap.

ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Can the company of an animal give undiluted pleasure to a human being? Give some examples from the story.

Ans. Yes, it can give pure pleasure to a human being. The bond of love between man and animal is better than between man and man. Human beings are selfish and their love is seldom pure and selfless. We often do not respond to love given to us. On the other hand, an animal’s love is pure. Like human beings, animals too need love and respond to that love. In this story, the author’s wife loves a pet bear. He too responds to that love. She plays with him, fondles and loves him. When the bear is sent to the zoo, she becomes inconsolable. On the other hand, the bear also does not like his separation from her.H e refuses to take food in the zoo. When she goes to meet him at the zoo, he shouts with pleasure, In the end, she brings him back from the zoo. Thus she finds that the company of an animal gives undiluted pleasure to a human being.

Q.2. ‘Love is mutual’.illustrate this with reference to the story ‘The Bond of Love’.

 Ans. The Bond of Love’ is the story of love and friendship between an animal and a human being. One day the author found a bear cub in a field. He took it home and presented it to his wife. The bear and the author’s wife developed the great love for each other. When the bear grew up, it was sent to the zoo at Mysore. She became very sad. After three months, she visited the zoo. The bear, whose name was Baba, at once recognized her and danced with happiness. She came back. But she could not live without the bear. So she got the permission of the zoo superintendent to get the bear back. A special place was made at home for the grown-up bear. Now both the bear and the writer’s wife were happy. The story shows that animals too have as much love and affection as human beings have. Thus, the title of the story is very appropriate.

Q.3. How did the author’s wife behave in the absence of the bear? Describe Baba’s condition at the 7.00 in Mysore.

 Or

“Animals also feel the pleasure of love and the pains of separation.” Support your view by giving examples from the text.

Ans. With the passage of time, the bear became too big to be kept at home. The author, his friends and his son advised the author’s wife to gift Baba to the zoo at Mysore. After some weeks of such advice, she finally agreed. A letter was written to the curator of the zoo. He agreed to take the bear. Baba was sent to the Mysore zoo in a cage. But the author’s wife felt very sad. She wept and for the first few days, refused to take food. She wrote a number of letters to the curator of the zoo. She asked in her letters about the condition of Baba. At the zoo, Raba was also in a similar position. He was inconsolable. He also did not take food for the first few days. He was well but looked thin and sad.

Q.4. What makes you feel that the mother is more attached to Bruno than the other members of the family? Give reasons.

 Ans. The author brings the bear cub and presents it to his wife. Very soon, the baby bear becomes the darling of everyone. The author’s wife and son love him. All the children of the tenants in that bungalow develop a loving relationship with him. But the author’s wife develops a special affection for him. It is a motherly affection. She looks after the bear as if he were her own child. At first, she gives him milk with a bottle. But very soon, the bear is able to eat everything. She spends a lot of time with him. She teaches him to perform a number of tricks. When Bruno is sent to the zoo, she weeps bitterly. After three months she goes to meet him. In the end, she brings him back. Thus, we see that she is more attached to Bruno than the other members of the family.

Q.5. How did the writer get a baby-bear for his wife?

Ans. Two years ago, the author and his friends were passing through the sugarcane fields near Mysore. People were driving away the wild pigs from their fields by shooting at them. Suddenly a sloth bear came out of the field. One of the writer’s companions shot at the bear. It fell dead. They came near the fallen animal. They saw a bear cub riding on its mother’s back. The cub was making pitiful howls. The writer tried to catch it. But the bear cub ran away into the field. The writer and his companions ran after it. At last, they were able to catch it. The baby bear tried to free itself. It tried to scratch the author with its long, hooked claws. They put the bear into a gunny bag and brought it to Bangalore. The author presented the little creature to his wife. She was very happy. She named the bear cub Bruno.

Q.6.Describe the two accidents that befell Bruno or Baba. How did he recover from them?

Ans. One day an accident befell Bruno. There were rats in the author’s library. In order to kill them, he had put down barium carbonate in the library. It was poison. Bruno entered the library and ate some of the poison. He suffered from a stroke of paralysis. But dragged himself slowly to the author’s wife. He was weakening rapidly. He was breathing heavily and vomiting. The author at once took him to a veterinary doctor. The vet gave him I0 cc of anti-dote through an injection. But his condition remained unchanged. Then another 10 cc was injected. This improved his condition. Bruno got up and enjoyed a good meal. At another time, the little bear drank a lot of old engine oil. But fortunately, it had no effect on him.

Q.7.Describe the meeting of the author’s wife with the bear at the zoo. Why did she bring it back home?

Ans. The author’s wife was very sad at her separation from the bear. For three months, the author restrained her from visiting Mysore. At last, he took his wife to Mysore zoo to meet Baba. The author and his friends had guessed that the bear would not recognize her after three months. But as soon as Baba saw her, he recognized her. He cried with happiness. She ran up to him and patted him. He stood up on his head in delight. For the next three hours, she did not leave the cage. She gave him tea, lemonade, cakes, ice-cream and other things. At last, the ‘closing time’ came and she had to leave. The author’s wife wept bitterly. She felt that she could not live without the bear. She requested the superintendent to send Baba back. He was a kind man. He consented and Baba was brought back into the author’s home.

Q8.How do the narrator’s wife and her pet Bruno reciprocate their love for each other?

Ans:-The story “The Bond of Love” by Kenneth Anderson beautifully reveals that the bond of love is mutual, selfless, pure, and sacred. It has the strength to survive every challenge and crisis.
The bond of love between the narrator’s wife and her pet sloth bear Bruno is so strong that it is not affected even by the fact that the two of them belong to different species – one is a human being while the other is an animal.
The narrator’s wife showers loads of love and affection on the bear and treats him just like a member of the family. She initially names him Bruno but soon starts calling him Baba, a name expressing affection. She feeds him properly and allows him to roam about in the house and even sleep in their bed. Such innocent and selfless love is reciprocated with equally deep love by the sloth bear.
When the bear is sent to the zoo, leading to their separation, both begin to fret and stop eating properly. Both grow weak and thin. On meeting after a gap of three months, the bear at once recognizes her from a distance. They both express their delight and she feeds him for all the three hours that she is with him. The moment of separation is painful for both of them and they both cry bitterly. Ultimately the zoo authorities agree to send Baba back.
They both enjoy a happy time together as the grown-up Baba sits in her lap and she spends ample time with him on his island home. This bond of mutual affection proves that love begets love.

Q9. The author ends the story “The Bond of Love” with the rhetorical question: “But who can say now that a sloth bear has no sense of affection, no memory and no individual characteristics?” Discuss this statement in the light of Bruno’s character.

 Or

 How does Bruno’s behaviour indicate that animals too have emotions, affection, memory and individual traits of character?

Ans:-The whole story “The Bond of Love revolves around the mutual, sincere and selfless love of the narrator’s wife and her pet bear, Bruno. The young bear loved and brought up like a child by the author’s wife, proves that he richly deserves this love because he himself is capable of showing equally deep and faithful love. He is treated like a member of the family and he himself proves that he is as much bound by loyal love to the members of the family as they are to him.

The deep emotions of Bruno come to the fore when he is sent to a zoo. He is so pained by the separation from his mistress that he frets terribly and refuses to eat anything. He grows very lean and thin. Even in three months, he does not reconcile to the separation and never forgets the narrator’s wife. He recognizes her at once, even from a distance of some yards, when she visits him after three months. He is highly delighted, stands on his head and eats a lot from her hands. At the closing time of the zoo, he cries bitterly at the thought of parting again from his mistress. His emotions move the hearts of the zoo curator and the keepers. It is only when he is brought back home that he starts enjoying life again. All this proves that animals too have affection, love, and individual qualities.

 Q10. On two occasions Bruno ate/drank something that should not be eaten or drunk. What happened to him on these occasions? (Textual)

Ans:-Bruno, the cub bear enjoyed a variety of dishes and drinks in narrator’s home. He had become very fond of eating and e drinking. He would eat and drink anything and everything. Once the narrator had brought home barium carbonate for killing rats in the library. Bruno went there as he usually did and since the poison had been kept on the floor of the library, he consumed it. This had a paralyzing effect on him and he could not move his limbs or stand on his feet. However, he managed to drag himself on his stumps to reach the narrator’s wife who at once called the narrator. Bruno was rushed to the veterinary doctor who, after consulting his book, gave an injection of 10 cc. antidote. Since the first injection did not improve his condition, another injection of the same potency was given. After ten minutes, his breathing, which had become loud under the influence of poison, became normal. After thirty minutes, he stood on his feet and ate sufficiently.

On another occasion, Bruno drank engine oil. It so happened that the narrator had emptied the sump of his car and about one gallon of the engine oil had been collected. The narrator had kept it to kill the termites. Bruno drank the whole of it. However, the engine oil did not have any effect on him.

Q11. How was Bruno brought to the narrator’s home? How did he become, member of the family?

Ans:-The baby bear was brought to the narrator’s home by chance. As luck would have it, the narrator and his companions while going, to Mysore were crossing some fields when they heard the noise of shooting, Some pigs had intruded the fields and they were being driven away with gunshots. Some of them died while others ran away. When everything seemed silent and normal, a mother sloth bear suddenly appeared on the scene and one of the narrator’s companions killed the bear instantly without any provocation. The cub bear who was riding the back of his mother was utterly grieved and soon fled away to escape being killed.

The narrator, who felt pity for the young cub, chased him and captured him despite protests from the cute little animal. He brought the baby bear home and gifted it to his wife as a pet. The narrator’s wife accepted him with love and gave him the name Bruno to mark that he was no longer a homeless, wild animal. Soon there developed such a bond of reciprocal love between Bruno and the narrator’s wife that Bruno came to be called ‘Baba’ which means a ‘small boy’. He had now become a true family member who enjoyed complete freedom and deep affection.

Q12. Why was Bruno sent to the Mysore zoo and why was he ultimately brought back home?

Ans:-Bruno, the cub bear, was nourished and nurtured so well by the narrator’s wife that in a few months he had grown big in size. It was not advisable to keep a fully grown wild animal at home, especially with the children of the tenants around. So it was suggested that he should be sent to the zoo in Mysore. Although the narrator’s wife opposed the proposal for some time, she ultimately gave her consent after three weeks. After her approval and a positive response from the curator of the zoo, Baba, the bear, was ultimately sent away to Mysore zoo.

However, the separation was unbearable both for the narrator’s wife and Baba. Neither could be consoled and neither could eat properly. The bear, especially, grew very weak and looked very sad. After three months of separation, the narrator’s wife put her foot down and had to be taken to the zoo in a car. On seeing each other after so long, both the narrator’s wife and Baba expressed their joy. He recognized her from a distance, howled with happiness and stood on his head in delight. She patted him through the bars of his cage and gave him a variety of food and drinks that she had brought. When it was closing time at the zoo, both the narrator’s wife and Baba cried so bitterly that even the curator was moved. She requested the curator to send Baba back home and he suggested to seek the Superintendent’s permission. The Superintendent was a kind fellow and he agreed. At his recommendation, the curator lent a cage for the safe journey of the bear back home to Bangalore.

 Q13. How was Bruno transported back to Bangalore from the Mysore zoo? What special arrangements were made to keep him at home?

Ans:-Bruno, the pet bear, was transported back to Bangalore in a cage lent by the Mysore zoo authorities. The cage containing Bruno was hoisted on top of the car and tied securely. The vehicle was driven slowly and carefully, lest he was hurt.

At the writer’s home in Bangalore, special arrangements were made to keep Bruno at a safe distance from the people in the house. A squad of coolies was engaged to create an island in the compound. Around this 20 x 15 feet island, a dry pit, six feet wide and seven feet deep, was dug. A wooden box that was once used to keep the fowls was put on the island for Baba to sleep at night. Straw was placed inside to keep it warm and his ‘baby’, the gnarled stump, and his ‘gun’, the piece of bamboo, was also put back for him to play with. After that, the coolies hoisted the cage on to the island and Baba was released.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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