Chapter -8.1 On Killing A Tree- Extra Questions and Notes

By | May 1, 2018

Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 9th as Per CBSE Syllabus

Chapter- 8.1

Lesson Name ON KILLING A TREE

ByGieve Patel

 Introduction of the lesson- ON KILLING A TREE

  INTRODUCTION

 In this poem, the poet symbolizes a deep rooted evil. He says that a tree can’t be killed out just by hacking and chopping it. To put it to a permanent end, it should be uprooted entirely and left out to wither in the sun. In the same way the social evil can’t be put out just by criticising them. The society should root them up to die forever.
(इस कविता में कवि एक वृक्ष की तुलना गहरी जड़ों वाली एक सामाजिक बुराई से करता है । वह कहता है कि मात्र काटने या फाड़ने से एक वृक्ष को हम मार (समाप्त) नहीं सकते हैं । इसको हमेशा के लिए समाप्त करने के लिए पूर्ण रूप से जड़ से उखाड़ कर धूप में सूखने के लिए छोड़ दिया जाना चाहिए । इसी प्रकार से मात्र आलोचना करने से सामाजिक बुराइयों का अंत नहीं किया जा सकता  । समाज को उन्हें हमेशा के लिए मारने के लिए जड़ से उखाड़ देना चाहिए ।)

Important Word-Meanings of difficult words from the lesson- ON KILLING A TREE

 WORD MEANING

Word-Meanings : Jab = a sudden rough blow,प्रहार,चुभन ; consuming the earth = getting food from the earth, धरती से भोजन प्राप्त करते हुए ; crust = outer layer of the earth, धरती की बाहरी परत ; absorbing =sucking, सोखते हुए ; leprous = disease of Leprosy,कुष्ठ रोग ; hide = back,छाल ; sprouting = germinating,उगते हुएHack = to cut with a heavy spade, भारी कुल्हाड़ी से काटना ; chop = snap, फाड़ देना ; heal =recover, स्वस्थ हो जाना ;  curled = twisted,मुड़ी हुई ; twigs = small branches, शाखाएँ ; miniature = small, छोटी Anchoring earth = the earth that gives support to the trees, धरती जो वृक्षों को सहारा देती है ; roped = tied with a rope, रस्सी से बांधना ; snapped out = chopped out, काटकर बाहर निकालना I  Strength = power, शक्ति ; exposed = to take out in open, बाहर खुले में ले जाना ; sensitive=quick to the touch,संवेदनशील I  scorching= discolouring by the sun,धूप से झुलस जाना ; choking = unable to breath,दम घुट जाना ; browning = becoming of brown colour, धूसर रंग का हो जाना ; twisting =getting bends,बल खाते हुए ; withering = fading,मुरझाते हुए l

Short and Simple Summary of the lesson in EnglishON KILLING A TREE/ Summary in simple Words/ Critical appreciation of the lesson ON KILLING A TREE

 Summary:

The poet says that if we wish to kill a tree it takes a lot of time. A simple job of the knife can’t kill a tree. A tree grows up by getting food and other nutritious from the earth. It absorbs sunlight, air and water for years and becomes very strong. If we try to hack and chop it, it does not feel much pain. Its bleeding bark heals very soon. Small twigs begin to shoot up from it and soon they become very big and strong.

The poet says that the real strength of a tree lies in its roots. If we want to kill a tree forever, its roots should be pulled out completely. They should be left in open to wither in sun and chock in air. Thus after a long process of changing shapes and colours we can say that a tree is killed

Summary in Hindi/ ON KILLING A TREE

SUMMARY IN HINDI

कवि कहता है कि यदि हम एक वृक्ष को मारना चाहते हैं तो इसमें बहुत अधिक समय लग जाता है । साधारण चाकू के  द्वारा किए गए केवल एक कटाव से वृक्ष मर नहीं सकता है । वृक्षा धरती से भोजन और अन्य पोषक तत्व प्राप्त करके बड़ा होता है । वह सूर्य के प्रकाश, हवा और जल को वर्षों तक चूसता रहता है और बहुत ही शक्तिशाली बन जाता है । यदि हम इसे काटने या फाड़ने का प्रयास करते हैं तो इससे इसको अधिक पीडा नहीं होती है । इसकी रक्त बहती हुई त्वचा जल्दी ही ठीक हो जाती है। उससे छोटी –छोटी टहनियाँ फूट पड़ती हैं और शीघ्र ही वे बहुत बड़ी और शक्तिशाली हो जाती है ।

कवि कहता है कि वृक्ष की असली ताकत उसकी जड़ों में होती है । यदि हम वृक्ष को हमेशा के लिए मारना चाहते है तो उसकी जड़ों को पूर्ण रूप से बाहर  निकाल लिया जाना चाहिए । उन्हें खुले में छोड़ दिया जाना चाहिए ताकि वे धूप में मुरझा जाएँ औऱ हवा के कारण उनका दम घुट जाए । इस प्रकार से आकार और रंग बदलने की एक लंबी प्रक्रिया के पश्चात हम कह सकते है कि वृक्ष मर गया है ।

Go to the NCERT Solution “Reach for the top Part II”

COMPREHENSION OF STANZAS

STANZA 1

                                                                               

It takes much time to kill a tree,

Not a simple jab of the knife

Will do it. it has grown

Slowly consuming the earth,

 Rising out of it, feeding

Upon its crust, absorbing

Years of sunlight, air, water,

 And out of its leprous hide

Sprouting leaves.

हिंदी अनुवाद –पेड़ को मारने (समाप्त करने) में बहुत समय लग जाता है । चाकू की एक चुभन मात्र से पेड़ को नही मारा जा सकता । यह धरती से पोषण प्राप्त करते हुए और इसकी ऊपरी सतह से उगते हुए वर्षों तक धूप ,हवा और पानी को चूसते हुए बड़ा होता है । इसकी छाल में से पत्ते निकलते रहते हैं और ये ऐसे प्रतीत होतें है जैसे कि इस पर कुष्ठ रोग के अनेक रंगों के धब्बे पड़ गए हों ।

Questions :

(a) Name the poem and the poet.
(b) Can we kill a tree just with a simple jab of knife?
(c) How does a tree grow up?
(d) What does it absorb for years?
(e) What does a tree symbolize in this poem?

Answers :

(a) The name of the poem is ‘On killing A Tree’ and the name of the poet is `Cieve Patel’.
(b) No, we can’t kill a tree just with a simple jab of knife.
(c) A tree grows up consuming the earth.
(d) It absorbs sunlight, air and water.
(e) It symbolizes a deep rooted evil.

STANZA 2

So hack and chop

But this alone wont do it .

Not so much pain will do it .

The bleeding bark will heal

And front close to the ground

Will rise curled green twigs,

 Miniature boughs

Which if unchecked will expand again

 To former size.

 हिंदी अनुवाद –इसलिए इसे भारी चोटें मार–मार कर फाड़ना चाहिए । परंतु मात्र इतना करने से ही पेड़ मर नहीं जाएगा । इससे उसे अधिक पीड़ा भी नहीं होगी । उसकी घायल छाल जल्दी ही ठीक हो जाएगीं और छोटी –छोटी कुंडली के आकार की हरी शाखाएँ निकलेगीऔर यदि उन्हें रोका (तोड़ा) नहीं गया तो वे पहले के आकार की हो जाएँगी I

 Questions :

 (a) How should we kill a tree?
(b) What alone can’t kill a tree?
(c) What will happen to Its bleeding skin?
(d) What rises from dose to the ground?
(e) What is the meaing of ‘miniature boughs’?

Answers :
(a) We should kill a tree by hacking and chopping it.
(b) lacking and chopping alone can’t kill a tree.
(c) It’s bleeding skin will heal very soon.
(d) Small green twigs rise from close to the ground.
(e) ‘Miniature boughs’ means small branches.

STANZA 3

No,

The root is to be pulled out-

Out of the anchoring earth;

It is to be roped, tied,

And pulled out-snapped out

 Or pulled out entirely,

Questions :
(a) What should we do to kill a tree entirely?
(b) What is the main anchor of the trees?
(c) Where does the strength of a tree lie?
(d) What should we do to its roots?
(e) Name the poem and the poet

 Answers :
(a) To kill a tree entirely we should pull out its root from the earth.
(b) The earth is the main anchor of the trees.
(c) The strength of a tree lies in its roots.
(d) The roots should be snapped and taken out of the earth
(e) The name of the poem is ‘On Killing A Tree’ and the name of the poet is ‘Cleve Patel’.

STANZA 4

Out from the earth-cave,

And the strength of the tree exposed

The source, white and wet,

The most sensitive, hidden

For years inside the earth.

हिंदी अनुवाद – धरती की गुफा के अंदर से वृक्ष की ताकत निकल आती है और वृक्ष की ताकत का वह स्रोत सफ़ेद रंग का और गीला होता है तथा बहुत ही संवेदनशील होता जोकि वृक्षों से धरती के अंदर छिपा हुआ था I

Questions :
(a) What is taken out of the earth’s cave?
(b) What Is the source of the strength of a tree?
(c) Where does the root remain hidden for years?
(d) Name the most sensitive part of the tree.
 (e) How is the strength of the tree exposed?

Answers
(a) The root of a tree is taken out of the cave.
(b) Root is the source of the strengh of a tree.
(c) Under the earth.
(d) The most sensitive part of the tree is its ‘root’.
 (e) The strength of a tree is exposed by Pulling out its root.

STANZA 5

Then the matter

Of scorching and choking

In sun and air,

Browning, hardening,

Twisting, withering,

 And then it is done.

हिंदी अनुवाद—तब धूप में झुलसने और हवा न मिलने के कारण दम घुटने के लिए खुला छोड़ देना चाहिए l  फिर वह भूरे रंग का होकर कठोर हो जाएगा और फिर उसकी शाखाएँ बल खाकर मुरझा जाएंगी और हम कह सकेंगें कि पेड़ मर गया है I

Questions :
(a) Name the poem and the poet.
(b) What is scorching done by?
 (c) What is chocking done by?
(d) ‘And then it is done’. What is done?
 (e) In this poem what is a symbol of a tree?

 Answers :
(a) The name of the poem is ‘On Killing A Tree’ and the name of the poet is tieve Patel’.
(b) Scorching is done by the heat of the sun.
(c) Chocking is done by the absence of the air.
(d) A tree is put to an end forever.
(e) In this poem the tree is a symbol of deep rooted evil.

Go to the NCERT Solution “The bond of Love”

Following is the complete question bank for – ON KILLING A TREE

 Additional Very Short Answer Type Questions

 1. In the poem ‘On Killing A Tree’ what is the tree a symbol of ?

Ans. In this poem the tree is a symbol of deep rooted evil.

2. How does a tree grow up ?

Ans. A tree grows up by getting food and other nutrients from the earth.

3. Can we kill a tree with a simple jab of knife ?

Ans. No, we can’t kill a tree with a simple jab of knife.

4. How should we kill a tree ?

Ans. We should kill a tree by hacking and chopping it.

5. What should we do to kill a tree permanently ?

Ans. To kill a tree permanently we should take out its root from the earth.

6. Where does the strength of a tree lie ?

Ans. The strength of a tree lies in its roots.

7. What should be done to the roots or a tree ?

Ans. The roots of a tree should be snapped and taken out of the earth.

8. What finally kills the tree ?

Ans. Scorching and choking kills the tree finally.

9. What does it mean ‘the strength of the tree is exposed’ ?

Ans. It means the roots of the tree are taken out of the earth.

10. It is easy to kill a tree ?

 Ans. No, it is not easy to kill a tree.

Value Based Questions and Answers of ON KILLING A TREE

Go to the NCERT Solution “The snake trying”

 QUICK REVIEW OF THE POEM

 1.What does the poet symbolize a tree to ?

(A) a good tradition                                                    (B) a deep rooted evil

(C) a noble thing                                                          (D) all of the above

Ans. (B) a deep rooted evil

2.Can we kill a tree with a simple jab of knife ?

(A) yes                                                                             (B) no

(C) may be                                                                     (D) not known

Ans. (B) no

3.What does a tree consume to grow ?

(A) earth                                                                         (B) sky

(B) chopping                                                                 (D) none of the above

 Ans. (A) earth

4.What does a tree absorb in the process of growing ?

(A) sunlight                                                                   (B) air

 (C) water                                                                       (D) all of the above

Ans. (D) all of the above

5.What can alone kill a tree ?

(A) hacking                                                                   (B) chopping

 (C) hacking and chopping                                       (D) none of the above

Ans. (D) none of the above

6.What is needed to be pulled out to kill a tree ?

(A) root                                                                           (B) leaves

(C) flowers                                                                     (D) fruit

 Ans. (A) root

7.What does the strength of a tree lie in ?

(A) leaves                                                                      (B) root

(D) fruit                                                                          (C) flowers

 Ans. (B) root

8.What is scorching done by ?

(A) the water                                                               (B) the earth

  (C) the heat of the sun                                            (D) the rain

Ans. (C) the heat of the sun

9.Chocking is done in the absence of :

(A)earth                                                                          (B)air

 (C) water                                                                        (D) sunlight

  Ans. (B) air

10.Where does the root remain hidden for years ?

 (A) in the earth                                                          (B) in the water

(C) in the air                                                                (D) all of the above

 Ans. (A) in the earth

11.What is related to the dying of roots ?

  (A) pulling out                                                            (B) scorching

 (C) choking                                                                   (D) all of the above

  Ans. (D) all of the above

12.What happens to a tree’s bleeding bark ?

(A) it heals soon                                                         (B) it heals in a big time

(C) it never heals                                                        (D) a tree’s bark never bleed

  Ans. (A) it heals soon

13.What will again expand to a tree’s full size ?

 (A) roots                                                                         (B) green twigs

 (C) fruit                                                                           (D)flowers

 Ans. (B) green twigs

14.What is needed to kill a tree ?

(A) a simple jab                                                           (B) hacking

 (C) choking                                                                   (D) pulling out the roots entirely

Ans. (D) pulling out the roots entirely

15.Who is the poet of the poem ‘On Killing a Tree’ ?

(A) Edward Lear                                                           (B) Gieve Patel

 (C) W.W.E. Ross                                                           (D) William Wordsworth

 Ans. (B) Gieve Patel

 

 

 

 

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