Chapter- 10 KATHMANDU- Extra Questions and Notes

By | May 5, 2018

Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 9th as Per CBSE Syllabus

Chapter-10

Lesson Name- KATHMANDU

 ByVikram Seth

Introduction of the lesson- KATHMANDU

INTRODUCTION

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. In this chapter, Vikram Seth recalls the memories of his visit to Kathmandu. He visits the famous Pashupatinath temple of the Hindus and the Baudhnath Stupa of the Buddhists. He notices that there is noise and confusion around the temple but the Buddhist shrine is full of peace. He also describes the scene around many small shrines of Kathmandu. He notices even the small details like the monkeys in the temple fighting with each other.

 (काठमांडु नेपाल की राजधानी है । इस पाठ में विक्रम सेठ अपनी काठमांडु की यात्रा की यादों को ताजा करता है । वह हिंदुओं के प्रसिद्ध पशुपतिनाथ मंदिर एवं बौद्धों के बौद्धनाथ स्तूप को देखने जाता है । वह देखता है कि मंदिर के आस-पास शोर एवं भीड़  है मगर बौद्ध घार्मिक स्थल शांतिपूर्ण है । यह काठमांडु के अनेक छोटे धार्मिक स्थानों के आस-पास के दृश्यों का वर्णन भी करता  है । वह छोटी-छोटी बातें भी ध्यान में रखता है, जैसे कि मंदिर में एक-दूसरे से लड़ते हुए बंदर ।)

 Important Word-Meanings of difficult words from the lesson- KATHMANDU

 WORD-MEANINGS

 [PAGE 127] : Enjoy = take pleasure in, आनंद उठाना ; cheap = not costly, सस्ता ; nephew = a relative, भतीजा ; sign = notice, sign-board,साइनबोर्ड ; proclaims = announces, घोषणा करना ; entrance = place for entry,प्रवेश द्वार ; atmosphere = environment,वातावरण ; febrile = feverish, बीमारी–पूर्ण ; confusion = disorder, अव्यवस्था ; roam = wander, घूमना ; priest  = clergyman, पुजारी  ; devotees = worshippers, भक्त ; pigeon = a bird,कबूतर ; worshipper = one who worships, पुजारी ; royal = kingly,शाही ; saffron = ochre,केसरिया ; clad = dressed in,सुसज्जित ; convinced = sure, विश्वस्त ; breaks out = starts,आरंभ करना ; chase = follow,पीछा करना ; screaming = crying,चीखना , चिल्लाना; holy = sacred,पवित्र ।

[PAGE 128) : Corpse = dead body,लाश ; cremated = burnt,दाह –संस्कार ; offerings = gifts, भेंट ; wilted = dry up,सूखे ; shrine = religious place, धार्मिक स्थान ; protrude= come out, बाहर निकलना ; emerge = come out,बाहर आना ; escape = become free,मुक्त होना ; evil = sinful, बुरा ; kaliyug = period of evil and sin,कलयुग ।

 [PAGE 129] : Contrast = opposition,विरोध ; stillness = peace,शांति ; immense =big,बड़ा ; dome =round roof,गुंबद ; edge = brink,किनारा ; owned = possessed,रखना ; immigrants = migrants, प्रवासी ; felt (noun) = a rough coarse cloth,मोटा कपड़ा ; haven = refuge,आश्रयस्थल ; quietness = peace, शांति ; vivid = clear, स्पष्ट ; mercenary = business minded, व्यापारी प्रवृति का ; adorned = decorated,सज्जित ; deities = gods and goddesses,देवी–देवता ; flute =pipe,बांसुरी ; cosmetics = items of make up, सौदर्य प्रसाधन ; utensils =pots,बर्तन ; antiques = relics, प्राचीन वस्तुएं ; blare out = sing loudly, जोर-जोर से गाना ; stray = wandering,आवारा ; low (verb) = sound made by a cow,गाय का रंभाना ; vendors = hawkers,फेरीवाले ; wares = things for sale, बेचने का सामान ; indulge = enjoy,आनंद उठाना ।

[PAGE 130] : Bar = piece, टुकड़ा ; marzipan = a sweet dish,मिठाई ; corn on the cob = maize, भुट्टा ; roasted =baked,भुना हुआ ; charcoal = coal made from wood,लकड़ी का कोयला ; brazier = Open grill to hold fire.अंगीठी ; pavement = side of the road, पटरी ; rubbed = buffed,रगड़ा ; lemon = a small citric fruit,नीबू ; comics =story books with cartoons,कॉमिक्स ; nauseating =sickly,जी मितलाने वाली ; consider = think,सोचना ; route= way,रास्ता ; propelled = inspired, प्रेरित करना ; enthusiasm =zeal,जोश  ; per se =by itself,अपने –आप में ; exhausted =tired, थका हुआ ; homesick =yearning for home,घर के लिए तड़पना ; pole = a long stick; डंडा ; protrude = jut Out,बाहर निकलना ; quills = long thorns,लंबे कांटे ;  porcupine =an animal,साही ; bamboo = a plant, बांस ; meditatively = thoughtfully,ध्यानमग्न होकर ; excessive = much, अधिक ; display = show, दिखाना ; occasionally = from time to time,समय –समय पर ; curiously = strangely, अजीब ढंग से ; offhanded = carefree,लापरवाही से ; incidental = by chance, संयोग से ; enterprise = work,कार्य ; pattern = style, शैली ; tear away = come away, चले आना ; universal = cosmic, सार्वभौमिक ; reed =a type, of wood, सरकंडा ।

[PAGE 131]: Fingering =use of fingers,उंगलियों का प्रयोग ; drawn = attracted,आकर्षित होना ; specific = special,विशेष ; commonality = common points, साझी बातें ; mankind = humanity,मानवता ; motive force = the power behind, प्रेरणा ; pause = stop,रुकना ; affected = influenced,प्रभावित किया ; previous =former, early,पहले के ; abroad = out of the country, विदेश ; invest = endow, प्रदान करना ; significance = importance, महत्वपूर्ण I

 Short and Simple Summary of the lesson in English- KATHMANDU/ Summary in simple Words/ Critical appreciation of the lesson – KATHMANDU

Summary:

In this chapter, Vikram Seth recalls his memories of his visit to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. He describes two famous temples of that city. The first is the Pashupatinath temple of the Hindus and the other is the Baudhnath Stupa of the Buddhists. At the Pashupatinath temple, there is an atmosphere of confusion. He finds priests, hawkers, devotees, tourists, cows, monkeys, pigeons and dogs roaming there. There is a crowd of devotees and people push one another to make their way to the Lord.

Only Hindus are allowed to enter this temple. A group of Westerners struggle for permission to enter. But the policeman at the gate does not allow them to go in. The author finds monkeys fighting each other. The holy river Bagmati flows by the side of the temple. He sees washerwomen at its banks. A corpse is being cremated on its banks. From the balcony, devotees drop flowers and other offerings into the river. There is a small shrine also on the river bank. Half of the shrine is submerged into the river. It is believed that when the whole of the shrine comes out of the river, the goddess inside will come out. Then the evil period of Kaliyug will end on earth.

In contrast to the Pashupatinath temple, there is a sense of stillness at the Baudhnath stupa of the Buddhists. The author does not find crowds here. It has a big white dome. The shrine is surrounded by a road. There are small shops on its outer edge. Many of these shops are owned by Tibetan immigrants.

Kathmandu is a crowded place. Apart from the two famous shrines, there are a number of small shrines in the narrow and busy streets. The author finds fruit sellers, flute sellers, hawkers of postcards, shops selling western cosmetics, films, chocolates, etc. He roams about in the market aimlessly. Then the author makes up his mind to return home. He enters a Nepal Airlines office and buys a ticket for Delhi. He comes back to his hotel. In a corner of the square near the hotel, he finds a man selling flutes. These flutes are made of bamboo. From time to time, the flute seller plays on a flute. The author likes his carefree style. He finds it difficult to come away from there. In fact, the flute music always attracts him. The flute is a common musical organ. It is found in almost every culture. The flute reminds him of the common link between all humanity.

Go to the NCERT Solution “The Snake Trying”

 Summary in Hindi/ – KATHMANDU

SUMMARY IN  HINDI

 इस पाठ में विक्रम सेठ नेपाल की राजधानी काठमांडु की अपनी यात्रा की यादों को तरोताजा करता है ।
वह उस शहर के दो प्रसिद्ध मंदिरों का वर्णन करता है । पहला हिंदुओं का पशुपतिनाथ मंदिर है और दूसरा बौद्धों का बौद्धनाथ स्तूप है । पशुपतिनाथ मंदिर में अव्यवस्था का वातावरण है । वह वहां पर घूमते हुए पंडित ,फेरीवाले ,भक्त ,पर्यटक ,गाएँ ,बंदर ,कबूतर और कुत्ते देखता है । वहाँ भक्तों की भीड़ है और लोग भगवान् की प्रतिमा तक जाने के लिए एक –दूसरे को धक्के मारते हैं ।
इस मंदिर में केवल हिंदुओं को प्रवेश की अनुमति है । पश्चिमी देशों के लोगों का एक समूह अंदर आने की  अनुमति के लिए संघर्ष करता है । मगर गेट पर खड़ा सिपाही उन्हें अंदर नहीं जाने देता । लेखक बंदरों को आपस में लड़ता देखता है । मंदिर के साथ पवित्र नदी बागमती बहती है । वह इसके किनारों पर धोबिनों को देखता है । इसके किनारे पर एक लाश का दाह-संस्कार हो रहा है छज्जे से भक्तगण नदी में फूल एवं अन्य भेंट की वस्तुएँ गिराते हैं । नदी के किनारे एक छोटा-सा मंदिर भी है । आधा मंदिर नदी में डूबा हुआ है। ऐसा माना जाता है कि जब सारा मंदिर नदी में से बाहर आ जाएगा तो अंदर की देवी बाहर आ जाएगी । तब धरती पर कलयुग का पापी समय समाप्त हो जाएगा ।
पशुपतिनाथ मंदिर के विपरीत बौद्धों के बौद्धनाथ स्तूप पर खामोशी है । लेखक को वहाँ कोई भीड़ नजर नहीं जाती है । इसका बहुत बड़ा सफेद गुंबद है । मंदिर के चारों तरफ एक सड़क है । इसके बाहरी किनारे पर छोटी-छोटी दुकानें हैं । इनमें से  बहुत सी दुकानें तिब्बती प्रवासियों द्वारा चलाई जा रही हैं ।
काठमांडु भीड़भाड़ वाला स्थान है । इन दो प्रसिद्ध मंदिरों के अतिरिक्त तंग एवं व्यस्त गलियों में बहुत – से मंदिर हैं । लेखक को वहाँ फल बेचने वाले , बांसुरियाँ बेचने वाले , पोस्टकार्ड बेचने वाले, पश्चिमी सौंदर्य प्रसाधन, फ़िल्में , चॉकलेट आदि बेचने वाली दुकानें नजर आती हैं । वह लक्ष्यहीन रूप से बाजार में घूमता है । तब लेखक घर लौटने का मन बनाता है । वह नेपाल एयरलाईज़ के एक कार्यालय में जाता है और दिल्ली के लिए एक टिकट खरीदता है । वह वापिस अपने होटल आता है। होटल के नज़दीक के चौराहे के एक कोने में   वह एक बांसुरी बेचने वाला देखता है । ये बांसुरियाँ बांस की बनी हैं । समय-समय पर बांसुरी वाला एक बांसुरी बजाता है । लेखक को उसका मस्त तरीका  लगता हैं । उसे वहाँ से चले जीना कठिन प्रतीत होता है । वास्तव में,बांसुरी का संगीत उसे सदा आकर्षित करता है । बांसुरी एक सामान्य वाद्य यंत्र है । यह लगभग हर संस्कृति में पाई जाती है । बाँसुरी उसे सारी मानवता की साझी कड़ी की याद दिलाती है ।

 Following is the complete question bank for – KATHMANDU

 IMPORTANT  PASSAGES  FOR COMPREHENSION

Read the following passages and answer the questions given at the end of each :

PASSAGE 1

 At Pashupatinath (outside which a sign proclaims ‘Entrance for the Hindus only’) there is an atmosphere of ‘febrile confusion’. Priests, hawkers, devotees, tourists, cows, monkeys, pigeons and dogs roam through the grounds. We offer a few flowers. There are so many worshippers that some people trying to get the priest’s attention are elbowed aside by others pushing their way to the front. A princess of the Nepalese royal house appears; everyone bows and makes way. By the main gate, a party of saffronclad Westerners struggle for permission to enter. The policeman is not convinced that they are ‘the Hindus’.

Questions :

(i)    Who is the writer of this passage ?
(ii)    What is the sign outside the Pashupatinath temple ?
(iii)  What do the worshippers do
(iv)  Why does the policeman not allow a group of Westerners to enter the temple ?
(v)   Find a word from the passage which means the same as ‘feverish’.

Answers :

(i)  Vikram Seth is the writer of this passage.
(ii)  The sign outside the temple declares that only Hindus are allowed to enter the temple.
(iii)  The worshippers push one another to reach near the Lord.
(iv)  He does not allow them to enter because they are not Hindus.
(v)   Febrile.

PASSAGE 2

A fight breaks out between two monkeys. One chases the other, who jumps onto a shivalinga, then runs screaming around the temples and down to the river, the holy Bagmati, that flows below. A corpse is being cremated on its banks; washerwomen are at their work and children bathe. From a balcony a basket of flowers and leaves, old offerings now wilted, is dropped into the river. A small shrine half protrudes from the stone platform on the river bank. When it emerges fully, the goddess inside will escape and the evil period of the Kaliyug will end on earth.

Questions :

(i)    What do the two monkeys do ?
(ii)  Which river flows by the Pashupatinath temple ?
(iii)  What activities are going on the banks of the river ?
(iv)  What is the people’s belief about the half submerged temple ?
(v)  Find a word from the passage which means the same as ‘burning of a dead body’.

Answers :

(i)    The two monkeys fight each other and one monkey chases the other.
(ii)   Bagmati flows by the temple.
(iii)  A dead body is being cremated; washerwomen are washing clothes, children are taking bath.
(iv)  People believe that when the whole temple comes, the period of Kaliyug on earth will come to an end.
(v)   Cremated.

PASSAGE 3

 From time to time he stands the pole on the ground, selects a flute and plays for a few minutes. The sound rises clearly above the noise of the traffic and the hawkers’ cries. He plays slowly, meditatively, without excessive display. He does not shout out his wares. Occasionally he makes a sate, but in a curiously offhanded way as if this were incidental to his enterprise. Sometimes he breaks off playing to talk to the fruit seller. I imagine that this has been the pattern of his life for years.

Questions :

 (i)  Who is the writer of this passage ?
(ii)   Who is being referred to in this passage ?
(iii)  How does he play on the flutes ?
(iv)  What does the writer say about his attitude ?
(v)   Find a word from the passage which means ‘too much’.

Answers :
(i)   Vikrarn Seth is the writer of this passage.
(ii)   A flute seller is being referred to in this passage.
(iii)  He plays slowly and meditatively.
(iv)  The writer says that his behaviour is casual and careless.
(v)  Excessive.

PASSAGES FOR PRACTICE

PASSAGE 4

At the Baudhnath stupa, the Buddhist shrine of Kathmandu, there is, in contrast, a sense of stillness. Its immense white dome is ringed by a road. Small shops stand on its outer edge : many of these are owned by Tibetan immigrants; felt bags, Tibetan prints and silver jewellery can be bought here. There are no crowds : this is a haven of quietness in the busy streets around.

Questions :

(i)    Who is the writer of this passage ?
(ii)   What contrast with Pashupatinath temple do you find here ?
(iii)  How does the writer describe the dome of the Baudhnath stupa ?
(iv)  By whom are many of the shops owned ?
(v)   Find a word from the passage which means ‘big’.

PASSAGE  5

Kathmandu is vivid, mercenary, religious, with small shrines to flower-adorned deities along the narrowest and busiest streets; with fruit sellers, flute sellers, hawkers of postcards; shops selling Western cosmetics, film rolls and chocolate; or copper utensils and Nepalese antiques. Film songs blare out from the radios, car horns sound, bicycle bells ring, stray cows low questioningly at motorcycles, vendors shout out their wares. I indulge myself mindlessly : buy a bar of marzipan, a corn-on-the-cob roasted in a charcoal brazier on the pavement (rubbed with salt, chilli powder and lemon); a couple of love story comics, and even a Reader’s Digest.

Questions :

(i)   How does the writer describe Kathmandu in the first line of this passage ?
(ii)  From where does the writer hear film songs ?
(iii) What doeS the writer do in the market ?
(iv) Who is the writer of this passage ?
(v)  Find a word from the passage which means ‘old, precious things’.

Go to the NCERT Solution “A Slumber did my spirit seal”

Very Short Answer Type Important Questions

Additional Very Short Answer Type Questions

1. Which two temples did the author visit in Kathmandu ?

Ans. The author visited Pashupatinath temple and Baudhnath stupa in Kathmandu.

2. What signboard is there outside Pashupatinath temple ?

 Ans. The signboard outside Pashupatinath temple is ‘Entrance for Hindus only’.

3. What does everyone do to the Nepalese Princess in the temple ?

Ans. Everyone bows to the princess and makes way for her.

4. Which river flows through Kathmandu ?

Ans. The Bagmati river flows through Kathmandu.

5. How is the atmosphere at the Pashupatinath temple ?

Ans. The atmosphere at the Pashupatinath temple is full of confusion.

6. How is the atmosphere at the Baudhnath Stupa ?

Ans. At Baudhnath Stupa there is an atmosphere of stillness.

7. Who owned most of the shops in Kathmandu ?

Ans. Tibetan immigrants owned most of the shops in Kathmandu.

8. Flow does the author decide to take his return journey to Delhi ?

Ans. He decides to come back by plane of Nepal Airlines.

9. Who does the writer see in at square of Kathmandu ?

Ans. He sees a flute seller.

10. Who is the writer of the lesson Kathmandu ?

Ans. The author of the lesson Kathmandu is Vikram Seth.

Short Answer Type Questions  (30 to 40 words)

1. What did the saffron-clad Westerners want ?

Ans. The saffron-clad Westerners wanted to go inside the temple of Pashupatinath. But the policeman stopped them. He did not let them go inside the temple because they were not Hindus. The entrance was only for Hindus in the temple.

2. How did the author want to return to Delhi ? What made him change his mind ?

Ans. From Kathmandu the author  wanted to go Patna by bus or train. Then he would sail the Ganga though Benaras to Allahabad. Then he would sail the Yainuna through Agra to Delhi. But the author was already very much tired. So he decided to return to Delhi by air.

3. Describe how the flute seller sells his wares ?

Ans. The flute seller has tied fifty or sixty flutes on a pole. He does not shout out his wares. From time to time, he selects a flute and plays on it. He plays slowly and thoughtfully. Sometime, he makes a sale. But his attitude is carefree.

4. To hear any ‘flute is to be drawn into the commonality of all mankind.’ Explain.

 Ans: The flute is found in each culture in one form or the other. Thus the sound of the flute draws a person into the commonality of mankind.

Go to the NCERT Solution “If I Were You”

 Important Long/ Detailed Answer Type Questions- to be answered in about 100 -150 words each

Value based questions-

ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS

 Q.1.How does the author describe the flute seller? What does he say about the flute music?

Ans. The author finds a flute seller in a corner of the square near his hotel. There is a pole in his hand. There is an attachment at the top of the pole. Fifty or sixty flutes are stuck on it. These flutes protrude in all directions. The author compares these flutes to the quills of a porcupine. These flutes are made-of bamboo: From time to time, he stands the pole on the ground. Then he selects a flute and plays on it for a few minutes. The sound rises clearly above the noise of the traffic and the hawkers’ cries. He plays the flute slowly and thoughtfully. He does not shout out his wares. Occasionally someone buys a flute from him. But the flute seller’s attitude is carefree. The author likes his attitude. He imagines that this has been his pattern of life for years. The author finds it difficult to come away from there. He has always been attracted by the flute music: He says that the flute is a very common musical instrument. It is found in almost all cultures. It is the common link of all mankind.

 Value Based Questions and Answers of – KATHMANDU

 QUICK REVIEW OF THE CHAPTER

१.Kathmandu is the capital city of :

     (A) China                                                                        (B) Nepal

     (C) Bhutan                                                                     (D) Bangladesh

Ans. (B) Nepal

2.Who is the author of the lesson ‘Kathmandu’ ?

     (A) Vikram Seth                                                           (B) A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

     (C) Kanneth Anderson                                              (D) Jerome K. Jerome

Ans. (A) Vikram Seth

3.Which famous Hindu temple is situated in Kathmandu ?

    (A) Jagannath                                                                (B) Kedamath

    (C) Pashupatinath                                                        (D) Deenanath

 Ans. (C) Pashupatinath

4.Entrance in Pashupatinath temple is allowed only for

    (A) Hindus                                                                       (B) Baudhs

    (C) Foreigners                                                               (D) All of the above

 Ans. (A) Hindus

5.What atmosphere is there near the Pashupatinath temple ?

     (A) discipline                                                                 (B) peaceful

     (C) religious                                                                   (D) febrile confusion

 Ans. (D) febrile confusion

6.. Which river flows through Kathmandu ?

     (A) Kosi                                                                           (B) Bagmati

    (C) Gandak                                                                     (D) (ihagra

   Ans. (B) Bagmati

7.What will happen when the small shrine on the Bagmati river bank will emerge fully ?

    (A) the evil period of the Kaliyug will end          (B) the new era will start

    (C) a new god will appear                                         (D) Bagmati river will thy out

  Ans. (A) the evil period of the Kaliyug will end

8.Which of the following is situated in Kathmandu ?

    (A) Pashupatinath temple                                        (B) Baudnath temple

    (C) both (A) and (B)                                                    (D) none of the above

 Ans. (C) both (A) and (B)

9.What atmosphere is there around the Baudnath Stupa ?

   (A) a sense of stillness                                                (B) febrile confusion

   (C) excitement and noises                                        (D) all of the above

 Ans. (A) a sense of stillness

10.Who do you find in the streets of Kathmandu ?

    (A) fruit sellers                                                              (B) flute sellers

    (C) hawkers of postcards                                          (D) all of the above

   Ans. (D) all of the above

11.The streets of Kathmandu are

     (A) narrowest                                                               (B) busiest

     (C) both (A) and (B)                                                   (D) none of the above

 Ans. (C) both (A) and (B)

12.How did the author return to Delhi from Nepal ?

      (A) by bus                                                                     (B) by train

      (C) by water route                                                     (D) by plane

 Ans. (D) by plane

13.The flutes on the pole of fruit seller are compared to

     (A) a beehive                                                                (B) a bunch of oranges

     (C) Guills of a porcupine                                           (D) none of the above

Ans. (C) Guills of a porcupine

14.Which flute was he selling ?

      (A) the reed neh                                                        (B) the recorder

      (C) the Japanese Shakuhachi                                 (D) all of the above

 Ans. (D) all of the above

15.Why does the author find himself unable to tear away from the square ?

      (A) the flute music was very sweet                    (B) there were many things to eat

       (C) he was watching a magic show                    (D) he was buying flutes

  Ans. (A) the flute music was very sweet

 

 

 

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