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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)
ENGLISH – Language and Literature
CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)
Time allowed: 3 Hrs. Maximum Marks: 80
1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.
2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.
3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Part-A (40 Marks)
1. Read the passage given below. (10)
1.Children today live in a world where smartphones are ubiquitous. For them, access In smartphones is natural and they are eager to have their own. There are many discussions about the ideal age for children to have their first smartphone. Obviously, every child is different and so are their circumstances. However, experts agree on the need for children to be mature and understand the scope of what they have in their hands. Children must be able to understand the dangers of sharing too many details of their life and personal data on the Internet.
2. They have to be aware that information published online remains publicly available and can be easily found. Last but not the least, they need to understand that following good manners matters: in other words, what in the online world is known as ‘netiquette’ is important. Experts usually agree on the fact that children may have reached the point of maturity necessary to have their own smartphone around 11-12 years.
3. Nonetheless, mobiles will require parental supervision for many reasons: to protect children, to teach them how to properly use smartphones, to avoid possible problems and finally to take responsibility for its eventual misuse.
When looking at some statistics, we discovered from a recent study that 56% of children between 10 and 13 years have a smartphone, but most surprising is that 25% of children between 2 and 5 years also have one. Do kids need to have a smartphone at such a young age?
4. In contrast, according to another survey. 25% of parents believe that a child under 12 years must have a basic phone, 54% think that having a mobile phone is suitable for children between 13 and 15 years and 66% believe that children under 16 should not have a smartphone.
5. Among the advantages parents find in mobile phones for kids is that they can call their parents in case of emergency. Many parents give their children a very basic feature phone when they begin to walk home from school alone. But children ask their parents for a smartphone because their classmates already have one. But smartphones are not for socializing purposes only.
6. Children can learn a lot through their mobile, especially because, as parents, we teach them to take advantage of mobile educational opportunities. The age at which kids should have their own smartphone can be a difficult decision for parents, but you have to measure the advantages and disadvantages in each particular case.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) Why is access to mobile phone natural for today’s youth?
(a) Because smartphones are fashionable.
(b) Because education is completely online.
(c) Because everything they need is given to them in the smartphone.
(d) Because they need to keep pace with the world.
(ii) Choose the option that best captures the central idea of the passage.
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
(iii) Children having smartphone must be aware that
(a) they must maintain manners.
(b) they need to be mature.
(c) their public information is publically available all the time.
(d) their personal information is at risk.
(iv) What is netiquette?
(a) Manners to be maintained while using smartphones.
(b) Manners to be maintained while using the internet.
(c) New mannerism emerging with newer technology.
(d) The ways in which one must use social media sites.
(v) Which of the following lists the prerequisites to owning a smartphone?
3. Awareness of dangers
4. Social media presence
5. Knowledge of scope
6. Respect for elders
(a) 1,3 and 5 (b) 2,3 and 5 (c) 1,4 and 6 (d) 2,4 and 6
(vi) What does older generation wonder about?
(a) How to access the Internet and the gadgets.
(b) How can small children easily navigate through the internet.
(c) Where have they lost the morals and virtues.
(d) How to inculcate morals and virtues in the younger generations.
(vii) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?
(a) Need of Smartphones
(b) Smartphones a Necessary Evil
(c) What is the Perfect Age for Children to Own Smartphones?
(d) Is Smartphones Degrading our Lives?
(viii) What are the benefits of having mobile phones as mentioned in the passage?
(b) Educational opportunities
(c) Emergency calling
(d) All of these
(ix) What is the necessity of parental supervision on smartphones?
(a) To protect children
(b) To teach children how to properly use smartphones
(c) To take responsibility of any misuse
(d) All of the above
(x) According to the passage, what is the perfect age of giving smartphones to children?
(a) 12 years
(b) 13-15 years
(c) 16 years
(d) Can’t say
(xi) Select the option that makes the correct use of ‘supervision’ as used in the passage, to fill in space.
(a) The state is held by state superintendent, who is elected for a term of four years.
(b) Successive editions of this work were produced under its author’s in 1740, 1748, 1758 and 1766.
(c) The postal and telegraph services are by the national government.
(d) Here he filled the post of editor till his death and had the power to all works issued from the Caxton Press.
(xii) Choose the option that incorrectly states the meaning of ‘scope’, as used in the passage.
(1) Opportunity or possibility
(2) The extent of the area
(3) Assess or investigate
(4) Features and functions
(a) 2 and 6
(b) 1 and 5
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 3
2. Read the passage given below. (10)
1. A new survey by the Ministry of Health has found distressingly high levels of malnutrition among Indian children and adolescents. Only 6.4% of children surveyed under the age of 2 had received a minimum acceptable diet. One in five children between the ages of 5 and 9 was stunted, which means that they were at a low height for their age. One in four adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 was thin for their age.
2. Conducted between 2016 and 2018, the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey collected data on the nutritional status of a representative sample of 1.1 lakh children and adolescents from the ages of 0 to 19 years from 29 states and Delhi.
3. The study measures the nutritional status of children in three age groups: 0-4, 5-9 and 10-19 using different techniques. For children under two years of age, the parameter measured was “minimum acceptable diet”, a WHO standard that is a composite of two indicators: Dietary diversity or whether the child ate foods from four of seven food groups in the past day and Meal frequency or how often the child was fed in a day. While for adolescents, Body Mass Index was used.
4. Correlating both sets of data, it found better nutritional outcomes among those consuming non-vegetarian diets. More significantly, there is a strong correlation between the consumption of eggs and better nutritional status in most states, particularly among younger children.
5. These findings are significant in light of the debate over whether eggs should be served in lunches in government schools and Anganwadis. Several studies have shown consumption of eggs turns children healthier. Children whose mothers Were vegetarian were more likely to be stunted than children whose mothers consumed eggs or meat, in all three age groups.
6. It must be noted, however, that there are several other factors at play in determining rates of stunting, including the child’s area or residence, sanitation practices, the mother’s education, and the wealth of the child’s family.
7. Taken together, malnutrition appears highly correlated with lack of consumption of eggs and meat across age groups. There are several anomalies, as would be expected, given that this is state-level data and nutrition and dietary habits vary from district to district, these merit closer study.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) What does the given passage highlight?
(a) Stunting in India
(b) Malnutrition amongst children and adolescents
(c) The need of inclusion of eggs
(d) Benefits of eggs
(ii) What did the study show?
(a) Only 6.4% children under 2 years received proper diet.
(b) One out of five children aged 5-9 had low height.
(c) One out of four adolescents were thin.
(d) All of the above
(iii) The survey was called
(a) Nutritional survey by the Ministry of Health
(b) Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey
(c) minimum acceptable diet
(d) nutritional status
(iv) The survey divides children into…………. categories.
(v) Choose the option that lists the correct answers for the following.
1.Taran is a young boy of 4 who loves to eat eggs but his mother hates eggs and any kind of meat.
2. Karim is Taran’s neighbour who hates eggs, but his entire family would eat eggs anytime of the day.
(a) Taran and Karam have higher risks of stunting.
(b) Taran has higher risk of stunting while Karim has a lower risk.
(c) Both Taran and Karan are not at any risk of stunting.
(d) Karim has higher risk of stunting than Taran.
(vi) What is dietary diversity?
(a) A WHO standard composite of two indicators.
(b) A chart of whether the child ate foods from four of seven food groups in the past day
(c) How often the child was fed in a day.
(d) The amount of food items that a child needs to take for proper growth.
(vii) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the factors that affect stunting.
5. Financial status
6. Meal frequency
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 6
(c) 4 and 5 (d) All of these
(viii) What is the significance of the debate?
(a) It highlights the needs to introduce eggs in school meals.
(b) It highlights the need to eat eggs.
(c) It highlights that eggs make children healthier.
(d) All of the above
(ix) According to the passage, what are the anomalies of the study?
(a) It is state-level data.
(b) Nutrition and dietary habits vary from district to district.
(c) Data is limited to poor states.
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(x) The minimum accepted diet comprises of
(a) Dietary diversity
(b) Meal frequency
(c) Body Mass Index
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(xi) Who showed better nutritional outcomes?
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(xii) What does the passage conclude?
(a) Every study comprises of anomalies.
(b) Children must be fed nutritionally fulfilling diet.
(c) Malnutrition is related to consumption of eggs and meat.
(d) The stunting of children depends upon the nutritional status of the mother.
Literature Textbooks (10 Marks)
3. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5=5)
One of the employees, who were a postman and also helped at the post office, went to his boss laughing heartily and showed him the letter to God. Never in his career as a postman had he known that address. The postmaster – a fat, amiable fellow – also broke out laughing, but almost immediately he turned serious and tapping the letter on his desk, commented, “What faith! I wish I had the faith of the man who wrote this letter. Starting up a correspondence with God!”
(i) The postman laugh heartily because ……………
(a) he saw a letter addressed to him.
(b) he saw a letter addressed to God.
(c) he saw a letter addressed to the angel.
(d) he saw a letter addressed to the PM.
(ii) Which characteristic of the postmaster is highlighted in the given lines?
(a) Fat and amiable
(b) Slim and unfriendly
(c) Stubborn and jovial
(iii) Why the postmaster turned serious?
(a) Because he realised that Lencho was asking for money.
(b) Because he realised that Lencho need government’s help.
(c) Because he realised that he had immense faith in God.
(d) Because he had an important task to do.
(iv) Choose the option that lists the set of statements that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.
1.The man was Lencho.
2. Lencho needed money to sow his crops.
3. The Postmaster wanted to break the man’s faith.
4. The letter was written to an imaginary entity.
5. The postmaster was a very friendly person.
6. Lencho hated God.
(a) 1 and 4 (b) 2 and 5 (c) 3 and 6 (d) 1 and 6
(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies fact/s(F) and opinion’s (O) given below.
(a) F- 2 and 0.1,3,4
(b) F-1,2 and 0-3,4
(c) F-I,3 and 0-2,4
(d) F-2,3 and 0.1,4
So he did and did he ever! Beginning in Kindergarten, Ebright collected butterflies with the same determination that has marked all (P32) his activities. He also collected rocks, fossils and coins. He became an eager astronomer, too. Sometimes star-gazing all night.
(i) Who is ‘he’?
(a) Richard Ebright (b) A Scientist
(c) A Photographer (d) Both (a) and (b)
(ii) What more did he collect besides butterflies?
(a) Fossils (b) Rocks
(c) Coins (d) All of these
(iii) What does the writer mean by ‘so he did and did he ever!’?
(a) That Ebright was forever determined.
(b) That Ebright continued his scientific research forever.
(c) That Ebright became a scientist.
(d) That Ebright was always curious.
(iv) What did he do sometimes at night?
(a) Read books
(b) Perform experiments
(c) Take a look on his butterflies
(d) Gazed at the stars
(v) The extract uses the phrase, ‘marked all his activities’. Which of the following expressions is incorrect with respect to the word ‘marked’?
(a) Only 3 (b) 3 and 4 (c) 1 and 2 (d) 2 and 3
4.Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5= 5)
I am an Orphan, roaming the street
I pattern soft dust with my hushed, bare feet.
The silence is golden, the freedom is sweet
(i) In the above extract who wants to be an orphan?
(b) Amanda’s mother
(c) Amanda’s teacher
(d) Amanda’s grandmother
(ii) Why does she dream to be an orphan?
(a) Because she thinks that orphans lead a care-free life.
(b) Because she thinks that no one pester them with instructions.
(c) Because she wanted to get away from her parents.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(iii) Which of the given words DO NOT describe how the speaker is feeling in the given lines?
(iv)The speakers desire to ‘Pattern soft dust with my hushed, bare feet. ‘ Reveal that
(a) she wants to get dirty
(b) she wants to live life on the streets
(c) she wants to be free to do as she wishes
(d) she loves to draw
(v)Which poetic device has been used in the above lines?
Belinda paled, and she cried Help! Help!
But Mustard fled with a terrified yelp,
Ink trickled down to the bottom of the household,
And little mouse Blink strategically mouse holed.
(i) Why did Belinda become pale?
(a) To see the bravery of Custard
(b) To see the pirate
(c) Due to fear
(d) Due to her illness
(ii)The given lines indicate that Belinda and her pets
(a) feared pirates
(b) were cowards
(c) were cunning
(d) were stupid
(iii) The word ‘Terrified’ DOES NOT have a meaning similar to
(a) be scared
(b) struck with horror
(c) be alarmed
(d) be cunning
(iv) ‘Strategically mouse-holed’ conveys
(a) a plan to pet a mouse
(b) a plan to hide in a mouse hole
(c) a plan to make a hole for a mouse
(d) a plan to hid the mouse hole
(v) Which of the following words DO NOT indicate the emotions of Belinda and her pets?
Grammar (10 marks)
5. Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 3 = 3)
A doctor (i)………… the habit of talking to the trees on the roadside as he took his walks in the evening. He would (ii) …………. to kiss the trees lovingly and whisper kind words to them. This (iii) ………. an odd but beautiful sight. It was indeed a noble act in this wicked world. One day he was very upset to see one of his trees cut down. The nature lover was so upset that he collapsed on the road.
(i)(a) has (b) had (c) with (d) have
(ii) (a) bend (b) bent (c) bended (d) bending
(iii) (a) is (b) was (c) has been (d) used to be
6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1 x 3 = 3)
Nancy was talking to Sam when she (i)……….. she did not care that Esther is mad at her. According to her, when she will be famous, people will be begging to become her friend. Sam told Nancy that her statement was a big leap to go from telling people that you are going to be famous and being actually famous. He added that she (ii)………… having a small group of friends instead of having a big pool of acquaintances. Nancy smirked and told Sam that (iii) ………… fame had already changed her.
(i)(a) said that (b) told that
(c) replied that (d) exclaimed that
(ii) (a) had always told that (b) has always liked
(c) had always wanted to (d) wanted to
(iii) (a) for her (b) According to people
(c) to her it look as though (d) as though she
7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option for any four of the six sentences given below. (1 x 4 = 4)
(i)…………. two-thirds of the energy an average person spends every day supports the body’s metabolic activities.
(a) Much of
(c) At least
(ii) In his book the psychiatrist Martin Grot john claims that ………… a baby begins to smile and laugh,……….. intelligent he or she is likely to prove it.
(a) the earlier, the more
(b) as early, as much
(c) earlier, more
(d) the earliest, the most
(iii) If there had been any delay in getting her to hospital, the consequence of the event………… fatal.
(a) will have been
(c) would be
(d) could have been
(iv) Once the occupying forces ………….. , many seemingly innocent people were accused of having collaborating with the enemy.
(a) were leaving
(b) have left
(c) will leave
(d) had left
(v) One gathers from the press that a large majority of the people are not in favor of the impeachment proceedings, and, frankly, I’m not …………..
(d) as well
(vi) I listened to some news on …………. radio about …………. man arrested for embezzlement last Tuesday.
(a) every, the
(b) the, no article
(c) a, the
(d) the, the
Part – B (40 Marks)
Writing (10 Marks)
8. You have been offered a job, asking you to start next week. You want the job very much but, because of a previous commitment, you want to delay the start for another two weeks. Write to the Manager, accepting the job, but explaining your situation and asking for the change to your start date. You are Harishit/ Harshita. (100-120 words) (5)
Your university lecturer gave you an assignment. You won’t be able to submit your assignment on time. Write a letter to your lecturer asking for an extension. In this letter describe the situation, explain why your assignment will be late and say when you will be able to hand in your assignment. ( 100-120 words)
9. The table below shows the results of a survey that asked 6800 Indian adults (aged 16 years and over) whether they had taken part in different cultural activities in the past 12 months. Write an analytical paragraph on the given data in about 100-120 words. (5)
Participation in cultural activities, by age
Dancing, singing, playing musical instruments and acting.
The pie charts show the electricity generated in Germany and France from all sources and renewables in the year 2009. Using the given data, write an analytical paragraph in 100-120 words.
Literature Textbooks (30 Marks)
10. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) What makes writing in a diary a strange experience for Anne Frank?
(ii) lie senses first responsibility’. What responsibility is referred here? (The Ball Poem)
(iii) Give a brief description of Stepan Stepanovitch Chubukov?
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) Why could the narrator-lawyer not find Lutkins?
(ii) Matilda’s husband is kind and loving. Do you agree? Give examples in support of your answer.
(iii) Why was Ramlal worried about Bholi and not about his other children?
11.(a) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2 = 6)
(i) Describe the young Seagull’s first attempt of fly.
(ii) Is the purpose of someone constantly giving instructions to Amanda being fulfilled? Explain.
(iii) What legacy have the colonial powers left to the district of Coorg?
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each.(3 x 2 = 6)
(i) What actually proved to be the most important step from Ebright’s mother’s side that opened the world of science to him?
(ii) What extra did Mrs Pumphrey start to give Tricki and why?
(iii) Was the narrator’s purpose of robbing Anil successful? Was Anil the only one who was robbed or did Hari also rob himself of something?
12. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
Lencho in his ignorance blames the very people who contribute to help him financially. Imagine a situation wherein the postmaster confronts Lencho after his blame to the people at the post office keeping in mind that the postmaster’s attitude towards Lencho’s belief and faith.
India is known for its old traditions. There is unity in diversity. It is all because we the Indians never forget our culture and tradition. We always cherish the traditional practices. Do you agree? Give your views with reference to the lesson ‘Glimpses of India’.
13. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
Griffins unlawful activities devalue his scientific discovery. Explain with instances from the text.
“Where there is a will, there is a way.” Ebright had a will to become a scientist but did not have enough resources. How does will and curiosity help us in becoming a successful Person in our life? Elaborate with reference to Ebright.
1. (i)(a) Because smartphones are fashionable
(ii) (c) Option 3
(iii)(c) their public information is publically available in the time
(iv) (b) Manners to be maintained while using the Internet
(v) (b) 2,3 and 5
(vi) (b) How can small children easily navigate through the internet
(vii) (c) What is the Perfect Age for Children to Own Smartphones?
(viii) (d) All of these
(ix) (d) All of the above
(x) (d) Can’t say
(xi) b) Successive editions of this work were produced under its authors ………… in 1740, 1748, 1758 and 1766.
(xii) (a) 2 and 6
2. (i) (b) Malnutrition amongst children and adolescents
(ii)(d) All of the above
(iii)(b) Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey
(iv) (c) three
(v)(b) Taran has higher risk of stunting while Karim has a lower risk.
(vi) (b) A chart of whether the child ate foods from four of seven food groups in the past day.
(vii) (d) All of these
(viii) (a) It highlights the needs to introduce eggs in school meals.
(ix) (d) Both (a) and (c)
(x) (d) Both (a) and (b)
(xi) (a) Non-vegetarians
(xii) (c) Malnutrition is related to consumption of eggs and meat.
3. (i) (b) he saw a letter addressed to God.
(ii)(a) Fat and amiable
(iii)(c) Because he realised that he had immense faith in God.
(iv) (c) 3 and 6
(v) (a) F- 2 and 0-1,3,4
(i) (d) Both (a) and (b)
(ii) (d) All of these
(iii)(b) That Ebright continued his scientific research forever.
(iv) (d) Gazed at the stars
(v) (b) 3 and 4
4. (i) (a) Amanda
(ii) (d) Both (a) and (b)
(iv) (c) she wants to be tree to do as she wishes
(i)(b) To see the pirate
(ii)(b) were cowards
(iii) (d) be cunning
(iv) (b) a plan to hide in a mouse hole
(v) (c) Bottom
5. (i) (b) had (ii) (a) bend (iii) (b) was
6. (i) (a) said that (ii) (b) has always liked (iii) (c) to her it look as though
7. (i) (c) At least (ii) (a) the earlier, the more (iii) (d) could have been
(iv) (d) had left (v) (a) either (vi) (d) the, the
8. 8-305, Anna Complex
May 28. 20XX
Subject Acceptance of the job offer and delay in joining
I am absolutely honored to learn from your email that you have finalized my joining in your company as an executive I consider it a great leap towards my future career and I will serve my position with my best effort. However, I am writing to seek your permission for a delay on the joining date.
I am afraid I cannot join on 15th June, the date you expect me to start. After I formally notified my current employer a month ago, they welcomed my decision. However, they have recently requested an extension to handover the projects I am currently working on and train a colleague I am already committed to a project with my current employer and will need another week to finish it. Thus, the new request from my manager forces me to work another two weeks with them.
I hope you would allow me to finish my commitment to the current employer and let me join your company on 1st July.
14 October, 20XX
Mr. Ajay Thakur
Subject : Extension of the submission date of the assignment
I am Rohan Khanna. a student from the Business Studies department in your university I am writing to seek your permission for an extension to submit my assignment that I am supposed to hand over before 24th October 20XX.
Right after you gave us the task on 7th October, I started working on mine. However, I suddenly caught a severe seasonal flu. I took advice from a doctor and he prescribed some medicines and complete bed rest. I avoided attending classes and visiting the library to avoid spreading the flu virus.
Fortunately, I am doing better now and hope to get over the flu in a couple of days but I am afraid I will not be able to submit my assignment on time due to my illness. I, therefore, request an extension to hand over my work to you. I am quite positive that I can submit my assignment before 28th October 20XX.
I would be indebted if you permit to present my assignment before the 28th instead of the 20th of October.
9. Cultural Participation
The table illustrates the results of research undertaken in India with adults aged from 16-74 to assess their involvement in a variety of cultural activities over a 12-month period. Overall, it is evident that participation in any performance and crafts were the most popular for all age groups.
The highest participation in any activities was seen in the 16-24 age group, with 35% and 30% respectively doing performance and visual arts In contrast, other activities were much lower, particularly those computer-based, at only 10%.
Turning to the older age groups, the highest participation rate seen for 25-44 years olds was in performance, at 22%. A similar rate was evident for the most popular activity for the 45-74 age groups crafts. Again, the popularity of computers and writing was very low for older groups.
Taking all age groups together, it can be seen that performance and crafts were the most Popular whereas cultural purchases and visual arts were slightly less popular at 16% and 15% respectively
The four pie charts compare the electricity generated between Germany and France during 2009, measured in billions of kWh. Overall, it can be seen that conventional thermal was the main source of electricity in Germany, whereas nuclear was the main source in France The bulk of electricity in Germany, whose total output was 560 billion kWh, came from Conventional thermal, at 59.6% In France, the total output was lower, at 510 billion kWh and in contrast to Germany, Conventional thermal accounted for just 10.3%, with most electricity coming from nuclear power (76%).
Renewables accounted for quite similar proportions for both countries, ranging between 14% – 17% of the total electricity generated. In Germany, most of the renewables consisted of wind and biomass, totaling around 75%, which was far higher than for hydroelectric (17.7%) and solar (6.1%). The situation was very different in France, where hydroelectric made up 80.5% of renewable electricity, with biomass, wind, and solar making up the remaining 20%.
10. (a) (i) Anne considered writing in a diary a strange experience for her as she had never written before. Moreover, it seemed to her that at a later point in time neither she nor anyone else would be interested in reading about the musings of a 13-year-old girl.
(ii) The responsibility referred here is to stand up or bear the loss through self-understanding and trying to console oneself on his own as the boy who lost his ball was trying to do.
(iii) Stepan Stepanovitch Chubukov is a landowner in the story. He is in search for a good match for his daughter. He is a good selector of words. We find an immediate change in his behaviour. This shows his cunningness.
(b)(i) The narrator-lawyer could not find Lutkins because the hack driver Bill who seemed to be helping him find the person was Lutkins himself. Bill fooled him as the lawyer had never seen or met Lutkins.
(ii)Yes, Matilda’s husband is kind and loving as he spends a huge saving to buy a pretty dress for his wife so that she could attend a big party. When the costly necklace is lost, he spends all his savings and even borrows to repay it.
(iii) All other children of Ramlal were healthy and good-looking. Bholi was the only girl who was neither intelligent and nor good-looking. She was a simpleton. That is the reason, Ramlal was worried for Bholi.
11. (a) (i) During the first attempt to fly, the young Seagull took a little run forward to the brink of the ledge but became afraid when he attempted to flap his wings. He was terrified by the great expanse of the sea and felt certain that his wings would never support him. So, he bent his head and ran away to his little hole.
(ii) No, Amanda does not fulfill any of the instructions. She, in fact, sulks and becomes moody. She does not listen to the person and does not care to follow them. However, she also cannot ignore them as she knows that the person is important and is only thinking of her betterment.
(iii) Colonial presence in the Coorg region is evident from the legacy of bungalows and coffee plantations that the region has inherited from them. It is believed that Coorgis are descendant of the Greek or Arab and the culture of these regions is strongly evident in the martial traditions and their marriage and religious ceremonies.
(b)(i) Ebright’s mother gut him a children’s book called ‘The Travels of Monarch X’. This book told how monarch butterflies migrated to Central America. This was the most important step from Ebright’s mother’s side that opened up the world of science to Ebright as it aroused his interest in butterflies and science.
(ii) Mrs. Pumphrey thought that Tricki was suffering from malnutrition, as he was weak and listless. So, she started to give him extra snacks like cod-liver oil and malt between the main meals and Horlicks after dinner to make him stronger. She also continued with his cream cakes and chocolates.
(iii) Yes, Hari Singh was successful in robbing Anil. But Anil was not the only one who was robbed at that time. Han had robbed himself as well. He had lost the chance of receiving education and being literate. He had robbed Anil monetarily, but he had robbed himself of the chance for a better and brighter future, which was much more valuable.
12. Lencho goes to collect the remaining money and is directed to the postmaster’s office.
Lencho: Sir, is there any letter for Lencho?
Postmaster: No, Mr. Lencho, there isn’t But I would like to have a word with you if you have time.
Lencho: But, there should be a letter (getting visibly angry). You people at the post office are a bunch of crooks. Last time also, you took my money. Now, also you are lying to me. You people…
Postmaster: Mr. Lencho that is what I wanted to talk to you about. All of the staff at the post office are honest workers. We are strictly told, not to open any packages or letters or mails It is against our ethics. Your blame on us is not justified.
Lencho: If it is so, then where did the rest of my money go? It was supposed to be 100 pesos, but I received only 70 pesos God cannot send me less money, so where did it go? Obviously, you all took it.
Postmaster: Mr. Lencho, God did not have any money, so he asked me to give the money to you. I did not have such a huge amount of money. So, we all collected as much as we could and gave it to you in place of God. We even collected 30 pesos to you as God has asked us. But we all are really hurt by your blame.
Lencho: So, God asked you to help me and you could as much as you did. In addition, you even collected the 30 pesos for me. And I blamed you.
Lencho: Then I must say that I am deeply embarrassed and apologetic for my behaviour. I had no idea of the situation and acted in defence. Please accept my apologies I am utterly grateful to you all for your kindness.
There is no doubt that India is known for its old traditions which they have still retained irrespective of their location. There exists a unity in diversity which allows an amalgamation of other cultures into the tradition which have been cherished for so long. The short stories in ‘Glimpses of India’ justify this.
The author of ‘A Baker from Goa’ cherishes the traditional practices in Goa. He recalls his encounter with the traditional bakers of Goa. The baker in the story represents the class of traditional professionals who are still keeping the old practices alive. Lucio Rodrigues tells us about the baker who was and still is an important part of their lives. He recalls his old Portuguese times when people cherished traditional bread making. The author does not live in Goa but he still remembers the old days and the traditions of Goa.
Similarly, the story ‘Coorg’ tells us about Coorgis who are the descendants of the Greeks or Arabs. These people are scattered here and there but they have not lost their identity. They still retain the traditional values of their clan in an amalgamated form. They have become a part of the Indian landscape.
13. Griffin was a great scientist who had actually made a major discovery of invisibility. However, his value as a scientist deteriorates with his illegal activities. He used his discovery for his own benefit. He committed thefts and burglaries, beat and robbed innocent persons. People were afraid of him and could not recognize his achievement. His angry and violent nature made him an eccentric scientist.
If he would have been tolerant and patient, he could have earned fame and respect. His discovery could have been used for the welfare of the people. But his success went to his head and he revealed his real nature gradually. He came out as devilish and became a disaster for himself as well as his society. His actions, therefore, bought dishonour and disrepute to him instead of fame and respect. One can definitely say that Griffins unlawful activities devalue his scientific discovery.
It is rightly said that “Where there is a will, there is a way.” When we are willing to do something, resources are automatically generated. We get help from every corner. The life of the scientist Richard Ebright is a true example of this. Ebright had a will to become a scientist but did not have enough resources. His will and curiosity was satisfied by his mother till his school education. When he did not win any prize in the science fair, his will to succeed became stronger. He moved ahead and will firm determination worked towards his experiments.
His hard work was rewarded and he started winning many prizes over the years. With his will and dedication, he even got a chance to work in a well-equipped advanced Army Laboratory and focus on his research. His will to work and curiosity overcame the lack of resources and helped him in becoming a successful scientist.