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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)
ENGLISH – Language and Literature
CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)
Time allowed: 3 Hrs. Maximum Marks: 80
1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.
2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.
3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Part-A (40 Marks)
Reading (20 Marks)
1.Read the passage given below. (10)
1.In life, we sometimes have disagreements with people. When this happens, the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument. But of course, this is easier said than done.
2. The way you begin the conversation is very important. Imagine you are a student sharing a flat with another student who you think isn’t doing her share of housework. If you say, ‘Look, you never do your share of the housework’, the discussion will very soon turn into an argument. It’s much more constructive to say something like, ‘I think we’d better have another look about how we divide up the house “
3. If you’re the person who is wrong, just admit This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument just apologize and move on. The other person will have more respect for you in the future if you do that.
4. Don’t exaggerate. Try not to say things like ‘You always come home late when my mother comes to dinner’ when perhaps this has only happened twice. This will just make the other person think you’re being unreasonable, and will probably make him or her stop listening to your arguments.
5. Sometimes we just can’t avoid a discussion turning into an argument. But if you do start arguing with someone, it is important to keep things under control.
6. Don’t raise your voice. Raising your voice will just make the other person lose their temper too. If you find yourself raising your voice stop for a moment and take a deep breath. If you can talk calmly and quietly, you’ll find your partner will be more ready to think about what you are saying.
7. It is also very important to stick to the point. Try to keep to the topic you are talking about. Don’t bring up old arguments, or try to bring in other issues. Just concentrate on solving one problem, and leave the other things for another time.
8. If necessary call ‘Time out’. If you think that an argument is getting out of control, then you must say, ‘Listen, I’d rather talk about this tomorrow when we’ve both calmed down. You can then continue the discussion the next day when both of you are less tense and angry. That way there is much more chance that you will be able to reach an agreement. You’ll also probably find that the problem is much easier to solve.
9. Some people think that arguing is always bad. This is not true. Conflict is a normal part of life, and dealing with conflict is an important part of any relationship. If you don’t learn to argue properly, then when a real problem comes along, you won’t be prepared to face it together. Think of the smaller arguments as training sessions. Learn how to argue cleanly and fairly. It will help your relationship become stronger and last longer.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) What is easy to suggest but quite difficult to do?
(a) To have disagreements with people.
(b) Not to let a peaceful discussion change into a heated argument.
(c) Never raise your voice
(d) To have heated argument with friends.
(ii) Which of the following steps should one follow to stop arguing, according to the passage?
2. Leaving the room
3. Stop talking
4. Don’t raise your voice
5. Stick to your point
6. Time out
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 4,5 and 6 (c) 1,3 and 5 (d) 2,4 and 6
(iii) In case we are wrong what should we do to avoid argument?
(a) Be silent
(iv) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?
(a) How Not to Argue?
(b) Discussion Vs Argument
(c) Stopping an Argument
(d) How to Control Arguments?
(v) What happens if a complaint is exaggerated?
(a) The other person thinks you are unreasonable
(b) The other person think that you are overbearing
(c) The other person finds you stupid
(d) The other person stops paying any attention to you
(vi) Select the option that makes the correct use of ‘agreement’ as used in the passage, to fill in the blank space.
(a) This………. was proposed to the General Assembly in 1870.
(b) Dean was beginning to have serious………. about the trip.
(c) It is a willing ………. to a set of values and procedures and a standard of conduct.
(d) In discussing nutrition, there is often ………….. on the nature of the problems.
(vii) Which activities can help to keep arguments under control?
(a) Learning to remain calm
(b) Learning to apologize
(c) Taking a break from the argument
(d) All of these
(viii) How does ‘Time Out help’ in argument?
(a) Both people in the argument become calm
(b) One can easily come to an agreement
(c) Argument is easily solved
(d) All of these
(ix) The second paragraph suggests that
(a) we must share our workload
(b) how we start a discussion is very important
(c) our words can hurt people
(d) we must use words that do not presuppose an argument
(x) What must one do while arguing?
(a) Bring other topics into the argument
(b) Raise your voice
(c) Stop exaggerating
(d) Blaming one another
(xi) We can strengthen relationships by………….
(a) learning to argue clearly
(b) learning to remain calm
(c) learning to argue fairly
(d) learning to avoid arguments
(xii) Choose the option that correctly states the meanings of ‘exaggerate, as used in the passage.
1.To make it large
2.To underestimate it
3. To overvalue it
4. To overestimate it
5. To undermine it
6. To understand it as important
(a) 1,3 and 6 (b) 2 and 4 (c) 2 and 5 (d) 3,4 and 6
2. Read the passage given below. (10)
1.Data released by India’s food quality regulator, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) earlier, shows that nearly 25% of samples of edible goods it tested this year were found to be adulterated or in violation of prescribed standards.
2. The samples included milk and dairy products, spices, cereals as well as branded food products. A total of 85,729 samples were sent, so far. FSSAI carried out the testing following a spike in complaints from consumers over quality and adulteration, said an agency official.
3. According to the data, 20,390 samples of the 85,729 sent to the agency were found to be non-conforming to prescribed standards. While agency officials maintain that Food Safety Officers in each state regularly test samples to check for compliance and also take recourse in cases of violations according to the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, experts claim that poor enforcement on the ground and a lack of awareness plague the process.
4. Consumer activist Bijon Mishra said the lengthy legal procedure involved in penalizing violators provides an opportunity to the accused to keep doing business. “Law enforcement is very poor. It takes years to finalize a case and by that time, sellers keep on making profits. Moreover, people are also not aware. Hardly anybody complains about adulteration,” he added.
5. Umesh Sharma, an advocate, said enforcement of rules is very poor on the ground. “The issue is directly related to public health and the government should take serious initiatives to implement food safety rules,” he said. Data from the agency shows an abysmal conviction rate.
6. In 2017, the Law Commission had issued a set of recommendations regarding the issue. The panel had recommended that IPC Sections 272 (dealing with adulteration of food and drinks) and 273 (dealing with the sale of noxious food and drinks) be amended to make adulteration a serious crime. It was also recommended that depending on the gravity of the offence, punishment can include life imprisonment and the minimum sentence should be six months’ jail term.
7. The panel, headed by former Supreme Court judge BS Chauhan, also wanted amendments to Section 357 of the Criminal Procedure Code so that courts can older compensation for victims.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) What did the data revealed by FSSAI show?
(a) Branded food contains cancer-causing adulterants
(b) Food items consumed violate the food quality standards
(c) With food adulteration, food quality checks have increased
(d) Food adulteration has grown exponentially over the years
(ii) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the punishments set for offenders.
3. Sentence of 6 months
4. Death sentences
5. Public shaming
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1,4 and 5 (c) 1,3 and 4 (d)2,3 and 5
(iii) What was the reason behind the survey?
(a) The increasing number of complaints regarding quality and adulteration
(b) Increasing mortality rate
(c) For consumer awareness
(d) Increasing malnutrition
(iv) Which amendments were added to regulate the quality of food in India?
(a) IPC 271
(b) IPC 272
(c) 1PC 273
(d) Both (b) and (c)
(v) What do the experts claim regarding the data?
(a) Quality of food is as per the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
(b) The poor enforcement on the ground and a lack of awareness results in adulteration
(c) The procedure of penalization is very lengthy
(d) The officials are corrupted to the core allowing the penalized to escape
(vi) ………… allows the penalized to continue their business.
(a) Poor law enforcement
(b) Higher connections
(c) Lengthy process
(d) The scope of the business
(vii) What does Umesh Sharma suggest?
(a) Revision of the acts making them stricter
(b) Strict initiatives to implement food safety rules
(c) Involving a third party for solving the issue
(d) To apply strict action against the violators
(viii) Which of the following recommendations were made by the law commission regarding the issue?
(a) Adulteration became a serious crime
(b) Depending on the gravity of the offence, punishment can include life imprisonment
(c) Minimum sentence should be six months’ jail term
(d) All of the above
(ix) The panel head also called for
(a) checking of the food safety officers
(b) video data of all safety tests
(c) compensation for the victims
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(x) Which food items became the sample of the survey?
(a) Milk and milk products
(d) All of these
(xi) The agency officials claim that
(a) there is a reduction in the number
(b) they are regularly test samples to check for compliance
(c) take recourse in cases of violations
(d) Both (b) and (c)
(xii) Which of the following DO NOT define adulteration?
(a) Added food coloring to food items.
(b) Using chemicals in food.
(c) Making food items that are not organic.
(d) Using unnatural ways to enhance the quality of food.
Literature Textbooks (10 Marks)
3. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)
I wrote the three pages Mr. Keesing had assigned me and was satisfied. I argued that talking is a student’s trait and that I would do my best to keep it under control, but that I would never be able to cure myself of the habit since my mother talked as much as I did.
(i) Mr. Keesing asked Anne to write………….
(a) an essay on herself
(b) an essay on chatterbox
(c) an essay on her friend
(d) an essay on her family
(ii) Anne argued that …………
(a) talking was a necessary trait for any student.
(b) sleeping was a necessary trait for any student.
(c) cleaning was a necessary trait for any student.
(d) thinking was a necessary trait for any student.
(iii) Who was Mr Keesing?
(a) Anne’s relative
(b) Anne’s teacher
(c) Anne’s counsellor
(d) Anne’s principal
(iv) Choose the option that lists the set of sentences that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.
1.Anne Frank was very talkative.
2. She was punished for her talkative nature.
3. She had inherited that trait from her mother.
4. Mr, Keesing was satisfied with her essay.
5. Anne was punished thrice.
6. She was failed by Mr, Keesing.
(a) Only 6 (b) 1 and 2
(c) 3 and 4 (d) Only 5
(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies facts (F) and opinion/s (O) of the students below.
(a) F- 1,2 and 0-3,4 (b) F-3,4 and 0-1,2
(c) All are facts (d) All are opinions
As I moved off, Mrs. Pumphrey, with a despairing cry, threw an armful of the little coats through the window. I looked in the mirror before I turned the corner of the drive; everybody was in tears.
(i)Where was the speaker going?
(a) To the hospital
(b) To the church
(c) To the cemetery
(d) To attend a meeting
(ii) Why was everybody in tears?
(a)Because the speaker will never return.
(b) Because the speaker was ill.
(c) Because Tricki was being hospitalized.
(d) Because Tricki will never return.
(iii)Who was Mrs. Pumphrey in the above lines?
(a) Tricki’s owner
(b) Speaker’s friend
(iv)Why was Tricki sent to the hospital?
(a) Because Tricki refused to eat anything.
(b) Because Mrs. Pumphrey was worried about Tricki’s health.
(c) Because Tricki had bouts of vomiting.
(d) All of the above
(v) The extract uses the phrase ‘with a despairing cry. Which of the following expressions is incorrect with respect to the word ‘despairing’?
(a) Option 1
(b) Option 2
(c) Option 3
(d) Option 4
4. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)
Belinda embraced him, Mustard licked him,
No one mourned for his pirate victim.
Ink and Blink in glee did gyrate
Around the dragon that ate the pirate.
(i) Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
(a) Belinda loved her pets.
(b) The Dragon was a coward.
(c) Ink and Blink are brothers.
(d) Everyone was happy.
(ii) Why did Belinda embrace her pet?
(a) Because he saved everyone’s life
(b) Because of his nature
(c) Because of his behaviour
(d) Because he was different from other pets.
(iii) Whom did the dragon ate?
(a) Belinda’s friend
(b) Belinda’s relative
(d) None of
(iv) The rhyme scheme of the given lines is
(v) Which of the following words indicates the happiness felt by everyone?
Don’t eat that chocolate Amanda!
Remember your acne, Amanda!
Will you please look at me when
I’m speaking to you, Amanda!
(i) Why is Amanda not looking at the speaker?
(a) Because she is lost in her thoughts.
(b) Because she is not paying attention to the speaker.
(c) Because she is not paying attention to the instructions.
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(ii) The speaker is so worried about acne. What does it show?
(a) This shows importance is given to physical beauty
(b) This shows her concern towards Amanda.
(c) This shows Amanda’s carelessness.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(iii) Which word in the extract means the same as to gaze’?
(a) To admire
(b) To look
(c) To beautify
(d) To show concern
(iv) Why is Amanda getting scolded in the above extract?
(a) Due to having chocolates
(b) Due to her behaviour
(c) As she is not paying attention to the speaker
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(v) Who is the speaker in the above lines?
(a) Amanda’s mother
(b) Amanda’s sister
(c) Amanda’s teacher
(d) Amanda’s grandmother
Grammar (10 Marks)
5. Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 3 = 3)
In the last hundred years, travelling (i) …………much easier and very comfortable. In the 19th century, it (ii)………… two or three days to cross North America by a covered wagon. The trip (iii) ………… very rough and often dangerous. Things changed a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours.
(i)(a) has become (b) became (c) becomes (d) will become
(ii) (a) took (b) takes (c) take (d) will take
(iii) (a) is (b)was (c) has been (d) would
6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1 x 3 = 3)
Himani was sitting with her mother when her father entered. He (i) ………..a bouquet of flowers and a box of chocolates. Beside her, her mother was delighted to see them. Before Himani could say anything, her father happily (ii)……….. that he got both of them for his best girls. Suddenly, Himani (iii)………. She whispered to her mother that dad had broken something and was trying to hide it.
(i)(a) was carrying (b) had
(c) came along with (d) has been carrying
(ii) (a) exclaimed (b) asked them
(c) told them (d) said
(iii) (a) reminded of (b) remembered something
(c) got a hint (d) had a remembrance
7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option for any four of the six sentences given below. (1 x 4 = 4)
(i) According to the schedule, the teachers have to come together……….. other week to discuss the problems of their students.
(ii) Children have difficulty……….. numbers………… two until the age of three or four.
(a) in grasping, as many as
(b) to grasp, as big as
(c) grasping, greater than
(d) having grasped, fewer
(iii) Although the scientific community had hoped that the field of transplantation ……….. the shortage of organ donors has curtailed research.
(a) has progressed
(b) would progress
(c) must have progressed
(d) is progressing
(iv) In some ways, we know little more about the planets than ………….. the ancients who worshipped them.
(a) had done
(b) have done
(d) would do
(v) A lot of people want to become surgeons, but make the grade.
(b) not much
(c) very little
(vi) While the parades for the opening of Parliament were being rehearsed, the President a sobering message for his countrymen.
(b) has prepared
(c) was preparing
(d) is preparing
Part – B (40 Marks)
Writing (10 Marks)
8. You have recently had ear surgery and are on a rest period. Some construction work had started by your neighbour while you were away. The noise from the work is loud and it disturbs you. You had tried to tell them to postpone the work for some time but to no avail. Write to the housing president regarding the situation. You are Akshat/Akshara. (100-120 words). (5)
You were supposed to go on an interview in a few weeks, but you have since found out you cannot go on the date arranged. Write a letter to the potential employer explaining your situation and why you cannot go on the date arranged. (100-120 words).
9. The chart shows Indian students traveling to a foreign destinations for further studies to selected destinations between 2014 and 2017. Write an analytical paragraph on the given data in about 100-120 words. (5)
British Emigration of Selected Destinations 2014-2017
The graph below shows how people buy music. Analyze the given data and write an analytical paragraph in 100-120 words.
Percentage of total music by methods
Literature Textbooks (30 Marks)
10. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) How is the wildlife of coorg?
(ii) What could Amanda do if she were a mermaid?
(iii) What does courage mean to Mandela?
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) Why did Hari Singh approach Anil?
(ii) What did the Griffin do inside the store?
(iii) Why did Bholi refuse to marry Bishamber at last?
11. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2 = 6)
(i) What does Anne Frank tell about her family in her diary?
(ii) What did the Buddha do after he had attained enlightenment? Why?
(iii) Write the message given by the poet of the poem ‘Fire and Ice’.
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2 = 6)
(i) What was Loisel’s reaction to his wife’s desire for a new dress?
(ii) How did the author feel upon reaching the town of New Mullion to serve summons? Who befriended him there?
(iii) What was Tricki’s ailment? How did it worry Mrs. Pumphrey?
12. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
The narrator knew that he could not fly up due to storm and lack of fuel but still, he continued”. What do you gather about the narrator from the above lines?
‘The Hundred Dresses-II’ gives out what a man should be. Wanda by her behaviour towards Peggy and Maddie shows her exalted character as is seen in her letter. How far would you agree with her and justify such a behaviour in all persons as essential?
13. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
“She suffered incessantly, feeling herself born for all delicacies and luxuries. She suffered from the poverty of her apartment, the shabby walls and the worn chairs. All these things tortured and angered her.”
It was Mme Loisel’s disposition invites her doom. Comment.
“Money can’t make a man as much as education can” Elaborate the line with reference to ‘The thief’s story.
1. (i) (b) Not to let a peaceful discussion change into a heated argument.
(ii) (b) 4,5 and 6
(iv) (d) How to Control Arguments?
(v)(a) The other person thinks you are unreasonable
(vi) (c) It is a willing to a set of values and procedures and a standard of conduct.
(vii) (d) All of these
(viii) (d) All of these
(ix) (b) how we start a discussion is very important
(x) (c) Stop exaggerating
(xi) (d) learning to avoid arguments
(xii) (c) 2 and 5
2. (i) (b) Food items consumed violate the food quality standards
(ii) (a) 1,2 and 3
(iii)(a) The increasing number of complaints regarding quality and adulteration
(iv) (d) Both (b) and (c)
(v)(b) The poor enforcement on the ground and a lack of awareness results in adulteration
(vi) (c) Lengthy process
(vii) (b) Strict initiatives to implement food safety rules
(viii) (d) All of the above
(ix) (d) Both (a) and (c)
(x) (d) All of these
(xi) (d) Both (b) and (c)
(xii) (c) Making food items that are not organic.
3. (i) (b) an essay on chatterbox
(ii) (a) talking was a necessary trait for any student
(iii)(b) Anne’s teacher
(iv) (a) Only 6
(v) (d) All are opinions
(i)(a) To the hospital (ii) (c) Because Trick, was being hospitalized
(iii) (a) Tricki’s owner (iv) (d) All of the above
(v) (d) Option 4
4. (i) (c) Ink and Blink are brothers. (ii) (a) Because he saved everyone’s life
(iii) (c) Pirate (iv) (d) Aabb
(v) (d) Mourned
(i)(d) Both (a) and (c) (ii) (a) This shows importance is given to physical beauty.
(iii) (b) To look (iv)(d) Both (a) and (c)
(v) (a) Amanda’s mother
5. (i) (b) became (ii)(a) took (iii) (b) was
6. (i) (a) was carrying (ii)(c) told them
(iii) (b) remembered something
7. (i) (d) every (ii) (c) grasping, greater than (iii)(b) would progress
(iv) (d) would do (v)(c) very little (vi) (c) was preparing
8. B-35, Anna Complex
March 23, 20XX
The Housing President
Subject Problems with the neighbour
I am Akshat from B-35 of the housing complex. I am writing this letter to inform you about the uncomfortable, and sometimes unbearable, noise which keeps coming from the ongoing construction work at my neighbour’s house.
In other situations, the construction work would have not been as much an issue problem. But this time, my situation is such that it cannot be ignored. I had recently had ear surgery which required me to take a rest and be away from the noise. While being aware of this, the neighbors started their construction work which is very loud and is hampering my recovery. I had tried to tell them to postpone their construction till my recovery time but they refuse to compromise.
Therefore. I would like to request you to interfere in the matter and ask them to postpone the construction work till 15th April so that I can recover properly.
C-109, Amba Apartments
24 October, 20XX
The Human Resource Manager
Subject Inability to come for the interview on the date arranged
l am writing to request you to reschedule my interview at a later date. I need to go to Australia during the first week of November to attend some emergency office work which unfortunately contradicts my earlier schedule to meet you in a formal interview for the position of assistant manager in your company. I sincerely apologize for any inconvenience caused due to this.
I am supposed to meet you to further discuss my candidacy for the position of assistant manager in your reputed organization after 9th November. However, I was assigned a new project recently and my current employer expects me to visit our Australian office during the first week of November. Considering the situation, I am hoping that you would agree to meet me at your convenient time. I will be ready to meet you any day and any time after 9th November if it suits you.
My sincere apologies for the request but I can assure you that I am really looking forward to meeting you in a formal interview as planned. I consider your company as one of the best places to work in and I hope that I would be able to prove my worth once hired.
9. Emigration of Indian Students
Brain drain is not a new concept. Every year during the times of admissions. thousands of students Ise4 the country to pursue higher education in foreign nationalities. The bar chart shows the number of Indian students who emigrated to five destinations over the period 2014 to 2017. It is evident from the chart that throughout the period, the most popular place to move to was Australia.
Emigration to Australia stood at just over 40.000 people in 2014, which was approximately 6.000 higher than for Spain, and twice as high as the other three countries. Apart from a jump to around 52.000 in 2016. it remained around this level throughout the period The next most popular country to move to was Spain, though its popularity declined over the time frame to finish at below 30,000 in 2017 Despite This the figure was still higher than for the remaining three countries. Approximately 20.000 people emigrated to New Zealand each year, while the USA fluctuated between 20-25,000 people over the period.
Although the number of visitors to France spiked to nearly 35,000 in 2015, it was the country that was the least popular to emigrate to at the end of the period, at just under 20.000 people The number however still remains in thousands
Trends in Buying Music
In this busy and crowded world, music has become an agency for us to be happy and relaxed. Its importance is very well depicted by the new music and new applications for music streaming being introduced every day. The given graph illustrates the trends in music buying habits between 2011 and 2018.
The data presents three different methods of buying music: streaming downloading and buying CDs. Overall, both downloads and physical sales of music have steadily declined The latter has slumped since 2011. while the downturn for the former began in 2014 However, there has been a sharp rise in people streaming music since 2013. In 2011, the majority of music sales were of CDs, at 55% of all sales. In contrast, streaming was not common at all Also, although people had started to download music, it only represented 35% of sales. As sales of CDs began to fall, the era of downloads began Downloading soon overtook physical sales in mid-2013. During the same period. with newer technology streaming doubled to 10% and started to grow more dramatically.
10. (a) Coorg has bountiful and vaned wildlife. It has fish like Mahseer, birds like kingfisher, and animals like Malabar squirrel, macaque, slender loris, and elephant.
(ii) If Amanda were a mermaid, then she would drift slowly on a languid emerald sea. She would be the sole inhabitant of the relaxed green sea and would move slowly on it.
(iii) Mandela says that courage is not the absence of fear but it is the triumph over fear The brave man is not the one who does not feel afraid. But, he is the one who conquers that fear.
(b)(i) Had Singh was a thief who did not have much luck recently. He approached Anil with the intention of robbing him as he seemed to be an easy-going and simple man
(ii) Inside the story Griffin opened boxes and wrappers and dressed in warm clothes. He ate and drank to his heart’s content. In the end, he laid down on the pile of quilts to sleep.
(iii) In the end, Bholi refused to marry Bishamber because he was greedy and mean. She refused to allow him to garland her and told him that he was an unworthy person.
11. (a) (i) Anne Frank tells that she has a very lovely and caring family. Her parents and her elder sister love her a lot. There are about thirty people nearby her whom she can call her friends. She has loving aunts and a good home but she wants to have a true friend with whom she can share feelings and thoughts.
(ii) The Buddha attained enlightenment after meditating for seven days under a big tree. As he got wisdom under that tree, he called it the Bodhi Tree. He decided to share his understandings and preachings with people so that he can make them free from their sorrows.
(iii) The message that the poet is trying to give is that nothing in this world is eternal The poet first concludes that the world must end in fire after considering his personal experience with desire and passion, the emotions of fire. But at the same time ice or hatred can also bring total destruction to this world. We should thus, not forget this supreme reality and keep ourselves away from all selfish matters.
(b) (i) The Loisels had been invited to a party at the Minister’s residence. When Matilda told her husband that she wanted a new dress to wear, first of all he asked her to wear whatever she possessed. When she got angry and refused to go to the party at all, he finally agreed to let her buy a new dress.
(ii) The author was rejoicing at the prospect of being sent to New Mullion, which he expected to be a sweet simple village. But he was disappointed to find the streets covered with mud and lined with pale-colored shops. He met a red-faced cheerful man hack driver or Oliver Lutkins who befriended him.
(iii) Mrs. Pumphrey gave tricky little extra between meals i.e., malt, cod-liver oil, etc. He was not given any physical exercise. This was the reason for Tricki’s ailment. It made Mrs. Pumphrey so much worried that she had to call the veterinary surgeon, Dr. Herriot for his treatment.
12. The narrator of the chapter ‘The Black Aeroplane’ was stuck in a situation wherein even though his plane did not have enough fuel, he did not lose hope. He knew that he could not fly up nor he could fly around the clouds due to the paucity of fuel. Yet he decided to take a risk and entered his plane into the clouds because he wanted to visit his family at breakfast. This shows him to be a courageous and family-loving person. Even though he knew that it was risky to enter the cloud, he did so to save his fuel. However, his decision could have landed him in deep trouble if the pilot of the strange black aeroplane had not helped him to safety. Further, the pilot comes out as a grateful person. He goes to the women at the control tower specifically to thank the person who helped him out of a difficult situation.
Wanda Petronski’s letter highlights the greatness that every man should try to achieve. Her letter gives us a view of her nature as simple. loving, caring, and friendly human being. She gifts her drawings to Peggy and Maddie though they tease her a lot. It shows how amiable she would have been. Such an act as displayed by Wanda requires a lot of courage and patience.
Not every person can do that. Instead, people would definitely hate their bullies and would display their dislike but Wanda shows polite and peaceful traits of her character. By answering in a polite and friendly manner, Wanda displays to be a humble person.
In our society, it is very difficult to find such a character but such traits are a must to be a good human being. Here, in our society, people tease others with indifferent behaviours and remarks, which is not a sign of good culture. We all should try to have or acquire such traits in our character so that everyone could praise us and we can live peacefully.
13. It is truly said that it was because of Mme Loisel herself who invited her doom. Mme Loisel belongs to a family of clerks. Her existence is quite average. They live on meager income, enough for basic needs, but not to fulfill her aspirations. She gets married to a clerk and is so caught up with her dreams of wealth and pleasure that she is out of touch with the truths of her real life.
In order to keep up appearances just to flatter her pride, she blows up four hundred francs on a gorgeous dress. Still not contented, she goes on borrowing a necklace from her friend. And, all of this is just to impress the wealthy and the rich with her beauty and glamour even if on loan. No doubt, her pride is flattered and her wish of fine dining, expensive dresses, and jewels satisfied but at a great price. Unfortunately, the necklace was lost and the couple had to give up their entire inheritance and borrow as well to replace it. Repayment of the debt took away the next ten years of their youth. They live poor. All the household chores and cares of a life of poverty visit them. Hence, her disposition invites her doom.
‘Money cannot make a man as much as education can’ holds absolutely true. However, one focuses more on money as it can buy all the luxuries and needs of life. Yet it is not enough to buy knowledge, civilized thinking, skills, and abilities. Education allows one to keep up with the fast-moving world and lays the platform for all to work upon one’s goals.
The above lines hold true in the story ‘The thief’s story’ wherein a thief pretends to be Had Singh to rob a kind and an honest fellow Anil. Anil, who is a struggling writer slowly starts educating Han Singh while the latter is waiting for the right opportunity to rob Anil. After stealing the money, Hari plans to go away forever but cannot as he desires a life of respect which he could get if he stays under Anil. He prioritizes being literate over a certain amount of money. Thus, it is evident through the story that education can help us achieve our goals.