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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)
ENGLISH – Language and Literature
CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)
Time allowed: 3 Hrs. Maximum Marks: 80
1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.
2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.
3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Part – A (40 Marks)
Reading (20 Marks)
1.Read the passage given below. (10)
1.Parents are changing the plots of classic fairy-tales when reading them aloud because of violence) and political incorrectness. Traditional fables such as ‘Little Red Riding Hood’, ‘The Ginger Bread Man’ and ‘The Three Little Pigs’ were deemed the worst offenders, with parents linking some of their endings to horror films.
2. The poll which was commissioned by Music Magpie included 2000 parents and revealed that one in four took creative liberties when sharing fairytales with their children to suit their beliefs and ideologies. Meanwhile, another 16% confessed to banning them altogether.
3. While these classic tales might seem playful and innocent on the surface, a closer look at the plot, lines, and characters reveals some problematic traits. For example, in ‘Little Red Riding Hood’, ‘The child is eaten alive by a wolf, only to be saved by a hunter who cuts her out of the animal’s stomach with an axe’. ‘The Three Little Pigs’ also reaches a rather gory conclusion with the pigs murdering a wolf and eating it. Lest we forget ‘The Ginger Bread Man’, whose protagonist is also eaten by a fox. It is an ending that’s hard for parents to swallow, with one of them labeling it as ‘too cruel’ in the survey.
4. However, deeper analysis into some of the nation’s most popular tales unveiled even further issues with regards to political correctness. One in four parents found it inappropriate that ‘Cindrella has to do all of the cleanings in her home while another 25% argued that ‘sleeping beauty’ poses a consent issue, given that prince charming kisses the princess while she is asleep. Meanwhile, 27% believe that ‘Pinocchio’ encourages children to tell lies while one in four claims that ‘The Ugly Duckling’ in which an abused duckling is only accepted by society after he has grown into a swan, advocates body shaming.
5. Some of these stories have been around for generations. ‘But times have charged and there are elements to these classics which for some don’t really fit into society as they once did. We all agree that stories play a vital role in the growth and development of children. The books they read and the characters they get to know can become like friends. Reading stories also helps children with their confidence levels, coping with emotions, and language learning.
6. So stories are a great way to learn in a natural way as there is no teaching involved in it. The learners learn from simply reading the story. The choice of stories must be judicious.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) Why are parents changing the plots of classic fairy-tales?
(a) To teach moral lessons
(b) To entertain their children
(c) Because they feel that the original tales are inappropriate
(d) Because they want to teach their children about consent
(ii) What makes the tales inappropriate?
(d) Its values
(iii) What kind of liberty are the parents taking?
(a) To change the characters
(b) To change the story to suit their ideology
(c) To ignore many parts do the story
(d) To understand the story through different themes
(iv) Which of the following issues have been found by parents in the deeper analysis of the fairytales?
6. Telling lies
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 4,5 and 6 (c) 1,4 and 6 (d) 2,3 and 5
(v) Select the option that makes the correct use of ‘poses’ as used in the passage, to fill in space.
(a) The king stopped a short distance from them as if expecting them to launch into a battle despite their relaxed …………
(b) A friendly wagtail ………… for the camera on the giant lily pad.
(c) If you are wearing special outfits, be sure to choose …………. that accentuate them.
(d) This barbaric trade …………a serious threat to the survival of the wild chimpanzee.
(vi) What problem was found with Pinocchio?
(a) It taught children how to tell lies
(b) It taught children about body shaming
(c) It ignored the ideas of consent
(d) It promoted violence
(vii) According to the passage, the plot of the storyline
(a) can be used to teach the do’s and don’ts of the society
(b) does not fit into the present society
(c) focuses on their ideas and ideologies
(d) are very cruel and gory
(viii) The choice of stories must be
(c) advocate growth
(d) All of these
(ix) What is the expectation of the readers from classic tales?
(a) To be playful and innocent
(b) To entertain while teaching moral values
(c) To be peaceful and innocent
(d) To only entertain
(x) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?
(a) Reading with Caution
(b) Judicious Reading
(c) Violent Fairytales
(d) Are Fairytales Innocent?
(xi) Why are stories important for children?
(a) Boosts confidence levels
(b) Help in coping with emotions
(c) Language learning
(d) All of these
(xii) Choose the option that incorrectly states the meaning of ‘confessed’ as used in the passage.
(a) Only 3 (b) Only 5 (c) Only 2 (d) Only 6
2. Read the passage given below. (10)
1.The automobile industry in India is the world’s fourth-largest. India was the world’s fourth-largest manufacturer of cars and the seventh-largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles in 2019. The Indian automotive industry (including component manufacturing) is expected to reach 16.16-18.18 trillion (US$ 251.4-282.8 billion) by 2026. The industry attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) worth US$ 24.21 billion during April 2000 to March 2020 according to the data released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).
2. Two-wheelers and passenger vehicles dominate the domestic Indian auto market. Passenger car sales are dominated by small and mid-sized cars. Two-wheelers and passenger cars accounted for 80.8 percent and 12.9 percent market share, respectively, accounting for a combined sale of over 21.55 million vehicles in FY20. The CAGR during FYI 6-FY20 is 1.29 percent.
3. The Government aims to develop India as a global manufacturing and Research and Development (R&D) hub. It has set up National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP) centres as well as National Automotive Board to act as a facilitator between the Government and the industry. Under (NATRiP), five testing and research centres have been established in the country since 2015. NATRiPs proposal for “Grant-In-Aid for test facility infrastructure for Electric Vehicle (EV) performance Certification from NATRIP Implementation Society” under FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles in India) scheme was approved by Project Implementation and Sanctioning Committee (PISC) on January 03, 2019.
4. The Indian Government has also set up an ambitious target of having only EVs being sold in the country. The Ministry of Heavy Industries, Government of India, has shortlisted 11 cities in the country for the introduction of EVs in their public transport system under the FAME scheme. The first phase of the scheme was extended to March 2019 while in February 2019, the Government approved the FAME-II scheme with a fund requirement of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.39 billion) for FY20-22. Under Union Budget 2019-20, Government announced to provide an additional income tax deduction of Z 1.5 lakh (US$ 2146) on the interest paid on the loans taken to purchase EVs.
5. EV sales, excluding e-rickshaws, in India witnessed a growth of 20 per cent and reached 1.56 lakh units in FY20 driven by two-wheelers. The Government of India expects the automobile sector to attract US$ 8-10 billion in local and foreign investment by 2023.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) Which industry is the fourth-largest industry in the world?
(a) Complete automobile
(d) Four wheeler
(ii) Which achievement of India does the passage highlight?
(a) India becoming the largest manufacturers of cars
(b) India becoming the seventh-largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles in 2019
(c) India becoming the largest car dealership market
(d) India becoming the home to the maximum number of car owners
(iii) What do the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade highlight?
(a) India is the home to the maximum number of two-wheelers
(b) India’s car market is expanding at an exponential rate
(c) India had received a considerable amount of FDI
(d) India growing as a car manufacturer
(iv) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the initiatives taken by the government to promote the automobile industry.
1.Established NATRIP and a NAB]
2. Set up 5 testing and research centers
3. Introduction of EV’s in their public transport.’
4. Reduction in tax on loans for EV’s
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 4 (c) 1 and 3 (d) All of these
(v) Choose the option that lists the statement that is NOT TRUE.
(a) The automobile industry is the world’s fourth-largest industry.
(b) Two-wheeler and passenger vehicles dominate the domestic markets.
(c) The Ministry of Heavy Industries, has shortlisted I I cities in the country.
(d) E-rickshaws did not witness any growth.
(vi) In which field does the government of India want to grow?
(a) R and D
(b) Automobile component manufacturing
(c) Complete automobile manufacturing
(d) Grading and testing facilities of automobiles
(vii) The government wants to establish
(a) National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project centres
(b) National Automotive Board
(c) An institute focused purely on R&D
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(viii) What was the NATRIP’s proposal?
(a) Setting up of testing centers
(b) To provide Aid for test facility infrastructure for Electric Vehicle (EV) performance certification
(c) To adopt faster manufacturing vehicles in India
(d) MI of the above
(ix) According to the passage, which vehicles dominate the Indian markets?
(c) Passenger vehicles
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(x) Indian people prefers which type of passenger cars
(c) Small and middle-sized cars
(d) All of these
(xi) Which fiscal year shows the highest growth level?
(xii) What does para 4 focus on?
(a) The growth of the Indian automobile industry
(b) The purpose of NATRiP
(c) The need of Foreign Direct Investment in the automobile industry
(d) The ambitious target of having only the EVs being sold in the country.
Literature Textbooks (10 Marks)
3.Read the extracts given below and attempt ANYONE, by answering the questions that follow. (5×1)
Suddenly I came out of the clouds and saw two long straight lines of lights in front of me. It was a runway! An airport! I was safe! I turned to look for my friend in the black aeroplane, but the sky was empty. There was nothing there. The black aeroplane was gone. I could not see it anywhere.
(i) The pilot saw when he came out of the clouds …………….
(a) a bird
(b) runway lights of an airport
(c) an airplane
(d) None of these
(ii) Choose the option that lists the set of statements that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.
1.I was struck in stormy clouds.
2. 1 landed safely because of his courage.
3. One of the rangers at the airport helped him.
4. The black aeroplane was just an imaginary existence.
5. The pilot remembered a rumor regarding the black aeroplane.
6. The pilot wanted to thank the black aeroplane.
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 5 (c) 4 and 6 (d) All of these
(iii) Why did the narrator turn back?
(a) To see his friend in the black airplane
(b) To help his friend
(c) To show runway to his friend
(d) To say thank you to his friend
(iv) What does ‘sky was empty’ mean in this extract?
(a) No bird was visible in the sky
(b) There was no other aeroplane in the sky
(c) The weather was stormy, therefore empty
(d) The black aeroplane had landed
(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies fact/s(F) and opinion/s (O) given below.
(a) F- 1, 3 and 0- 2, 4
(b) F- 3 and 0-1, 2, 4
(c) F-I,2 and 0- 3.4
(d) All are opinions
It was necessary to pay this frightful debt. She would pay for it. They sent away the maid, they changed their lodgings; they rented some rooms in an attic. She learned the odious work of a kitchen… she seemed old now. She had become a strong, hard woman, the crude woman of a poor household.
(i) Choose the answer that lists the correct option that represents the condition of Matilda.
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
(ii) What had made her ‘crude’?
(a) Her circumstances
(b) Poverty and constant struggle
(c) Misunderstandings with her husband
(d) All of the above
(iii) Which of the following statement is true about Matilda, according to the passage?
(a) The dreams of Matilda were broken because of her carelessness.
(b) Matilda had hidden the necklace thinking it to be real.
(c) The dreams of Matilda were never fulfilled because of her overambition.
(d) Matilda was envious of her friends and thus deliberately lost her jewellery.
(iv) What amount of debt was there on Matilda?
(a) 36,000 Francs
(b) 18,000 Francs
(c) 40,000 Francs
(d) 30,000 Francs
(v) Why such conditions were faced by her?
(a) Because she had lost the precious ring
(b) Because she had lost the precious necklace
(c) Because her husband lost his job
(d) Because of her behaviour with others
4. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)
Custard the dragon had big sharp teeth,
And spikes on top of him and scales underneath,
Mouth like a fireplace, chimney for a nose,
And realio, trulio daggers on his toes.
Belinda was as brave as a barrel full of bears,
And Ink and Blink chased lions down the stairs,
Mustard was as brave as a tiger in a rage,
But Custard cried for a nice safe cage.
(i) The lines written in the given extract is written by
(a) Robert Frost
(b) Ogden Nash
(c) Walt Whitman
(d) Rohin Klien
(ii) The rhyme scheme of the given lines is
(iii) The given lines bring out the contrast between
(a) the dragon and other pets
(b) the dragon’s appearance and nature
(c) the size of the pets and their nature
(d) reality and appearance
(iv) What are the other pets likely to say to the dragon?
(a) ‘Wow! You are so big’
(b) ‘You must not be angry at us’
(c) You are just like Percival’
(d) ‘Please protect us’
(v) The given lines tells us about
(a) the fears of the dragon
(b) Belinda’s household
(c) the need of bravery
(d) the unity among Belinda’s pets
Don’t bit your nails. Amanda!
Don’t hunch your shoulders, Amanda!
Stop that slouching and sit up straight. Amanda!
(i) Who is giving instructions to Amanda?
(ii) What does Amanda do to her shoulders?
(a) Stretches (b) Hunches (c) Keep them loose (d) None of these
(iii) What is Amanda’s sitting posture?
(a) Sitting straight
(b) Bending on the chair
(d) Not sitting at all
(iv) What is the literary device used in the third line?
(v) The speaker wants Amanda to…………..
(a) learn good habits
(b) listen carefully
(c) follow the instructions
(d) sit in a correct posture
Grammar (10 Marks)
5. Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 3 = 3)
The Delhi Police (i)………… a gang of robbers who (ii)……….. a bank of r 20 crores. The arrested identified as brothers who (iii) ……….. to Punjab and had committed many robberies there.
(i)(a) catch (b) had caught (c) caught (d) will catch
(ii) (a) were robbing (b) robbed (c) would rob (d) rob
(iii)(a) belonged (b) were belonging (c) belongs (d) belong
6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1 x 3 = 3)
Tommy was over (i)………… home. He tells his father that he had been feeling as if he had been inside forever. He (ii)…………. he can’t go to the movie theater or pizza parlor. Moreover, he misses his classmates. After listening to his son, Tommy’s father tells him that Anne Frank and her family spent 2 years in an attic. This (iii) …………… Tommy. Looking at his expression, Tommy’s father added that he expected this reaction.
(i) (a) with staying at (b) by stay at
(c) because of his stay (d) as he was staying at
(ii) (a) told that (b) says that (c) exclaims that (d) adds that
(iii)(a) horrifies (b) shatters (c) upsets (d) frightened
7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct options for any four of the six sentences given below.(1 x 4 = 4)
(i) Once upon a time there a man called Damocles.
(b) was living
(c) was alive
(ii) He gave me a lecture in which he pointed an error in the book.
(a) by (b) with (c) out (d) in
(iii) Everyone………… save the natural resources of the earth.
(a)might (b) must (c) could (d) dare
(iv) Only one of the boys………. not done the home-work given yesterday.
(a) can (b) could (c) has (d) Have
(v) It is time we………… with determination.
(a) act (b) acted (c) will act (d) have acted
(vi) A speed limit is the ……….. legal speed that you can travel on the road.
(a) highest (b) biggest (c) maximum (d) longest
Part – B (40 Marks)
Writing (10 Marks)
8.You are enrolled in a study abroad course in another country. Your accommodation was arranged by the course provider, and there is a major problem with the accommodation. Write a letter to the course provider explaining your situation. (100-120 words) (5)
An old car was left on the street near your street several weeks ago. The car is now causing a problem for residents. Write a letter to the Council explaining the situation and asking for immediate action.
9. Read the following outline and write an analytical paragraph in 100-120 words. (5)
Recent studies have shown a rapid conversion of impaired glucose tolerance to diabetes in the southern states of India, where the prevalence of diabetes among adults has reached approximately 20% in urban populations and approximately 10% in rural populations.
The following table shows details about the Internet activities for six categories for different age groups. Write an analytical paragraph for the table given in around 100-120 words.
Literature Textbooks (30 Marks)
10. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) Give reason for Lomov’s decision to marry Natalya.
(ii) How did Custard face the pirate?
(iii)What were the ideals which Mandela set for the future of South Africa in his swearing-in ceremony?
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 =4)
(i) What did the hack driver tell the narrator about Lutkin’s mother?
(ii) Richard became a collector at an early age. Why?
(iii)How did Mrs. Pumphrey react to the advice of the doctor?
11. (a) Answer any two of the following question in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2 = 6)
(i) Why did the poet not offer the boy money to buy another ball? (The Ball Poem)
(ii) Which competition was held in the school? Explain two dresses of Wanda Petronski in brief.
(iii)Is bread-making still popular in Goa? How do you know? (Glimpses of India)
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2 = 6)
(i) What made the two boys in London feel surprised? (Footprints Without Feet)
(ii) How does Bishamber react upon seeing Bholi’s face?
(iii)Was Hari Singh successful in robbing Anil? Was Anil the only one who was robbed or did Hari also rob himself of something?
12. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
Lencho called the post office employees’ ‘a bunch of crooks’. What does it show about his attitude towards men? Was he not a person of humility, appreciation and gratefulness? Elaborate.
Anne Frank had heard that ‘Paper has more patience than people.’ Her act of diary writing proved to be so.
Why do you feel Anne Frank think that she could confide more in her diary than in the people?
13. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
Our inability to accept our circumstances may lead to an unhappy life. Analyze with reference to the story ‘The Necklace.’
After reading the story ‘Bholi’, what do you understand about the social evil that is still deep-rooted in our society? Throw light on how dowry is a negation of a girl’s dignity. Suggest some measures that can be adopted to eradicate this evil from our society.
1. (i) (c) Because they feel that the original tales are inappropriate
(ii) (b) Violence
(iii)(b) To change the story to suit their ideology
(iv) (c) 1, 4 and 6
(v)(d) This barbaric trade ………… a serious threat to the survival of the wild chimpanzee.
(vi) (a) It taught children how to tell lies
(vii)(b) does not fit into the present society
(viii) (d) All of these
(ix) (a) To be playful and innocent
(x) (b) Judicious Reading
(xi) (d) All of these
(xii) (b) Only 5
2. (i) (a) Complete automobile
(ii) (b) India becoming the seventh-largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles in 2019
(iii)(c) India had received a considerable amount of FDI
(iv) (d) All of these
(v)(a) The automobile industry is the world’s fourth largest industry.
(vi) (a) R and
(vii)(d) Both (a) and (b)
(viii) (b) To provide Aid for test facility infrastructure for Electric Vehicle (EV) performance certification
(ix) (d) Both (a) and (c)
(x) (c) Small and middle-sized cars
(xi) (c) FY18
(xii) (d) The ambitious target of having only the EVs being sold in the country.
3. (i) (b) runway lights of an airport
(ii) (b) 3 and 5
(iii)(a) To see his friend in the black airplane
(iv) (b) There was no other aeroplane in the sky
(v) (b) F- 3 and 0-1,2.4
(i) (a) Option 1
(ii) (b) Poverty and constant struggle
(iii)(c) The dreams of Matilda were never fulfilled because of her overambition.
(iv) (b) 18,000 Francs
(v) (b) Because she had lost the precious necklace
4. (i) (b) Ogden Nash
(ii) (a) aabb;ccdd
(iii)(b) the dragon’s appearance and nature
(iv) (c) You are just like Percival’
(v) (b) Belinda’s household
(i) (c) Mother
(iv) (b) Alliteration
(v) (a) learn good habits
5. (i) (c) caught
(ii) (b) robbed
(iii) (a) belonged
6. (i) (a) with staying at
(ii) (d) adds that
(iii) (d) frightened
7. (i) (a) lived
(ii) (c) out
(iii) (b) must
(iv) (c) has
(vi) (a) highest
8. 450, Sector – 20
March 15, 20XX
The course provider
PQR institute of higher education
Subject Problems with accommodation
I am Rahul Chaturvedi, a new student who had joined your reputed institute for an MBA course. Before joining the institute, I had requested for accommodation which received approval with the volunteers promising me a good dwelling. However, things are not as per my expectation.
These are some of the problems that I want to highlight with you. Firstly, as I am vegetarian so I had requested for single accommodation with a small kitchen facility. However. I had been offered shared accommodation with no separate kitchen even after making a payment for it. Moreover, my room partner is completely non-vegetarian. Additionally, it is being told to me that accommodation would be a service apartment with basic facilities such as pillow, bed-sheet and quilt. But, none of these facilities was available.
Therefore, I would request to kindly change my accommodation as per agreed before coming here. I would be grateful to you if my request is being taken in consideration on an urgent basis. I am looking forward to hearing soon from you.
C-109, Dharma Colony
23 November 20XX
Dharma Housing Corporation
Subject Inconvenience caused by an old car
I am a resident of C-106, Dharma Colony and would like to draw your attention to an old parked car near my house.
Since the past 2 months, this car is parked near my home. It seems to be very old and dirty, and its number plate is XXXXXXXXX. In addition, it has flat tires and several dents at rear. Initially I thought it belonged to someone in the colony but upon questioning found that it doesn’t.
We have limited parking lots in our area and one of them is occupied by this car permanently. In this way it is causing trouble for us to find parking nearby as well as on the street where it is parked is very narrow and curved. Further, it is very dirty and dingy making it a home to many diseases. Therefore, I would appreciate if it is promptly removed from the place. Looking forward to hearing from you.
9. India, a country experiencing rapid socio-economic progress and urbanization, carries a considerable share of the global diabetes burden. Studies in different parts of India have demonstrated an escalating prevalence of diabetes not only in urban populations but also in rural populations as a result of the urbanization of lifestyle parameters. The prevalence of prediabetes is also high.
Recent studies have shown a rapid conversion of impaired glucose tolerance to diabetes in the southern states of India, where the prevalence of diabetes among adults has reached approximately 20% in urban populations and approximately 10% in rural populations. Due to the considerable disparity in the availability and affordability of diabetes care, as well as low awareness of the disease, the glycemic outcome in treated patients is far from ideal. Lower age at onset and a lack of good glycemic control are likely to increase the occurrence of vascular complications. The economic burden of treating diabetes and its complications is considerable. It is appropriate that the Indian Government has initiated a national program for the management and prevention of diabetes and related metabolic disorders. Lifestyle modification is an effective tool for the primary prevention of diabetes in Asian Indians. The primary prevention of diabetes is urgently needed in India to curb the rising burden of diabetes.
Internet and Age
The given table suggests the internet activities of seven age groups ranging from teens to those in their seventies for six different kinds of activities. The table shows that the younger generation mum interested in online games and news, while the older generation spends time on the Internet to research and buy products.
It is evident from the table that teens mainly use the internet for games. news and downloads. They are more interested in searching for people or friends or doing any product research. The middle-age group (people in 20$ to 60s), on the other hand, is highly interested in getting the news. doing product research and buying products. The internet activity which gets the least time is searching for people. All the age groups spend less than 30% of their internet time on the same. The amount of time spent on downloads decreases with age and gets as low as 6% (for people in the 70s).
10. (a) (i) Lomov justifies his decision and says that if he goes for ideal or real love, then he will never get married. He says that Natalya is an excellent housekeeper. He must lead a quiet and regular life.
(ii) Custard faced the pirate boldly. He jumped up, snorting like an engine, clashed his tail, and attacked the pirate with a clatter, a clank, and a jangling squirm (sound of a hard object falling on each other) just like a robin bird attacks a worm.
(iii) The ideals that Mandela set for the future of South Africa in his swearing-in ceremony were to liberate all the people from poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender, and other discriminations.
(b) (i) The hack driver told the young lawyer that Lutkin’s mother was quite a terror. She was nine feet tall and four feet thick. She had the agility of a cat.
(ii) Richard was the only child of his parents. He had no company at home to play with. So, he started collecting things in his spare time. He would collect coins, fossils, rocks and butterflies as a hobby.
(iii) Mrs. Pumphrey agreed with the advice of the Doctor but she found it to be very difficult. Though it seemed that she would be strict on the dog.
11. (a) (i) The poet watched the boy who had plunged in grief at the loss of his ball. He did not offer the boy money to buy another ball as he felt that another ball could not console the boy. The poet also wanted the boy to realize the epistemology of loss.
(ii) There was a drawing competition in the school in the competition all boys had to draw a motorboat and all girls had to make sketches of a dress.
Each dress of Wanda was different from other as one of the dresses was in a brilliant jungle green color and the other was the red sash.
(iii) Yes, bread-making is still popular in Goa. We can see the mixers, the molders, and those who bake the loaves. Most of their festivals and other occasions will become meaningless without the loaves of bread. For example, the ladies of the house prepare sandwiches on the occasion of their daughter’s engagement.
(b) (i) The two boys in London were surprised to see the muddy footprints of a barefooted man but the man was not visible. They wondered whose footprints they were and what was a barefooted person doing on the steps of a house in the middle of London in wintertime.
(ii) Upon having a look at Bholi’s face, Bishamber said that he would marry with Bholi only if her father Ramlal paid him five thousand rupees. Even when Ramlal offers to pay two thousand, Bishamber stays stuck to his demand of five thousand to marry Bholi.
(iii) Yes, Hari Singh was successful in robbing Anil. Anil was not the only one who was robbed at that time. Hari had robbed himself as well. He had robbed Anil monetarily but he had robbed himself of the chance for a better and brighter future, which was much more valuable.
12. Lencho called the post office employees a bunch of crooks as he thought that they had stolen his money sent by God. He was not correct in his assessment of the employees. It shows that he had a negative attitude towards mankind. He was not a fair judge of man’s nature.
It seems he was too naive to have the sense of humility, appreciation and gratefulness to his fellow humans. He hurt the feelings of the post office employees unintentionally. He was a simple man who had immense faith in God but could not think of any help from men. His anger attitude towards them shows that he did not have any faith in men. He did not credit the post office employees for their help out of ignorance
Anne Frank had heard that ‘Paper has more patience than people.’ Her act of diary writing proved to be so. Anne got a diary as a gift on her thirteenth birthday. First, she didn’t like the idea of writing diary at all. But then she felt like writing because she had to get all kinds of things off her chest. She felt lonely, bored and depressed, though she had loving parents and a sister. She was a shy and introvert type of a girl. She did not have a true friend. Even though she had a happy family but somehow, she could not confide in them.
She wanted someone with whom she could share her secrets. She found a real friend in her diary ‘Kitty’. Moreover, she realised the truth lying in the fact that paper has more patience than people. She did not plan to let anyone else read her diary, unless she ever found a real friend. So she could confide in more ideas in her diary than in people because according to her people are not always interested in listening to what you are telling them. But diary does so and even conceals all your secrets.
13. In order to lead a happy and peaceful life, it is very important that we accept our circumstances because our inability to accept our circumstances may lead to an unhappy life. In the story The Necklace’ the female protagonist Matilda was an extremely beautiful lady who expected too much from life. Unfortunately, she was married to a very simple and ordinary man who could not provide her all the materialistic luxuries which she wanted.
As a result, she suffered in her life. Her lofty aspirations and unrealistic dreams caused her ruins. If Matilda would have been satisfied with what she had, she would have saved herself from the unfortunate circumstances that destroyed her lifestyle. In her desire to look luxurious, she loaned a gorgeous diamond necklace from her rich friend and had lost it. If she had not loaned the precious and expensive necklace she would not have become an old and a crude woman of a poor household.
Dowry is one of the many social evils that is still deep-rooted in our society. It is the negation of a girl’s dignity. Bholi was rejected due to her looks by Bishamber. However, he was ready to marry her if he was given a considerable sum of money as dowry.
We should remove this evil practice from our society. Dowry should be neither given nor taken. It is that evil practice that puts a girl in an inferior and submissive position. Education is one tool that can help us in eradicating this evil practice. Stringent laws should be formulated against the dowry system. Moreover, parents should stop treating their daughters as burdens. The girls should be educated and made socially aware in order to fight this evil. Just like Bholi who gained her confidence upon getting educated from her teacher, all girls will also gain strength to fight this evil practice.