CBSE Class 10 English 2020-21 Sample Paper |Solved | PDF download

By | April 2, 2022
CBSE Class 10 English 2020-21 Sample Paper |Solved | PDF download


ENGLISH – Language and Literature

CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)

Time allowed: 3 Hrs.                                             Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions:

1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.

2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.

Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.

3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.

Part A (40 Marks)

1.Read the passage given below.

1.A youngster quit Facebook in December after spending over three years on social networking sites. With that one act, he bid a silent adieu to more than 300 contacts that he had added to his account during the period. Last week a new feature on Facebook called timeline forced him to reconsider the pros and cons of being on the networking site.

2. “Everyone has some skeletons in their closet and I am just not comfortable with Facebook digging out and displaying all the facts of my life on a bulletin board”, says this youngster who joined the network in July 2013.

3. Facebook, you see, had compressed the time, he spent on the site and arranged it in chronological order. And while he initially liked the new neatly organized scrapbook-like feature, he wasn’t happy to reveal posts from the past, those that, until recently, were hidden under layers and layers of recent updates. Just clicking on a date on the timeline could transport his friends back in time and enable them to view every embarrassing comment, link, or photo he had posted on his profile.

4. “I think it’s a recipe for disaster,” he says. “In 2013, I had some wall posts, which seemed appropriate at a time, but now after a lapse of four years, I have moved on and don’t want them to be openly displayed for all to see.”

5. And he is not alone. Many users, worried about how the Facebook activity could Possibly affect their offline lives, are choosing to commit ‘Facebook Suicide’. While some have privacy concerns, others feel that the site that was meant to bring them closer to their friends actually does the opposite – it reduces their friendship to something superficial.

6. “Poking and liking are not enough to keep a friendship going”, says a business analyst, Having quit Facebook three years ago, he prefers meeting is ‘real’ friends face to face, instead of reading their trite posts online. “On Facebook, people hype everyday issues including what they ate and where they went on a daily basis”, says this analyst who continues to use Twitter.

7. “Facebook has become a time sink and it could not justify the time I spent on it, lie says, “I spend more time calling up friends or relatives over the phone now I also go out and meet people whenever possible and have a good offline life. I do not regret the change. “Today, Facebook has 800 million users of which 37 million are Indians. The site has become an online identity for most, and many of those who decided to quit cannot overcome the withdrawal symptoms and return. Facebook, fully aware of its addictive powers, facilitates this return by allowing users to ‘deactivate’ their accounts but continues to store information on its servers so that they can return from their ‘break’, whenever they wish.

On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions.(1 x 10 = 10)

(i) Which feature of Facebook was responsible for the action of the youngster?

(a) Poking                  (b) Liking

(c) Gif’s                       (d) Timeline

(ii) Why are people generally not comfortable with the new feature?

(a) Facebook digging out and displaying their past

(b) Facebook providing their data to other sites

(c) Facebook making their data available to all

(d) All of the above

(iii) How did the timeline feature work?

(a) It categorized all the data into their types

(b) It put all data in chronological order

(c) It put together all activity into a video

 (d) It set reminders for posts

(iv) Why is Facebook called ‘A recipe for disaster’?

(a) It displays the deleted matter

(b) It makes every post public

(c) It displays the past that was relevant then but not now

(d) They use the data for further advertisement

 (v) What are the concerns regarding Facebook?

(a) Privacy

(b) Disrupts communication

(c) Creates superficial friendships

 (d) All of these

(vi) What did the youngster do with his Facebook account?

(a) He updated it

(b) He deleted it

(c) He deactivated it

(d) He made it private

 (vii) Which of the following characteristics can be apt for the lives of the people who had quit Facebook?


2. Peaceful

3. Real

4. Nostalgic

5. Social

6. Addictive

(a) 2 and 4               (b) 3 and 5          (c )3 and 6              (d) 1 and 5

(viii) Select the option that makes the correct use of ‘time’ as used in the passage, to fill in the blank space.

(a) It also defines his/her aims and establishes the………..  needed to achieve them.

(b) A comprehensive……….. of the modern Portrait of Eleanor of Aquitaine are available.

(c) In fact, if you take a look at the………… of skiing, you will see that the earliest skis were discovered in Russia in 6300 BC.

(d) The teacher showed the students how to create their historical………….  to show the events in order.

(ix) For what reason did the business analyst quit Facebook?

(a) It bought forward false data regarding her friends

(b) Fear of leakage of private information

(c) She prefers meeting friends face to face

(d) She is not as tech-savvy

 (x) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?

(a) Quitting Facebook

(b) Facebook: Stay or Quit

(c) Can you Quit Facebook?

(d) Facebook- A Digital Drug

(xi) What shows that Facebook is aware of its addictive powers?

(a) It deactivates feature

(b) It act of storing information in its servers

 (c) Allowing users to rejoin the app

(d) All of the above

(xii) Choose the option that correctly states the meanings of ‘digging out’, as used in the passage.

1.To get something out of something.

2. To accelerate any act or event.

3. To find out a secret.

4. To look for something old.

5. To find something that you have not used or seen for a long time.

6. To present embarrassing information or photo.

(a) 2 and 3                        (b) Only 4                               (c) 1 and 6                      (d) Only 5

2. Read the given passage below. (10)

1.Tourism, for millennia, has been a perpetual industry. Though initially unorganized and highly chaotic, it retained a place in each nook of history. The present tourism scenario in India is on the rise, with destinations grabbing eyeballs globally and domestically. Being the youngest nation in the world, it’s no wonder that the aggregate of “millennial’s” spend more time and money on travel than previous generations. This could be huge for the economy of various states that rely majorly on tourism, if only it were sustainable.

2. Unsustainability prevails throughout the country, in states with higher domestic tourist inflow than foreign. The Dev Bhoomi is a prime example. No matter how popular, Uttarakhand tourism is loop-holed through and through.

3. Approx. 80% of tourists arrive to complete the infrastructure Dham Yatra. Such unchecked tourism puts immense pressure on natural and Infrastructure facilities. The extreme shortage of accommodation in correspondence with thriving footfalls has led to the construction of illegal buildings, the majority of which exist on riverbanks. With an increasing number of tourists coming in through private vehicles to save “transportation money”, pollution levels are rising, increasing temperatures in return. With unlawful construction and pollution on riverbanks, the Ganges could cause direct harm to local species in Rishikesh and Haridwar.

4. Around 10,000 hilly areas are being convened for the construction of roads alone. We know, roads are basic infrastructure, but the Forest Conservation Act requires a project developer to plant trees in a non-forest/degraded forest area equal to or twice the trees it’s clearing respectively, to compensate which does not happen.

5. The India State of Forest Report illustrates how Uttarakhand is losing its forest cover, which has indirect development through tourism, at its core. The Government and private tour operators may think they can deny allegations, but the charts speak for themselves.

6. We, as consumers of the tourism industry, hold the power to cause a massive stir in this context. According to research conducted, Uttarakhand’s mass tourism comprises people between 25-35 years of age, with higher education, out with either family or friends and enough average income contribute to the local economy.

7. Regardless of what figures say, if we look forward to sustainable tourism being the target market, it leaves little choice to the rest of the hierarchy. Consciously making efforts to be responsible tourists and thinking of how to provide for the local community/environment in a way — tiny or big, could act as a catalyst in obliterating this ruckus due to ignorance. After all, there can only ever be seven Deadly Sins and wanderlust isn’t one of them.

Name of Tourist Destination

On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions.        (1 x 10 = 10)   

(i) In the line ” ………….to cause a massive stir”, the word ‘stir’ DOES NOT refer to

(a) problems

 (b) change

(c) developments

(d) difference

(ii) Unsustainability in tourism can be blamed on

(a) Government apathy

(b) Domestic tourists

(c) Foreign footfall

(d) Illegal constructions

(iii) What characteristics did the files of tourism show in its earlier stages?

(a) Developing

(b) Unsustainable

(c) Unorganised

(d) All pervasive

 (iv) What does the given passage try to highlight?

(a) Tourism is unsustainable

 (b) The natural landscape of Uttarakhand must be preserved

(c) Tourism is the main source of income for various states

(d) All of the above

(v) Why is there a pressure on Natural and infrastructural facilities?

(a) More vehicular transports

(b) Setting up of livelihoods in the regions

 (c) Unchecked footfall

(d) Deforestation

(vi) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the result of the pressures of large number of tourists.

1.Higher education

2. Illegal infrastructural constructions

3. Rise in pollution

4. Aforestation

5. Preservation of local species of Nora and faunal

6. Increase in local economy

(a) 2 and 3               (b) 1 and 6            (c) 4 and 5            (d) 1 and 4

(vii) The pressures of large tourists results in

(a) Illegal infrastructural constructions near river banks

 (b) Rise in the levels of pollution

 (c) Direct impact on the local species of flora and fauna

(d) All of the above

(viii) What does the Forest Conservation act vouch for?

(a) For preservation of local species of flora and fauna

(b) To plant trees in a non-forest area equal the trees cut for construction

(c) Construction only in the non forest or degraded forest area

(d) Both (b) and (c)

(ix) Choose the option that lists the statement that is TRUE.

(a) Economically backward countries will benefit from unsustainable tourism.

(b) Wanderlust is one of the seven Deadly sins.

(c) The tourism industry recognises sustainability as an important factor.

(d) Development of a country is heavily dependent on tourism.

(x) Which places of Uttrakhand see maximum damage?

(a) Rishikesh and Haridwar

(b) Dehradun and Manali

(c) Mussoorie and Nainital

(d) Char dham

(xi) Which place is the Major Tourist Destination?

(a) Srinagar

(b) Rishikesh

(c) Dehradun

(d) Mussoorie

(xii)  The Tourist statistics showed that in Uttrakhand

(a) Domestic footfall and international footfall are almost similar.

(b) Domestic footfall is much greater than international footfall.

(c) International footfall is much higher than domestic footfall.

(d) Footfalls depend on religious inclinations of people.

                                           Literature Textbooks                                       (10 Marks)

3. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1x 5=5)

The following Sunday Lencho came a bit earlier than usual to ask if there was a letter for him. It was the postman himself who handed the letter to him while the postmaster, experiencing the contentment of a man who has performed a good deed, looked on from his office. Lencho showed not the slightest surprise on seeing the money; such was his confidence — but he became angry when he counted the money. God could not have made a mistake, nor could he have denied Lencho what he had requested.

(i) Why was Lencho not surprised on seeing the money?

(a) Because he had firm faith in God.

(b) Because he was confident of getting the money.

(c) Because he knows the post-office employees.

(d) Both (a) and (b)

(ii) Choose the option that lists the set of sentences that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.

1.Lencho had firm faith in God.

2. The Postman had raised the money for Lencho.

3. The people at the post office stole the money.

4. Lencho was angry with God.

5. Lencho was desperate for help.

6. Postman wanted to make fun of Lencho.

7. Lencho did not believe the postman.

(a) 1,2 and 5           (b) 3,4 and 6             (c) 2,6 and 7              (d) 1,3 and 5

(iii) What was the belief of Lencho?

(a) God couldn’t make a mistake in counting the money.

 (b) God couldn’t deny what he had requested.

 (c) Money was stolen.

(d) Both (a) and (b)

(iv) Who handed the letter to Lencho?

(a) The postman

(b) The postmaster

(c) Lencho’s wife

(d) Lencho’s children

(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies facts (F) and opinion/s (O) of the students below.

correctly classifies facts

 (a) F-2, 3 and 0-1,4

(b)F-1,2 and 0-3,4 

(c) F-2 and 0-1,3,4

(d) F-1,3 and 0-2,4


It was a prosperous farmer’s household and there was plenty to eat and drink. All the children except Bholi were healthy and strong. The sons had been sent to the city to study in schools and later in colleges, of the daughters Radha, the eldest, had already been married.

(i) Choose the answer that lists the correct option about the condition of Bholi’s father.

about the condition of Bholi's father

 (a) Option 1                 (b) Option 2              (c) Option 3             (d) Option 4

 (ii) How many of his children were healthy and strong?

(a) His five out of seven children were healthy and strong.

(b) His six out of seven children were healthy and strong.

(c) His four out of seven children were healthy and strong.

(d) His all children were healthy and strong.

(iii) Find out a word from the extract which means the same as ‘affluent’.

(a) Plenty

(b) Prosperous

(c) Healthy

(d) Strong

 (iv) The extract uses the phrase ‘plenty to eat. Which of the following expressions is incorrect with respect to the word ‘plenty’?

'plenty to eat'

 (a) Option 1          (b) Option 2          (c) Option 3             (d) Option 4

(v) What is the rhyme scheme of the given lines?

(a) Abcb              (b) Abed           (c) Abab             (d) Abba

4. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)

But if it had to perish twice

I think I know enough of hate

to say that for destruction ice

Is also great.

(i) What is the poet not likely to say?

(a) I wish I was an animal’

(b) ‘We should always keep a pet’

(c) ‘Animals are much better than us’

(d) ‘We should make more zoo’s for animals’

 (ii) According to the poet, what ‘ice’ symbolizes?

(a) Hatred                   (b) Coldness

(c) Rigidity                  (d) All of these

 (iii) What does the word ‘perish’ mean in the above lines?

(a) Cease to exist or die

(b) Disappear

(c) Hopeless

(d) Inferior

(iv) What does the poet think?

(a) He thinks of love

 (b) He thinks of beauty

(c) He thinks of hate

 (d) He thinks of nature

 (v) What is great for destruction?

 (a) Fire             (b) Ice             (c) Hate           (d) Love


I think I could turn and live with animals,

they are so placid and self-contained I

stand and look at them long and long.

(i) Who has composed the above lines?

(a) Robert Frost                   (b) Ogden Nash

(c) Walt Whitman                (d) Leslie Norris

 (ii) What does the poet say about animals?

(a) They are self-contained

(b) They are placid

(c) They are calm and peaceful

(d) All of these

(iii) Trace a word from the extract that means ‘Serene’.

(a) Placid

(b) Self-contained

(c) Turn

 (d) Stand

 (iv) The poet wants to live with animals because of their……….. 

 (a) peaceful nature

 (b) they are contented

(c) self-contained

(d) Both (a) and (b)

(v) The word ‘turn’ in the first line implies……….. 

(a) new beginnings in life

(b) new directions in life

(c) new happenings in life

(d) None of these 

                                                                Grammar                     (10 Marks)

5. Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 4 = 4)

From the coffee houses to the sixteenth century to the modern-day cafes, coffee has(i)…………   a significant impact on the lifestyles of people from all walks of life. Coffee (ii)…………  an important role in many societies around the world today. It (iii) ………… a long way to become the most popular beverage in the world today.

 (i) (a) has            (b) having             (c) had                 (d) did

(ii) (a) playing       (b) playing            (c) play                (d) plays

(iii)(a) came         (b) has come        (c) is coming        (d) will come

6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1 x 3=3)

fill in the blanks

Tarun saw his old father talking to Anil. He (i)……….  Anil that his wife was angry at him. When Anil asked him about the reason, he (ii)…………  he has no idea. He further added that she (iii) ………… she was angry and just gave him silent treatment. He also said that earlier it bothered him but now he found it funny like a mini vacation.

(i) (a) hear him say            (b) listened to him say

(c) heard him telling          (d) noticed him saying

(ii) (a) refused that             (b) questioned that

(c )ordered that                  (d) replied that

(iii) (a) never told him why (b) seldom say that

(c )often tell him                (d) never asked him

7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option for any four of the six sentences given below. (1×4= 4)

(i) The examiner who is the first man to fly in space was.

(a) ask                    (b) questioned

(c) asked                (d) know

(ii) She said, “I  have a computer to prepare for the presentation.”

(a) had                   (b) may

(c) need to             (d) must

(iii) Mousami said, “I did my duty with justice”.

(a) full of                (b) complete

 (c) new                 (d) little

(iv) He said, “I am telling you truth.”

 (a) a          (b) an            (c) the             (d) None of these

(v) The Indian Meteorological Department on Monday an alert.

(a) issue    (b) issued      (c) will be issuing           (d) had issued

(vi) The winds gust up to 50-70km/hour.

(a)shall (b) will             (c) could            (d) may

Part – B (40 Marks)

                                                             Writing                                           (10 Marks)                 

8. You have been invited to attend an admissions interview for a prestigious college. Unfortunately, you cannot come at the proposed time due to an exam. Write a letter to the admissions tutor explaining your situation (100-120 words). (5)


You and your friends ate a meal at a restaurant to celebrate a special occasion, and you were extremely pleased with the experience. Write a letter to the restaurant manager explaining the entire situation. (100-120 words)

9. Below given are three pie charts showing the consumption habits of India, China, and World overall. Write an analytical paragraph describing the pie charts (100-120 words). (5)

consumption habits of India, China, and World overall


Below is the graph that illustrates tiger population in India. Referring to the same write the analytical paragraph for Gautam in 100-120 words.

tiger population in India

                                                Literature Textbooks                                  (30 Marks)

10. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)

(i) What was unusual about the dress of Wanda?

(ii) What happened in the first decade of the twentieth century? (Nelson Mandela)

(iii) Why did everyone make fun of the dragon? (Tale of Custard the Dragon)

(b)Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each.      (2 x 2=4 )

(i) Why was the lawyer not happy with his job? (The Hack Driver)

(ii) How was Griffin a lawless man?

(iii)What conditions did Anil put forward before appointing Hari Singh as a servant?

11. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)

(i) Why does Anne provide a brief sketch of her life?

(ii) How does frost present nature in his poem ‘Dust of Snow’?

(iii) Which pan of the town did Valli see after the train station?

(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each.   (2 x 2 = 4)

(i) Do you think Tricki was happy to go home? What do you think will happen now?

(ii) What activities did Ebright interested in?

(iii) Do you think M. Loisel had an enjoyable evening at the ball? Give reasons for your answer.

12. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)

The poor seagull was so scared that he couldn’t even fly-a talent that should have come naturally to him. What lesson do we learn from the life of the young Seagull?


“…when the hunger for my own freedom became the greater hunger for the freedom of my people. It was this desire for the freedom of my people to live their lives with dignity and self-respect that animated my life…”

 How did the desire for the freedom of his people change Nelson Mandela’s life?

13. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)

Do you think people like Anil and Had Singh are found only in fiction or are there such people in real life?


Why was the lawyer sent to New Mullion? Why could the lawyer not complete his work on that day? (The Hack Driver)


1. (i) (d) Timeline

(ii) (a) Facebook digging out and displaying their past

(iii)(b) It put all data in chronological order

(iv) (c) It displays the past that was relevant then but not now

(v)(d) All of these

 (vi) (b) He deleted it

(vii)(b) 3 and 5

(viii) (d) The teacher showed the students how to create their historical   to show the events in an order

(ix) (c) She prefers meeting friends face to face

(x) (c) Can you Quit Facebook?

(xi) (d) All of the above

(xii) (d) Only 5

2. (i) (a) problems

(ii) (b) Domestic tourists


(iv) (a) Tourism is unsustainable

(v)(c) Unchecked footfall

(vi)(a) 2 and 3

(vii) (d) All of the above

(viii)(b) To plant trees in a non-forest area equal the trees cut for construction

(ix)(c) The tourism industry recognises sustainability as an important factor.

(x) (a) Rishikesh and Haridwar

 (xi) (C) Dehradun

(xii) (b) Domestic footfall is much greater than international footfall

3. (i) (d) Both (a) and (b)

(ii)(b) 3,4 and 6 

(iii) (d) Both (a) and (b)

 (iv) (a) The postman

 (v) (d) F-1,3 and 0-2, 4


(i) (a) Option 1

(ii) (b) His six out of seven children were healthy and strong

(iii)(b) Prosperous

(iv) (a) Option 2

(v) (c) Abab

4. (i) (d) We should make more zoo’s for animals’

(ii) (d) All of these

(iii)(a) Cease to exist or die

(iv) (c) He thinks of hate

(v) (b) Ice


(i) (c) Watt Whitman

(ii) (d) All of these

(iii)(a) Placid

(iv) (a) peaceful nature

(v) (b) new directions in life

5. (i) (c) had

 (ii) (d) plays

 (iii) (b) has come

6. (i) (c) heard him telling

(ii) (d) replied that

(iii) (a) never told him why

7. (i) (c) asked

(ii) (d) must

 (iii)(b) complete

(iv) (c) the

(v)(b) issued

(vi) (d) may

8. 450, Vilippuram District

Tamil Nadu

June 1, 20XX

The Admissions tutor

Delhi University

Subject: Inability to come to the interview on the set date


Thank you very much for your letter dated 15th May inviting me for an interview at your college on Wednesday 14th June at 10 am.

However, I am extremely sorry to inform you that I will be unable to come to an interview at that time because I have a math exam that morning. I really cannot miss this exam I really want to be a part of your reputed institute and thus wish to attend the interview with you.

Is it possible that I could come to the interview any day after that. I would also like to know how long the interviews will last and also whether I will be required to do any tests during it.

Once again I apologize for not being able to attend the interview at the time that you wanted and I hovel will be able to meet with you at another time I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Thanking You

Yours faithfully,

Abhishek Devarajam


138, Viraj Vihar

Prayag raj

10 August, 20XX

Restaurant Manager

Hashtag Cafe


Subject Satisfactory service

Sir/ Ma’am

I am writing to express my satisfaction and admiration regarding the outstanding food and service we have enjoyed in your restaurant, “Hashtag Cafe” last Sunday. Thank you for making our event more special.

It was one of my friend’s birthday so we decided to celebrate it at your restaurant. We visited your restaurant on 29th July, at around 7.30 pm. due to its convenient location and a good reputation for delicious food. I am glad that we picked your place.

Five of us enjoyed the unique fusion of Indian and western food for dinner and a special truffle cake from your restaurant. It was really worth the money we paid. The service of the waiters was also marvelous.

We also realized how preciously you treat your customers when my friend got a chocolate box as a birthday gift on behalf of your restaurant. That truly made our day. I hope the authorities of your restaurant will always ensure this excellent service and food to all its guests.

Thanking you

Yours faithfully.

 Sabista Thakur

9.                                            Food Habits

With the sedentary lifestyle, it is not surprising that people are more inclined towards depending on processed food instead of healthy home-cooked ones. The given pie charts depict types of food consumption as compared in two countries- India and China. In general, it was found that processed food is the major type of food eaten across the world.

Processed food comprises as high as 41% of the global consumption. In China and India as wet-processed foods are consumed the most, the rate of consumption being 34% and 39% respectively. On the other hand, vegetables and fruits constitute only 29% of consumers globally, 32% in China and only 23% in India. For Indians, animal food accounts for 27% of their diet, exceeding Chinese food consumption by a striking 12%. However, nuts and seeds comprise almost one-fifth of Chinese food habits. This is way more than the global consumption of 4% and 11% of India.

Overall, world food consumption largely comprises processed food.


                                                                 The Roar is Back

The tiger is an iconic species whose dwindling population has worried our whole country. To conserve its population, many programmes and projects were initiated by the country and it seems that the projects had worked well. The given graph shows the increasing number of the tigers.

Poaching, one of the greatest dangers resulting in the decline was the first thing addressed. Cameras were set at different location where there were an abundance of tigers. Forest areas were also converted into reserved regions where no poaching was allowed. To do so, approximately 5.22 km of foot surveys were made to make sure that the area could remain a habitat of the species. As a result, the declining number started climbing. The population of the tigers increased from 1411 in 2006 to 1706 in 2010 and then to 2226, 2967 in 2014 and 2018, respectively. The regions that saw the growth includes Madhya Pradesh where the tiger populations in 2018 is 526. The other states with high number of tigers are Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Assam with 524, 442, 312, 284, 190, and 190 respectively.

Given all these data, the tiger conservation projects and programmes have been quite successful in preventing the animal from becoming extinct and preserving their natural habitat.

                                                 Literature Textbooks                                    (30 Marks)

10. (a) (i) The unusual thing about the dress of Wanda was that she always wore a faded blue dress that didn’t fit her well. It was neat but it was wrinkled all over and required good ironing.

(ii) In the first decade of the twentieth century. the whites in South Africa erected a system of racial domination over the blacks, known as ‘apartheid’

(iii) Everyone in the house makes fun or used to laugh at the dragon because he always cried for a safe cage, whereas others used to boast about their bravery.

(b) (i) The lawyer was not happy with the job because he was made to deliver summons, instead of preparing legal briefs. For that task, he had to go to dirty and shadowy corners of the city.

(ii) Griffin was lawless because he had committed many anti-social deeds. He set fire to his landlord’s house and ran away, he stole from a London store, from a theatrical company and also stole money from a clergyman’s house to pay his bills.

(iii) Before appointing Hari Singh as a servant, Anil told him that he would not give Hari a regular salary. He had to cook food for both and then only he would feed him.

11. (a) (i) Anne provides a brief sketch of her life as a good introduction helps to draw the reader’s attention Moreover, it gives background information about the topic. By providing a brief sketch of her life. Anne gives an overview of herself, her family, and her surroundings. This helps the reader to develop a connection with her.

(ii) Robert Frost loves nature. The crow and the hemlock tree are associated with bad omens. However. Frost has depicted them in a way that they cheer him up. His hidden message is that everything around us in nature is beautiful.

(iii) Valli saw a busy and well laid-out shopping street after the train station. The bus turned and entered a wider thoroughfare. There were big and bright-looking shops. There was a shiny display of clothes and other articles along with a big crowd.

(b)(i) The way in which Tricki jumped on Mrs Pumphrey’s lap and showed affection towards her indicates that Tricki was very happy to go home. I think that from now on Mrs Pumphrey will mend her ways and keep Tricki healthy.

(ii) Richard Ebright apart from being interested in Science, had many other hobbies. He was a champion debtor, a public speaker and a good canoeist. He was an overall-outdoor person He also was an expert photographer. Specifically of nature and scientific exhibits.

(iii) I think M Loisel didn’t enjoy much at the ball. In fact, he was not much interested in such parties. He had come there for the sake of his wife’s happiness. So when his wife was dancing with enthusiasm, intoxicated with pleasure, he waited for her since midnight.

12. Just like the young seagull, most of us are generally afraid to take risks in life and try out new things. A seagull is a bird and it is meant to fly. However, fear made him hesitate to fly. The young seagull was constantly encouraged by his parents to fly He was even scolded and taunted when he showed reluctance, but he could not overcome his fear. Similarly, fear has the same effect on our minds also It hampers our progress. We should remember that when the young seagull finally overcame his fear and took his first flight, he felt extremely ecstatic and triumphant. True success comes only to those who fight their demons.

The lesson that we learn is that before starting a new work. there are always problems. but losing hope or confidence is not the solution. We should try our level best and never give up the struggle in despair


The desire for the freedom of his people totally animated Nelson Mandela’s life He was transformed from a frightened young man into a bold one. The desire turned a law-abiding attorney into a criminal.

A family loving husband was turned into a man without a home, changed a life-loving man into a monk. Mandela was no more virtuous as self-sacrificing, but he could not even enjoy poor and limited freedom. He felt robbed when he came to know that his people were not free. He felt the slavery of his people as slavery of his own. It was this desire for the freedom of his people to live their lives with dignity and self-respect that changed his life. He was allowed freedom when he knew his people were not free. Freedom was indivisible. The chains on any one of his people were the chains on all of them and the chains on all his people were the chains on him also. He felt the pain and fought for them.

13. I don’t think that people like Anil and Han Singh are found only in fiction. There are such people in real life also although they are rare in today’s society yes, they do exist. The first reaction of people if someone is caught stealing is that they will try to punish him. But it should be realized that humans are bound to make errors but that shouldn’t set them loose a chance to rectify their mistake and change for good.

There are some people in real life like Anil who give a chance to that person to reform. Honestly, this is the only way to bring anyone to right path rather than punishing severly and thus making him a criminal forever.


The lawyer used to work as an apprentice with a law firm. He had to serve summons on witnesses as a part of his job. He was sent to New Mullion to serve summons on Oliver Lutkins. a prime witness in a law case. When he reached the town and was making enquiries about Lutkins, he met a hack driver who was in fact Lutkins and took him to many places like Beincke’s. Gustaff’s barber shop, Gray’s barber shop, poolroom and his mother’s farmyard.

At every place they went in (first the hack driver and then the lawyer went), people said that he had not come there or just missed him by five minutes. The hack driver told the lawyer that Lutkins owed him money also and thus he appeared a genuine and helpful person to the lawyer. Thus, Lutkins, very cleverly fooled the lawyer and he (the lawyer) was not able to complete his work that day.