We are giving English sample papers for Class 10 CBSE exams. Test Papers are accessible free of charge to download on edumantra site in PDF format. These CBSE Class 10 English 2020-21 Sample Papers are Solved and ready PDF download Test question Papers Class 10 English 2021 With Solutions are made accessible by CBSE tests are finished
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)
ENGLISH – Language and Literature
CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)
Time allowed: 3 Hrs. Maximum Marks: 80
1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.
2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.
3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Part A (40 Marks)
Read the passage given below. (20 marks)
1.Peer pressure is a phenomenon wherein we tend to get influenced by the lifestyle and the ways of thinking of our peers. Peer pressure can prove beneficial but it is most often observed to have negative effects.
2. The thought, behaviour, and taste in fashion, music, television, and other walks of life of the masses are often seen to have a deep impact on society. We tend to get influenced by the lifestyle of our peer group. The changing ways of life of our peers often force us to change our ways of looking at life and leading it. It is a human tendency to do what the crowd does. Few have the courage to resist peer pressure and be their own selves.
3. Peer pressure is bound to affect most of us both positively and negatively. The distinction between positive and negative peer pressure lies in a thoughtful analysis of the views of the masses. Following your peers blindly leaves a negative impact on your life while an analytical approach of looking at peer behaviour can help you act positively.
4. Peer pressure is not always bad. It can help you analyze yourself and contemplate your ways of life. Some of the practices that the masses follow may actually teach you the way of living. You may be able to change yourself for the better. Looking at what others do, can help you bring about a positive change in your way of thinking. If you can pick selectively, peer pressure can actually result in a positive change in your way of life.
5. Teenage is that phase of life when you are exposed to the world outside. These are the years when you spend most of your time with your friends. Teenage is the phase of beginning to become independent in life, the years of forming your ideals and principles, the years that shape your personality, and the years that introduce you to your own self. As adolescents you often spend most of your daily time with friends and owing to this, you tend to imitate your friends. The people around you are bound to influence you.
6. Parents and teachers need to be careful while dealing with teenagers, as they are most susceptible to succumb to peer pressure during these years of their life. Teenage individuals need to be taught to distinguish between the good and the bad, the right and the wrong, and should be taught to be thoughtful in life.
7. A strong support from family, an ability to differentiate between positive and the negative and a skill to choose friends from among the peers – this pronged strategy is the best way to keep away from negative peer pressure.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) How can changing the ways of life of our peers affect us?
(a) It affects our taste in music
(b) It forces us to change the ways in which we lead our lives
(c) It makes us moody and temperamental
(d) All of the above
(ii) Choose the option that best captures the central idea of the passage from the given quotes.
(a)Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
(iii) How can we distinguish between the positive and negative impact of Peer pressure?
(a) Observation of peer behaviours.
(b) Difference between what is good and what is bad.
(c) A thoughtful analysis of mindsets.
(d) A selective and choosy approach.
(iv) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?
(a) Coping with Teenagers
(b) Coping with Peer Pressure
(c) Peer Pressure- The Need to be Cautious
(d) Can Peer Pressure be Positive?
(v) With what approach can we obtain the positive benefits of peer pressure?
(a) Selective approach
(b) Open-minded approach
(c) Observation approach
(d) Blind belief
(vi) Teenage years are marked by
(a) the formation of thoughts and ideas
(b) the shaping of personality
(c) the understanding of one’s own self
(d) All of these
(vii) According to the author, we all follow the crowd because of ………….
(a) peer pressure (b) our desire to fit in
(c) our human tendency (d) our desire to be successful
(viii) Choose the option that correctly states the meaning of ‘exposed’, as used in the passage.
2. In a vulnerable position
4. Introduce someone to
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 5 and 6
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 4 and 6
(ix) The phrase ‘the way of living’ refers to
(a) our behaviours
(b) our views and ideas
(c) our likes and dislikes
(d) All of these
(x) Why are teenagers more likely to be affected by peer pressure?
(a) As they are more vulnerable.
(b) As teenage spend most of their time with their friends.
(c) As development of mind is rapid at this stage.
(d) As teenagers are not very selective.
(xi) Select the option that makes the correct use of ‘succumb’ as used in the passage, to fill in space.
(a) Amanda’s desire to conform to the in-crowd made her…………. to peer pressure.
(b) Even good leaders eventually………… the ruling class.
(c) Sonya did not…………. for the tender tone Natasha used toward her.
(d) ‘The weakest and least perfectly organised must always……………
(xii) Which strategy ensures a positive gain from peer pressure?
(a) A strong support from family.
(b) An ability to differentiate between positive and negative.
(c) A skill to choose friends.
(d) All of the above
2. Read the passage given below. (10)
1.India’s average temperature has already increased by around 0.7 degree Celsius during the 1901-2018 period due to Greenhouse gas emissions and by the end of 2100 it is expected to rise by approximately 4.4 degree Celsius warns the first-ever climate change assessment report by the Indian government.
2. The report Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region prepared by the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) warned that the rapid changes in the temperature would mean increasing stress on India’s “natural ecosystems, agricultural output and freshwater resources, while also causing escalating damage to infrastructure.” This ultimately means a serious impact on “country’s biodiversity, food, water, energy security and public health:
3. It said that several regions in India are global biodiversity hotspots with numerous endemic species of plants and animals and with the “climate changing more rapidly than the usual, they may face increasing threats on account of these changes.”
4. The MoES report cautioned that by the end of 2100, the “frequency of summer (April-June) heat waves over India is projected to be 3 to 4 times higher” and the “average duration of heatwave events is also projected to approximately double.” According to the report, the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) of the tropical Indian Ocean has also risen by one degree Celsius, on average, during 1951-2015.
5. The rise in temperature is playing havoc with India’s rainfall which is significant for India’s agriculture sector. The report noted that the summer monsoon precipitation (June to September) over India has declined by around six per cent from 1951 to 2015, with notable decreases over the Indo-Gangetic Plains and the Western Ghats. It stressed that the overall decrease of seasonal summer monsoon rainfall during the last 6-7 decades has led to an increased propensity for droughts over India.
6. “In particular, areas over Central India, South-West coast, Southern peninsula and North-Eastern India have experienced more than two droughts per decade. The area affected by drought has also increased by 1.3 per cent per decade over the same period. Climate model projections indicate a high likelihood of an increase in the frequency, intensity and area under drought conditions in India by the end of the twenty-first century,” said the MoES report.
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) According to the passage, what is the cause of the rise in Temperature?
(a) Emission of Greenhouse gases
(b) Destruction of the natural ecosystems
(c) Overexploitation of the natural resources
(d) All of these
(ii) Which organization warned about the rapidly changing temperature?
(a) Union Ministry of Earth Sciences
(b) Ministry of Human Resources
(c) United Nations Environment Assembly
(d) Climate Change Assessment
(iii) What did the report Assessment of Climate Change highlight?
(a) Increase in burning of fossil fuels.
(b) Increasing stress on India’s natural ecosystems.
(c) A serious impact on public health.
(d) Increased heatwave.
(iv) What is threatened by the rapidly changing climate?
(a) Global biodiversity hotspots
(b) Country’s biodiversity
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(v) How will the temperature rise affect the summer heatwaves?
(a) Its frequency will increase but its duration would decrease.
(b) Its frequency and duration will decrease.
(c) Its frequency and duration will increase.
(d) Its intensity and frequency will increase.
(vi) According to the given passage, the SST of the tropical Indian ocean has
(a)reduced (b) risen (c) remained the same (d) fluctuates
(vii) In the line “….a serious impact”, the word Impact” DOES NOT refer to
(a)influence (b) force (c) collision (d) effect
(viii) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the social and economic impact of climate change.
1.Less capacity to work
2. Increase in carpooling
3. Discovering cures
4. Loss of local species of flora and fauna
5. Loss of land
6. Increase in luxuries
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 5 and 6
(d) 1 and 6
(ix) How has the rise in temperature affected precipitation?
(a) It had reduced (b) It has increased
(c) It had started fluctuating (d) It has no effect
(x) According to the passage, which region’s rainfall was adversely affected?
(a) The Indo-Gangetic Plains and the Western Ghats
(b) The Eastern Ghats
(c) The North-Eastern states
(xi) Choose the option that is NOT TRUE for the given passage.
(a) There is a threat to the biological hotspots.
(b) The climate change has deeply impact Indian rainfall patterns.
(c) Droughts have reduced in the country.
(d) The Greenhouse emissions are expected to rise by 4.4 degree Celsius.
(xii) What warning has the MoES issued for 2100 India?
(a) That the country’s biodiversity will be reduced by 50%.
(b) That the intensity of the heat waves is projected to triple.
(c) That rainfall is going to drastically decline.
(d) That there will be an increase in the intensity and frequency in drought.
Literature Textbooks (10 Marks)
3.Read the extracts given below and attempt ANYONE, by answering the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)
The baker made his musical entry on the scene with the ‘jhang jhang’ sound of his specially made bamboo staff. One hand supported the basket on his head and the other banged the bamboo on the ground. He would greet the lady of the house with ‘Good Morning’ and then place his basket on the vertical bamboo. We kids would be pushed aside with a mild rebuke and the loaves would be delivered to the servant. But we would not give up. We would climb a bench or the parapet and peep into the basket, somehow.
(i) How would the baker greet the lady of the house?
(a) With Good Evening
(b) With Good Morning
(c) With a Bow
(d) With a Smile
(ii) Choose the option that lists the set of statements that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.
1.The baker was a celebrated individual.
2. The children loved the loaves of bread.
3. The baker was very rude.
4. Only the servant would address the baker.
5. The baker entered with a musical sound.
6. The baker carried the loaves of bread in a box.
(a) 1,2 and 4 (b) 2,5 and box 6 (c) 1,3 and 5 (d) 3,4 and 6
(iii) What did the baker do first once he reached a house?
(a) Place the basket and deliver the loaves.
(b) Place the basket on the vertical bamboo and deliver the loaves to the servant.
(c) Deliver the loaves to the lady of the house.
(d) None of the above
(iv) What would the children not give up?
(a) Peeping into the basket.
(b) Crying to peep into the basket.
(c) Finding other ways to peep into the basket.
(d) Pushing aside others to peep into the basket.
(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies fact/s(F) and opinion/s (O) given below.
(a) F- 1,2 and O- 3,4
(b) F- 1,4 and O- 2,3
(c) F- 2,3 and O-1,4
(d) F – 1,3 and O-2,4
(B)The teacher had all along stood in the corner, watching the drama. “Yes, Bholi, of course,” she replied. And in her smiling eyes was the light of deep satisfaction that an artist feels when contemplating the completion of her masterpiece.
(i) Choose the answer that lists the correct option displaying the situation of the drama.
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
(ii) Who was referred as the ‘masterpiece’ in the above extract?
(a) Bholi’s sister (b) Bholi’s mother
(c) Bholi’s teacher (d) Bholi herself
(iii) The author of this story is ……………
(a) ICA Abbas (b) Robert W Peterson
(c) Ruskin Bond (d) James Herriot
(iv) Which of the following is TRUE about Bholi?
(a) She was not the stammering little Bholi anymore.
(b) Her education changed her entirely.
(c) Bholi changed because of the encouragement she received from her teacher.
(d) All of the above
(v) The extract uses the phrase, ‘Contemplating the completing of her masterpiece.’ Which of the following expressions is incorrect with respect to the word ‘Contemplating’?
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
4. Read the extracts given below and attempt ANYONE, by answering the questions that follow. (1 x 5= 5)
Money is external.
He is learning, well behind his desperate eyes,
The epistemology of loss, how to stand up
knowing what every man must one day know
And most know many days, how to stand up.
(i) Who is the poet of the given lines?
(a) Leslie Norris (b) John Berryman
(c) Carolyn Wells (d) Robert Frost
(ii) What is the rhyme scheme of the given stanza?
(a)abcbc (b) ababab (c) abcda (d) There is no rhyme scheme
(iii) What is the boy learning?
(a) About life (b) About worldly things
(c) About loss (d) All of these
(iv) Why are the boy’s eyes desperate?
(a) He had a fight with his best friend.
(b) He was scolded by his mother.
(c) He had lost his ball.
(d) He was slapped by his teacher.
(v) What do you mean by “epistemology of loss” in the above extract?
(a) To understand the nature of loss.
(b) To understand the nature of desire.
(c) To understand about life.
(d) To understand about worldly things.
I am Rapunzel, I have not a care;
Life in a tower is tranquil and rare;
I’ll certainly never let down my bright hair
(i) What is Amanda doing?
(a) She is imagining herself as Rapunzel.
(b) She has dressed herself as Rapunzel.
(c) She is reading a book on Rapunzel.
(d) None of these
(ii) Why will Amanda not let down her bright hair?
(a) All the misfortunes come to Rapunzel by her act of letting down her hair.
(b) Amanda wishes to live a carefree life without any disturbance.
(c) Because she wanted to protect her hair.
(d) Because she was Anti- social person.
(iii) What is the underlying poetic device used in this stanza?
(a) Personification (b) Allusion
(c) Metaphor (d) Alliteration
(iv) The given lines are in the brackets because………….
(a) it is in background.
(b) Amanda is reading the lines.
(c) Amanda is imagining the lines.
(d) to show the authors thought.
(v) Find word from the passage which means the same as ‘serene’.
(a) Tranquil (b) Rare (c) Care (d) Bright
Grammar (10 Marks)
5.Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 3 =3)
This (i)…………. a hot topic of discussion for quite a long while now. Some (ii)………… say that money isn’t the most important thing in this world and there are a lot of other things that matter much more than the amount of cash in your bank account. There (iii)……….. also be people who will argue on it and say that it’s any day better to cry in a BMW than in a public bus. However one can definitely say that money has led to the destruction of moral values.
(i)(a) had been (b) being (c) been (d) has been
(ii)(a) shall (b) can (c) would (d) should
(iii) (a) will (b) is (c) are (d) shall
6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1 x 3 = 3)
Little Sophie is worried. She tells her neighbour Aman about her worries. She tells him that she (i)………… enjoy the last weeks of summer vacations because the school is going to start. Aman (ii)……….. and tells her that every good thing must come to an end and she should not dwell upon it. Sophie interrupts him as she is shocked with what Aman (iii)………….. to her.
(i)(a) will not anyhow (b) is unable to (c) cannot (d) is not willing to
(ii)(a) replies to her (b) suggests her (c) consoles her (d) calms her
(iii) (a) informed (b) had asked (c) had shocked (d) had revealed
7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option for any four of the six sentences given below. (1 x 4 = 4)
(i) I ………… him, “Why are you working so hard?”
(a) to (b) asked (c) said to (d) enquired
(ii) The teacher ………..the boy to go home.
(a)enquired (b) told (c) said (d) ordered
(iii) It was about the sun and the wind challenging …………….other.
(a)few (b) each (c) many (d) every
(iv) My father said to me, that I………….. work hard.
(a) may (b) can (c) must (d) will
(v) Have you heard the………. news?
(a) late (b) later (c) latest (d) latter
(vi) One dark night a Darvesh…………. passing by a dry well.
(a) wasn’t (b) happened to be (c) discovered in (d) found to
Part – B (40 Marks)
Writing (10 Marks)
8. Attempt ANY ONE of the following in 100-120 words. (5 marks)
(A)Last month you bought a 5G mobile phone with a year-long guarantee. Unfortunately, the set has developed a snag and is no longer working. You had a talk with the brand representative but got a rude reply. Write a letter to the Customer Care Manager of the manufacturer explaining the situation. You are Amit Chauhan, resident of 52 Rose Apartments, Rohini, Delhi 110085.
(B)Your car insurance company has told you that they are going to increase the amount you have to pay in insurance for your car each month. You are not happy about this. You are Roshni Yadav/ Rohan Yadav. Write a letter to your insurance company explaining the situation in about 100-120 words. (5)
9. Attempt ANY ONE of the following in 100-120 words. (5 marks)
(A)The following data shows that death due to violence has considerably increased during recent years. Using this data, write an analytical paragraph in 100-120 words focusing on how the educated youth can play a major role in establishing peace in society. (5)
(B) Study the chart given below. The chart is a result of a survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in public and government schools of Vadodara. The chart depicts the types of activities that teenagers like to get involved in during their free time. Write an analytical paragraph based on the chart in 100-120 words.
Literature Textbooks (30 Marks)
10. Answer ANY TWO questions in 20-30 words each, from (A) and (B) respectively. (2×4=8)
(A) (any two) (2×2=4)
(i) What was the effect of the storm on Lencho’s farm?
(ii) What is Mandela’s opinion regarding the oppressor and the oppressed?
(iii)What is the underlying message for us in our busy life with reference to the poem ‘Dust of Snow’?
(B) (any two) (2×2=4)
(i) What had Hari Singh learned in his life as a thief?
(ii) Why did Bholi feel frightened to go to school?
(iii)How did Ebright’s mother support him?
11. Answer ANY TWO questions in 40-50 words each, from (A) and (B) respectively.
(A) (any two) (3×2=6)
(i) Why was the writer happy when he decided to fly in the night? How was he feeling? (Two Stories About Flying)
(ii) Why did Anne think that she could confide more in her diary than in the people?
(iii)Briefly write about the ideas about how the world will end. (Fire and Ice)
(B) (any two) (3×2=6)
(i) What kind of treatment was given to Tricki in Iping? Did it help in his recovery?
(ii) How did the visible man become invisible in Iping? What did he do then? (Footprints Without Feet)
(iii)What are the values required for becoming a successful scientist like Richard Ebright? Elaborate with reference to the lesson ‘The Making of a Scientist.
12. Answer ANYONE the following in 100-120 words. (5×1)
Wanda and Maddie both belong to the poor section of society. While Wanda is teased for her poverty and different culture, Maddie is scared that the same would happen to her if she supported Wanda in the story, The Hundred Dresses I and II.
Imagine a situation wherein Peggy again bullies another girl. Based on your understanding of Maddie and her decisions, write a dialogue where Maddie confronts Peggy.
(B) Read the extracts given below and comment on the difference in the nature of help both the characters, of these two stories, received.
He waited a moment in surprise, wondering why she did not come nearer, and then, maddened by hunger, he dived at the fish.’
Do you think hunger was a good motivation for the young seagull in his first flight?
13. Answer ANY ONE of the following in 100-120 words. (5×1)
(A)Bill or Oliver Lutkins was a complete contrast to the narrator. He is easily able to outwit him. How does he do so?
(B)Matilda suffered because she was not content with what life has given to her. Do you agree that we should be content with what life gives us? Justify.
1. (i) (b) It forces us to change the ways in which we lead our lives
(ii)(c) Option 3
(iii)(c) A thoughtful analysis of mindsets
(iv) (d) Can Peer Pressure be Positive
(v) (a) Selective approach
(vi) (d) All of these
(vii) (c) our human tendency
(viii) (c) 2 and 4
(ix) (d) All of these
(x) (b) As teenage spend most of their time with their friends
(xi) (a) Amanda’s desire to conform to the in-crowd made her to peer pressure
(xii) (d) All of the above
2. (i) (d) All of these
(ii)(a) Union Ministry of Earth Sciences
(iii)(b) increasing stress on India’s natural ecosystems
(iv) (a) Global biodiversity hotspots
(v) (c) Its frequency and duration will increase
(vii) (b) force
(viii)(a) 1 and 2
(ix) (b) It has increased
(x)(a) The Indo-Gangetic Plains and the Western Ghats
(xi)(c) Droughts have reduced in the country.
(xii)(b) That the intensity of the heat waves is projected to triple.
3. (i) (b) with good morning
(ii)(d) 3, 4 and 6
(iii)(b) Place the basket on the vertical bamboo and deliver the loaves to the servant.
(iv) (c) Finding other ways to peep into the basket
(v) (b) F-1,4 and O-2,3
(i) (a) Option 1
(ii) (d) Bholi
(iii) (a) KA Abbas
(iv) (d) All of the above
(v) (a) Option 1
4. (i) (b) John Berryman
(ii) (d) There is no rhyme scheme
(iii)(b) About worldly things
(iv) (c) He had lost his ball.
(v)(a) To understand the nature of loss
(i) (a) She is imagining herself as a Rapunzel.
(ii) (b) Amanda wishes to live a carefree life without any disturbance.
(iii) (b) Allusion
(iii)(c) Amanda is imagining the lines
5. (i) (d) has been (ii) (c) would (iii) (a) will
6. (i) (b) is unable to (ii) (c) consoles her (iii) (d) had revealed
7. (i) (c) said to (ii) (d) ordered (iii) (b) each
(iv) (c) must (v) (c) latest (vi) (b) happened to be
8. 52 Rose Apartments
March 16, 20XX
Customer Care Manager
Subject Defective 5G Mobile
Sir / Madam
On February 5, 20XX I bought an apple mobile phone from your showroom via voucher number A-1510. Unfortunately, the phone has not performed well because it is defective. I am disappointed because the display screen of the set has crashed and your product has dozed off into a permanent switch-off mode. I visited the store for resolving the issue and also talked to your representative, but to no avail. Also, the representative very rudely told me that the product was in fact not defective and that I had done something to it.
To resolve the problem, I would appreciate if your company would pick up the set and correct the defects if possible or replace the set as per the terms of purchase. Enclosed herewith are the details of my cash memo, item code, and warranty details. Looking forward to an early redressal.
Enclosure:- Cash Memo
April 21, 20XX
Customer Care Manager
Subject Increase in the amount of the car insurance payment
Sir / Madam
I am Roshni Yadav, holding a car insurance policy form your organisation policy no 1XXXXXXXXXXXX. I am writing to you as I recently received a letter from you informing me that the insurance premium for my car is going to increase from next month.
As you will be aware if you check my records, I have held my insurance with your company for nearly seven years now. During this time, I have never had an accident and never had any reason to make a claim on my insurance.
I Understand that at tomes prices need to be increased. However, the increase you are suggesting will result in a 20% increase on the amount I pay each month, a rate I feel is too much.
I would therefore like you to write back to me and explain why such an increase has been proposed. it you are unable to justify it to my satisfaction, then I am afraid that I will have no other option but to move my insurance to another company. I look forward to hearing from you
9. Youth and Peace
Youth and peace are interlinked in society. Youth can play an important role in establishing peace in society. The above-given graph depicts the data found in a survey presenting the decline of peace and the growth of violence in our society. In the survey conducted. it was found that the number of deaths due to violence has increased enormously since the nineties. The numbers presented in the data are alarming There is absolutely no decline in the death rate due to violence. During 1900. the death rate was 2.5 which increased to 3.5 in 1995. This ever continuous growth is more visible in between the years 2000-2005 wherein the rate went up from 4.5 to 6.5. In 2010, it has increased to 7.5 and in the present not really seems to stop. This condition is in really very sad and needs immediate action.
Our youth can play a major role in controlling this crime graph. The youth of today holds the capacity to make the world a serene and peaceful place to live.
Ans. Teenagers and Leisure Time
Nowadays the teenagers are more techno-savvy than children used to be ten years back. They do not play games like ludo, carrom, chess, and other indoor games. In the survey conducted recently in the leading government and public schools, it was found that there was a huge difference in the tendencies of teenagers studying in public school and in a government school with respect to how they spend their leisure time.
The data reveals that most of the teenagers studying in public schools are involved in net surfing while teenagers of the government school are mostly involved in watching TV. Almost 35% of the total students of government school watched TV. 10% surfed the net. 10% used cell phones and 20 % spent time with friends. Among public school students. 50 % surfed the Internet. 20 % used cell phone and 20 % spent time with friends and 25 % watched TV. The data clearly points out that, while the students from public schools spend more of their leisure time in net-surfing and talking on cell phones. the government school students spend it watching TV and talking to their friends.
10. (A) (i) Lencho’s farm was completely destroyed by the heavy hailstorm. Not a single leaf remained on the plants or trees. Lencho was happy when rain started falling but when rain changed into hail, it totally damaged the corn in his field leaving him helpless
(ii)Nelson Mandela feels that both the oppressed as well as the oppressor need to be liberated. According to him, the one who takes away others freedom is himself a prisoner of hatred. Thus, the oppressor needs to be reminded of humanity.
(iii) The underlying message for us in our busy life with reference to the poem ‘Dust of Snow’ is that we should enjoy nature to the utmost and we should have a positive outlook even towards simple acts because they can lead to the learning of greater lessons of enjoying life.
(B) (i) In his life as a thief, Hari Singh had studied men’s face when they had lost their good. From his study, he had learnt that the greedy man showed fear, the rich man showed anger, while the poor man showed acceptance at any loss.
(ii) Bholi had never heard anything about school. She didn’t know what it was all about. She remembered how their old cow Lakshmi had been turned out and sold. So, she was frightened to go to school as she thought that she may never come back home again.
(iii) Ebrights mother had encouraged his interest in learning She not only took him on trips but also bought him telescopes, microscopes, cameras, mounting materials and all the other equipments that would satisfy his curiosity.
11. (A) (i) The writer was very happy when he decided to fly that night because he was going to home to his family When he started flying everything seemed to be perfect. The sky was clear and no clouds were visible He was flying back to England in his old Dakota aeroplane over France. He was feeling happy being alone in the sky and was dreaming of his holiday.
(ii) Anne Frank did not have any friends with whom she could share everything. Although she had spent a good time with her friends but she was unable to share her views and thoughts with them. When she got her diary she decided to share everything with it because she believed that nobody would be interested enough in her thoughts. So, she treated her diary as her best friend and confided everything in it. It would keep her life a secret and would not react like people.
(iii) The poem ‘Fire and Ice’ deals with the debate regarding how the world will end Some scientists believed that the world would be destroyed from its fiery core, while others were convinced that the coming ice age would destroy all living things on the Earth’s surface Frost introduces a more emotional side, associating desire with fire and hatred with ice. The Poem thus, does not allow for sty other opinions in the black and white debate between fire and ice.
(B) (i) Tricki was given a Non-medicinal treatment. His diet regimen was altered depending upon his body’s response to it He was kept on liquid diet for the first two days and then his diet was gradually increased. Yes, this treatment did help Tricki as it built up energy in him. He had transformed to an energetic, hard-muscled dog in just a fortnight.
(ii)The invisible man first became visible mysteriously in Iping when he got angry with Mrs Hall for asking an explanation for the mysterious happenings. He threw off all he was wearing on his head so that he became a man without ahead Soon the constable Jeffers arrived to arrest him, but the invisible man threw off all his clothes to become invisible and, in the ensuing scuffle, knocked Jaffers unconscious and escaped.
(iii) A first-rate mind, curiosity to learn and know more along with the will to win for the right reason are some values that are required to become a successful scientist just like Richard Ebright. At a very young age. Ebright shows curiosity and dedication. Even though he lost in his first competition, he never lost hope and kept on trying to do better. He accepted failure and success in the right spirit, and thus, became a successful scientist.
12. (On the way to the school, Peggy stops the new girl Laura and teases her for her looks. Just as she is about to say anything, Maddie interrupts her.)
Maddie: Would you stop this Peggy? Have you completely forgotten what happened with Wanda and how miserable we all felt?
Peggy: She is the one with a different name. Plus, she looks completely different. Not to forget, she says she has many friends.
Maddie: Even if she does, it does not concern us. Instead of making fun of her, we should be helping her adapt to the school.
Peggy: Why do you care about her? She comes from the poverty-stricken Boggin Heights, which I might add you don’t really like.
Maddie: I agree that I don’t really like Boggin Heights, but that does give me the authority to make fun of her or constantly tease her.
Other girls: Yes, we think Maddie is right.
Peggy: You are saying that. If I might remind you, I do recognize the clothes that you are wearing. Just some changes won’t change the fact that they used to be mine.
Maddie: So, I am poor but that does not mean that I am going to take your teasing. One more word. I will go to the teacher. And I think everyone else will help me out.
Peggy: If you do so, then forget that we used to be friends.
Maddie: What happened with Wanda, taught me a great lesson. I am not going to take your bullying habits. So, stop that right now. Wanda kept quiet, but what if she goes to the teacher and complains.
Peggy: I guess you are right. But I am seriously hurt that you would go against me.
Maddie: I had to because you did not really understand how you made others feel So, I am not sorry for making you feel this way but I had to do it. And let me tell you. yes, I wear your hand-me-downs but that does not change the fact that I am your closest friend.
Peggy: I am sorry Maddie. I am sorry Laura. Now let’s forget this topic and go to our class or we will be late.
Yes, I think that hunger was a good motivation for the young seagull. Earlier, even though his parents motivated him to fly, he denied to even attempt to fly They warned him that if he did not fly, he would die of hunger. But he could not move. But whatever parents do, it is for the betterment of their child’s future. So they took the harsh step of starving him for more than 24 hours, which was a good time to teach him a lesson to fly and hunt food for himself.
The young seagull was cowardly and full of fear. All the efforts of his parents had failed to coax him into flight. For 24 hours, no one went near him and he was almost faint with hunger. Finally, the mother flew near him with a scrap of food in her beak. Unable to resist, he plunged into the air to catch it and fell out. To save himself, he opened his wings, the wind rushed to them and he found that he could fly. Then he completely forgot that he had not always been able to fly. Around him was his family, offering him scraps of dog-fish. Hence, hunger proved to be a good motivation for the young seagull.
13. Bill or Oliver Lutkins has a distinct personality himself. He has all the arts with him to win the confidence of gullible people like the narrator. He manoeuvers and plots under the false impressions of friendliness. In contrast, the gullible narrator is easily convinced by Bill and asserts that he is the only person who can help him find Lutkins. Bill completely overpowers the lawyers rational thinking such that he becomes an easy target for the cunning Lutkins.
The narrator in his musings, gave Lutkins all the time to scheme a plot. As a result, he became a puppet in Bill’s hands. His pretensions clouded the judgement of the narrator. He under a guise introduced him to everyone and took him everywhere. All the time that the narrator had to serve summon was wasted and he had to return. However, the next day, he got to know that Bill was Lutkins himself. Therefore he was outwitted by the cunning man.
I agree with the statement that contentment in one’s life is very important to lead a peaceful life. We should be happy with what we have and should not crave for what we don’t have Matilda suffered in her life because she was not content in her life. She was a beautiful lady who always suffered because of her lack of luxuries.
Even though she was married to an honest person who was rich in values, she was always unhappy due to the lack of luxuries in her life. Matilda was not content with his job and monetarily moderate salary. She wanted to lead a luxurious life which he could not afford. Once she got an opportunity to attend a high-profile party. For it, she not only got a new dress but also borrowed a necklace from her friend. Matilda lost the necklace in the party and had to suffer for a long period of time just to pay for it. Her over-ambition and craze for luxury ruined her life. Hence, Matilda suffered because she was not content with what life had given her.