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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)
ENGLISH – Language and Literature
CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)
Time allowed: 3 Hrs. Maximum Marks: 80
1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.
2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.
3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Part – A (40 Marks)
Reading (20 Marks) Read the passage given below. (10)
1.The seasonal problem of water taps running dry is plaguing most of our major cities. With the bigger rivers flowing in trickles and ponds and wells reduced to clay-pits, village women in remote areas have to fetch every drop of water for drinking, cooking, washing and so on, across large distances. This has only worsened a perennial problem, that of widespread pollution of water, rendering it unfit for human consumption. The monsoons and the attendant floods will not solve this problem.
2. The Delhi Administration is seriously worried about the threat to civic health posed by the polluted waters of the Yamuna. Two main tanks are to be set up to treat sewage. At present, only 60 per cent of the 200 million gallons of the city’s sewage receives any kind of treatment before it a dumped into the river which supplies water not only to this city but to innumerable towns and villages downstream. The Ganga, the Yamuna, the Kaveri, in fact, all our important rivers serving many urban conglomerations, are fast becoming a major source of diseases.
3. A comprehensive bill introduced in the Parliament recently envisages the setting up of central and state boards for the prevention and control of water pollution. But it will obviously take some time before legislation is passed and effectively implemented. Meanwhile, the problem continues to swell. According to a survey of eight dwelling countries conducted a couple of years ago, 90 Per cent of all child deaths were due to water-borne diseases. It is the same unchanged story today.
4. In a country like India, a burgeoning population continuing to use the open countryside as a lavatory means that with even dust storm and rain, humans excreta laden with germs and parasites find their way to ponds, shallow wells, and even the streams and rivers. Only 18 per cent of the rural folk have access to potable water.
5. A new threat that has already assumed alarming proportions is from industrial waste which is generally dumped untreated into the nearest river. For instance, for every kilogram of process hide, 30-40 litres of foul-smelling, wastewater has to be disposed off. There are at least 900 licensed tanneries in the organized sector. Putrefied paper and jute waste, metallic waste from strawboard and textile mills, sulphur, ammonia, urea, metallic salts, and corrosive acids all find their way to the rivers of India.
6. It is important not only to make new laws to ensure the purity of water but also to realize the urgency of implementing them ruthlessly if we are to avoid a national health disaster cutting across the barrier between towns and the countryside.
On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 =10)
(i) Which problem is highlighted in the given passage?
(a) Reduction of groundwater
(c) Water pollution
(d) All of these
(ii) According to the passage, women in rural areas
(a) try to obtain as much usable water
(b) have to travel long distances to get water
(c) cause water pollution
(d) die due to thirst
(iii) Which of the following is a threat to the residents of Delhi?
1.Zero groundwater level
2. Lack of potable water
3. Lack of the treatment of sewage
4. Yamuna is over-polluted
5. Open untreated water
6. Waterborne diseases
(a) 1,3 and 5 (b) 3 and 4 (c) 1,2 and 6 (d) 3,5 and 4
(iv) The Delhi Administration is worried about ………..
(a) Threat to civic health posed by polluted waters of Yamuna.
(b) The rivers are becoming a major source of diseases.
(c) Lack of water treatment facilities.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(v) What is the purpose of the bill mentioned in the passage?
(a) It creates financial scope for water treatment facilities
(b) It creates a Central and State Boards for control of water pollution
(c) It looks into the effective implementation of legislation
(d) It looks into the proper treatment of water bodies.
(vi) According to the passage, what can cut through the barrier between towns and villages?
(a) Number of child deaths
(b) Water pollution
(c) Decreasing potable water
(d) Civic health problems
(vii) Why are most child deaths in India due to water-borne diseases?
(a) Due to the lack of portable water
(b) Due to the open lavatory
(c) Lack of proper sanitation and hygiene
(d) Chemicals found in water
(viii) The industrial waste dumped in the river is/are
(a) Putrefied paper
(b) Metallic waste
(c) Corrosive acids
(d) All of these
(ix) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?
(a) The Inevitable Evil of Pollution
(b) Water Scarcity
(c) Water Pollutions
(d) tickling Water Pollution
(x) The phrase ‘is passed and effectively implemented’ refers to the implementation of ”
(a) Amendment laws
(c) Legal punishments
(d) All of these
(xi) Select the option that makes the correct use of Plaguing’ as used in the passage, to fill in space.
(a) You sure you don’t have a child………… you?
(b) Xander was there for a reason and Damian was ………… it.
(c) It’s now likely that he’ll need plastic surgery to prevent further cuts ……….. the rest of his career.
(d) Birds are the biggest culprit………. grape vines.
(xii) Choose the option that correctly states the meaning of ‘dumped’, as used in the passage.
(a) 1 and 3 (b) 4 and 5 (c) 3 and 1 (d) 2 and 4
2. Read the passage given below.
1.Celebrities advertising products is nothing new, in fact, it has been part of our lives for years. Back in the 2000’s, you couldn’t sit through a commercial break without seeing the teen pop icon of that time, Britney Spears, endorsing Pepsi. The Pepsi legacy was later continued by the most famous celebrity we know of, Beyonce. She was paid millions to promote the carbonated drink, which outraged health advocacy groups. Many concerned people questioned her ethics, as to why she was supporting a drink that plays a major role in causing obesity.
2. With the growing importance of social media in a shopper’s purchase journey, companies are evolving and stepping up the endorsement game across different channels. With celebrities vouching for promoting their products, brands can increase awareness, trust, and familiarity, which are important variables in the purchase decision-making process.
3. Consumers feel more sympathetic towards a brand if their products are promoted by a celebrity they admire or relate to. It’s a simple psychological effect: people believe that purchasing a product that’s promoted by a celebrity they admire, will allow them to emulate the celebrity’s desired traits or attract similar people into their lives. They will associate the celebrities’ success, beauty, athletic skill, etc. with a particular product.
4. Research by Nielson conducted in 2015 broke down the level of trust in advertising formats by different generations. It found that celebrity endorsements resonate more strongly with Generation Z (ages 15-20) and Millennial (ages 21-34) audiences.
Brands are taking advantage of that by increasingly utilizing the social media communities of celebrities. Social media is a way for consumers, in particular, those of younger demographics, to engage and build intimate connections with the celebrities they follow, making it the place for these celebrities to plug a company or a product on their personal Social media accounts.
5. While celebrity endorsements certainly help to attract consumers, its direct influence on the consumers’ purchasing decisions is inconclusive. As consumers are becoming better educated and have faster access to information, blind faith in celebrity endorsement is beginning to wane. They will be attracted to a brand because of a celebrity but they will quickly move away if the product does not perform. It’s the quality of your product that will keep consumers coming back, not a celebrity link.
6. A brand needs to tell the consumer why a product makes sense for them as individuals and what problem they can solve with it, not solely rely on a real-life Barbie doll, athlete, or pop-culture icon. If they can’t, their products will lose value over time, and consumers will be the first one to turn their backs.
On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any ten of the following questions. (1×10=10)
(i) According to the passage, why are celebrities questioned for brand endorsements?
(a) For evasion of tax
(b) For increasing health effects
(c) For the side effects of using the brand
(d) For using wrong means to advertise misleading data
(ii) Big brands started hiring big celebrities to endorse their brands because
(a) celebrities have a huge fan following
(b) it increase awareness, trust and familiarity
(c) it increases their profit
(d) to achieve name and fame
(iii) What is the psychological effect of celebrity brand endorsements?
(a) Association of product with the celebrity’s desired feature
(b) People become more sympathetic towards a brand
(c) Fame factor overrides quality in the product decision-making process
(d) All of the above
(iv) According to the passage, which category of people were more influenced by celebrities while buying a product??
(a) Boomers (b) Gen Z
(c) Millennial (d) Both (b) and (c)
(v) Choose the option that lists the correct answer for the following.
1. Neerav is a teen who loves watching television. He exceptionally follows everything that his favorite actor does. Which category does he fit into?
2. Neelam is a working woman. She follows her favorite actress on social media, and while making a decision she would consider keeping her favorite actress’s choice in mind. Which category does she fit into?
(a) Neerav belongs to Gen Z and Neelam is a Millennial.
(b) Neerav and Neelam both belong to Gen Z.
(c) Neerav is a millennial while Neelam is a Gen X.
(d) Both Neerav and Neelam are Millenials.
(vi) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the variables of the decision-making process.
(a) 1,5 and 6 (b) 2,3 and 4
(c) 1,3 and 4 (d) 2,5 and 6
(vii) How does a social medium helps in the endorsement of a brand?
(a) It allows engaging and building connections with the celebrities
(b) It promotes that the product will make them similar to the celebrity
(c) It gives the opportunity to reach the level of the favorite celebrity
(d) It shows the quality of the product
(viii) What does the passage claim in para 6?
(a) There is no relationship between brands endorsements and purchase decision making.
(b) We should focus on quality of the product
(c) Brands must choose proper celebrities for the product
(d) Brands must steer away from false advertisement
(ix) Millennial belong to the age group of
(a) 15-20 (b) 21-34 (c) 35-40 (d) 10-20
(x) Through which medium are brands taking advantage of the influence of celebrities?
(a) TV advertisements (b) Print media
(c) Social media (d) Brand face
(xi) According to the passage, brand should not rely on
(a) Real-life Barbie dolls (b) Pop icons
(c) Athletes (d) All of these
(xii) Which word in para 5 means ‘decrease?
(a)Wane (b) Blind (c) Attract (d) Access
Literature Textbooks (10 Marks)
3. Read the extracts given below and attempt ANYONE, by answering the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)
Miss Mason stood there a moment and the silence in the room grew tense and expectant. The teacher adjusted her glasses slowly and deliberately. Her manner indicated that what was coming-this letter from Wanda’s father was a matter of great importance. Everybody listened closely as Miss Mason read the brief note.
(i) Who wrote the note to Miss Mason?
(a) Wanda (b) Wanda’s Mother
(c) Wanda’s Father (d) Peggy
(ii) Choose the option that lists the set of statements that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.
1.The Teacher loved Wanda.
2. The Teacher was angry on her students.
3. The Teacher was reading Wanda’s Letter.
4. The Letter was from Wanda’s father.
5. Wanda was leaving the school.
6. Wanda was ill.
(a) 2 and 3
(b) 4 and 5
(c) I and 3
(d) 1 and 6
(iii) Why the note was sent to the school?
(a) To complaint against the children of Wanda’s class.
(b) As Wanda was bullied in her class.
(c) Jack and Wanda won’t be coming to school from now on.
(d) Both (b) and (c)
(iv) What did Miss Mason’s action indicate?
(a) She was going to scold them
(b) She was going to tell them where was Wanda
(c) The letter was of great significance
(d) That Wanda’s father was a great man
(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies facts (F) and opinion/s (O) given below.
(a) F- 1,2 and 0- 3,4
(b) F- 1,3 and 0- 2,4
(c) F- 1,4 and 0- 2,3
(d) F- 2 and 0- 1,3,4
(B) My spirits rose. But when I took the note, I saw it was still wet from the night’s rain. “Today we’ll start writing sentences”, he said, He knew. But neither his lips nor his eyes showed anything. I smiled at Anil in my most appealing way. And the smile came by itself, without any effort.
(i) Who is ‘he’ in the extract?
(a) Anil (b) Anil’s friend
(c) Hari Singh (d) None of these
(ii) What did he know?
(a) About the theft of his money
(b) About the theft of his books
(c) About what Hari was thinking
(d) About Hari’s background
(iii) Choose the answer that lists the correct option regarding the condition of the notes.
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option3 (d) Option 4
(iv) Which word in the extract means the same as ‘reveal’?
(a) Appealing (b) Showed (c) Effort (d) Smile
(v) Why did Hari Singh smile in his most appealing way?
(a) Because he was grateful and appreciative of Anil’s generosity.
(b) Because Anil was humble towards him.
(c) Because he has realized his mistake.
(d) Because Anil didn’t say anything to him.
4. Read the extracts given below and attempt ANYONE, by answering the questions that follow. (5×1)
Some say the world will end in fire
some say in ice.
From what I’ve tasted of desire.
I hold with those who favour fire.
(i) What does the given lines talk about?
(a) The end of humanity
(b) The destruction of Earth
(c) The end of the world
(d) The damage caused by fire and ice
(ii) The opinions of the people regarding the central topic of the given lines is/are
(a) one (b) contradictory
(c) various (d) None of these
(iii) To whom did the author agrees with?
(a) Who think that Earth will end due to Ice.
(b) Who think that Earth will end in Fire.
(c) Who think that Earth will end due to hatred.
(d) Who think that Earth will end due to violence.
(iv) ‘Desire’ from the extract is represented by
(a) ice (b) the world
(c) earth (d) fire
(v) Which word in the extract means the same as ‘agree’?
(a) Say (b) Tasted (c) Hold (d) Fay mil
(B) He stalks in his vivid stripes,
The few steps of his cage,
On pads of velvet quiet,
In his quiet rage.
(i) Who is the poet of the above lines?
(a) Robert Frost
(b) Leslie Norris
(c) Robert Klein
(d) Walt Whitman
(ii) Why the tiger could walk only a few steps?
(a) Because he was locked in a very small cage.
(b) Because he was injured.
(c) Because he was in the circus.
(d) Because he was captured.
(iii) Which literary device has been used in the given lines?
(a) Metaphor (b) Personification
(c) Alliteration (d) Oxymoron
(iv) What are the two qualities of the animal which are referred in the above extract?
(a) Tiger has vivid strips on his body and soft velvet pads.
(b) Tiger is a powerful and colourful species.
(c) Tiger is quiet and angry.
(d) Tiger is dangerous and majestic.
(v) Why is he in quiet rage?
(a) Because he is locked and his freedom has been curtailed.
(b) Because he is unable to show his anger and ferocity.
(c) Because he wanted to free himself from the Cage.
(d) All of the above
Grammar (10 Marks)
5. Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 3 =3)
Suddenly, the bushes (i) …………… Father wolf dropped to the ground, (ii) ………… to leap at the predator. “Hold on!” cried mother wolf, It’s a mancub!” It (iii) …………. little baby who was just learning to walk. He looked into father wolfs face and laughed. Father wolf closed his jaws on the child’s back and carried him to mother wolf laid him down among her cubs.
(i)(a) was rustling (b) rustles (c) is rustles (d) rustled
(ii) (a) preparing (b) prepares (c) prepared (d) had been prepared
(iii) (a) will be (b) is a (c) are the (d) shall be
6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1×3=3)
Paul was frustrated as he couldn’t enjoy the Dog owners monthly issue digitally. So, his mom surprised him with it. She (i)………… she knew that Paul was frustrated with the digital version, so she went to the store and got it for him. Paul was (ii) …………. At that time, his mom addressed Paul’s beloved pet and warned him. She could feel him telling her that he was (iii) …………. the first copy.
(i)(a) told him that (b) said to him that (c) replied that (d) warned him that
(ii) (a) shocked (b) elated (c) irritated (d) angry
(iii)(a) enjoying by eating (b) happy with (c) happy by ruining (d) sadly chewing
7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option for any four of the six sentences given below. (1×4=4)
(i) Mohan said, “We ……….. go to see the Taj on the moonlit night.”
(a) shall (b) may (c) must (d) can
(ii) He ………. his servant, why he was so lazy that day?
(a)replied to (b) asked (c) interrogated (d) enquired
(iii) The judge said to the accused, “……… your tongue.”
(a)held (b) keep (c) hold (d) stop
(iv) She said, “My parents…………. Karachi.”
(a) will going to (b) gone to (c) were going to (d) are going to
(v) Childhood is the time when there are…………. responsibilities to make life difficult.
(a) many (b) little (c) few (d) more
(vi) ……….. child finds pleasure in playing in ………. rain.
(a)The, an (b) The, the (c) Either, a (d) A, an
Part – B (40 Marks)
Writing (20 Marks)
8. Attempt ANY ONE of the following in 100-120 words. (5 marks)
(A) You missed an international flight due to a problem at the airport. Write a letter to the airline explaining the situation. Mention how the situation had been an inconvenience to you and what you would like the airline to do. You are Bhumika/Bhuvam of Nirvana colony, Itanagar, Assam. (100-120 words)
(B) You live in an apartment building but are having trouble with the behaviour of your neighbours. Write a letter to inform the building manager of the situation in about 100-120 words.
9. Attempt ANY ONE of the following in 100-120 words. (5 marks)
(A) Read the following outline and write an analytical paragraph on the data in 100-120 words. (5)
Single-use plastic water bottles cause dangerous substances to “leach” into the soil and water. Their decomposition may be speeded up by extreme weather conditions, e.g. – very hot or very cold temperatures.
(B) The chart shows the division of household tasks by gender in Great Britain. Write an analytical paragraph describing the chart given in 100 -120 words.
Literature Textbooks (30 Marks)
10. Answer ANY TWO questions in 20-30 words each, from (A) and (B) respectively. (2×4=8)
(A) (any two) (2×2=4)
(i) Do you think the post-office employees were ‘bunch of crooks’? (A Letter to God)
(ii) What is the story about the Kodagu people’s descent? (Glimpses of India)
(iii)According to the poet, what should the tiger in the zoo be actually doing?
(B) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x2=4)
(i) Why did Anil not handover Hari Singh to the police?
(ii) What was the basic idea of Buddha’s preachings?
(iii)How does Natalya excite Lomov to the point of verbal fighting?
11. Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3×4=12)
(A) (any two) (3×2=6)
(i) How did Valli plan for her first journey?
(ii) What does Mandela mean to say that the oppressor and the oppressed alike are robbed of their humanity?
(iii)Why do you think the poet has called the desire to own things, a mania? Is the poet right in doing so? Write your own views. (Animals)
(B) (any two) (3×2=6)
(i) Describe the hack driver’s appearance in your own words. Why does the hack driver offer to ask about Oliver Lutkins?
(ii) How was Griffin a lawless man?
(iii)Which book did Ebright mother get for him? How did it change his life?
12. Answer ANYONE the following in 100-120 words. (5×1)
(A) ‘Bullying by classmates led Wanda Petronski to leave her school and the city.’ Discuss this statement in the context of the story ‘The Hundred Dresses’. Was their behaviour justified?
(B) Read the extracts given below and comment on how with courage, confidence and determination, one can achieve anything.
(a)”He had been afraid to fly with them. Somehow when he had taken a little run forward to the brink of the ledge and attempted to flap his wings he became afraid…. He felt certain that his wings would never support him; …he failed to muster up courage to take that plunge which appeared to him so desperate.” (His First Flight)
(b)”On and on went her thoughts as she calculated and recalculated, planned and replanned. “There’s nobody here who’s a child,” she said haughtily. Her first journey ……….what careful, painstaking, elaborate plans she had had to make for it!” (Madam Rides the Bus)
13. Answer ANY ONE of the following in 100-120 words. (5×1)
Do you think there are parents like Mrs Pumphrey also? Does their behaviour help or ruin their child?
(B) How does the life of the Liosel couple change?
1.(i) (c) Water pollution
(ii)(a) Try to obtain as much usable water
(iii)(b) 3 and 4
(iv) (a) Threat to civic health posed by polluted waters of Yamuna.
(v)(b) It creates a Central and State Boards for control of water pollution
(vi) (b) Water pollution
(vii)(b) Due to the open lavatory system
(viii) (d) All of these
(ix) (d) Tackling Water Pollution
(x) (b) Legislations
(xi) (a) You sure you don’t have a child you?
(xii) (d) 2 and 4
2. (i) (c) For the side effects of using the brand
(ii)(b) it increase awareness, trust and familiarity
(iii)(a) Association of product with the celebrity’s desired feature
(iv) (d) Both (b) and (c)
(v)(a) Neerav belongs to Gen Z and Neelam is a Millennial
(vi)(c) 1, 3 and 4
(vii)(a) It allows to engage and build connections with the celebrities
(viii) (a) There is no relationship between brands endorsements and purchase decision making.
(ix)(D) (b) 21-34
(x) (c) Social media
(xi) (d) All of these
(xii) (a) Wane
3. (i) (c) Wanda’s Father
(ii)(d) 1 and 6
(iii)(d) Both (b) and (c)
(iv) (c) The letter was of great significance
(v) (c) F- 1,4 and 0- 2.3
(B) (i) (a) Anil
(ii)(a) About the theft of his money
(iii)(a) Option 1
(iv) (b) Showed
(v) (a) Because he was grateful and appreciative to Anil’s generosity.
4. (i) (c) The end of the world
(ii) (b) contradictory
(iii)(b) Who think that Earth will end in Fire.
(iv) (d) fire (v) (c) ‘Hold
(B) (i) (b) Leslie Norris
(ii) (a) Because he was locked in a very small cage.
(iv) (a) Tiger has vivid strips on his body and soft velvet pads.
(v) (d) All of the above
5. (i) (d) rustled
(ii) (c) prepared
(iii) (b) is a
6. (i) (a) told him that
(ii) (b) elated
(iii) (c) happy by ruining
7. (i) (a) shall
(ii) (b) asked
(iii) (c) hold
(iv)(d) are going to
(v) (b) little
(vi) (b) The, the
8. (A) Nirvana Colony
July 23, 20XX
Subject Missed International flight
Sir / Madam
I am writing in regards to an international flight that I missed due to reasons beyond my control.
For the past two weeks, I have been travelling for business and speaking at international conferences. Unfortunately. I arrived to the Singapore airport over three hours delayed yesterday afternoon, due to the technical difficulties experienced by one of your company’s aircrafts. Consequently, I missed my connecting flight from Singapore to Phuket, and could not attend a major conference.
As a result of the delay, my company had to send another executive to speak at the conference. This is not only a major inconvenience on our end, but it is a costly expenditure as well. Additionally, I have had to pay out of pocket for my lodgings.
Since the delay was caused by your aircraft, I hope that you will compensate me for the cost of my lodgings in Madrid as well as my additional flight home to Assam.
(B) 32, POR Apartments,
April 21, 20XX
The Building Manager
Subject Inappropriate behaviour of the neighbours
Sir / Madam
l am Pramila Shah, resident of 32, POR Apartments 1 am writing to you to complaint about what I have been encountering as a resident.
I have been living in my flat for the last 3 years, and the first two were very enjoyable. For the most part ! am still quite content with my overall living situation. However, in the last year, the flats on both sides of my home were sold to young couples. They are very nice, but the trouble is that they make a lot of noise: music is played at times when most of us are relaxing. Sometimes the music goes on till late at disturbing our sleep.
Therefore, I would appreciate it if you would speak to them about this. I do not want to cause them any trouble, but I would like them to be reminded of the building regulations regarding noise and clearly understand that playing loud music at night is negatively affecting their neighbours. Looking forward to your response.
9. (A) Hazards of Using Plastics
The millions of tons of plastic found in the animal’s stomach have garnered a whole lot of media attention recently. However, in recent times, the harmful effects that plastics have on the human body have come into the limelight.
It is not a hidden fact that only a tiny portion of the plastic is recycled and reused. Most of the everyday plastics fill the landfills or the water bodies where it takes thousands of years to decompose. Within these years, the plastics leach out in the soil and the water. Researches across the world are warning against such microplastics that are a part of the land and water that we use. They have a long-term negative effect on human health. Over the years the leaching of the plastic reaches the water table and contaminates the water. The water reaches our food chain and makes us prone to many diseases.
Given that not much research has been successful within the field, we need to understand that plastic is dangerous for all. Instead of making it a part of our ecosystem, we should reuse it and recycle.
(B) Household and Gender
Gender biasness has been existing in the society since time immemorial. Within this bias, household duties came under the responsibility of the females. However, with changing time, slowly and gradually the effect of the bias is reducing. The given chart shows the number of minutes per day spent by British men and women in doing household tasks. Not so surprisingly, it was found that women spend about four hours doing household tasks whereas the men spend less than two and half hours.
The tasks on which women spend more time than men include cooking, cleaning house, taking care of the children and laundry. Women spend approximately 200 minutes doing hat household-duties. Men spend 49.5 in doing tasks like gardening and pet care and 26 minutes in maintenance of odd jobs in house while the women spend only 21 minutes for gardening and pet care and 9.5 minutes in maintenance of odd jobs.
The numbers may seem frightening, but it is much better from the ancient tales of our grandmother op were burdened with the entire household responsibilities.
10. (A) (i) No, the post-office employees were kind, generous and helpful persons The post master contributed part of his salary and motivated his friends and colleagues for a charitable cause Hence, they were not ‘bunch of crooks’.
(ii) It is believed that Kodagu people are of Arabic origin. It is said that some of Alexander’s army men moved to South and settled there. Their costume, martial practices and marriage rituals also port to the fact that they are of Arabic origin.
(iii) According to the poet, the tiger should be lurking (to be hidden) in the shadows near the water hole in the jungle, waiting for his prey, the deer, to pass. He should also be terrorising villagers living at the forest’s edge by snarling (warning sounds) around houses.
(B) (i) Anil was a generous and kind-hearted man. He believed in love and forgiveness as a better means to transform a person rather than punishment. That’s why he did not handover Han Singh to the police even after realising that Hari had stolen his money.
(ii) The basic idea of Buddha’s preaching’s was that the death is the ultimate truth of life. No one can escape from death and we must accept this ultimate truth.
(iii) Natalya repeatedly insisted that Oxen Meadows are theirs and told Lomov that upto now she considered Lomov as a good neighbour and friend. This excited Lomov to the point of verbal fighting.
11. (A) (i) Valli made careful planning for her first journey. She saved every penny, cut down her expenses and resisted all the temptations to save sixty paise for the fare. She gathered the information from the passengers and neighbours. She calculated the time required and choose afternoon, as her mother would take a nap during that time.
(ii) Mandela is right in saying that the oppressor and the oppressed alike are robbed of their humanity. Both of them are actually the victim of hatred. Everyone is obliged to discharge their duties whether personal or social but without freedom a man cannot do so. The person who snatches this freedom of a man is really an oppressor and a prisoner of hatred. But this is the same with a person who’s oppressed by other.
(iii) The poet uses word such as mania for never ending desire of human beings to own things. This show that poet is comparing this desire to madness. The poet stands right in doing so as this desire makes us so greedy and traps us in a vicious circle of aspiring more and more. In order to gain more wealth, they leave behind all the important values such as morality and kindness etc.
(B) (i) The hack driver looked to be about forty years in age. His face was red. He wore dirty and worn out clothes but he was cheerful. The hack driver was none other than Oliver Lutkins himself. He did not wish to take the summons and go as a witness. So, he pretended to be a hack driver. He offered to help the lawyer so that the lawyer could not come to know about him from someone else.
(ii) Griffin was lawless because he had committed many anti-social deeds for which he never felt guilty. He set fire to his landlord’s house and ran away. He stole foodstuffs and clothes from a London store, stole other goods from a theatrical company and also stole money from a clergyman’s house to pay his bills.
(iii) Ebright’s mother got a children’s book called “The Travel of Monarch X” for him. The book invited readers to help study butterflies migrations and actively participate in tagging butterflies to help in the research being conducted by Or Fredrich A Urquhart. Ebright used to raise butterflies in the basement of his home. In this way the book managed to keep his enthusiasm in the study of butterflies alive for several years and opened the world of science for him.
12. (A) Wanda Petronski was a poor Polish girl who was teased by her American classmates for having a different name. She lived on Boggins Heights and her feet used to be covered with mud when she came to school. She generally wore a faded blue dress and other girls of the class teased her for that. Peggy always asked her mockingly how many dresses she had in her closet and Wanda replied that she had a hundred dresses. Constant bullying by the girls of her class made her leave the school and the city.
No, their behaviour is totally unjustified. We should not judge people by their status or ethnicity, but by their talent. It is the talent that matters. Making fun of one’s poverty or culture should be avoided. If the girls had not bullied her, then Wanda would have stayed and the girls would not have regretted their behaviour.
(B) It is truly said that with courage, confidence and determination, one can achieve any feat. The first excerpt presents how the lack of these skills can madden you. In the story. His First Flight’ the young seagull was afraid to do a thing that he had to do for his survival. i.e., fly. His brothers and sisters flew away while he got so afraid that he could not sum up the courage to go near the brink of the ledge. His family tried to give him confidence and even threatened him but to no avail. As a result, his family left him to his condition.
Even in his fear, if the young seagull had been determined, he would have gained the courage to try and with courage he would have gained confidence. The second instance shows exactly how these skills make you achieve everything. In the story. ‘Madam Rides The Bus, the little girl Valli is not only confident but also very courageous and determined. She is so determined to make a journey through the bus, that she stifles her desires at the fair to save money. With her confidence she planned and replanned everything so that she could make a successful journey. On the day of the journey, she shows her courage by travelling all alone and making sure that she does not make any mistake. As a result, her entire journey of the bus was not only enjoyable but also entertaining.
13. Yes, there are parents who are very possessive about their children. Their over indulgence can spoil a child. There are many examples of parents spoiling their children by meeting their each and every demand. Mostly such behaviour does more harm than good. A child becomes too materialistic as all his/her demands get fulfilled. The children fail to understand that they cannot have everything and hence their overall personality gets flawed. Such a child does not come to know the value of money as everything comes to him easily.
Moreover, he does not understand that one has to work hard in life to fulfil one’s needs. Parents should avoid such behaviour. They must show love for their children but not by spoiling them like this. Mrs Pumphrey like any other parent fulfilled each and every wish of Trick i and overfed him. She did not take him to any exercises as well. Therefore, he suffered from health issues.
Matilda Liosel had taken a gorgeous diamond necklace from her rich friend Mme Forestier to wear at the luxurious occasion that she and her husband were invited to. However, she lost the necklace on the way of returning home. After trying to find the necklace for over a week, the Liosels decided to buy a new but exactly same necklace for her. For this, they did not only have to give up all their saved money but also borrow some.
After this, the life of the couple had totally changed as they had to go through a life full of hardships. They changed their house and sent away the maid. Matilda who was unhappy with what she had now had to do all the daily chores all by herself. Her husband now worked in the evenings too. The complete lifestyle of the Liosel’s had changed over the ten years that it took to payback the loan amount. After this, Matilda became a completely different person. She started to look old. She had become a strong and hard woman of a poor household. Her change was so imminent that even her friend couldn’t recognise her.