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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER (2020-21)
ENGLISH – Language and Literature
CLASS-X (Rationalized syllabus)
Time allowed: 3 Hrs. Maximum Marks: 80
1.This paper is divided into two parts: A and B. All questions are compulsory.
2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
Read these instructions very carefully and follow them.
3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Part – A (40 Marks)
Reading (20 Marks)
Read the passage given below. (10)
1.We live in an age of wonders and miracles. It has been called the ‘Age of Science’, and different aspects of our life that have changed in the preceding centuries have been attributed to science. This is completely true, but it is only one side of the coin. The flip side is that as we have advanced more and more, something fundamental to humanity has been left behind. Values such as empathy and concern for our fellow human beings are gradually being eroded due to the onslaught of our ever-evolving lifestyles, aided by the marvels of technological advancement.
2. Take the example of the Internet. On the one hand, access to information and knowledge at the click of a button is a boon to everyone making our lives much simpler. On the other, it has severely limited actual contact with teachers, friends, and elders. Thus, the learning that a person gain is incomplete as he or she cannot easily take the advice that another person can give on the basis of knowledge and practical experience that is at his or her disposal.
3. Today, a small child can access and navigate the Internet with ease that still astounds those from the older generation. But what is even more astounding is the neglect of the basic human traits of friendship, society, relationships, and family values. Owing to all the technological advancements and the gadgets available today, children often miss out on the most enriching of childhood experiences such as playing outdoor games with friends, which apart from being immensely enjoyable and physically exhilarating, also develops traits such as teamwork and discipline from an early age.
4. But now when the concept of friends is gradually being limited to virtual friends, one shudders to think of the implications for the personality development of a child because the time spent with computers or mobile phones for entertainment can never really substitute for the holistic benefits of outdoor play.
5. As for me I think this age of rapid development has created at least as many problems as it has solved. The reason is that the basic goal of life, the pursuit of happiness, has now been replaced by the pursuit of money. Money and happiness are considered analogous in our present society but actually are not so. In this mindless pursuit of money, nobody has time now to appreciate the beauty of life, which consists of a simple act of kindness to someone in a time of need.
6. So there is an urgent need to stop for a moment and think about where we are actually heading- is it development or destruction? Do we have to wait until people have grown so much apart from each other that we cannot see the suffering of our own species due to our mindless greed, or can we still mend our ways?
On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10 = 10)
(i) According to the passage it is like one side of the coin to say that life has changed owing to science as
(a) age of science has brought wonders and miracles.
(b) different aspects of life have changed due to science.
(c) there is another side of the coin to look at.
(d) this side of coin is true and sufficient to look at.
(ii) Choose the option that best captures the central idea of the passage from the given quotes.
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
(iii) Internet hampers the holistic growth of a child by
(a) encouraging human traits of friendship, society, and family.
(b) enriching childhood experiences of outdoor games.
(c) providing virtual friends and gadgets.
(d) developing teamwork and discipline.
(iv) Which of the following lists the values that humans have lost with advancement?
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 5 and 6
(c) 1,5 and 6
(d) 2,3 and 4
(v) Which of the values are being lost due to technological advancement?
(d) All of these
(vi) Which of the following will be the most appropriate title for the passage?
(a) Understanding Society
(b) Technological Advancement- The Flip Side
(c) Not All is Good
(d) Is this Development?
(vii) According to the passage, happiness today has become analogous to
(viii) Select the option that makes the correct use of ‘navigate’ as used in the passage, to fill in space.
(a) You can…………. this site by subject or by alphabet.
(b) Andrew had been his confidante and mentor whose guidance had helped him……….. his role properly.
(c) The improvement of Missouri is far more difficult to……….. than the Mississippi-was begun by Congress in 1832.
(d) She was more comfortable on the ground crawling than trying to ………… the shaking earth on her feet.
(ix) According to the passage the true happiness lies in
(a) simple act of kindness
(b) rapid development
(c) multi- billion dollar skyscrapers
(d) pursuit of money
(x) What does older generation wonder about?
(a) How to access internet and the gadgets.
(b) How can small children easily navigate through internet.
(c) Where have they lost the morals and virtues.
(d) How to inculcate morals and virtues in the younger generations.
(xi) What are the benefits of playing outdoor games as mentioned in the passage?
(b) Physically exhilarating
(c) Develops traits such as teamwork and discipline
(d) All of the above
(xii) Choose the option that incorrectly states the meaning of ‘analogous’, as used in the passage.
1.To be equal
2. To be similar
3. To be comparable
4. To perform a similar function
5. To be related
6. To be symmetrical
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 4 (c) 5 and 6 (d) 1 and 5
2. Read the passage given below. (10)
1.If you went only by the number of shopping malls in the country, you would think the brick-and-mortar retail space in India is booming. By the end of this year, India will have more than 87 million square feet of shopping space in its malls. The country already has 570 functional malls, with this number has doubled over the last five years.
2. There is, however, one problem: buyers are no longer doing their shopping at malls. What looked like India’s great retail growth story is turning out to be a tale of empty shopping complexes and stalled projects, with developers giving up midway instead of trying to make these projects profitable. The culprit, data suggests, could be online shopping.
3. A report by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India pegs the growth rate of e-commerce in India at 40-50% in the next five years. Physical stores are the ones bearing the brunt of massive discounts and comfort that e-commerce has brought to the desks and palms of the youngsters who no longer feel it necessary to visit a retail outlet to buy something. According to the report, 80-85% of the space in the new malls is lying vacant. This problem is being faced by mall owners across the board, starting with metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai, followed by Ahmedabad and Hyderabad. In each of these cities, mall rentals fell by more than 40% owing to fewer footfalls.
4. At the same time, online shopping grew by over 350% in just one year, the report adds. “Apart from convenience, rising fuel price, security reasons, online discounts and availability with abundance of choices are keeping consumers indoors,” said DS Rawat, Secretary General of ASSOCHAM.
5. Even then, revenues continue to come in for some of the malls. The reason: anchor stores. Anchor stores arc those specialised stores that offer exclusive products generally not available online. Brands like Zara, H&M and even Starbucks are acting as anchor stores for mall owners, who are rushing to sign them, at times with revenue sharing models and larger exclusive spaces.
6. Evidently, the surge of online retail has also forced mall owners to set their priorities straight, as watching movies and dining out remains among the last few things that people cannot get delivered to their doorstep. “The arrival of the mall syndrome has accelerated the growth of cineplexes as multiplexes are the anchor tenants in most of these malls,” Shravan Shroff, managing director, Shringar Cinemas.
Only 17% of Indians are online as of now, a low number compared to other countries. However, these numbers are soon set to swell up exponentially as India hits the mark of 300 million people online before the year ends, leaving mall owners as well as retailers with the mammoth task of luring people away from their computers and phones to physical stores at a time when developers are slowing down on projects.
Historical and projected growth of online retail in India ($ billions)
On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any ten of the following questions. (1 x 10=10)
(i) What does the given passage highlight?
(a) Increasing number of mall in India.
(b) Growth of online retail in India.
(c) Impact of online retail on malls.
(d) The strategies that malls must utilise to increase footfall.
(ii) In the line, “… a tale of empty”, the word “Tale” DOES NOT refer to
(a) a story
(b) a situation
(c) a report
(d) an account
(iii) How does online retail growth affect shopping malls?
(a) They are empty.
(b) Mall projects are stalled.
(c) No focus on making business profitable.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(iv) Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the ways in which the e-commerce industry had taken over malls.
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 4,5 and 6
(c) 1,2 and (d) All of these
(v) Lower footfall resulted in
(a) vacant malls
(b) fall in mall rentals
(c) shutting down of malls
(d) construction of multiplexes in malls
(vi) Choose the option that lists the statement that is not true according to the given graph.
(a) Between the years 2013 and 2020, online shopping has seen exponential growth.
(b) Online shopping became a part of the Indian shopping market in 2009.
(c) Online shopping saw consistency between 2009-2012.
(d) Online shopping drastically changed the shopping scenario after 2012.
(vii) What are keeping the buyers inside their houses?
(a) Rising fuel price
(b) Online discounts
(c) Abundance of choices
(d) All of these
(viii) What are Anchor stores?
(a) Stores that sell customized products.
(b) Stores that provide all kinds of stuff at one place.
(c) Stores that sell a product that is not available online.
(d) Stores that offer various options of a product.
(ix) What depicts that the growing retail story of India is problematic?
(a) Reduction in footfall.
(b) Dependence on anchor stores.
(c) Malls remaining empty.
(d) Difficulty faced by mall owners in paying rent.
(x) According to the survey, which industry is bound to grow in the next five years?
(d) Anchor stores
(xi) Apart from metropolitan cities which other cities were studied in the survey?
(a) Itanagar and Pune
(b) Chennai and Mysore
(c) Chandigarh and Jaipur
(d) Ahmedabad and Hyderabad
(xii) What Mammoth tasks will the retailers have to take?
(a) Of luring people into malls.
(b) Of using the mall space efficiently.
(c) Of opening more and more anchor stores.
(d) Of starting up a new business.
Literature Textbooks (10 Marks)
3. Read the extract given below carefully and answer the questions that follow. (1 x 5 = 5)
I landed and was not sorry to walk away from the old Dakota near the control tower. I went and asked a woman in the control centre where I was and who the other pilot was. I wanted to say ‘Thank you’. She looked at me very strangely, and then laughed. ‘Another aeroplane? Up there in this storm? No other aeroplanes were flying tonight. ‘Yours was the only one I could see on the radar.”
(i) The pilot asked the woman in the control tower about …………….
(a) his friend
(b) other plane and its pilot
(ii) Choose the option that lists the set of statements that are NOT TRUE according to the given extract.
1.I was a pilot
2. His plane had malfunctioned while flying.
3. He had entered a storm.
4. He was helped by a black aeroplane.
5. He was very adventurous and courageous.
6. He wanted to learn flying from the other pilot of the black aeroplane..
(a) 1 and 3 (b) 2 and 6 (c) 4 and 5 (d) Only 6
(iii) Why was the narrator shocked after hearing the woman’s word?
(a) Because she told him that no other plane was flying that night.
(b) Because she told him that his plane was only plane seen on radar.
(c) Because she told him that no plane has landed on the airport.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(iv) What is old Dakota?
(a) A town from where the pilot took off.
(b) A town where the pilot landed.
(c) The name of the plane the pilot had been flying.
(d) The other aeroplane.
(v) Pick the option that correctly classifies fact/s(F) and opinion/s (O) given below.
(a) F-1,3 and 0-2,4
(b) F- 2,3 and 0-1,4
(c) F-3,4 and 0-1,2
(d) F-1,4 and 0-2,3
And did you cut down on the sweet things as I told you? “Oh, I did for a bit, but he seemed to be so weak I had to relent. He does love cream cakes and chocolates so, can’t bear to refuse him. I looked down again at the little dog. That was the trouble.
(i) What sweet things are being referred to in the extract?
(a) Cream cakes and chocolates
(b) Biscuits and toffees
(c) Sugar and ice creams
(ii) Why does the speaker enquire if the sweet things have been cut down?
(a) Because these were essential for Tricki.
(b) Because these were spoiling Tricki’s health.
(c) Because these things will be helpful for Tricki’s recovery.
(d) None of the above
(iii) What is the meaning of the phrase ‘cut down’?
(a) To regain the quantity of something.
(b) To reduce the quantity of something.
(c) To increase the quantity of something.
(d) To balance the quantity of something.
(iv) Choose the answer that lists the correct option about the trouble with the dog.
(a) Option 1 (b) Option 2 (c) Option 3 (d) Option 4
(v) What does the given line tell us about Mrs. Pumphrey?
(a) She was very rich
(b) She pamphered Tricki
(c) She did not like the doctor
(d) Both (a) and (b)
4. Read the extracts given below and answer the following questions. (1 x 5 = 5)
Has given my heart
A change of mood
And saved some part
Of a day I had rued.
(i) Of what change does the poet mention here?
(a) Change of mood
(b) Change of desire
(c) Change of nature
(d) Change of weather
(ii) What changed made the poet feels that the day was rued?
(a) Fight with roommate
(b) A professional rejection
(c) His illness
(d) Can’t say
(iii) How has the poet mood changed?
(a) From sadness to happiness
(b) From anger regret
(c) From happiness to sadness
(d) From anger to tore happiness
(iv) The word that DOES NO anything about the poet’s mood is
(a) change (b) saved
(c) heart (d) rued
(v) What is the rhyme scheme of the given extract?
(a) aabb (b) abab (c) acbc (d) free verse
He hears the last voice at night
The patrolling cars and stares with his brilliant eyes
At the brilliant stars.
(i) ‘He’ in the above stanza is ………….
(a) lion (b) tiger
(c) bear (d) hyena
(ii) The word ‘stares’ DOES NOT have a meaning similar to
(iii) The tiger’s eyes shine like stars because he is ………….
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(iv) Who has composed the above lines?
(a) Robert Frost
(b) Robin Klien
(c) Walt Whitman
(d) Leslie Norris
(v) Which of the following may not be a purpose of patrolling cars that the animal sees?
(a) To set him free.
(b) To check for any problems.
(c) To make sure all animals are calmly sleeping.
(d) To make sure that the place is clean for the next day.
Grammar (10 Marks)
5. Fill in the blanks given below with the help of options that follow. (1 x 3 = 3)
What we call life is a very complex affair. It is not simply eating, reproducing and finally dying. Every creature (i) …………. these. Man has to lead a highly complicated life. It is like (ii) …………. through a maze and coming out. He is an economic being and a social animal. He has to earn, make a home, look after his people and (iii)…………. to his obligations to the society and the Government. So, in order to be successful he has to develop certain qualities.
(i)(a) is doing (b) will do (c) does (d) do
(ii) (a) gone (b) going (c) went (d) making
(iii) (a) attend (b) attends (c) will attend (d) attending
6. Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the narration. (1 x 3 = 3)
Jackie in his children comics for the environment (i) ………….comic strip. He could understand that frogs indicate a healthy ecosystem. He also understood that the environmental pollution prevalent in his time (ii) ………… on them. The next box was something about frog and princess which (iii) …………… was very irrelevant to the issue.
(i)(a) saw the given (b) see the above
(c) had seen the (d) have been seeing
(ii) (a) have a lasting (b) has been having a lasting affect
(c)has a lasting effect (d) is having a lasting effect
(iii) (a) for him (b) according to he
(c) to him (d) according to him
7. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct option for any four of the six sentences given below. (1 x 4 = 4)
(i) Water has a moderating effect on temperature,…………. summer and midday heat, and winter and midnight cold.
(b) having diminished
(c) being diminished
(ii) They could easily afford to stay at the best hotels, ………… they preferred to stay at small family-run guesthouses.
(a)as (b) yet (c) for (d) therefore
(iii) The police found…………. counterfeit money as well as guns at the gang’s headquarters.
(a) a large amount of
(b) several more
(c) only a few
(d) a number of
(iv) While the battle ………….out in the open, the technological capability of the coalition forces …………them to lead.
(a) had been fought, was giving
(b) was fought, would give
(c) was being fought, gave
(d) would have been fought, will give
(v) ………….of the area managers is going to report his total sales to head office two weeks.
(a) All, each
(b) Any, all
(c) Every, several
(d) Each, every
(vi) …………. how careful I try to be throughout the month, I always seem to run out of money before I get paid.
(b) Even though
(c) No matter
(d) In case
Part – B (40 Marks)
Writing (10 Marks)
8. For the past seven days, you were late for work due to some unavoidable issues at home. Write a letter to your manager explaining the situation, why you were late for work for several days. (100-120 words) (5)
You live in a room in college which you can share with another student. However, there are many problems with this arrangement and you find it very difficult to work. Write a letter to the accommodation officer at the college explaining the situation and requesting an earliest redressal. (100-120 words)
9. The bar chart shows the scores of teams A, B and C over four different seasons. Write an analytical paragraph on the given data in about 100-120 words. (5)
Scores by Team per Season
The table illustrates the proportion of monthly household income five European countries spend on food and drink, housing, clothing and entertainment. Using the given data, write an analytical paragraph in 100-120 words.
Proportion of Household Income of Five European Countries Spend on Food and Drink, Housing, Clothing and Entertainment
Literature Textbooks (30 Marks)
10. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) How does the boy feel at the loss of his ball? (The Ball Poem)
(ii) Where does Lomov visit in formal clothes? What is the purpose of his visit?
(iii) Why did Valli keep standing in front of the door?
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 20-30 words each. (2 x 2 = 4)
(i) ‘Anil walked away. I followed casually’. Why do you think the narrator followed Anil?
(ii) Why did Griffin go to Iping in the cold season?
(iii) Why the lawyer was sent back to New Mullion? Who went with him?
11. (a) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2 =6)
(i) According to the poet, what do ‘fire and ice’ represent? Do you agree with him?
(ii) What tells you that Anne loved her grandmother?
(iii) Describe the magnificent views of the tea estate with reference to the lesson, ‘Tea from Assam’. (Glimpses of India)
(b) Answer any two of the following questions in 40-50 words each. (3 x 2=6)
(i) How did Matilda come to know about the reality of the diamond necklace?
(ii) What other interests, besides science, did Richard Ebright pursue? What opinion did Mr. Weiherer, his social studies teacher, have about Ebright?
(iii) Why did Bholi not want to go to school?
12. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
What message does Anne convey through her diary?
Valli posed herself to be very confident when the conductor offered her help to ride the bus. Later on she felt shy when all laughed at her.
What does this tell you about Valli’s character? What do we learn from her character?
13. Answer the following question in 100-120 words. (5)
Do you think that over-pampering by Mrs. Pumphrey was the main reason for Tricki’s ailment? Explain.
The hack driver appears to be humble, cooperative, and friendly but as a matter of fact, he is not. Explain this fact in the context of the story ‘The Hack Driver’ that appearances can be deceptive.
1. (i) (b) different aspects of life have changed due to science.
(ii) (b) Option 2
(iii)(c) providing virtual friends and gadgets
(iv) (d) 2, 3 and 4 Oh)
(v)(d) All of these
(vi) (b) Technological Advancement- The Flip Side
(vii) (c) money
(viii) (a) You can this site by subject or by alphabet.
(ix) (a) simple act of kindness
(x) (b) How can small children easily navigate through internet.
(xi) (d) All of the above
(xii) (c) 5 and 6
2. (i) (c) Impact of online retail on malls.
(ii) (a) a story
(iii)(d) Both (a) and (b)
(iv) (d) All of these
(v) (b) fall in mall rentals
(vi) (b) Online shopping became a part of the Indian shopping market in 2009.
(vii) (d) All of these
(viii) (c) Stores that sell product that is not available online.
(ix) (b) Dependence on anchor stores.
(x) (c) E-commerce
(xi) (d) Ahmedabad and Hyderabad
(xii) (a) Of luring people into malls.
3. (i) (b) other plane and its pilot
(ii) (b) 2 and 6
(iii) (d) Both (a) and (b)
(iv) (c) The name of the plane the pilot had been flying
(v) (d) F-1,4 and 0-2,3
(i)(a) Cream cakes and chocolates
(ii) (b) Because these were spoiling Tricki’s health.
(iii)(b) To reduce the quantity of something.
(iv) (b) Option 2
(v) (d) Both (a) and (b)
4. (i) (a) Change of mood
(ii) (d) Can’t say
(iii) (a) From sadness to happiness
(iv) (c) heart
(v) (b) abab
(i) (b) tiger (ii) (c) vacant (iii)(d) Both (a) and (c) (iv) (d) Leslie Norris
(v) (a) To set him free.
5. (i) (c) does (ii) (b) going (iii) (a) attend
6. (i) (a) saw the given (ii) (c) has a lasting effect (iii) (d) according to him
7. (i) (d) diminishing (ii) (b) yet (iii) (a) a large amount of
(iv) (c) was being fought, gave (v) (d) Each, every (vi) (c) No matter
8. A-197. New deluxe Apartment
December 14, 20XX
Subject Reason for getting late
I am writing to explain why I was late to the office for the last week. But first I would like to apologize to you for failing to show up at work on time during these past few days.
During the last week, I needed to take my elderly mother to a clinic in the morning as she had suffered a heart attack and needed immediate medical attention. To complicate the situation even further, my elder Ulm had been out of the town for almost the whole last week for some professional training, arranged by his °thee. Therefore, I alone had to take care of all kinds of household works, including cooking and cleaning, at home for my whole family So, as you can see from the explanation above, my whole last week has been very hectic which caused me to arrive late at my work. Rest assured that I will be at work on time from now on
Hostel Number F
10 August, 20XX
Subject Problems with a roommate
My name is Aisha Khurana and I live in room F-202, which is shared with another student. I am writing this letter to notify you of my concerns about my current roommate who is making my stay in the college hostel difficult. I am having unavoidable and unmanageable problems due to her activities and those are impacting my study badly.
My previous housemate was rational, extremely cooperative, and inclined to study. However, my present roommate is the complete opposite. She is always throwing parties in the room without any prior information. She also plays loud music in the late hours. She is two years senior to me and I cannot protest her irrational behaviours due to which my studies are being hampered.
My semester final is approaching and I would like you to shift either me or my roommate to another room I do not mind the room type as long as it is quiet and favourable for studies.
9. Expertise of Team B
The given bar chart shows the scores of three teams, A, B, and C. in four consecutive seasons. It is evident from the chart that team B scored far higher than the other two teams over the seasons, though their score decreased as a whole over the period.
In 2002, the score of team B far exceeded that of the other two teams, standing at 82 points compared to only 10 for team C and 5 for team A Over the next two years, the points for team B decreased, dropping to 43 by 2004, but they still remained above the points for the other teams.
However, though team A and C’s points were lower, they were rising. Team A’s points had increased by 600% from 2002 to reach 35 points by 2004, nearly equal to team B. Team C, meanwhile, had managed only a small increase over this time. In the final year, team B remained ahead of the others as their points increased again to 55, while team A and C saw their point scores reverse and drop to 8 and 5, respectively.
Dependence on Fast food
The table shows the amount of household income that five countries in Europe spend per month on foul items Overall, it is evident that all five countries spend the majority of their income on food and drink and housing, but much less on clothing and entertainment.
Housing is the largest expenditure item for France, Germany, and the UK, with all of them spending around one-third of their income on this, at 31%, 33%, and 37%, respectively. In contrast. they spend around a quarter on food and drink. However, this pattern is reversed for Turkey and Spain, who spend around a fifth of their income on housing, but approximately one-third on food and drink.
All five countries spend much less on the remaining two items For clothing, France and Spain spend less than 10%, while the other three countries spend around the same amount, ranging between 11% and 15%. At 19%, Germany spends the most on entertainment, whereas UK and Turkey spend approximately half this amount, with France and Spain’s spending between those other three countries.
10. (a) (i) The boy was very much troubled at the loss of his ball His ball falls into the water. He was very upset as he had a long association with the ball which cannot be brought with a new ball.
(ii) Lomov goes to the house of Chubukov in a formal dress. The purpose of his visit is to ask for the hand of Chubukov’s daughter Natelya in marriage.
(iii) Valli keeps standing in front of the door as there were no playmates of her age on the street. So, she used to keep on watching the street outside her house.
(b) (i) The narrator followed And as his purpose of robbing Anil had not been served. He followed Anil to gain his trust and look for an opportunity that may help him give shape to his plans.
(ii) Griffin wanted to work on his scientific discoveries, besides this, he was a lawless person. He wanted a place where no one could disturb him. So, he go to (ping in the cold season.
(iii) The lawyer was sent back to New Mullion to serve a summons on Lutkins. He had failed in his mission earlier. This time another man who had worked with Oliver Lutkins was also sent with him.
11. (a) (i) According to the poet ‘fire’ represents ‘desire’ and ‘ice’ represents ‘hatred’. I agree with the poet as both have the capability of destroying life. Desire like fire spreads and hatred fills one’s whole life with poison ultimately leading to death and destruction.
(ii) Anne’s statement that no one could understand her intensity of love for her grandma tells that she loved her grandmother a lot. Moreover, the touching gesture of lighting one candle for her grandmother during Anne’s birthday is also a touching reminder of her love for her grandmother.
(iii) In the 16th century, tea came to Europe and was drunk more as a medicine than as a beverage. Assam has the largest concentration of tea plantations in the world. There are large groups of women with bamboo baskets on their backs. They pluck the newly sprouted tea leaves from the plants and store them in the baskets.
(b) (i) After many years, one day Matilda met Madame Forestier, who was surprised to see the change in Matilda. Matilda told her that it was all due to her necklace. Then Madame Forestier told Matilda that her necklace was false and cheap. That is how Matilda came to know the reality of the diamond necklace.
(ii) Other than science, Richard Ebright was interested in collecting rocks, coins, and fossils and was also interested in star-grazing and astronomy. He was also a good debater, canoeist, and expert photographer. Mr. Weiherer felt that Richard not only was interested in his experiments but also kept his mind open for other things and put in that extra effort to attain success.
(iii) Bholi did not want to go to school because she did not know anything about school. She became frightened as their old cow, Lakshmi had been brought out of the house and sold away. She did not wish to go to school but her father forced her and took her to school.
12. Anne’s diary presents a remarkable description of the last two years in the life of a thirteen-year-old girl. This diary was a birthday present to her wherein she confided her innermost feelings The diary became her confidant. She expressed her heart and revealed her inner self through the diary to find the comfort and support that she needed in the saddest moments of her life.
Through her diary Anne points to the fact that all of us have to pass through various stages of transition during our life cycle. At every stage, we need companions to confide with whether in the form of parents, siblings, relatives, friends, soul-mates, or colleagues. But most of us being introverted and shy by nature might prefer to choose a diary as a safe and trustworthy companion. She also seems to express the desire for parents and elders to be more accomodating, friendly, and liberal especially with teenagers so that they can be nurtured well.
Valli posed to be very confident in front of the conductor when he offered her help to ride the bus. This shows her confidence, intelligence, and careful nature. But when everybody laughed at her, she felt shy. This shows that even though she was confident, she was innocent too. Being aware of the fact that she was travelling for the first time, she was taking every precaution not to be fooled by anybody.
Although she should not have travelled alone yet it was wise on her part to behave confidently. Sometimes, situations arise when a child has to travel or live alone. In such a situation, it is necessary for children to get training in order to be self-confident. She teaches us to be confident, compassionate, and sympathetic towards others.
13. Undoubtedly, over-pampering by Mrs. Pumphrey was the main reason behind Tricki’s ailment. She fed him thrice a day or even more with fatty foods such as chocolates, cream cakes, etc. All this over-feeding made Tricki inactive, fat, unhealthy, and listless. He indulged in no physical activity at all. Whenever he became slow, he was given more to eat. This led to his serious ailment.
In our attempt to show our love, we sometimes tend to cause more harm than good. The same thing happened with Mrs. Pumphrey. She had a great fondness for the dog and hence overfed him. She forgot that excess of everything is bad and made him sick by overfeeding him. If she had not overfed Tricki, he would have been a healthy and active pet. In addition, he would not have been hospitalized. Thus, it is because of over-pampering by Mrs. Pumphrey that Tricki was suffering from a serious ailment.
Appearances are not always true, they can be deceptive. At times a person on the first meeting appears to be friendly, cooperative, and understanding but as time unfolds a different story is revealed. In the story ‘The Hack Driver’, when the lawyer comes to the city for the first time he is very happy to meet the hack driver, in fact, the hack driver himself is Oliver Lutkins. The hack driver seemed to be single countrymen ready to help the lawyer. The hack driver showed affectionate behaviour. He left a favourable impression on the narrator’s mind. But very soon lawyer was able to realize that the hack driver himself was Oliver Lutkins. It is so foolish to find that a wise person like a lawyer is be fooled by simple countrymen.