Daily Archives: March 15, 2019

Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.17 (Imperative Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE 17

 Change the following sentences into passive voice:

1. Do not insult your elders.

2. Give me some water.

3. Write down your address.

4. Leave the room at once.

5. Let me make a coloured ribbon for your hair.

6. Drive the bull out of the garden.

7. Please help me in this matter.

8. Brush your teeth daily.

9. Paint a picture.

10. Let them play the match.

ANSWERS:

1. You are advised not to insult your elders.

2. Let some water be given to me.

3. Let your address be written down.

4. You are ordered to leave the room at once.

5. Let a coloured ribbon be made for your hair by me.

6. Let the bull be driven out of the garden.

7. You are requested to help me in this matter.

8. Let your teeth he brushed daily.

9. Let a picture be painted.

10. Let the match be played by them.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.15 & 16 (Interrogative Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE 15

Put the following sentences into passive voice:

1. Have you seen a lion?

2. Do you like mangoes?

3. Was he playing cricket?

4. May I take your pen?

5. Has he finished his work?

6. Shall 1 know the result?

7. Do the Muslims burn their dead?

8. Had Martina Hingis defeated Monica Seles?

9. Did the teacher punish Mohan?

10. Should I take exercise?

11. Should we obey the elders?

12. Can you lift this box?

13. Must you cross this river?

14. Had you beaten your brother?

15. Will he write a letter?

ANSWERS:

1. Has a lion been seen by you?

2. Are mangoes liked by you?

3. Was cricket being played by him?

4. May your pen be taken by me?

5. Has his work been finished by him?

6. Will the result be known to me?

7. Are their dead burned by the Muslims?

8. Had Monica Seles been defeated by Martina Hingis?

9. Was Mohan punished by the teacher?

10. Should exercise be taken by me?

11. Should the elders be obeyed by us?

12. Can this box be lifted by you?

13. Must this river be crossed by you?

14. Had your brother been beaten by you?

15. Will a letter be written by him?

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EXERCISE 16

 Put the following sentences into passive voice:

1. Who broke this slate?

2. How many people attended the lecture?

3. When did you buy this shirt?

4. Where did you see the snake?

5. What things did you see?

6. Why should you do this work?

7. Why did the teacher punish the students?

8. When will you write the letter?

9. When does the postman deliver the mail?

10. Who will win the elections?

 ANSWERS:

1. By whom was this slate broken?

2. By how many people was the lecture attended?

3. When was this shirt bought by you?

4. Where was the snake seen by you?

5. What things were seen by you?

6. Why should this work be done by you?

7. Why were the students punished by the teacher?

8. When will the letter be written by you?

9. When is the mail delivered by the postman?

10. By whom will the elections be won?

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.14 (Indefinite Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE-14

In the following questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in passive/Active voice.

1.She gave me a pen.

(A) A pen is given to me by her.

(B) A pen was given to me by her.

 (C) A pen was given to me by her.

 (D) A pen was given her by me.

2. Do you tell a lie?

 (A) A lie is told by you.

 (B) Was a lie told by you?

 (C) Is a lie told by you?

 (D) Were you told a lie?

3. I hate none.

(A) None is hated by me.

 (B) None was hated by me.

 (C) None is hated.

 (D) None has been hated by me.

4. They don’t laugh at the poor.

 (A) The poor is not laughed by them.

 (B) The poor was not laughed by them.

(C) The poor have not laughed by them.

(D) The poor is not laughed at by them.

5. He obeyed his parents.

(A) His parents are obeyed by him.

(B) His parents were obeyed by him.

(C) His parents were obeyed by them.

 (D) His parents have obeyed by them.

6. She objected to my suggestion.

 (A) My suggestion is not objected by her.

(B) My suggestion was objected by her.

(C) My suggestion was objected to by her.

(D) My suggestion has been objected to by her.

7. Who teaches you English?

(A) By whom were you taught English?

 (B) By whom have you been taught English?

(C) By whom are you taught English?

 (D) By whom you are taught English?

8. They laugh at the poor.

 (A) The poor has been laughed at by them.

(B) The poor is laughed at by them.

(C) The poor was laughed at by them.

(D) They have been laughed at by the poor.

9. He will write a letter.

(A) A letter will write by him.

(B) A letter will be written by him.

(C) A letter will be written by him.

(D) A letter would be written by him.

10. Will people not help us?

 (A) We shall not be helped by people.

(B) Shall we not be helped by people?

 (C) Will we not be helped by people?

 (D) Shall the people help us?

ANSWERS

1.(C)             2. (C)

3.(A)             4. (D)

5.(B)             6. (C)

7.(C)             8. (B)

9.(C)             10. (B)

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.20 (Modal Auxiliaries)

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EXERCISE 20

Sentences with Modal Auxiliaries

Put the following sentences into passive voice:

1. You should finish this work.

2. I can lift this table.

3. He might help me in this matter.

4. The Principal will address the students.

5. You should take an umbrella.

6. We ought to respect the elders.

7. They could not cross the river.

8. You should take exercise daily.

9. You must not steal his pencil.

10. The doctor could not save the patient.

 ANSWERS:

1. This work should be finished by you.

2. This table can be lifted by me.

3. I might be helped in this matter by him.

4. The students will be addressed by the Principal.

5. An umbrella should be taken by you.

6. The elders ought to be respected by us.

7. The river could not be crossed by them.

8. Exercise should be taken daily by you.

9. His pencil must not be stolen by you.

10. The patient could not be saved by the doctor.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.13 (Miscellaneous)

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Exercise-13

Change the Voice of the following sentences:

1.I have always enjoyed flying.

2. My son has just told me a strange story.

3. Has your daughter-in-law delivered another baby?

4. The man has hunted wild animals for food.

5. We have discovered some of the things.

6. I have saved enough money.

7. I loved her voice.

8. My mother was troubled with a great fear.

9. The Romans built signal stations.

10. Gandhiji held aloft the torch of freedom.

11. He bit another Elgar.

12. She made a sling for Sher Singh.

13. We spent the evening together.

14. They were laying eggs in my wounds.

15. My uncle was getting rid of the Mexican figures.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.11 & 12 (Miscellaneous)

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Exercise-11

Change the Voice of the following sentences:

1. They were being paid.

2. Allison was sending him to a high school.

3. Sher Singh was plaiting the grass into a rope.

4. They were making large sums of money.

5. A face was being painted on it.

6. Rahim had ill-treated his wife.

7. The rain had destroyed the hut.

8. Mother had told him not to go up.

9. The grizzly had found Barb.

10. His parents had killed both.

11. The old man handed over it to Ali.

12. He had completely forgotten the dollar.

13. It had been dyed red.

14. I shall like them someday.

15. You will be treated nicely.

16. Malcolm will not answer his proposal.

17. I shall make my teaching interesting.

18. he will have smitten Johnsy.

19. A few others will have taken the sport.

20. He will have lifted his boot for the first step.

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Exercise-12

Change the Voice of the following sentences :

1. Babies wear proper clothes.

2. Messages are sent by the pigeons.

3. Hunting with a camera gives trophies.

4. They stretch their little limbs in the sun,

5. We pay our homage to our martyrs.

6. We call this splitting fusion.

7. The whole world is made up of nine6, kinds of atoms.

8. I am waiting for Allison.

9. We are thinking of our brothers and sisters.

10. Father is leaving the Riding Club.

11. She is also building a research reactor.

12. She is inspecting the floor.

13. You are doing some crazy things.

14. I am hearing the buzzing of flies.

15. I have heard it all before.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.9 & 10 (Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE 9

 Put the following sentences into passive Voice:

1. I want to stop this work.

2. Trees give us fruit to eat.

3. It is time to say our prayers.

4. You have got to do it carefully.

5. We are to play a cricket match.

6. People say that Dr M.L. Gera is a good doctor.

7. People assume that he has a lot of money.

8. In the past, people thought that the earth was flat.

9. They say that honesty is the best policy.

10. His behaviour surprises me.

11. Mohan knows me well.

12 Her stop interested me.

13. His work satisfied me.

14. That box contains a lot of money.

15. The remark offended the officer.

ANSWERS:

1. I want this work to be stopped.

2. Trees give us fruit to be eaten.

3. It is time for our prayers to be said.

4. It has got to be done carefully by you.

5. A cricket match is to be. played by us.

6. Dr M.L. Gera is said to be a good doctor.

7. It is assumed that he has a lot of money.

8. In the past, it was thought that the earth was flat.

9. It is said that honesty is the best policy.

10. I am surprised by his behaviour.

11. I am known well to Mohan.

12. 1 was interested in her story.

13. I was satisfied with his work.

14. A lot of money is contained in that box.

15. The officer was offended at the remark.

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EXERCISE 10

Put the following sentences into the passive voice:

1. Type these letters at once.

2. Deposit your money in the bank.

3. Send invitations to all the parents.

4. Do you take colour photographs?

5. Did they hire a taxi?

6. Is the doctor examining the patient?

7. Where do they play the match?

8. Why did they raise this question?

9. Where can you get good books?

10. When do they clear the mail?

11. Who broke the news?

12. What did they discuss at the meeting?

13. We can’t take up this work now.

14. Some persons don’t eat bananas.

15. The tourists didn’t visit this place.

 ANSWERS:

1. Let these letters be typed at once.

2. Let your money be deposited in bank

3. Let invitations be sent to all the parents.

4. Are colour photographs taken by you?

5. Was a taxi hired by them?

6. Is the patient being examined by the doctor?

7. Where is the match played by them?

8. Why was this question raised by them?

9. Where can good books be got?

10. When is mail cleared?

11. By whom was the news broken?

12. What was discussed at the meeting?

13. This work cannot be taken up now by us.

14. Bananas are not eaten by sonic persons.

15. This place was not visited by tourists.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.7 & 8 (Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE 7

Change the following sentences into passive voice:

1. Suman writes a letter.

2. He carries his lunch to the office daily.

3. The postman delivers the mail three times a day.

4. The carpenter makes chairs.

5. A maid-servant washes my clothes four times a week.

6. The artist paints a picture.

7. The police maintain law and order in the country.

8. Mohan sang a song at the function.

9. The teacher punished the naughty boys.

10. The peon will bring tea.

11. The hunter will kill a lion.

12. India will never sign this treaty.

13. In case of war, our missiles will destroy the enemy.

14. Pakistan has made an atom bomb.

15. The police have caught the robber.

ANSWERS:

1. A letter is written by Suman.

2. His lunch is carried daily to office by him.

3. The mail is delivered three times a day by the postman.

4. Chairs are made by the carpenter.

5. My clothes are washed four times a week by a maid-servant

6. A picture is painted by the artist.

7. Law and order are maintained in the country by the police.

8. A song was sung at the function by Mohan.

9. The naughty boys were punished by the teacher.

10. Tea will be brought by the peon.

11. A lion will be killed by the hunter.

12. This treaty will never be signed by India.

13. In case of war, the enemy will be destroyed by our missiles.

14. An atom bomb has been made by Pakistan.

15. The robber has been caught by the police.

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EXERCISE 8

[Based on the Present, Past and Future Perfect Tenses]

Put the following sentences into passive voice:

1. The workers are building a house.

2. The farmers are sowing the seeds.

3. He is always collecting stamps.

4. Sita is writing a letter.

5. They are repairing the road.

6. They were listening to the songs.

7. The chairman was interviewing the candidates.

8. Mohan was telling the truth.

9. The gardener was watering the plants.

10. They were taking their lunch.

11. The peon is ringing the bell.

12. He is helping the victims of the quake.

13. They were watching the match.

14. I have done all the work.

15. He has always helped me.

ANSWERS:

1. A house is being built by the workers.

2. The seeds are being sown by the farmers.

3. Stamps are always being collected by him.

4. A letter is being written by Sita.

5. The road is being repaired by them.

6. The songs were being listened to by them.

7. The candidates were being interviewed by the chairman.

8. The truth was being told by Mohan.

9. The plants were being watered by the gardener.

10. Their lunch was being taken by them.

I I. The bell is being run by the peon.

12. The victims of the quake are being helped by him.

13. The match was being watched by them.

14. All the work has been done by me.

15. I have always been helped by him.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.5 & 6 (Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE-5

In the following questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in passive/Active voice.

1. It is time to buy a pen.

(A) It is time to a pen bought.

(B) It is time for buying a pen.

(C) It is time to a pen be buyed.

(D) It is time for a pen to be bought.

2. It car can be bought by me.

(A) I can buy a car.

(B) A car can buy me.

(C) A car is being bought me.

(D) I can car be bought.

3. The it song was sung by the girls.

 (A) The girls sing a song.

 (B) The girls sung a song.

 (C) The girls sang a song.

(D) The girls had been singing a song.

4. the story was told by Mohan.

(A) Mohan told a story.

(B) A story had been told by Mohan.

 (C) Mohan tells a story.

(D) Mohan was telling a story.

5. bananas are liked by Indu.

( A) Indu likes bananas.

 (B) Indu liked bananas.

 (C) Bananas like Indu.

 (D) Bananas liked Indu.

6. In essay has been written by you.

(A) You have been written an essay.

 (B) You have written an essay.

(C) An essay has written by you.

 (D) You are writing an essay.

7. Someone gave him a dog.

 (A) A dog is given to him by someone.

 (B) He was given a dog by someone.

 (C) A dog to him is given by someone.

 (D) Someone a dog gave him.

8. (A) A little mouse helped a lion at once.

(B) A little mouse is helped by a lion.

 (C) A little mouse helped a lion.

9. One should keep one’s promise.

 (A) The promise should be kept.

(B) One’s promise should be kept.

 (C) One’s promise should keep.

 (D)Ones should be promising kept.

10. Why is time wasted by you?

 (A) Why do you waste time?

 (B) Why are you wasting time?

 (C) Why do you waste time?

 (D) Why have you wasted time?

ANSWERS

1.(D)             2. (A)

3. (C)            4. (A)

5. (A)            6. (B)

7. (B)            8. (C)

9. (A)            10. (A)

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EXERCISE 6

 Change the following sentences into passive voice:

1.The officer gave him an award.

2. I will teach him a lesson.

3. Mr Sethi teaches us English.

4. He showed me his wife’s photograph.

5. She drank out of the glass.

6. The officer looked into the matter.

7. Someone is knocking at the door.

8. You should not laugh at the poor people.

9. The mother looks after her child.

10. A car ran over the old man.

11. The teacher gave a book to Mohan.

12. I found him a good companion.

13. His misfortunes left him crippled.

14. The disease made him weak.

15. The Government nominated him a member.

ANSWERS:

1. He was given an award by the officer.

2. He will be taught a lesson by me.

3. We are taught English by Mr Sethi.

4. 1 was shown his wife’s photograph by him.

5. The glass was drunk out of by her.

6. The matter was looked into by the officer.

7. The door is being knocked at by someone.

8. The poor people should not be laughed at by you.

9.  Her child is looked after by the mother.

10. The old man was run over by a car.

11. Mohan was given a book by the teacher.

12. He was found a good companion by me.

13. He was left crippled by his misfortunes.

14. He was made weak by disease.

15. He was nominated a member by the Government.

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.3 & 4 (Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE-3

In the following questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in passive/Active voice.

1.Has he learnt his lesson?

 (A) Has his lesson been learnt by him?

(B) Has lesson been learnt by him?

 (C) Has his lesson learnt by him?

 (D) Has the lesson learnt by him?

2. He saw the beggar’s sad face.

(A) Sad face of the beggar was seen by him.

(B) The beggar’s sad face was seen by him.

 (C) The beggar’s sad face is seen by him.

 (D) The beggar’s sad face is seen him.

3. He put on his clothes.

(A) His clothes were put on by him.

(B) His clothes are put on by him.

(C) His clothes have put on by him.

(D) His clothes were put by him.

4. They had conducted a seminar on family planning.

(A) A seminar had been conducted by them on family planning.

 (B) A seminar has been conducted by them on family planning.

 (C) A seminar was conducted by them on family planning.

(D) A seminar is conducted by them on family planning.

5. Aman will eat apples.

(A) Apples would be eaten by Aman.

(B) Apples shall be eaten by Aman.

(C) Apples will have been eaten by Aman.

 (D) Apples will be eaten by Aman.

6. The play was liked by all.

(A) All like the play.

(B) All play is liked.

 (C) All liked the play.

 (D) All like the play.

7. I am known to him.

 (A) She is known to me.

 (B) He is known by me.

(C) He is known to me.

 (D) He knows me.

8. They look at the map.

 (A) The map is looked at by them.

(B) The map was looked at by them.

(C) The map is looked by them.

 (D) The map is being looked at by them.

9. Please, close the door.

(A) You are prayed to close the door.

(B) You are needed to close the door.

 (C) Let the door be please closed.

(D) You are requested to close the door.

10. Bring me a glass of water.

(A) A glass of water can be brought to me.

 (B) A glass of water is brought to me.

(C) You are ordered to bring a glass of water.

 (D) Let a glass of water is brought to me.

Answers:-

1.(A)              2. (B)

3. (A)             4. (A)

5. (D)            6. (C)

7. (D)             8. (A)

9. (D)             10. (C)

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EXERCISE-4

In the following questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in passive/Active voice.

1.Do not make a noise.

(A) Let a noise not be made.

(B) Let a noise was not made.

(C) Let a noise has not been made.

(D) You are ordered not to make a noise.

2. Always speak the truth.

(A) Let the truth always be spoken.

 (B) You are ordered to speak the truth.

(C) You are spoken truth always.

 (D) Let always speak the truth.

3. It is time to ring the bell.

(A) It is time for the ring to the bell.

 (B) It is time for the bell to be rung.

 (C) It is time for the rung to be belled.

(D) it is time to the bell ring.

4. Help the needy.

 (A) Let the help be needy.

 (B) Let the needy be helped.

 (C) Let help the needy.

(D) Let needy the help.

5. She could do it.

 (A) It can be done by her.

(B) It could be done by her.

 (C) It could done to her.

 (D) It could be done with her.

6. I can lift this box.

(A) This box could be lifted by me.

 (B) This box is lifted by me.

(C) This box can lift me.

 (D) This box can be lifted by me.

7. You must tell him the truth.

 (A) He must be told the truth by you.

(B) He must tell the truth to you.

 (C) He must be told truth by you.

(D) Let him told the truth by you.

8. He may preach them now.

(A) They might be preached by them.

(B) They may be preached by them.

9. Quinine tastes bitter.

 (A) Bitter is tasted by Quinine.

(B) Quinine is tasted by bitter.

(C) Quinine is bitter when tasted.

(D)Quinine can taste bitter.

10. Rose smells sweet.

(A) Rose is sweet when smelt.

(B) Rose sweets smell.

(C) Sweet is a rose when smell.

 (D) Rose sweets smelled.

Answers:-

1.(A)              2. (A)

3.(B)              4. (B)

5. (B)             6. (D)

7. (A)             8. (C)

9. (C)             10. (A)

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Active and Passive Voice Exercises No.1 & 2 (Miscellaneous)

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EXERCISE 1

 [Based on the Present, Past and Future Perfect Tenses]

 Put the following sentences into passive voice:

1.Mohan has spent all his money on useless things.

2. The watchman had locked the room.

3. The fire had destroyed all the huts.

4. Our forces had defeated the enemy.

5. The typist had typed four letters.

6. The doctor had cured the patient.

7. I shall have finished all the work by 7 p.m.

8. They will attend the conference.

9. By now the firemen will have controlled the fire.

ANSWERS:

1.All his money has been spent on useless things by Mohan.

2. The room had been locked by the watchman.

3. All the huts had been destroyed by the fire.

4. The enemy had been defeated by our forces.

5. Four letters had been typed by the typist.

6. The patient had been cured by the doctor.

7. All the work will have been finished by me by 7 p.m.

8. The conference will be attended by them.

9. By now, the fire will have been controlled by the firemen.

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EXERCISE-2

In the following questions, the sentences have been given in Active/Passive voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in passive/Active voice.

1.I am waiting for my friend.

(A) My friend is being waited for by me

 (B) My friend is waited for by me.

(C) My friend was being waited for by me.

(D) My friend is waiting for me.

2. Is he not painting the picture?

(A) is the picture not being painted by him?

 (B) The picture was not being painted by him.

 (C) The picture is painted by him.

(D) Is The picture painted by him?

3. Who was making a noise?

(A) By whom is a noise be made?

(B) By whom is a noise being made?

 (C) By whom was a noise being made?

(D) By whom is a noise being made?

4. I have taken tea.

 (A) Tea have been taken by me.

(B) Tea has been taken by us.

 (C) Tea has been taken by me.

(D) Tea has been taken by me.

5. Who has called you?

 (A) By whom have you been called?

(B) By whom have you been called?

 (C) By whom are you been called?

 (D) By whom were you been called?

6. The jug contains milk.

(A) The milk is contained in the jug.

 (B) Milk is contained by the jug.

(C) Milk is contained in the jug.

 (D) Milk has been contained in the jug.

7. She knows very well.

(A)I am known to her very well.

(B)I was known to her very well.

 (C) I am known to her very well.

(D)She is known to very well.

8. Has he not seen the match?

(A)Has the match not been seen by him?

 (B)Has the match been seen by him?

(C)Has the match seen by him?

 (D) Have the match not been seen by him?

9. She has written a letter.

 (A) A letter has been written by her.

 (B) A letter was written by her.

 (C) A letter is written by her.

 (D)A letter has been written by she.

10. They will have killed the lion.

 (A) The lion will have killed by them.

 (B) The lion will have been killed by them.

 (C) The lion will kill them.

(D) The lion will be killed by them.

Answers:-

1.(A)           2. (A)

3. (C)          4. (C)

5. (A)          6. (C)

7. (A)          8. (A)

9. (A)          10. (B)

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Active and Passive Voice Rules and Exercises (Advanced Examples)

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PASSIVE OF VERBS CONTAINING TWO OBJECTS

 If a verb in the active voice has two objects, either of them can be retained in the passive.

Active Voice                                                   Passive Voice

1. Kulwant gave me a book.                            I was given a book by Kulwant.

                                                                                            Or

                                                                         A book was given to me by Kulwant.

2. Father bought me a cycle.                          I was bought a cycle by father.

                                                                                           Or

                                                                         A cycle was bought for me by father.

PASSIVE VOICE OF SENTENCES CONTAINING PREPOSITIONS

  In some sentences, there is a preposition after the verb. It will be kept with the verb while changing the sentences into passive.

Active Voice                                                       Passive Voice

1. He was looking at the picture.                        The picture was being looked at by him.\

2. He spoke to me.                                               I was spoken to by him.

3. He acted upon my advice.                              My advice was acted upon by him.

PASSIVE OF VERBS WITH OBJECT AND OBJECT COMPLEMENT

 When a verb has both an object and an object complement, only the object is made the subject. The object complement comes after the III form of the verb and before “by + subject”.

Active Voice                                                          Passive Voice

1. They elected him President.                              He was elected President by them.

2. The teacher made Mohan monitor.                 Mohan was made monitor by the teacher.

PASSIVE OF INFINITIVES

 (a) For changing the infinitive into passive, this form is used: to be + III form of the verb.

(b) For the sentences which begin with it is time to “, the form is: is time + for + object + to be + Ill form of the verb”.

   Active Voice                                               Passive Voice

1. You will have to do it.                                 It will have to be done by you.

2. I want to buy a car.                                     I want a car to be bought (by one

3. It is time to take a cup of tea.                    It is time for a cup of tea to be taken.

4. It is time to say prayers                             It is time for prayers to be said.

Use of ‘vague’ subject”

People/they say/believe assume” is changed into: It is believed/said/assumed, etc.

                               Active Voice                                     Passive Voice

1. People say that the earth is round.                             It is said that the earth is round.               

                                                                                                               Or

                                                                                            The earth is said to be round.

2. They believe Mohan is the best is the

 best doctor in the town.                                                   It is believed that Mohan doctor in the town.

                                                                                                               Or

                                                                                             Mohan is believed to be the best doctor in the town.

PASSIVE OF SENTENCES IN WHICH THE AGENT (DOER) IS NOT EXPRESSED

 Sometimes in passive sentences, the agent (subject) is not given as it is understood. In such a case, the agent has to be supplied by us.

 Passive Voice                                                         Active Voice

1. The thief has been caught.                                   The police have caught the thief.

2. The road was repaired.                                         The workmen repaired the road.

                                                  Use of prepositions other than “by”

Passive Voice                                                 Active Voice

1. His work satisfied me.                                  I was satisfied with his work.

2. My story interested him.                             He was interested in my story.

3. I know Jhanda Singh.                                  Jhanda Singh is known to me.

4. This pot contains milk.                                Milk is contained in this post.

5. That news surprised me.                             I was surprised at that news.

SOME OTHER TYPICAL EXAMPLES

   Active Voice                                                        Passive Voice

1. Rose smells sweet.                                              Rose is sweet when smelled.

2. I heard him open the door.                                He was heard to open the door.

3. Sit down.                                                               Be seated.

4. Women like men to flatter them.                      Women like to be flattered by men.

5. He made me work.                                              I was made to work.

6. One must do one’s duty.                                     Duty must be done.

7. Your shoes need polishing.                                Your shoes need to be polished.

8. Prepare yourself for the examination.              Be prepared for the examination.

9. It is your duty to do this work.                          You are supposed to do this work.

10. I hope to win.                                                     It is hoped that I shall win.

11. Mohan decided to contest the election.         was decided to by Mohan contest the election.

12. He does not like people laughing at him.      He does not like being laughed at.

Exercise of Active and Passive Voice Are:-

Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous Exercises No.1 & 2 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous Exercises No.3 & 4 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous Exercises No.5 & 6 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous Exercises No.7 & 8 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous Exercises No.9 & 10 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous Exercises No.11 & 12 (Unsolved)
Active and Passive Voice Miscellaneous  Exercises No.13 (Unsolved)
Active and Passive Voice Indefinite Miscellaneous Exercises No.14 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Interrogative Miscellaneous Exercises No.15 & 16 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Imperative Miscellaneous Exercises No.17 (Solved)
Active and Passive Voice Two Objects, Complements, Prepositions Miscellaneous Exercises No.18 (Unsolved)
Active and Passive Voice ‘Infinitives, Missing Agent, Other Than ‘by’ Miscellaneous Exercises No.19 (Unsolved)
Active and Passive Voice Modal Auxiliaries Exercises No.20 (Solved)

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules and Exercises (Modal Auxiliaries)

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PASSIVE VOICE OF SENTENCES WITH MODAL AUXILIARIES

 In such sentences, we use: modal auxiliary (would/should/can etc.) + be + III form of the verb + by a + agent (if necessary).

Active Voice                                                                    Passive Voice

1. Maninder can read this book.                                     This book can be read by Maninder.

2. You must obey the elders.                                          The elders must be obeyed by you.

PASSIVE OF NEGATIVE SENTENCES

 The passive of negative sentences is formed by putting not between the auxiliary and the ‘III form of the verb.’ The other rules remain the same.

Active Voice

1. Lions do not eat grass.

2. The gardener did not water the plants.

3. He will never help you.

4. She is not writing a letter.

Passive Voice

 1. The grass is not eaten by lions.

2. The plants were not watered by the gardener.

3. You will never be helped by him.

4. A letter is not being written by her.

PASSIVE OF INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

Questions beginning with helping verbs.

 (a) If the question begins with do/does/did, the form will be: is/am/are/was/were + subject + Ill form of the verb.

 (b) If the question begins with the auxiliary, the passive form will be: Modal auxiliary + subject + he + 111 forms of the verb.

 (c) If the question begins with has/have/had, the passive form will be: has/have/had + been + III form of the verb.

 (d) If the question is a continuous tense, the passive structure will be: is/ant/are/was/ were + subject + being + 111 form of the verb.

        Active Voice                                       Passive Voice

1. Do you drink tea?                                    Is tea drunk by you?

2. Did he write a letter?                              Was a letter written by him?

3. Can you lift this box?                              Can this box be lifted by you?

4. Has he done his work?                          Has his work been done by him?

5. Is she singing a song?                           Is a song being sung by her?

Questions beginning with `who-words’, like what, why, when, etc.

 (a) The question word is retained at the beginning of the sentences. The rest of the rules are the same as in other questions.

 (b) In case of questions starting with ‘who’, the structure is: By + whom + helping verb + subject + III form of the verb.

       Active Voice                                           Passive Voice

1. Why did you beat Bunty?                           Why was Bunty beaten by you?

2. When did you meet Mohan?                    When was Mohan met by you?

3. Where did you leave the car?                   Where was the car left by you?

4. Who broke this slate?                               By whom was this slate broken?

CHANGE OF TENSE FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE

Tense Rule Active Voice Passive Voice
1.Present Indefinite

 

2. Present Continuous

 

3. Present Perfect

 

4. Past Indefinite

 

5. Past Continuous

 

6. Past Perfect

 

7. Future Indefinite

 

8. Future Perfect

Is/am/are + III form

 

Is/am/are+ being+ Ill form

Has/have+ been+ III form

Was/were+ III form

 

Was/were+ being+ III form

Had+ been+ III form

 

Will/shall+ be+ III form

 

Will/shall+ been+ have + III form

Rishi writes a letter.

 

Rishi is writing a letter.

 

Rishi has written a letter.

Rishi wrote a letter.

 

Rishi was written a letter.

Rishi had written a letter.

Rishi will write a letter.

 

Rishi will have written a letter.

 

 

A letter is written by Rishi.

A letter is being written by Rishi.

A letter has been written by Rishi.

A letter was written by Rishi.

A letter writing was being by Rishi.

A letter had been written by Rishi.

A letter will be written by Rishi.

A letter will have been written by Rishi.

 

 Note: The sentences of Present, Past and Future Perfect Continuous Tenses and the Future Continuous Tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.

PASSIVE OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES

(a) An imperative sentence in passive voice begins with ‘let’. The passive form will be: let + he Ill form of the verb.

  (b) When there is already ‘let’ in the active sentence, the passive structure is the same as in (a) above.

(c) In sentences showing orders, requests etc., this form is used :

You are ordered/requested/advised + infinitive with ‘to’.

 Active Voice                                              Passive Voice

1. Shut the door.                                           Let the door be shut.

2. Don’t tease the dog.                                Let the dog not be teased by you.

3. Let me write a letter.                               Let a letter be written by me.

4. Please help me.                                        You are requested to help me.

5. Go there at once.                                     You are ordered to go there at once.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules and Exercises (Future Perfect Tense)

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FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Rule : will/shall + have + been + 111 form of the verb.

 Active Voice                                                                 Passive Voice

1. Bhushan will have helped me.                                   I shall have been helped by Bhushan.

2. They will have said their prayers.                             Their prayers will have been said by them.

3. She will have received the letter.                             The letter will have been received by her.

4. You will have bought a new house.                        A new house will have been bought by you.

5. Radha will have sung the song.                              The song will have been sung by Radha.

6. Gurpreet will have read the book.                          The book will have been read by Gurpreet.

7. The painter will have painted the house.               The house will have been painted by the painter.

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Note: The sentences of this tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.

Active and Passive Voice Rules and Exercises (Future Indefinite Tense)

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FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE

Rule: will/shall + be + III form of the verb.

Convert the Following Sentences into Passive Voice:-

1. Badal will write a letter.                                             

2. Manu will drink coffee.                                            

3. Santosh will write a poem.                                     

4. Madhuri will help me.                                             

5. I shall write a book.                                                 

6. You will pass the test.                                             

7. Seema will paint a picture.                                  

8. Kiran will sing a sweet song.                              

Answers:-

1.A letter will be written by Badal.

2. Coffee will be drunk by Manu.

3.  A poem will be written by Santosh.

4. I will be helped by Madhuri.

5.A book will be written by me.

6.The test will be passed by you.

7. A picture will be painted by Seema.

8.A sweet song will be sung by Kiran.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Note: The sentences of this tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.