# Holiday Home Work 1

1. Describe Gulliver’s very first encounter with Lilliputians.
Answer- Gulliver reaches on a sandy beach accidentally in an unconscious condition. When he gains senses he finds himself unable to sit up or move at all. He was bound by strings very strongly on both sides to the ground even his long  hair was tied down with the same strength. He observes something moving on his tied body. The moving object was covering his whole body. On a closer observation he comes to know that many small a human Creatures who were maximum  six Inches high, were moving on him. They had bows and arrows in their hands. All the human creatures were confused as to what to do with that giant. They started to shoot him with arrows which irritated Gulliver very much. Soon the matter was sorted out and people were convinced that Gulliver was no harm to them then they received him warmly. On the signal of Gulliver food and drink are served, baskets of meat and loaves of bread are brought , which he eats three at a time.  After having his fill he falls asleep as his drink had a sleeping medicine in it. Once Lilliputians are sure he is asleep, the excellent mathematicians, take Gulliver to the Capital on a large platform with twenty-two wheels pulled by dozens of four-and-a-half-inch horses, dragging Gulliver half of a mile. On waking up, Gulliver finds himself chained by his legs but he is able to move in a circle of about two yards in diameter. More than one hundred thousand Lilliputians come out to see Gulliver and he was a grand show. This was the first encounter of Gulliver with Lilliputians.

2. What idea do you get about Lilliputian, their lifestyle and their customs from Gulliver’s account?

Answer- Gulliver goes into great detail about what he has learned about the Lilliputians, their learning, laws manner of educating their children, their customs, lifestyle and their culture. He tells the readers that everything in Lilliput is proportionate to the Lilliputians’ size and that even their eyesight is adjusted so that they can see things closer than Gulliver can. Gulliver also describes many of Lilliput’s laws, telling the reader that dishonesty and false accusations are punished more severely than theft and other terrible things are punished in England. If someone in Lilliput accuses another but is proven to be wrong in the accusation, the accused is punished severely while the falsely accused person is rewarded. Also, Gulliver tells the reader that children are raised by the state rather than their parents. Different classes learn about different things. The nobility’s children, for instance, learn about honor, justice, courage, modesty, clemency, religion, and love of country. Gulliver ends the chapter by straightening out a falsehood created by Flimnap, who has “always been [his] secret enemy.” Gulliver declares that Flimnap’s accusation that Gulliver carried on with his wife is completely untrue, which should reestablish the lady’s reputation.

## Article – Animal Safety Our Responsibility

Animals are an important part of our lives, whether they are companions like dogs and cats or teammates like horses. But it’s important to know that animal owners can be held responsible if that animal injures someone. Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse or animal neglect, is the intentional infliction by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal, for purposes other than self-defense or survival. More narrowly, it can be the causing of harm or suffering for specific gain, such as killing animals for food or for their fur; opinions differ about the extent of cruelty associated with a given method of slaughter. Cruelty to animals sometimes encompasses inflicting harm or suffering for personal amusement, as in zoosadism. Laws concerning animal cruelty are designed to prevent needless cruelty. “Millions of animals, mostly frogs, are killed every year expressly for educational use. This action leaves the impression that animal lives can be wasted if this benefits humanity.Divergent approaches to such laws occur in different jurisdictions throughout the world. For example, some laws govern methods of killing animals for food, clothing, or other products, and other laws concern the keeping of animals for entertainment, education, research, or pets. Cruelty to animals is not the same thing as disrespect towards animals. In broad terms, there are three conceptual approaches to the issue of cruelty to animals. The animal welfare position holds that there is nothing inherently wrong with using animals for human purposes, such as food, clothing, entertainment, and research, but that it should be done in a way that minimizes unnecessary pain and suffering, sometimes referred to as “humane” treatment. Utilitarian advocates argue from the position of costs and benefits and vary in their conclusions as to the allowable treatment of animals. Some utilitarians argue for a weaker approach which is closer to the animal welfare position, whereas others argue for a position that is similar to animal rights. Animal rights theorists criticize these positions, arguing that the words “unnecessary” and “humane” are subject to widely differing interpretations, and that animals have basic rights. They say that the only way to ensure protection for animals is to end their status as property and to ensure that they are never used as commodities. There are periods of mass extinction of species and times when new species appear. All things come into being and pass away. We are responsible for animals on our own. We can be held responsible for injuries or other damage caused by your dog, cat, horse, cow, reptile, etc. We can be held responsible for Our  animal if these conditions are met: the animal is in our care, for example, when we  take it for a walk, bring it to a friend’s house or are in your own home the animal is in the care of a third party, for example, our neighbour is watching it while we are away our  animal is lost or has escaped. Even if you’re not the owner, if an animal was in your care or control when it caused damage, both you and the owner can be held responsible. For example, you could be responsible for the animal’s acts if you rent a horse for an outing, transport animals or operate a livestock exchange. Generally, if you own or are taking care of an animal, you are responsible for any damage the animal causes. Even if you take precautions, like posting signs warning that your dog is dangerous, or putting a leash on it, you are still responsible as the owner or custodian of the animal. the victim’s fault : the victim could be found at fault if he did not take basic, reasonable precautions when dealing with an unpredictable animal (by provoking an animal, trying to scare it, not taking necessary precautions, etc.) the fault of a third party an event or series of events considered to be an act of God (beyond human control) or fortuitous (unpredictable) A dog owner is responsible for injuries caused by the dog even if the owner had no control over the animal when the incident happened.