Daily Archives: November 19, 2016

Ch-13 VILLA FOR SALE ( NCERT. sol)

Page No: 108

4. Copy and complete the following paragraph about the theme of the play using the clues given in the box below. Remember that there are more clues than required.
Sell, buying, house, enthusiastic, comes, 200 thousand francs, taking, favour, get, sleeps, money, 300 thousand francs, unhappy, his in-laws, walks in, strikes, keep
Juliette, the owner of a villa wants to _________ it as she is in need of __________. Moreover, she is not in _________ of the house. Jeanne and Gaston, a couple visit her with the aim of __________ the Villa. While Jeanne is ___________ about buying, Gaston detests the idea as he does not want his __________ in that house. Also, he finds the asking price of ___________ to be expensive. When Jeanne and Juliette go around the house, another customer __________ and starts talking to Gaston _______ him to be Juliette’s husband. Gaston _________ a deal with the customer by which he is able to give ___________ to the owner and __________ one thousand francs for himself.
AnswerJuliette, the owner of a villa wants to sell it as she is in need of money. Moreover, she is not in favour of the house. Jeanne and Gaston, a couple visit her with the aim of buying the Villa. While Jeanne is enthusiastic about buying, Gaston detests the idea as he does not want his in-laws in that house. Also, he finds the asking price of house to be expensive. When Jeanne and Juliette go around the house, another customer walks-in and starts talking to Gaston taking him to be Juliette’s husband. Gaston strikes a deal with the customer by which he is able to give 200 thousand francs to the owner and keep one thousand francs for himself.

5. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Why does Jeanne want to buy a villa?
AnswerJeanne wants to buy the villa so that her parents can stay in it. Moreover, her sister along with her children could also visit and stay there.
(b) Why is Gaston not interested in buying the villa in the beginning?
Answer – Gaston is not fond of his wife’s family. He believes that her parents would occupy the villa for quite some time and her sister would also visit there. He believes that buying the villa is a bad investment and has no desire to buy it.
c) Mrs. Al Smith makes many statements about the French. Pick out any two and explain them.
Answer Mrs. Al Smith makes the following statements about the French:
(i) “You French have a very cute way of doing business”.
(ii) “Frenchmen usually have to consult about ten people before they get a move on”.
Mrs Al Smith believes that French are not very business-minded and they don’t go into any details. Moreover she also believes that the French are fickle- minded and they cannot make their own decisions.
(d) Juliette says “… now I have only one thought that is to get the wretched place off my hands. I would sacrifice it at any price.” Does she stick to her words? Why/Why not?
AnswerJuliette did not stick to her words because she quotes a hefty price of two hundred and fifty thousand francs for the villa and she finally sells it for two hundred thousand francs. Her greed for wealth leads to change in the course of actions.
(e) Who is better in business -Juliette or Gaston? Why?
AnswerGaston is better than Juliette in business. He managed to make a hundred thousand francs on a property he never owned. He sold the villa that belonged to Juliette to a Mrs. Al Smith and also acquired a picture by an artist named Corot in the deal.
(f) Do you like/dislike Gaston? Give your reasons.
Answer Yes, I like Gaston. He is an intelligent person and also very clear in thinking. He is a shrewd businessman that know how to make good profit. In the part, He pretends to be the husband of the owner and manages to swindle the rather smart Mrs. Al Smith. He takes advantage of the situation and-makes a hundred thousand francs. He is a diplomat who manages to keep everyone happy at the end Juliette, Mrs. Al Smith and his wife Jeanne.

Page No: 109

6. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow by choosing the correct options.
A. But the sign has been hanging on the gate for over a month now and I am beginning to be afraid that the day I bought it was when I was the real fool.
(a) Why is Juliette disappointed?
(i) She is unable to get a role of cook in the films. (ii) Her maid is leaving as she has got a role in the films.
(iii) She is unable to find a suitable buyer for her villa. (iv) Gaston is offering a very low price for the villa.
Answer(iii) She is unable to find a suitable buyer for her villa.

(b) Why does she call herself a fool?
(i) She has decided to sell her villa. (ii) There are no buyers for the villa.
(iii) She had bought the villa for more than it was worth. (iv) The villa was too close to the film studios.
Answer(iii) She had bought the villa for more than it was worth.

B. ‘But your parents would take possession of it, every year from the beginning of spring until the end of September. What’s more they would bring the whole tribe of your sister’s children with them.’
(a) What does Gaston mean by ‘take possession’?
(i) Her parents would stay with them for a long time. (ii) Jeanne’s sister has many children.
(iii) Gaston does not like children. (iv) Juliette’s sister’s children are badly behaved.
Answer – (i) Her parents would stay with them for a long time.

C. ‘While you were upstairs, I have been thinking a lot about your Papa and Mamma.’
(a) What is the discrepancy between what Gaston said earlier and what he says now?
(i) Earlier he did not want Jeanne’s parents to stay with them but now he is showing concern for them.
(ii) Earlier he wanted Jeanne’s parents to stay with them but now he does not want them to come over.
(iii) Earlier he wanted to buy a house for them but now he wants them to come and stay in their villa.
(iv) Earlier he stayed in Jeanne’s parents’ villa but now he wants them to stay with him and Jeanne.
Answer(i) Earlier he did not want Jeanne’s parents to stay with them but now he is showing concern for them.

(b) What does the above statement reveal about Gaston’s character?
(i) He is selfish. (ii) He is an opportunist. (iii) He is a caring person. (iv) He is a hypocrite.
Answer – (ii) He is an opportunist.

Ch- 12 Song of the Rain (NCERT .sol)

                       Song of the Rain (By Kahlil Gibran)
Page No: 91

4. On the basis of your understanding of the poem, answer the following questions by ticking the correct choice.

(a) The rain calls itself the ‘dotted silver threads’ as_________.
(i) the shimmering drops fall one after the other (ii) it ties heaven and earth
(iii) it dots the earth with shimmering water (iv) it decorates the fields
Answer(i) the shimmering drops fall one after the other

(b) The tone and mood of the rain in the poem reflect its_________.
(i) love for the earth (ii) desire to take revenge
(iii) merriment as it destroys (iv) desire to look beautiful
Answer – (i) love for the earth

Answer the following questions-
(a) Why is the rain divine?
Answer- The rain says itself to be divine because it comes down from heaven. It is plucked from the crown of goddess ‘Ishtar ’It is a life-giving force that spreads and smiles everywhere.

(b) In this universe, rain performs many functions. What are those?
AnswerThe functions which are performed by rain are:
It produces sweet music as it beats against windows and the leaves of trees.
It fills every heart with joy.
Rain quenches the thirst of fields.
It fills fields and valleys with a new life.

(c) “When I cry the hills laugh;
When I humble myself the flowers rejoice;
When I bow, all things are elated.”
Cry, humble and bow indicate different intensity with which the rain falls. Explain the three in context.
Answer
‘Cry’ indicates that rain falls heavily on the hills.
‘Humble’ indicates that rain falls gently and softly
‘Bow’ indicates sprinkle of rain.

Page No: 92
(d) How do you think the rain quenches the thirst of the fields and cures clouds ailment?
Answer – When the rain falls it quenches the thirst of fields. The dry fields only wait for the rain. The rain cures the aliment of clouds. It means the heavy clouds feel sickly and want to reduce their burden. Only rain, males clouds light float in the sky freely.

(e) Think about million little ways in which the rain embraces the trees. Mention a few of them.
Answer- The rain embraces the trees when the showers or millions of drops fall on them. The showers fall on the trees and go deep into their roots. Even, rivers, lakes and drains carry rain water that reaches plants and trees.

(f) “…All can hear, but only
The sensitive can understand”
What does the poet want to convey?
Answer – According to the poet, in order to enjoy the beauty of rain one must be sensitive, otherwise natural beauty is everywhere it is only sensitive who can enjoy it.

(g) (i) Notice the imagery built around ‘sigh of the sea’, ‘laughter of the field’ and ‘tears of heaven’. Explain the three expressions in context of rain.
Answer- The poet has used vivid imagery throughout the poem to express the moods and nature of the Rain.When the poet calls the Rain “sigh of the sea”, there is an expression of relief The poet calls the Rain “a laughter of the field” because when it rains the fields are nourished and it is a sign that there will be fertility. The Rain is also called “tears of heaven” as when those silver threads come down from the heaven , it feels a sense of separation from the heaven.

(ii) How would you express rain as − an agent of floods?
AnswerAn agent of floods- When there are heavy rains, especially during rainy season, the rivers overflow and break their boundaries, there is water logging and the areas below the sea level are submerged causing floods.

− a source of water for dams?
AnswerA source of water for dams- Rains cause to fill dams with water, rain acts as tributaries to a river. Thus, the more tributaries a river has, the more water it will carry. Thus, the dam on the river will have a sufficient amount of water.

(h) “I am like earthly life … “
Why does the poet call rain as earthly life?
Answer – Earthly life means a temporary life. Everything whatever on the earth is born has to die, so does rain

(i) Explain the ending of the song.
AnswerAt the end of the poem, the rain declares affectionately that it is the sigh of the deep sea, the laughter of the colourful fields and the tears of the sky. Thus the song ends with rain being filled with emotion and crying with endless memories that it has experienced during one cyale.

Ch 10 -The Seven Ages (NCERT sol.)

                             Ch 10 -The Seven Ages (By William Shakespeare)
Page No: 81

3. On the basis of your understanding of the poem, answer the following questions by ticking the correct choice

(a) All the world is a stage is an extended metaphor for-
(i)The life shown in well known plays
(ii) Seeing the well known plays
(iii) Life of well known plays
(iv) Life of man that comes to an end
Answer – (iv) Life of man that comes to an end

(b) All ‘have their exits and their entrances’ Exits and entrances refer to __________.
(i) Birth and death
(ii) Beginning and end of play
(iii) Coming and going of actors
(iv) The end of the Shakespearean era
Answer(i) Birth and death

Page No: 82

(c) The seven roles that a man plays correspond to his___________.
(i) chronological age in life
(ii) desires
(iii) mental age in life
(iv) idea of a perfect life
Answer(i) chronological age in life

4. Having read this extract, identify the stages of a person’s life as Shakespeare has done. Write down these stages in your note book, and sum up the characteristics of each stage in two or three words. e.g.
Stage                                                                          Characteristic feature
Infancy-                                                                     crying
Answer

Stage Characteristic feature
InfancyCrying, helpless
ChildhoodWhining, bright, alert, active
Loversentimental, unhappy, poetic,
tense
Soldierquarrelsome, short tempered,
foolishly looking for glory and
fame in the jaws of death
JusticeWise, mature, authoritative, responsible
Old agegetting weak and lean due to
failing health, loss of manly
voice
Extreme Old AgeClueless ,dependent

5. work individually, and rank the seven stages in order of attractiveness. If you think being a schoolboy is most attractive, you could rank it number 1. Then, work in groups of four and compare your individual. rankings.
Ans. – 1. Lover 2. School going boy 3. Soldier 4. Judge 5. Infancy 6. Old age 7. Extreme old age/ Second Childishness.

6. Explain the meaning of the following

(a) ……………..all the men and women merely players
They have their exits and their entrances…………..
Answer- The above lines from the poem “The Seven Ages” show a comparison between the world and a stage. According to William Shakespeare the whole world is like big stage. The men and women come on this stage and play their different roles like actors and actresses. Our birth is the entry to the stage and death is the exit

(b) And then the lover
Sighing like furnace…………….

AnswerThe above lines from the poem “The Seven Ages” say that on becoming an adolescent, one falls in love. According to William Shakespeare the passion of love becomes active like the heat of a furnace. This passion also declines after crossing a certain period of time.

(c) a soldier,
………………….Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon’s mouth.

AnswerThe above lines from the poem “The Seven Ages” show a comparison between a young man and a soldier. In his youth. man seeks instant fame and is ready to take risks for the same. Even one is not afraid to go in the canon’s mouth.

7. You already know the two literary devices generally used by writers for comparison, i.e. metaphor and simile. e.g.
a) He was a lion in the battle, (metaphor)
b) He fought like a lion, (simile)
In (a) the writer talks of the soldier in terms of a lion. The comparison is implied. In (b) the writer compares the soldier to a lion with the use of the word like, (as may also be used for such comparisons.)

 Read the poem again and note down the metaphors and similes. Copy and complete the following chart.

ItemMetaphorSimile
WorldAll the world’s a stage 
Men, women  
school-boy  
lover  
soldier  
reputation  
voice  

Which comparison(s) do you find most interesting? Why?

Answer – 

ItemMetaphorSimile
WorldAll the world’s a stage 
Men, womenmen and women merely players 
school-boy Creeping like snail
lover sighing like a furnace
soldier bearded like the pard
reputationbubble reputation 
voicebig manly voice 

8. In this poem, life is compared with a play. Just as in a play a man acts many parts, so in life also a man plays many roles. Can you think of some other comparison for life? (For example, life could be compared with the seasons in nature, the days of the week, the lessons in a school day.) Select one of these comparisons (or choose one of your own), and write about the similarities that life has with it.
Ans. Similarities of Season in Nature with Stages of Life .The cycle of man’s life is very similar to the cycle of seasons in nature. As seasons start with the spring, men take birth and make entrance on the stage of life. It is the best period of man’s life. Everything sprouts and blooms. It is full of colour, romance and beauty. Then comes the summer. It is full of warmth and heat. It is like the passionate youth of man’s life. Then comes winter. It is the coldest period of the year. Everything hibernates, lies low and becomes inactive. Similarly, in the old age all passions die down and dreams cool down. In the end comes the autumn. It is when all the old leaves fall as dead. Everything is stripped of life and greenery. So comes the time for the exit of man.

Ch. 5- Best Seller (NCERT.sol)

                                      Ch 5- Best Seller (By O. Henry)
Page No: 51

3. Based on your reading of the story, answer the following questions by choosing the correct option.
(a) The narrator says that John was “______ of the suff that heroes are not often lucky enough to be made of.” His tone is sarcastic because __________.
(i) he hated John                                                        (ii) he felt that John was a threat to him
(iii) John was not particularly good-looking       (iv) nobody liked John
Answer(iii) John was not particularly good-looking

(b) Pescud felt that best-sellers were not realistic as____________.
(i) American farmers had nothing in common with European princesses
(ii) men generally married girls from a similar background
(iii) American men married girls who studied in America
(iv) American men did not know fencing and were beaten by the Swiss guards
Answer(ii) men generally married girls from a similar background

(c) “Bully”, said Pescud brightening at once. He means to say that ____________.
(i) he is a bully                                                     (ii) his manager was a bully
(iii) he was being bullied by his co-workers (iv) he was doing very well at his job
Answer – (iv) he was doing very well at his job

Page No: 52

(d) The narrator says that life has no geographical bounds implying that __________.
(i) human beings are essentially the same everywhere
(ii) boundaries exist only on maps
(iii) one should work towards the good of mankind
(iv) he was happy to travel to other countries
Answer(i) human beings are essentially the same everywhere

4. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) One day last summer the author was travelling to Pittsburg by chair car. What does he say about his co-passengers?
AnswerThe author’s co-passengers were well- dressed ladies who refused to open their windows and men wearing identical looking business suits with the same expressionless faces.

(b) Who was the passenger of chair No.9? What did he suddenly do?
AnswerThe passenger of Chair No. 9 was a travelling salesman from Pittsburgh named John A. Pascud. He was an old friend of the writer.
He suddenly threw his book between his chair and window.

(c) What was John A. Pescud’s opinion about best sellers? Why?
AnswerJohn Pescud felt that the stories in such books were of a poor quality and far remote from real life.

(d) What does John say about himself since his last meeting with the author?
Answer – According to John, he was on his way to becoming prosperous. His salary had been raised twice along with receiving a commission. He had bought some real estate and was on the way to buying some shares. He was also married now.

(e) How did John’s first meeting with Jessie’s father go? What did the author tell him?
AnswerFor the first few seconds of John’s first meeting with Jessie’ father was a little nervous but they soon hit it off. John got him to laugh at his stories. They talked for two hours. He was honest with his intentions and asked the colonel to give him a chance to marry his daughter.

(f) Why did John get off at Coketown?
AnswerSome time back Jessie had admired some dark blue flowers growing in some of the houses in Coketown, so John had got down there in the hope of finding some saplings of these flowers to take back for Jessie.

(g) John is a hypocrite. Do you agree with this statement? Substantiate your answer.
AnswerYes, John was a hypocrite. This word means a person who puts on a false appearance of virtue. On one hand, he was making fun of the romantic stories written in best-sellers and said that those did not have anything to do with the real life but on the other hand, he himself had had a romantic marriage. He had followed the girl he had seen in a train to her hometown, changing a number of trains till he had landed in her hometown, met her father, and wooed her in the style of any romantic hero of a best-seller.

(h) Describe John A. Pescud with reference to the following points:
Physical appearance ………………………………………………………………………………..
His philosophy on behaviour …………………………………………………………………….
His profession …………………………………………………………………………………………
His first impression of his wife …………………………………………………………………
His success …………………………………………………………………………………………….

Answer
Physical appearance: John was not particularly good looking
His philosophy on behaviour: A man should be decent and law abiding in her/his hometown
His profession: A travelling salesman for a plate glass company
His first impression of his wife: A very fine girl, whose job was to make this world prettier just by residing in it
His success: Much successful John had had his salary raised twice in the previous year and his company was to give him a few shares as well.

5. Complete the flow chart in the correct sequence as it happens in the story.
Hint: it begins from the time John Pescud first saw Jessie till the time they marry.

(1) Jessie takes a sleeper to Louisville.
(2) Pescud sees a girl (Jessie) reading a book in the train.
(3) Pescud speaks to the girl (Jessie) for the first time.
(4) Pescud follows her but finds it difficult to keep up.
(5) Pescud goes to the village to find out about the mansion.
(6) Jessie arrives at Virginia.
(7) Pescud meets Jessie’s father.
(8) They get married a year later.
(9) Pescud instantly gets attracted to the girl (Jessie)
(10) Jessie informs Pescud that her father would not approve of them meeting.
(11) They meet alone two days later.
Answer

(2) Pescud sees a girl (Jessie) reading a book in the train.
(9) Pescud instantly gets attracted to the girl (Jessie)
(1) Jessie takes a sleeper to Louisville.
(4) Pescud follows her but finds it difficult to keep up.
(6) Jessie arrives at Virginia.
(5) Pescud goes to the village to find out about the mansion
(3) Pescud speaks to the girl (Jessie) for the first time.
(10) Jessie informs Pescud that her father would not approve of them meeting.
(7) Pescud meets Jessie’s father.
(11) They meet alone two days later
(8) They get married a year later.

Page No: 53

6. Irony refers to the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of their literal meaning. Working in pairs, bring out the irony in the following:

(a) The title of the story, “The Best seller”.
Answer- The Best Seller is supposed to be most popular and likeable. But John Pescud throws the best seller “The Rose Lady and Trevelyan” to the floor of the chair car. He later says that all bestsellers have the same unrealistic romantic stories.

(b) Pescud’s claim, “When people in real life marry, they generally hunt up somebody in their own station. A fellow usually picks out a girl who went to the same high-school and belonged to the same singing-society that he did.”
AnswerPescud was of a view that unlike the stories of the bestsellers, in real life people marry somebody in their own status. Someone who has been of a similar background. Yet the irony behind his talks is clearly seen in his own life history. The moment he saw the unknown girl on the train, he fell in love with her, without much knowledge about her status and even after knowing that she belonged to a royal family he did not give up his pursuit. In spite of belonging to a totally different status both got married.

(c) The name Trevelyan.

Answer – Trevelyan is the hero of the bestseller novel “The Rose Lady and Trevelyan.” Pescud condemns such best sellers and makes fun of its unrealistic characters. But at the end of the story, the author calls Pescud a Trevelyan because he had behaved almost like the hero of the bestseller.
2. A newspaper reporter hears of the marriage of Pescud and Jessie. He interviews them and writes an article for the paper entitled: A Modern Romance.
Answer-
A Modern Romance
By- Jim, Astin, William, Peter
19 March, 2coc
We thought romances were the creations of highly imaginative minds! Recently I had the privilege of interviewing Mr. and Mrs. Pescud of Pittsburgh on their fairy-tale romance which culminated in marriage a year ago.
Mr. john Pescud is a highly successful man working for Cambria Steel Works as a travelling salesman selling plate-glass. He comes from a humble background while Mrs. Pescud belongs to an old
aristocratic family of Virginia. How they met can make any best-selling novel pale in comparison!
When, Pescud first saw his wife, Jessie reading a book in the train in which he was travelling. He got instantly attracted to her and followed her as she changed several trains till she finally reached Virginia. In fact he says that during that time his business took a back seat!
Jessie’s father came to receive her at the station at Virginia and Pescud followed them till they reached their mansion. He booked himself in a hotel and found out details about the family from the landlord of his hotel. On the third day, he met Jessie alone for the first time and informed her